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Compositional Semantics Grounded in Commonsense Metaphysics [article]

Walid S. Saba
2007 arXiv   pre-print
We argue for a compositional semantics grounded in a strongly typed ontology that reflects our commonsense view of the world and the way we talk about it in ordinary language.  ...  Assuming the existence of such a structure, we show that the semantics of various natural language phenomena may become nearly trivial.  ...  Semantics with Ontological Content We begin by making a case for a semantics that is grounded in a strongly typed ontological structure that is isomorphic to our commonsense view of reality.  ... 
arXiv:0708.2303v2 fatcat:46eu7ryj55ap5iy6j6fdt4fu5e

Ontology and Formal Semantics - Integration Overdue [article]

Walid S. Saba
2007 arXiv   pre-print
The solution, in our opinion, is a compositional semantics grounded in an ontology that reflects our commonsense view of the world and the way we talk about it in ordinary language.  ...  In this note we suggest that difficulties encountered in natural language semantics are, for the most part, due to the use of mere symbol manipulation systems that are devoid of any content.  ...  What we suggest, instead, is a compositional semantics that is grounded in commonsense metaphysics, a semantics that views "logic as a language"; that is, a logic that has content, and ontological content  ... 
arXiv:0712.1529v2 fatcat:pamcqmeg4rb6xbk74bm6gqphmi

The American Institutes for Research

John C. Flanagan
1984 American Psychologist  
The solution, in our opinion, is a compositional semantics grounded in an ontology that reflects our commonsense view of the world and the way we talk about it in ordinary language.  ...  In this note we suggest that difficulties encountered in natural language semantics are, for the most part, due to the use of mere symbol manipulation systems that are devoid of any content.  ...  We must not try to resolve the metaphysical questions first, and then construct a meaning-theory in light of the answers.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0003-066x.39.11.1272 fatcat:ulwp4mmrdrczrbay53mlfelutq

A Type Composition Logic for Generative Lexicon [chapter]

Nicholas Asher, James Pustejovsky
2012 Text, Speech and Language Technology  
In this paper, we outline a model of semantics that integrates aspects of discourse-sensitive logics with the compositional mechanisms available from lexically-driven semantic interpretation.  ...  As we are presently interested in the composition of information to construct logical forms, we will build on one standard way of arriving at such representations, the lambda calculus, in which functional  ...  This imposes, in effect, a fence or filter from commonsense metaphysics to lexical information. 11 One reason to distinguish commonsense metaphysics from the lexicon is that metaphysics is only one contributory  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5189-7_3 fatcat:rzhtpn42xvcmvcild255f554d4

Polymorphism as a Model for Ambiguity in Natural Language

Walid S. Saba
2009 Künstliche Intelligenz  
In this paper we suggest such a typed compositional semantics for nominal compounds of the form (Adj Noun) where adjectives are modeled as higher-order polymorphic functions.  ...  We suggest modeling concepts as types in a strongly-typed ontology that reflects our commonsense view of the world and the way we talk about it in ordinary language.  ...  What we suggest instead is a semantics that is grounded in a strongly-typed ontology -an ontology that reflects our commonsense view of reality and the way we talk about it in ordinary language.  ... 
dblp:journals/ki/Saba09 fatcat:akty4hkqqne7vhrabdv2w3wvte

Logical Semantics and Commonsense Knowledge: Where Did we Go Wrong, and How to Go Forward, Again [article]

Walid S. Saba
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We will then show that accounting for these differences amounts to the integration of lexical and compositional semantics in one coherent framework, and to an embedding in our logical semantics of a strongly-typed  ...  ontology that reflects our commonsense view of the world and the way we talk about it in ordinary language.  ...  First, we believe that a commonsense theory of the world can (and should) be embedded in our semantic formalisms resulting in a logical semantics grounded in commonsense metaphysics.  ... 
arXiv:1808.01741v2 fatcat:l4hbmbmxzjehzl4uhrjptwuv5a

Truth and Realism - Patrick Greenough and Michael P. Lynch

Fritz J. McDonald
2008 The Philosophical Quarterly  
Different authors define realism in different ways, as a view centrally about truth, semantics, epistemology, or metaphysics.  ...  It is thus unsurprising to find the core of realism characterized in many ways in a short collection of papers.  ...  When common sense "goes reflective about metaphysics," it seeks a systematic theory of the composition of objects, yet there is no such theory, thus common sense leads us to eventually a rejection of composite  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9213.2008.547_3.x fatcat:thnxbs7xgjg2bpytz4p4m7dasu

