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The Evolution of Meaning-Space Structure through Iterated Learning [chapter]

Simon Kirby
2007 Emergence of Communication and Language  
These models have shown how compositional syntax provides language with a stability advantage and that iterated learning can induce linguistic adaptation.  ...  This extension allows us to examine the complete dynamics of mixed compositional and holistic languages, look at how semantics can evolve culturally, and how communicative contexts impact on the evolution  ...  As in previous models, this demonstrates once again the crucial advantage a language gains from a compositional syntax.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-84628-779-4_13 fatcat:kmzeizuccjbyzb35ny2fisncey

Iterated Learning: A Framework for the Emergence of Language

Kenny Smith, Simon Kirby, Henry Brighton
2003 Artificial Life  
Language is culturally transmitted.  ...  Iterated Learning, the process by which the output of one individual's learning becomes the input to other individuals' learning, provides a framework for investigating the cultural evolution of linguistic  ...  Two main results are apparent from Fig. 7. 1. When there is a bottleneck on cultural transmission highly compositional systems are frequent. 2.  ... 
doi:10.1162/106454603322694825 pmid:14761257 fatcat:avqvkihwjzexzcgkro7wod26iq

Exploring the Roles of Horizontal, Vertical, and Oblique Transmissions in Language Evolution

Tao Gong
2010 Adaptive Behavior  
Based on a lexicon-syntax coevolution model, it discusses the relative roles of these forms of cultural transmission on language origin and change.  ...  across generations of individuals, but also show that both horizontal and oblique transmissions are more necessary than vertical transmission for language evolution in a multiagent cultural environment  ...  The author acknowledges support from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and the British Academy of Sciences, and thanks Simon Kirby from the University of Edinburgh and Bernard Comrie from the Max Planck  ... 
doi:10.1177/1059712310377241 fatcat:jbhwx6byb5ak3j3oxvxjmzbyhm

A simulation study exploring the role of cultural transmission in language evolution

Tao Gong, James W. Minett, William S.-Y. Wang
2009 Connection science  
Gong acknowledges support from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Germany.  ...  This article has also benefited greatly from the valuable comments of anonymous reviewers.  ...  transmission in the evolution of both lexical items and simple syntax.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09540090903198819 fatcat:looixpxktbcpdi6xubjewvmctq

COMPUTATIONAL SIMULATION ON THE COEVOLUTION OF COMPOSITIONALITY AND REGULARITY

TAO GONG, JAMES W. MINETT, WILLIAM S-Y. WANG
2006 The Evolution of Language  
Based on a multi-agent computational model, the coevolution of compositionality and one type of regularity, word order, is traced during the emergence of compositional language out of holistic signals.  ...  The model modifies some questionable aspects in the Iterated Learning Model and Fluid Construction Grammar by considering the conventionalization in horizontal transmission and the gradual formation of  ...  Acknowledgements This work is supported by grants from RGC Hong Kong: CUHK-1224/02H & CUHK-1127/04H. The authors thank Professors J. H. Holland, T. Lee, R. Chen and lab mates F. Wong & L.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789812774262_0013 fatcat:ti23hcyflnahtk7t2bbmzoan4q

Page 243 of The Journal of Religion Vol. 14, Issue 2 [page]

1934 The Journal of Religion  
Such mastery of syntax and vocabulary, in combination with barbarous word- order, can only be explained on the assumption that cultured Greeks were translating a foreign language; and, since uniformly  ...  than in syntax.  ... 

COMPLEX SYSTEMS IN LANGUAGE EVOLUTION: THE CULTURAL EMERGENCE OF COMPOSITIONAL STRUCTURE

KENNY SMITH, HENRY BRIGHTON, SIMON KIRBY
2003 Advances in Complex Systems  
When there is a bottleneck on cultural transmission, only a language which is generalizable from sparse input data is stable.  ...  Language arises from the interaction of three complex adaptive systems -biological evolution, learning, and culture.  ...  We show that compositional language can emerge from an initially non-compositional system by cultural processes.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0219525903001055 fatcat:2r3kginqdvgejmh3pqjn2v3lny

Introduction [chapter]

