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Grid-Forming Inverter-based Wind Turbine Generators: Comprehensive Review, Comparative Analysis, and Recommendations [article]

Thai-Thanh Nguyen, Tuyen Vu, Sumit Paudyal, Frede Blaabjerg
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In addition, the challenges of applying these GFM controls to wind turbines are discussed, including the impact of DC-link voltage and the current saturation algorithm on the GFM control performance.  ...  High penetration of wind power with conventional grid following controls for inverter-based wind turbine generators (WTGs) reduces grid inertia and weakens the power grid, challenging the power system  ...  Configuration of Type-4 wind turbine generator and its control system.  ... 
arXiv:2203.02105v1 fatcat:zcegmpu62fgqjdlp6nilmps56u

A review of power converter topologies for wind generators

J.A. Baroudi, V. Dinavahi, A.M. Knight
2005 IEEE International Conference on Electric Machines and Drives, 2005.  
The many different generator-converter combinations are compared on the basis of topology, cost, efficiency, power consumption and control complexity.  ...  The features of each generator-converter configuration are considered in the context of wind turbine systems. r  ...  Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge gratefully the financial support of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iemdc.2005.195763 fatcat:oodrxe2db5ghvivjbf5z5q446u

A review of power converter topologies for wind generators

Jamal A. Baroudi, Venkata Dinavahi, Andrew M. Knight
2007 Renewable Energy  
The many different generator-converter combinations are compared on the basis of topology, cost, efficiency, power consumption and control complexity.  ...  The features of each generator-converter configuration are considered in the context of wind turbine systems. r  ...  Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge gratefully the financial support of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.renene.2006.12.002 fatcat:cshfnpvionazfiyzkwqhwcfqoy

Real-Time Control of Active and Reactive Power for Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG)-Based Wind Energy Conversion System

Aman Tanvir, Adel Merabet, Rachid Beguenane
2015 Energies  
active and reactive power and the DC-link voltage at the grid side.  ...  The control strategy is experimentally validated on an emulated wind turbine driven by the Opal-RT real-time simulator (OP5600) for simultaneous control of the DC-link voltage, active and reactive power  ...  Grid Side Controller The main objective of the grid side controller is to keep a constant DC-link voltage independent of the value and direction of the rotor power flow [12] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/en80910389 fatcat:5tf4jew2ufhelcu7ykkvwsq4bq

Analysis and Performance Of Grid Connected Straight Driven Pmsg Based Wind Turbines

Eswaraiah G, Et. al.
2021 Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education  
The considered system is based on back-to-back converter topology. The Grid Side Converter (GSC) achieves the DC bus voltage control and unity power factor.  ...  This paper presents modeling and control strategy for the grid connected wind turbine system based on Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG).  ...  The DC-link voltage is usually stabilized by regulating the active exchange between the AC side and the DC side of a system.  ... 
doi:10.17762/turcomat.v12i2.1211 fatcat:fci7yf6xhvdmzmz45geknpntvq

Virtual synchronous machine control for wind turbines: a review

L Lu, N A Cutululis
2019 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
Aspects on control schemes, energy storage (ES), frequency and voltage control capabilities, different grid conditions etc. are summarized separately.  ...  Virtual synchronous machine (VSM) control has been put up and developing for the past ten years, but not much work has been done specially focusing on its application on wind turbines (WTs).  ...  Acknowledgement This work has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No. 727680 (TotalControl).  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1356/1/012028 fatcat:jni7mduoi5b75e537pig3tscdq

Dynamic Performance Analysis of a Grid-Connected Doubly-Fed Induction Generator

Sohan Sharma
2021 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
The grid integration of DFIG and its influence on system stability, system reliability, power quality and power transmission is reviewed.  ...  In the field of wind energy, the doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is commonly used in variable speed wind energy conversion systems (WECS).  ...  The rotor-side converter (RSC) controls the torque or active/reactive power of the generator while the grid-side converter (GSC) controls the DC-link voltage and its AC-side reactive power.  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2021.34533 fatcat:fz5rp3j4r5hrjl7ea5cgqhcney

Offshore wind power integration to support weak grid voltage for industrial loads using VSC-HVDC transmission system

Ahmed A. Daoud, Ahmed F. Abouzeid, Sobhy S. Dessouky
2021 International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS)  
The paper proposes both offshore and onshore converter stations control to support voltage variation in grid. Heavy industrial loads result in a weak grid.  ...  In this paper, the effect on industrial loads by the grid strength is shown. Then the paper proposes a solution for the grid voltage support for industrial loads connected to weak grids.  ...  The control strategy will be as:  WPP offshore power generation;  Power transmission to the onshore station;  Active and reactive power control through machine side station.  The DC-voltage controller  ... 
doi:10.11591/ijece.v11i3.pp1876-1885 fatcat:6wav6ln3xfetrmlfwguao47wfe

