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Complexity of Judgment Aggregation

U. Endriss, U. Grandi, D. Porello
2012 The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
We provide results both for specific aggregation procedures (the quota rules, the premise-based procedure, and a distance-based procedure) and for classes of aggregation procedures characterised in terms  ...  We analyse the computational complexity of three problems in judgment aggregation: (1) computing a collective judgment from a profile of individual judgments (the winner determination problem); (2) deciding  ...  We would like to thank the reviewers and members of the audiences of these meetings, three reviewers for the Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, and the attendees of workshop and seminar talks  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.3708 fatcat:44oqqvgggne3nfxekkycaohziu

Complexity Results for Manipulation, Bribery and Control of the Kemeny Procedure in Judgment Aggregation [article]

Ronald de Haan
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We show that determining whether these types of strategic behavior are possible (and if so, computing a policy for successful strategic behavior) is complete for the second level of the Polynomial Hierarchy  ...  We study the computational complexity of several scenarios of strategic behavior for the Kemeny procedure in the setting of judgment aggregation.  ...  Additionally, bribery in judgment aggregation has been studied from a computational complexity point of view for uniform premise-based quota rules [3] .  ... 
arXiv:1608.02406v1 fatcat:ewfmvbsvjnfbvcsh6kuzy7j5oi

Trade Practice and Price Control in the Alcoholic Beverage Industry

Joe de Ganahl
1940 Law & Contemporary Problems  
This latter method, it may be observed, would clearly be permissible under the federal statute and many of the state statutes. The producer's reasons for the preference appear to be twofold.  ...  Miles Medical Co. 2 ' 2 For a discussion of the various types of contracts see C. C. H. Trade Reg. Serv. 577. 28 299 U. S. 183 (1936). 29 Ibid. Io d. at 193. 8150 SAr. 693 (1937), 55 U. S.  ...  Uniformity will probably be difficult to obtain because the subject traverses two fields of established law, liquor legislation and securities legislation, and because warehouse receipts have been the  ... 
doi:10.2307/1189489 fatcat:rwz6o75sqnfdjazh43zxjo4mge

Does Multi-Attribute Bidding in Public Construction Projects Prevent Corruption while Tenderers' Preferences are Open? A Study of China's Practice

Jianhong He, Qing Yang, Yanrui Gao
2017 Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education  
Such conclusions indicate, the improvement of the bidding rules or procedures can contribute to restricting the behavior of tenderer and bidder, furthermore reducing the corruption possibility of public  ...  Presuming the tenderers' preference is open, the paper proposes a non-cooperative multi-attribute bidding game model about public construction projects and analyzes the bidding strategies of tenderers  ...  Based on these data we can extract the characteristics of the tender attributes, the tenderers' preference and the bidders' competence in cost and construction period control.  ... 
doi:10.12973/ejmste/77916 fatcat:33437kdoorclrbpodym7s3tbke

An Introductory Course to Judgment Aggregation [article]

Marija Slavkovik
2016 arXiv   pre-print
theoretic and computational complexity properties.  ...  One way to reach a consensus is by aggregating individual information, such as decisions, beliefs, preferences and constraints.  ...  In [49] issues of manipulability and bribery are considered, also for Hamming distance incentives, for the uniform quota rules and the premise based procedure.  ... 
arXiv:1607.03307v1 fatcat:2llo5g624jgq5fvxu2zlo22phe

Quotas and the Transatlantic Divergence of Corporate Governance

Veronique Magnier, Darren Rosenblum
2015 Social Science Research Network  
The proliferation of quotas for women on corporate boards in the national and transnational European contexts is a factor that will further distinguish European corporate governance regimes from those  ...  The French adoption of a corporate board quota for women reflects Europe's increasingly stakeholder-oriented approach to corporate governance, one that stands in marked contrast with that of the United  ...  be regulated by strict rules based on sex quotas."'  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2571714 fatcat:wpm6rw56pbagljxrk3xiijooxu

State-Managed Marketization: The Role of the Chinese State in the Petroleum Industry

Shaofeng Chen
2014 The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies  
them can capture the dynamism and complexity of the Chinese state's role.  ...  Drawing on two cases in the petroleum industry, this article argues that a state-management approach (SMMA) is in a better position to account for the role of the state and the nature of the state–national  ...  Their different views and angles coincidentally illustrate the complexity of Chinese economy and society. Common in these models, however, is their premise to build their arguments.  ... 
doi:10.22439/cjas.v30i2.4238 fatcat:iypitbawrvbenbuanu6f2cgp5i

FACTORS HINDERING PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORM AND EU ACCESSION: CASE STUDY OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Sara Rajic
2021 Administracija i javne politike  
as a result of a peace agreement, veto mechanisms and ethnic quotas which makes the consensus harder to achieve and delays adoption of important strategies.  ...  However, public administration reform definitely represents one of the key conditions for the future of BIH and its accession to the European Union (EU).  ...  the system of ethnic quotas imposes ethnic criteria over merit for all public office hold- The rule of the cartel The rule of the cartel ers, effectively abolishing the separation of powers and transferring  ... 
doi:10.22182/ajp.1422020.5 fatcat:zf2pfhztxvbs7nttnkny6j2b5e

