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Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature

Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein, Christopher R. Schwalm, Chris Huntingford, Stephen Sitch, Anders Ahlström, Almut Arneth, Gustau Camps-Valls, Philippe Ciais, Pierre Friedlingstein, Fabian Gans, Kazuhito Ichii (+12 others)
2017 Nature  
Here we use empirical models based on eddy covariance data 15 and process-based models 16,17 to investigate the effect of changes in temperature and water availability on gross primary productivity (GPP  ...  Spatial water availability anomalies also compensate, leaving a dominant temperature signal in the yearto-year fluctuations of the land carbon sink.  ...  Furthermore, the recent doubling of the tropical carbon cycle sensitivity to interannual temperature variability has been linked to interactions with changing moisture regimes 13 .  ... 
doi:10.1038/nature20780 pmid:28092919 fatcat:diqt4qeucjdutegvydly6gemnu

Compensatory climate effects link trends in global runoff to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration

Hui Yang, Chris Huntingford, Andrew Wiltshire, Stephen Sitch, Lina Mercado
2019 Environmental Research Letters  
Drivers include 18 elevated CO 2 concentration, climate change, aerosols and altered land-use.  ...  Yet various environmental factors modify 17 runoff levels, and some trends could be detrimental to humanity.  ...  Jung M et al 2017 Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO 2 sink changes 603 to temperature Nature 541 516-520. the CO 2 fertilization effect, and thus affect runoff.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab5c6f fatcat:kipqg7licnb4hfcpy7f5dmrlbu

CE-DYNAM (v1), a spatially explicit, process-based carbon erosion scheme for the use in Earth system models

Victoria Naipal, Ronny Lauerwald, Philippe Ciais, Bertrand Guenet, Yilong Wang
2019 Geoscientific Model Development Discussions  
spatial scales and over long-time scales, and (3) its compatibility with any global land surface model, hereby, providing opportunities to study the effect of soil erosion under global changes.  ...  CE-DYNAM is driven by spatially explicit historical land use change, climate forcing, and global atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub> concentrations affecting ecosystem productivity, erosion rates and residence  ...  We conclude that it is important to take global changes such as climate change into account 626 to better quantify the net effect of erosion on the C cycle.  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-2019-110 fatcat:bjfa2tim5fbc5mcrcqoquz4shm

CE-DYNAM (v1): a spatially explicit process-based carbon erosion scheme for use in Earth system models

Victoria Naipal, Ronny Lauerwald, Philippe Ciais, Bertrand Guenet, Yilong Wang
2020 Geoscientific Model Development  
model at large spatial scales and over long timescales, and (3) its compatibility with global land surface models, thereby providing opportunities to study the effect of soil erosion under global changes  ...  CE-DYNAM is driven by spatially explicit historical land use change, climate forcing, and global atmospheric CO2 concentrations, affecting ecosystem productivity, erosion rates, and residence times of  ...  , changes to precipitation and temperature, and land use change.  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-13-1201-2020 fatcat:bxaiztyeyna7vfn43iidvmrcta

Lakes and reservoirs as sentinels, integrators, and regulators of climate change

Craig E. Williamson, Jasmine E. Saros, Warwick F. Vincent, John P. Smol
2009 Limnology and Oceanography  
Climate change linked to global desertification is promoting a considerable increase of dust content in the atmosphere.  ...  on water temperature and (iii) indirect effects of temperature on tolerance of organisms to UV and changes in the radiation environment mediated by changes in DOC levels.  ... 
doi:10.4319/lo.2009.54.6_part_2.2273 fatcat:jnmxnj36ejcsjptd6yltwe33hq

Impacts of land-use change and elevated CO2 on the interannual variations and seasonal cycles of gross primary productivity in China

Binghao Jia, Xin Luo, Ximing Cai, Atul Jain, Deborah N. Huntzinger, Zhenghui Xie, Ning Zeng, Jiafu Mao, Xiaoying Shi, Akihiko Ito, Yaxing Wei, Hanqin Tian (+3 others)
2019 Earth System Dynamics Discussions  
</strong> Climate change, rising CO<sub>2</sub> concentration, and land use and land cover change (LULCC) are primary driving forces for terrestrial gross primary productivity (GPP), but their impacts  ...  Compared to climate change and elevated CO<sub>2</sub>, LULCC showed less contributions to GPP's temporal variation and its impact acted locally, mainly in southwestern China.  ...  P., Weber, U., Zaehle,30 S., and Zeng, N.: Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature, Nature, 541, 516-520, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature20780, 2017.  ... 
doi:10.5194/esd-2019-22 fatcat:ipolvc6ryjdgnkgik2moademhm

Advancing ecohydrology in the changing tropics: Perspectives from early career scientists

Cynthia Wright, Aurora Kagawa-Viviani, Cynthia Gerlein-Safdi, Giovanny M. Mosquera, María Poca, Han Tseng, Kwok Pan Chun
2017 Ecohydrology  
Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature. Nature, 541 (7638) , 516-520. . 2015. Where does streamwater come from in low-relief forested watersheds?  ...  Similarly, shifts in water availability due to climate change will affect both water and carbon fluxes in tropical ecosystems.  ...  Changes in Land Use/Land Cover Land use drives global land cover change, and rapidly developing tropical regions present some of the most dynamic examples of this (Lambin et al., 2003) .  ... 
doi:10.1002/eco.1918 fatcat:r4yj3nqg4jbhll2ycs4btfwfee