2018 Poetry in Speech  
The performance of Homeric poetry in its institutional setting may be something of the pa s t, of a culture dif fe rent from our own with regard to the role and importance of writing; but the discourse  ...  The difference here is not one of time or culture but of medium; speech as a medium "other" than writing.  ...  at estab lishing links between the level of syntax and higher levels in the flow and composition of the epic tale.  ... 
doi:10.7591/9781501722776-003 fatcat:6ilk52ttjve3fbschral6b42ty

What Can Mathematical, Computational, and Robotic Models Tell Us about the Origins of Syntax? [chapter]

2009 Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax  
Another dimension for categorising the 34 models concerns the importance given to cultural transmission, cognition, or biology, which has 35 given rise to Iterated Learning models, Language Games, and  ...  What can mathematical, computational and robotic models tell us about the origins of syntax?  ...  theory in 36 order to focus on the role of imitation in cultural transmission.  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/8468.003.0026 fatcat:ctkeihiosnh2fiexb3ow6re7dq

Situated Cognition and the Role of Multi-agent Models in Explaining Language Structure [chapter]

Henry Brighton, Simon Kirby, Kenny Smith
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We consider language users as situated agents acting as conduits for the cultural transmission of language.  ...  Using multi-agent computational models we show that certain hallmarks of language are adaptive in the context of cultural transmission.  ...  Related work has shown that recursive syntax and regular/irregular forms are also adaptive in the context of cultural transmission [24] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-44826-8_6 fatcat:oc56kvaec5egnkm5dhwgeagnru

Modeling Coevolution between Language and Memory Capacity during Language Origin

Tao Gong, Lan Shuai, Philip Allen
2015 PLoS ONE  
of individual memory capacity, cultural transmission of idiolects, and natural and cultural selections on individual reproduction and language teaching.  ...  Statistical analyses revealed that the coevolution was realized mainly by natural selection based on individual communicative success in cultural transmissions.  ...  The authors thank Ken Pugh and Dave Braze from Haskins Laboratories, Thomas Schoenemann from Indiana University, Christophe Coupé from Université Lumière (Lyon II), and William S-Y.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142281 pmid:26544876 pmcid:PMC4636343 fatcat:zuegx5iazvc33edlavcyn6vqci

THE ROLE OF PRACTICE AND LITERACY IN THE EVOLUTION OF LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE

MÓNICA TAMARIZ, J. ERIN BROWN, KEELIN M. MURRAY
2010 The Evolution of Language  
We test whether this learning bias for regularity is affected by culturally acquired knowledge, specifically by familiarity and literacy.  ...  , 1999) and the cultural transmission of language (Kirby & Hurford, 2002) .  ...  One suggested source of linguistic structure related to both use and transmission is literacy, a powerful cultural institution that touches on all aspects of language.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789814295222_0040 fatcat:4kj4m3ssorc6robm4sxfh4fqry

Emergent Syntax: The Unremitting Value of Computational Modeling for Understanding the Origins of Complex Language [chapter]

Willem H. Zuidema
2001 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Kirby found that in the process of iterated cultural transmission the language adapts itself to be better learnable by individual agents.  ...  In a population where a rich but idiosyncratic language is established, syntax could not emerge.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-44811-x_73 fatcat:jjhslx475ngrjmgkltkiaj7qoq

Natural Language From Artificial Life

Simon Kirby
2002 Artificial Life  
With oral tradition, written texts, and the enabling of direct instruction and description, language allows us to have the most complex cultural transmission system of the natural world, enabling the development  ...  Kirby Natural Language From Arti cial Life of complex structured languages both through "negotiation" and cultural evolution; and models that tackle coevolution of languages and language learning mechanisms  ...  In fact, the model can be seen as a combination of models of learning from [98] and cultural transmission from [99] . 8 We have already seen an approach that does not assume a prede ned set of meanings  ... 
doi:10.1162/106454602320184248 pmid:12171637 fatcat:uw2lcdnra5fhnihnj3ylkkb6y4

The emergence and evolution of linguistic structure: from lexical to grammatical communication systems

Luc Steels
2005 Connection science  
The paper discusses efforts to understand the self-organisation and evolution of language from a cognitive modeling point of view.  ...  In the first view, syntax arises to optimise transmission.  ...  In other words, the cognitive architecture of the agents supports a choice between compositional and non-compositional coding and agents choose for the compositional strategy.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09540090500269088 fatcat:75gczj7vtzdcrfaelvshu5hg7u
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