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Automated Claustrum Segmentation in Human Brain MRI Using Deep Learning [article]

Hongwei Li, Aurore Menegaux, Benita Schmitz-Koep, Antonia Neubauer, Felix JB Bäuerlein, Suprosanna Shit, Christian Sorg, Bjoern Menze, Dennis Hedderich
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Recently, Deep Learning (DL) based approaches have been successfully introduced for automated segmentation of complex, subcortical brain structures.  ...  In the last two decades, neuroscience has produced intriguing evidence for a central role of the claustrum in mammalian forebrain structure and function.  ...  We are grateful to the staff of the Department of Neuroradiology in Munich and the Department of Radiology in Bonn for their help in data collection.  ... 
arXiv:2008.03465v2 fatcat:ri4s5f4z45fqvoal5pxxxbk3mq

Automated analysis of whole brain vasculature using machine learning [article]

Mihail Ivilinov Todorov, Johannes C. Paetzold, Oliver Schoppe, Giles Tetteh, Velizar Efremov, Katalin Voelgyi, Marco Duering, Martin Dichgans, Marie Piraud, Bjoern Menze, Ali Erturk
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Towards this goal, we developed a deep learning-based framework to quantify and analyze the brain vasculature, named Vessel Segmentation & Analysis Pipeline (VesSAP).  ...  We reported the first evidence of secondary intracranial collateral vascularization in CD1-Elite mice and found reduced vascularization in the brainstem as compared to the cerebrum.  ...  To our knowledge, this is the first time that a deep learning approach is being used to analyze complex imaging data of cleared mouse brains i.e. spanning the entire brain end-to-end.  ... 
doi:10.1101/613257 fatcat:233qaac4mbf53h42x2vlrbs74u

Towards an integration of deep learning and neuroscience [article]

Adam Marblestone, Greg Wayne, Konrad Kording
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Second, cost functions and training procedures have become more complex and are varied across layers and over time. Here we think about the brain in terms of these ideas.  ...  In machine learning, however, artificial neural networks tend to eschew precisely designed codes, dynamics or circuits in favor of brute force optimization of a cost function, often using simple and relatively  ...  We thank Miles Brundage for an excellent Twitter feed of deep learning papers.  ... 
arXiv:1606.03813v1 fatcat:tmmholydqbcplbc5ihg76yip6e

Towards an integration of deep learning and neuroscience [article]

Adam Henry Marblestone, Greg Wayne, Konrad P Kording
2016 bioRxiv   pre-print
Second, cost functions and training procedures have become more complex and are varied across layers and over time. Here we think about the brain in terms of these ideas.  ...  In machine learning, however, artificial neural networks tend to eschew precisely designed codes, dynamics or circuits in favor of brute force optimization of a cost function, often using simple and relatively  ...  developed homologous structures which -as the linguistic feats of the African Grey Parrot demonstrate -can give rise to quite complex intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1101/058545 fatcat:4ryejpe2tnf7dgoaqhoastoiya

White matter architecture of the language network

Vanja Kljajevic
2014 Translational Neuroscience  
AbstractThe relevance of anatomical connectivity for understanding of the neural basis of language was recognized in the 19th century, and yet this topic has only recently become the subject of wider research  ...  In this paper, I review recent findings on white matter tracts implicated in language: the arcuate fasciculus, superior longitudinal fasciculus, extreme capsule, uncinate fasciculus, middle longitudinal  ...  Acknowledgments The author has nothing to disclose. Fig. 5 , [116] , with kind permission from Elsevier.  ... 
doi:10.2478/s13380-014-0232-8 fatcat:xplbezc6rvhwhlevkxdp32ywrq

A New Method for Detecting Cerebral Tissues Abnormality in Magnetic Resonance Images

Mohammed Sabbih Hamoud Al-Tamimi, Ghazali Sulong
2015 Modern Applied Science  
Novel brain slices image division is introduced via angular and distance span vectors of sizes 24˚ with 15 pixels. Rotation invariance of the angular span vector is determined.  ...  These brain images (230 slices as normal and 70 abnormal) are accessed from the Internet Brain Segmentation Repository (IBSR) dataset. 60% images for training and 40% for testing phase are used.  ...  Acknowledgements The author(s) would like to thank the Ministry of Higher Education & Scientific Research-Iraq and Universiti www.ccsenet.org/mas Modern Applied Science Vol. 9, No. 8; 2015 367 Teknologi  ... 
doi:10.5539/mas.v9n8p354 fatcat:vs3kxidyybcq3abdff6zrv42yy

Postmortem examination of patient H.M.'s brain based on histological sectioning and digital 3D reconstruction

Jacopo Annese, Natalie M. Schenker-Ahmed, Hauke Bartsch, Paul Maechler, Colleen Sheh, Natasha Thomas, Junya Kayano, Alexander Ghatan, Noah Bresler, Matthew P. Frosch, Ruth Klaming, Suzanne Corkin
2014 Nature Communications  
Our study also reveals diffuse pathology in the deep white matter and a small, circumscribed lesion in the left orbitofrontal cortex.  ...  Modern scientific knowledge of how memory functions are organized in the human brain originated from the case of Henry G.  ...  In the course of the study, Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1038/ncomms4122 pmid:24473151 pmcid:PMC3916843 fatcat:6g4ffvhuerbldab75hm6xjmctu

Neural Circuits Affected by Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders [chapter]

Suzanne N. Haber, Benjamin D. Greenberg
2012 Deep Brain Stimulation  
Circuits Affected by Deep Brain Stimulation 13 Neural Circuits Affected by Deep Brain Stimulation Neural Circuits Affected by Deep Brain Stimulation Neural Circuits Affected by Deep Brain  ...  Collectively, these brain regions are involved in various aspects of incentive-based learning and good decision-making skills (Chase et al. 2008; Rudebeck et al. 2008; Haber and Knutson 2010) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-30991-5_2 fatcat:h5thj33l6ncqdo2wohb6xvqjrq