Selective enforcement of regulation

Donghua Chen, Dequan Jiang, Shangkun Liang, Fangping Wang
2011 China Journal of Accounting Research  
However, under the premise of a poor regulatory environment and lack of effective means of supervision, abandoning the delegation of authority or regulatory power is impractical.  ...  An example is law enforcers selecting the rules that they enforce according to their own preference, rather than the law.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cjar.2011.04.002 fatcat:3agvvhkekfc2thl75nae5vnn4a

Bashar H. Malkawi, Western Hemispheric Trade Conference 2020 [article]

Bashar H. Malkawi
2020 Figshare  
World Trade Organization (WTO) members recognized the benefits digital trade offers and have developed a work program to facilitate the development of digital trade.  ...  One of the many uses derived from the Internet is thedevelopment of digital trade. Digital trade lends itself to distinctive issues.  ...  We thank the project personnel that have been part of Building Scholars in the past and facilitators of each part of the project components for their excellent support, which is valuable and greatly appreciated  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12133122.v1 fatcat:hmanz7u5xrgsle5kj4aaq6g5h4

A CONCEPTUAL REVIEW OF THE EFFECTS OF TRADE PROTECTIONISM ON MARITIME ECONOMICS AND LOGISTICS

ALI UMAR AHMAD, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, JAGAN JEEVAN, SITI MARSILA MOHD RUSLAN, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
2021 JOURNAL OF MARITIME LOGISTICS  
Based on this, this study will propose a framework in which protectionism, logistic transition, port composition and economic growth research can more effectively utilized.  ...  This study aims to conduct a conceptual review of the effects of trade protectionism on logistics transition, port composition, and economic growth.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their helpful comments to improve this article.  ... 
doi:10.46754/jml.2021.08.001 fatcat:hfq6kg5nufghdbwmv7pz26td6q

Pushing Things up to Their First Principles: Reflections on the Values of Affirmative Action

Mark R. Killenbeck
1999 California Law Review  
Under this regime, applicants would find it extraordinarily difficult to prove that a given admissions decision was in any meaningful sense "based on race." ' 395 The range and complexity of qualifications  ...  Appeals Court Rules Campus Admissions Plan Unconstitutional, WASH. POST, Mar. 20, 1996, at A1 (quoting Michael Greve). 47. Paul Craig Roberts, Waterloo for Quotas in Landmark Ruling?, WASH.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3481048 fatcat:rubycydrm5at7m7hykfzzrxxri

Design and formulation of branding strategy selection model in organizations: multi business firms

Alireza Alizadeh, Asghar Moshabaki, Seyyed Hamid Khodadad Hoseini, Asadollah Kordnaeij
2014 International Journal of Academic Research  
The concept of the brand can be traced back to product marketing where the role of branding and brand management has been primarily to create differentiation and preference for a product or service in  ...  These objectives include spacious and inclusive branding literature review, identification of branding strategies and tactics types, exploitation of factors and conditions that affecting branding and then  ...  This premise holds true for many of the companies on the top brands list but what about companies such as Google, Yahoo and Amazon?  ... 
doi:10.7813/2075-4124.2014/6-6/b.64 fatcat:53dmu25iwzh37ohk7hqbp676qy

Economic Integration in the Euro-Mediterranean Region

Michael Gasiorek, Rym Ayadi, Luc De Wulf, Ahmed Farouk Ghoneim, El Elj Moez, Javier Lopez Gonzalez, Selen Sarisoy Guerin, Peter Martin Holmes, Hammad Kassal, Maryla Maliszewska, Mahmut Tekce
2009 Social Science Research Network  
In addition to quality control, there are various controls and inspection procedures for food products, live animals, and animal and plant products.  ...  Under this type of trade, countries will specialise in varieties of similar products and then trade with each other.  ...  Appendix 1 Assessing the Trade and Welfare Effects of Euro-Mediterranean Integration Appendix 2 Selection for Sectors for NTB Studies Appendix 3 EU-MED Trade Potential and the Impact of the EU-MED FTAs  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1526992 fatcat:2p2r4exbkve7rlqtmucxyqu2iu

Rights of Way, Red Flags, and Safety Valves [chapter]

E.J. Balleisen
2014 Regulierte Selbstregulierung in der westlichen Welt des späten 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhunderts  
government functionaries.This new approach to institutional design accepted the Progressive premises that many complex socio-economic problems called for expertise in fact-finding, analysis, and policy  ...  that they set up to ascertain loss ratios for building types.  ...  , or sustaining a regard for public purposes within the organizational culture of SROs; and * the role that SROs might serve in the design of adaptive policy frameworks that can adjust effectively to quickly  ... 
doi:10.5771/9783465142294-77 fatcat:jwvrqeo45zafdivpbwigfujivy
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