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Comparison of Methods to Assess Similarity between Phrases [chapter]

Renzo Angles, Valeria Araya, Jesus Concha, Rodrigo Paredes
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We study the problem of similarity between phrases. To do so, we study three similarity methods. The first one considers the commonalities and differences of the two phrases.  ...  The third one considers the sequentiality of the phrases and is resistant to phrases with repeated words.  ...  we can improve the similarity assessment between the phrases.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-12568-8_32 fatcat:cpu2yg4gcfekzmupntnfu2aelu


Mohd Azwan Hamza, Faculty of Software Engineering &Computer Systems, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Mohd Juzaiddin Ab Aziz, Nazlia Omar, Faculty of Information Science & Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Information Science & Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
2019 International Journal of Software Engineering and Computer Systems  
Thematic Role annotation for every significant argument seems able to provide information regarding the relations between the word.  ...  Wordnet Semantics Network calculates semantic similarities of two synsets (token) by taking into account the depth of semantic relations.  ...  For the purpose of similarity measurement between students' answer and answer scheme, semantic relations between two synsets consist of noun phrase, verb phrase, adjective phrase and function phrase, were  ... 
doi:10.15282/ijsecs.5.2.2019.4.0060 fatcat:cggoqv5mkbfo7gqmw4wwq3iobm

Complexity, Predictability and Time Homogeneity of Syntax in the Songs of Cassin's Vireo (Vireo cassinii)

Richard W. Hedley, Brenton G. Cooper
2016 PLoS ONE  
An assessment of the time homogeneity of syntax showed that transition probabilities between phrase types are largely stable over time, but that there was some evidence for modest changes in syntax within  ...  I compare their song sequences to three candidate models of varying levels of complexity-zero-order, first-order and second-order Markov models-and employ novel methods to interpolate between these three  ...  Acknowledgments The author would like to thank Dr. Charles Taylor, Dr. Martin Cody, and Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0150822 pmid:27050537 pmcid:PMC4822860 fatcat:r7bncsyxzrhbzbhul4z5pa4kee

Leveraging Preposition Ambiguity to Assess Compositional Distributional Models of Semantics

Samuel Ritter, Cotie Long, Denis Paperno, Marco Baroni, Matthew Botvinick, Adele Goldberg
2015 Proceedings of the Fourth Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics  
We present a new method for assessing the degree to which CDSM capture semantic interactions that dissociates the influences of lexical and compositional information.  ...  Complex interactions among the meanings of words are important factors in the function that maps word meanings to phrase meanings.  ...  Relation to Past Work This approach to CDSM assessment is similar to a previous method wherein polysemous verbs are paired with disambiguating nouns in transitive or intransitive verb phrases.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/s15-1023 dblp:conf/starsem/RitterLPBBG15 fatcat:g3sfbbzawzfalosec6otrkraim

PMCVec: Distributed Phrase Representation for Biomedical Text Processing

Zelalem Gero, Joyce Ho
2019 Journal of Biomedical Informatics: X  
A new unsupervised method has been proposed to collect over 700,000 common phrases that may be useful for biomedical NLP from PubMed articles [20] .  ...  Learning a distributed phrase and word embeddings have been shown to be effective on a general, non-domain specific corpus [26] . Yet, one of the key challenges is to identify useful phrases.  ...  The similarity between word pairs was assessed by 8 medical experts.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.yjbinx.2019.100047 fatcat:puejryvlavaivaxrlovkmsculi

Melodic Similarity: Looking For A Good Abstraction Level

Maarten Grachten, Josep Lluís Arcos, Ramón López De Mántaras
2004 Zenodo  
CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK In this paper we have proposed a new way of assessing melodic similarity and compared it with existing methods for melodic similarity assessment, using a dataset of 124 jazz  ...  Another criterion to judge the behavior of the measures is to see how they assess distances between phrases from the same song versus phrases from different songs.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1417403 fatcat:hkyb4uzlrbbpbmy7moe7b57iza

Cross level semantic similarity: an evaluation framework for universal measures of similarity

David Jurgens, Mohammad Taher Pilehvar, Roberto Navigli
2015 Language Resources and Evaluation  
We describe the annotation process and its challenges, including a comparison with crowdsourcing, and identify the factors that make the dataset a rigorous assessment of a method's quality.  ...  CLSS data contains a rich mixture of pairs, spanning from paragraphs to word senses to fully evaluate similarity measures that are capable of comparing items of any type.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the ERC Starting Grant MultiJEDI No. 259234.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10579-015-9318-3 fatcat:3hddcrcvszdtfgftieppsdotfq

On Some Pitfalls in Automatic Evaluation and Significance Testing for MT

Stefan Riezler, John T. Maxwell III
2005 Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
We point out a pitfall of randomly assessing significance in multiple pairwise comparisons, and conclude with a recommendation to combine NIST with approximate randomization, at more stringent rejection  ...  In a discriminative reranking experiment for phrase-based SMT we show that the NIST metric is more sensitive than BLEU or F-score despite their incorporation of aspects of fluency or meaning adequacy into  ...  One possibility to reduce the likelihood that one ore more of differences assessed in pairwise comparisons is spurious is to run the comparisons at a more stringent per-comparison rejection level.  ... 
dblp:conf/acl/RiezlerM05 fatcat:r2pq4vfjszfvfcsncksl35bwly