A solar PV augmented hybrid scheme for enhanced wind power generation through improved control strategy for grid connected doubly fed induction generator

Adikanda Parida, Debashis Chatterjee, Siew Chong Tan
2016 Cogent Engineering  
The rotor-side DC-link voltage and active power generation at the stator terminals of the DFIG are maintained constant with minimum storage battery capacity using single converter arrangement without grid-side  ...  The continuity of power generation both in the grid connected and standalone mode of operation is the major advantage of the proposed scheme.  ...  A solar PV augmented hybrid scheme for enhanced wind power generation through improved control strategy for grid connected doubly fed induction generator Introduction The wind power generation is gaining  ... 
doi:10.1080/23311916.2016.1147337 fatcat:ivwnzgof4ffdjnjgvwp5iqsgny

Research on Variable Frequency Transformer: A Smart Power Transmission Technology

Mohd Mohsin Khan, Imdadullah, Jamel Nebhen, Hafizur Rahman
2021 IEEE Access  
The electric power systems are interconnected for the economical and reliable operation of power supply systems. An interconnection of power systems can be implemented through AC and DC links.  ...  A comparison of VFT with its counter technology back-to-back HVDC link is also elaborated, which suggests VFT a better option for asynchronous grid interconnection.  ...  For the given scheme, the shunt inverter retains the voltage of the dc-link line at a fixed value under the complete range of operation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3099747 fatcat:6bk2db56rjcrzfvelr65by3xse

Induction Generator in Wind Power Systems [chapter]

Yu Zou
2015 Induction Motors - Applications, Control and Fault Diagnostics  
Field orientation control (FOC) is applied to both rotor-and stator-side converters to achieve desirable control on voltage and power [6, 7] .  ...  Generally, there are two types of induction generators widely used in wind power systems -Squirrel-Cage Induction Generator (SCIG) and Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG).  ...  Acknowledgements I am also very grateful to my wife, parents, and mother-in-law for their support. They established the foundation on which rests every success of my career.  ... 
doi:10.5772/60958 fatcat:ib7lqaczwng3naamjqclxzypcu

A small-scale standalone wind energy conversion system featuring SCIG, CSI and a novel storage integration scheme

Zuher Alnasir, Mehrdad Kazerani
2016 Renewable Energy  
A small-scale standalone wind energy conversion system featuring SCIG, CSI and a novel energy storage integration scheme is proposed and a systematic approach for the dc-link inductor design is presented  ...  A thorough comparative study, among these three generator types, is conducted in this research in order to enable selection of the most appropriate generator for off-grid wind energy conversion system  ...  Acknowledgements First and above all, I praise the almighty ALLAH for granting me the capability to proceed successfully.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.renene.2015.12.041 fatcat:kan7i3wc5nbobgrwspmj3u7jza

Wind Power Integration with Smart Grid and Storage System: Prospects and Limitations

Saad Bin Abul Kashem, Muhammad E., Amith Khandakar, Jubaer Ahmed, Azad Ashraf, Nushrat Shabrin
2020 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Afterward, the types and methods of storing this electric power generated are discussed elaborately.  ...  On top of that, this paper summarizes the ways of connecting the wind farms with conventional grid and microgrid to portray a clear picture of existing technologies.  ...  When the grid voltage is constant, the controller will keep on checking current at the grid side converter to ensure the stability of DC-link voltage.  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2020.0110570 fatcat:2uvl5hpl7ndr5k3ztlixnnku4i

Wind power integration into weak power systems [article]

El-Saye Mohamed Abulanwar
2016 Ph.d.-serien for Det Teknisk-Naturvidenskabelige Fakultet, Aalborg Universitet  
A nonlinear controller is adopted for the grid side converter, GSC, to ensure decoupled control of the DC link voltage and the reactive power, and counteract the DC link voltage run-away.  ...  A nonlinear controller is adopted for the grid side converter, GSC, to ensure decoupled control of the DC link voltage and the reactive power, and counteract the DC link voltage run-away.  ...  Besides, a power factor control will be employed in the DFIG control system during the simulation to assess the impact of the reactive power flow through the system under weak conditions.  ... 
doi:10.5278/vbn.phd.engsci.00110 fatcat:m5bpai7gbvdmjnrs4heo4avsnq

Modeling, simulation and control of a doubly-fed induction generator for wind energy conversion systems

Boumerid Bensahila Med El Amine, Allali Ahmed, Merabet Boulouiha Houari, Denai Mouloud
2020 International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS)  
This paper describes an approach for the independent control of the active and reactive powers of the variable-speed DFIG.  ...  The doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is currently the most common type of generator used in wind farms.  ...  The aim of the grid-side converter is to regulate the DC link voltage. The inputs to the control system are the voltages and currents on the source side and the voltage on the DC side.  ... 
doi:10.11591/ijpeds.v11.i3.pp1197-1210 fatcat:6gje2hzdyzh77iihareequrthe
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