A Note on Ontology and Ordinary Language [article]

Walid S. Saba
2007 arXiv   pre-print
We argue for a compositional semantics grounded in a strongly typed ontology that reflects our commonsense view of the world and the way we talk about it.  ...  Assuming such a structure we show that the semantics of various natural language phenomena may become nearly trivial.  ...  In particular, we argue that semantics must be grounded in a much richer ontological structure, one that reflects our commonsense view of the world and the way we talk about it in ordinary language.  ... 
arXiv:0704.3886v6 fatcat:dy7yxydtp5gzte6qutnpbvpt2y

Contrast and Constitution

Peter van Elswyk
2017 The Philosophical Quarterly  
This paper offers a direct argument for monism that illustrates how monism about material constitution is rooted in commonsense as reflected in linguistic practice.  ...  In particular, I argue that everyday judgements that are contrastive like The statue is beautiful for a lump of clay entail the identity of the statue and the clay.  ...  formally implement this requirement in a compositional semantics.  ... 
doi:10.1093/pq/pqx028 fatcat:nldqhqeib5dorcppcckjxt636a

Paraphrase, semantics, and ontology [chapter]

John A. Keller
2015 Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Volume 9  
with modal realism or compositional universalism; nominalists paraphrase scientific and commonsense truths that apparently refer to or quantify over abstract objects; etc.  ...  Hence, the truth about metaphysics will be partly determinative of the truth about semantics. Let's look at how this would apply to the composition cases.  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729242.003.0006 fatcat:2rjoheex2jai5bw7sxg5vcgglu

Against Metametaphysical Semanticism

Ryan Marquez
2013 McNair Scholars Online Journal  
A compositional believer will appeal to our commonsense intuitions about ontology in their diagnosis of the case of composition.  ...  quite similar (parsimony in the case of the compositional nihilist or endurantist, and preservation of commonsense intuitions in the case of the compositional believer or perdurantist). 17 While this  ... 
doi:10.15760/mcnair.2013.69 fatcat:nrh2b5d4uzdz5hpxznd3wvyy4y

Toward a Geometry of Common Sense: A Semantics and a Complete Axiomatization of Mereotopology

Nicholas Asher, Laure Vieu
1995 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
We offer an alternative to Tarski, starting with mereotopological notions that have proved useful in the semantic analysis of spatial expressions.  ...  Mereological and topological notions of connection, part, interior and complement are central to spatial reasoning and to the semantics of natural language expressions concerning locations and relative  ...  We propose here a semantics and complete axiomatization of these notions that takes the linguistic semantics of spatial expressions to be a fundamental guide to commonsense spatial and geometrical reasoning  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/AsherV95 fatcat:a5wzrfz2pzgz5nn5u6fkuwwfka

Science, Common Sense and Reality

Howard Sankey
2010 Social Science Research Network  
Scientific realism and the return of metaphysics An interest in metaphysics is now fashionable in a way not seen since before the rise of logical positivism.  ...  A decade later, development of the causal theory of reference provided the basis for a realist semantics of science, which prompted reflection on metaphysical issues such as necessity, essential properties  ...  Commonsense realism carries with it a commitment to metaphysical realism that is an important aspect of the return of metaphysics.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1683918 fatcat:fhgchevwnbgibi6ofnstr34kcu

Predication and cognitive context: Between minimalism and contextualism

Sandro Balletta, Filippo Domaneschi
2019 Ratio  
Rather, we refer to 'mental representations [...], contextual assumptions which may vary in strength, and factual assumptions.  ...  These three features are particularly relevant for assessing both the formal representation of the cognitive context 2 and 1 Predication, here, is meant in a broad sense and includes -besides the predication  ...  'One could imagine the existence of such a map (many nominalists and physicalists try to specify such a map), but the map isn't well defined in our commonsense metaphysics.  ... 
doi:10.1111/rati.12245 fatcat:paddlhnnonhjdn4gajdf6j7at4

The Phenomenal Bonding Solution to the Combination Problem [chapter]

Philip Goff
2016 Panpsychism  
Furthermore, panpsychism is very often grounded in an opposition to physicalism, which is in turn very often grounded in some kind of conceivability argument.  ...  The first strategy entails a deflationary account of consciousness, whilst panpsychism is usually grounded in a robust metaphysical seriousness about consciousness.  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199359943.003.0012 fatcat:3e3sx4mxfrgdjjwlwynzkiqhvy
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