Comparative Study Between Two Swarm Intelligence Automatic Text Summaries

Mohamed Amine Boudia, Reda Mohamed Hamou, Abdelmalek Amine
2018 International Journal of Applied Metaheuristic Computing  
While the optimization uses the bio-inspired approach to perform the results of the previous step, the objective function of the optimization is to maximize the sum of similarity between phrases of the  ...  The authors use two techniques of extraction, one after the other: scoring of phrases and similarity that aims to eliminate redundant phrases without losing the theme of the text.  ...  It concludes with a comparison of four methods' using the same corpus, this comparison is based on execution time, confusion matrix for each method, that will be used to construct a podium according to  ... 
doi:10.4018/ijamc.2018010102 fatcat:6o2br3dubvhkpbnpcjlbfkbhy4

Text Similarity in Vector Space Models: A Comparative Study [article]

Omid Shahmirzadi, Adam Lugowski, Kenneth Younge
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Contrary to expectations, the added computational cost of text embedding methods is justified only when: 1) the target text is condensed; and 2) the similarity comparison is trivial.  ...  Unexpectedly, extensions to the TFIDF method, such as adding noun phrases or calculating term weights incrementally, were not helpful in our context.  ...  Specifically, our evaluation test requires: 1. a benchmark indicator of similarity as the ground truth, 2. a way to calculate a similarity score between vectors, 3. an evaluation metric to assess the accuracy  ... 
arXiv:1810.00664v1 fatcat:mxgqi5pb3ndrpakdpm2qllvram

Indirect Comparisons: A Review of Reporting and Methodological Quality

Sarah Donegan, Paula Williamson, Carrol Gamble, Catrin Tudur-Smith, Tammy Clifford
2010 PLoS ONE  
We recommend, therefore, that the quality of indirect comparisons should be improved, in particular, by assessing assumptions and reporting the assessment methods applied.  ...  Our aim is to systematically review the quality of published indirect comparisons to add to existing empirical data suggesting that improvements can be made when reporting and applying indirect comparisons  ...  Phrasing of the similarity assumption.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011054 pmid:21085712 pmcid:PMC2978085 fatcat:eu5and2czrfurnv2aj4wqfhcbq

Assessment of text coherence based on the cohesion estimation [article]

S.D. Pogorilyy, A.A. Kramov
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Our method uses a graph-based approach to provide a user with an understanding of the evaluation process.  ...  Moreover, it can be applied to different languages, therefore, the effectiveness of this method is examined on the set of English, Chinese, and Arabic texts.  ...  In spite of the need to analyze the semantic similarity between sentences, it is also necessary to take into account the structural connectivity of sentences -the cohesion of a text.  ... 
arXiv:2011.05788v1 fatcat:qrltgcu5vfefjg6witag3maeie

SemEval-2014 Task 3: Cross-Level Semantic Similarity

David Jurgens, Mohammad Taher Pilehvar, Roberto Navigli
2014 Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval 2014)  
This paper introduces a new SemEval task on Cross-Level Semantic Similarity (CLSS), which measures the degree to which the meaning of a larger linguistic item, such as a paragraph, is captured by a smaller  ...  Highquality data sets were constructed for four comparison types using multi-stage annotation procedures with a graded scale of similarity. Nineteen teams submitted 38 systems.  ...  The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the ERC Starting Grant Multi-JEDI No. 259234.  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/s14-2003 dblp:conf/semeval/JurgensPN14 fatcat:6c5rt6hwyjfzzktnmo5vqaarpe

HARPY: Hypernyms and Alignment of Relational Paraphrases

Adam Grycner, Gerhard Weikum
2014 International Conference on Computational Linguistics  
To this end, we devise judicious features and develop a graph-based alignment algorithm by adapting and extending the SimRank random-walk method.  ...  This paper closes this gap by computing a high-quality alignment between the relational phrases of the Patty taxonomy, one of the largest collections of this kind, and the verb senses of WordNet.  ...  Similarity edges have weights set according to the cosine similarity between examples of a verb sense and examples of a relational phrase.  ... 
dblp:conf/coling/GrycnerW14 fatcat:rs7s3yg2brdqfilcv2jxk3hzky

Comparison of Student Performance on Internally Prepared Clerkship Examinations and NBME Subject Examinations

Pamela Veale, Wayne Woloschuk, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin, Bruce Wright
2011 Canadian Medical Education Journal  
setting, discrepant content validity between local curriculum and NBME examinations, difference in student perception of examinations, and performance bias due to unfamiliar units.  ...  Two methods of standard setting were considered for NBME exams and a sensitivity analysis was performed.  ...  The authors would like to thank Lynley Matthews for assistance in preparation of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.36834/cmej.36560 fatcat:wjkmcpit4nfrbpx6tsixqgti4i
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