Deep Brain Stimulation [chapter]

Pieter Ooms, Pelle P. de Koning, Damiaan Denys
2014 The Wiley Handbook of Anxiety Disorders  
Circuits Affected by Deep Brain Stimulation 13 Neural Circuits Affected by Deep Brain Stimulation Neural Circuits Affected by Deep Brain Stimulation Neural Circuits Affected by Deep Brain  ...  Collectively, these brain regions are involved in various aspects of incentive-based learning and good decision-making skills (Chase et al. 2008; Rudebeck et al. 2008; Haber and Knutson 2010) .  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118775349.ch66 fatcat:ri7oy3uo5ze2jl2yjmuwiiylzq

The NonHuman Primate Neuroimaging & Neuroanatomy Project

Takuya Hayashi, Yujie Hou, Matthew F Glasser, Joonas A Autio, Kenneth Knoblauch, Miho Inoue-Murayama, Tim Coalson, Essa Yacoub, Stephen Smith, Henry Kennedy, David C Van Essen
2021 NeuroImage  
Such efforts depend upon the accuracy of non-invasive brain imaging measures. However, 'ground truth' validation of connectivity using invasive tracers is not feasible in humans.  ...  ) map the distributions of different brain cell types with immunocytochemical stains to better define brain areal boundaries.  ...  Acknowledgements This study is supported by a grant Brain/MINDS -beyond from References under revision of this special issue of NeuroImage Autio, J.A., Zhu, Q., Li, X., Glasser, M.F., Schwiedrzik,  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.117726 pmid:33484849 pmcid:PMC8079967 fatcat:tfv3sm6xpjfnfj2uarpqwnyc5u

The NonHuman Primate Neuroimaging Neuroanatomy Project [article]

Takuya Hayashi, Yujie Hou, Matthew F Glasser, Joonas A Autio, Kenneth Knoblauch, Miho Inoue-Murayama, Tim Coalson, Essa Yacoub, Stephen Smith, Henry Kennedy, David C Van Essen
2021 arXiv   pre-print
) map the distributions of different brain cell types with immunocytochemical stains to better define brain areal boundaries.  ...  Finally, we are collecting genetic and sociality-associated behavioral data in all animals in an effort to understand how genetic variation shapes the connectome and behavior.  ...  The GCA can identify the less myelinated claustrum, which is needed for precise white matter surface estimation beneath insular cortex (see example in Fig.  ... 
arXiv:2010.00308v3 fatcat:xqccnaz2hzcs7pqedcutkvktea

Morphology and Evolutionary Biology of the Dolphin (Delphinus sp.) Brain – MR Imaging and Conventional Histology

H.H.A. Oelschläger, M. Haas-Rioth, C. Fung, S.H. Ridgway, M. Knauth
2007 Brain, Behavior and Evolution  
The neocortex is voluminous and the cortical grey matter thin but extremely extended and densely convoluted.  ...  The hippocampus and mammillary body are small and the fornix is thin; in contrast, the amygdaloid complex is large and the cortex of the limbic lobe is extended.  ...  Frahm and his team for their advice and help in the acquisition of the MR data. Two anonymous referees are thanked for their constructive comments. We are grateful to Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000110495 pmid:17975302 fatcat:2764bdgaarhrvoobtojy7zmoci

White matter extension of the Melbourne Children's Regional Infant Brain atlas: M-CRIB-WM

Bonnie Alexander, Joseph Yuan-Mou Yang, Sarah Hui Wen Yao, Michelle Hao Wu, Jian Chen, Claire E. Kelly, Gareth Ball, Lillian G. Matthews, Marc L. Seal, Peter J. Anderson, Lex W. Doyle, Jeanie L. Y. Cheong (+2 others)
2020 Human Brain Mapping  
Brain atlases providing standardised identification of neonatal brain regions are key in investigating neurological disorders of early childhood.  ...  The aim of this study was to extend M-CRIB atlas coverage to include 54 white matter (WM) regions. Participants were 10 healthy term-born neonates that were used to create the initial M-CRIB atlas.  ...  of cortical regions and deep grey nuclei.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.24948 pmid:32083379 fatcat:vwkmwbyc7vblte7kfgyd5iu2wi

CNS and bladder (short review for clinicians)

Staša Tadić
2014 Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis  
The aim of this article is to review basic neuroanatomy of central continence control based on the results of recent brain imaging studies in patients with symptoms of impaired bladder control.  ...  Advances in brain imaging technology have brought new insight in how brain works in different bladder diseases and opened new possibilities to study lower urinary tract.  ...  Or, for elderly, we need to assess structural brain changes in white (and in grey) matter and further investigate how they could contribute to voiding dysfunction (37) .  ... 
doi:10.2478/afmnai-2014-0001 fatcat:jytizdcvkfeuxdumqsiunmsyju

The role of primordial emotions in the evolutionary origin of consciousness

D.A. Denton, M.J. McKinley, M. Farrell, G.F. Egan
2009 Consciousness and Cognition  
It is hypothesized that early in animal evolution complex reflex mechanisms in the basal brain subserving homeostatic responses, in concert with elements of the reticular activating system subserving arousal  ...  Neuroimaging confirms major activations in regions of the basal brain during primordial emotions in humans.  ...  Frank Zamarippa for collaboration in the experiments, and also Professor Jean-Pierre Changeux, the late Dr. Francis Crick, Professor Christof Koch, and Dr. Roger Guillemin, for discussion.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.concog.2008.06.009 pmid:18701321 fatcat:dsjcmdiorjh6nczh6dfdu5of6q
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