Effects of elevated carbon dioxide and increased nitrogen deposition on bog vegetation in the Netherlands

Monique M. P. D. Heijmans, Frank Berendse, Wim J. Arp, Ab K. Masselink, Herman Klees, Willem De Visser, Nico Van Breemen
2001 Journal of Ecology  
Reductions in evapotranspiration at elevated CO2 in summer would further benefit Sphagnum, as its growth is very sensitive to changes in moisture availability.  ...  Changes in species composition of the bog plant community may have important effects on carbon sequestration, because peat mosses (Sphagnum) contribute more to peat accumulation than vascular plants.  ...  BERI was approved by the GCTE (Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems) as a core activity.  ... 
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2745.2001.00547.x fatcat:etyueexvkjflvlzibawnuc75di

Four years of global carbon cycle observed from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) version 9 and in situ data and comparison to OCO-2 version 7

Hélène Peiro, Sean Crowell, Andrew Schuh, David F. Baker, Chris O'Dell, Andrew R. Jacobson, Frédéric Chevallier, Junjie Liu, Annmarie Eldering, David Crisp, Feng Deng, Brad Weir (+4 others)
2022 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) satellite has been providing information to estimate carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes at global and regional scales since 2014 through the combination of CO2 retrievals  ...  The time series at different scales (going from global to regional scales) of the models emissions are analyzed and compared to each experiment using either OCO-2 or IS data.  ...  Methods and and Zeng, N.: Compensatory water effects link yearly global global-scale fluxes, Global Biogeochem.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-22-1097-2022 fatcat:nahhfvxnafeavbctzovsikxe4e

The challenge of Mediterranean sclerophyllous vegetation under climate change: From acclimation to adaptation

Filippo Bussotti, Francesco Ferrini, Martina Pollastrini, Alessio Fini
2014 Environmental and Experimental Botany  
Rising atmospheric CO 2 has been found to increase growth, photosynthesis water use efficiency, and may partially alleviate the deleterious effects of warming and drought.  ...  Forecasting models for climate change in southern Europe differ from those proposed for central and northern regions mainly with regard to precipitation.  ...  However, during drought, elevated-CO2-trees had higher CAT and APX than ambient-CO2-ones, indicating a enhanced compensatory effort of the former during water shortage.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2013.09.013 fatcat:lqwxpcssgvg35gg3e5x6i2ztlu

Trade in a "Green Growth? Development Strategy

Jaime de Melo
2014 Revue d'Economie du Developpement  
Lack of progress at the Doha round suggests the need to modify the current system of global policy making.  ...  Trade policies to 'level the playing field' would be ineffective and result in destructive conflicts in the WTO.  ...  agricultural commodities saves around 20% of total water use, i.e. is equivalent to a 20% yearly increase in the world's supply of water. 3 By-product externalities (b).  ... 
doi:10.3917/edd.hs01.0157 fatcat:adsabalzerdjrfqqusvypqbloe

Slowdown of the greening trend in natural vegetation with further rise in atmospheric CO2

Alexander J. Winkler, Ranga B. Myneni, Alexis Hannart, Stephen Sitch, Vanessa Haverd, Danica Lombardozzi, Vivek K. Arora, Julia Pongratz, Julia E. M. S. Nabel, Daniel S. Goll, Etsushi Kato, Hanqin Tian (+5 others)
2021 Biogeosciences  
Factors linked to anthropogenic carbon emissions, such as CO2 fertilization, climate change, and consequent disturbances such as fires and droughts, are hypothesized to be key drivers of changes in natural  ...  global-scale effect.  ...  Winkler wishes to thank  ... 
doi:10.5194/bg-18-4985-2021 fatcat:7dqr5ryq35fo7j4lqjir7cyzru

Trade in a 'Green Growth' Development Strategy Global Scale Issues and Challenges

Jaime de Melo
2012 Social Science Research Network  
Lack of progress at the Doha round suggests the need to modify the current system of global policy making.  ...  Trade policies to 'level the playing field' would be ineffective and result in destructive conflicts in the WTO.  ...  of any change in trade policy. are linked through trade.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2122305 fatcat:s2wkz72d65htphcc2dng6wxra4

Competition for Water and Light in Closed-Canopy Forests: A Tractable Model of Carbon Allocation with Implications for Carbon Sinks

Caroline E. Farrior, Ray Dybzinski, Simon A. Levin, Stephen W. Pacala
2013 American Naturalist  
the changes in CO2 will have two main direct effects in our model.  ...  Carbon cycling under 300 years of land use change: importance of the secondary vegetation sink. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23:GB2022. White, M. A., P. E. Thornton, S. W. Running, and R. R.  ... 
doi:10.1086/669153 pmid:23448882 fatcat:tqbizqm2xjftdpbhhopxkvmvya

Increased Temperatures Combined with Lowered Salinities Differentially Impact Oyster Size Class Growth and Mortality

Molly Rybovich, Megan K. La Peyre, Steven G. Hall, Jerome F. La Peyre
2016 Journal of Shellfish Research  
His research expertise is in tree physiology, forest ecophysiology, phyto-remediation, and global change.  ...  Abdollahi is the Co-Director of the Gulf Coast Regional Climate Change Assessment Program and the co-author of five books on climate change assessment.  ...  might be compensatory.  ... 
doi:10.2983/035.035.0112 fatcat:wuz2vocbmfaf7lfnuyzbe5gwpu
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