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Comparing strengths of beliefs explicitly

S. Ghosh, D. de Jongh
2012 Logic Journal of the IGPL  
Moreover, it assists in studying the properties of the concept of greater strength of belief itself.  ...  A heavy part is played in our investigations by the relationship between the standard plausibility ordering of the worlds and the strength of belief ordering.  ...  Plausibility Comparing the strength of beliefs explicitly has its various advantageous applications.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jigpal/jzs050 fatcat:wwnkngzhvrcw7doq3rkgceh4gu

A pragmatic account of the weak evidence effect [article]

Samuel A. Barnett, Robert D. Hawkins, Thomas L. Griffiths
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We often seek to persuade by arguing in favor of a particular view. Persuasion raises a number of challenges for classical accounts of belief updating, as information cannot be taken at face value.  ...  absence of stronger evidence.  ...  Fitting anchor-and-adjust models to empirical data We compare our RSA model to several anchor-and-adjust (A&A) models, where individuals compare the strength of new evidence u against a reference point  ... 
arXiv:2112.03799v1 fatcat:d7efvjtdcnbtxjrfpobwsct6vi

Page 221 of The Philosophical Review Vol. 66, Issue 2 [page]

1957 The Philosophical Review  
By initial assumption, Einstein already has a reasonable belief in P’s effectiveness when he reopens the question in 1950; and if he again concludes that P is effective on the strength of the augmented  ...  , is not likely to result in more than impres- sionistic Comparative evaluations of such policies.  ... 

Introduction: Formal approaches to multi-agent systems: Special issue of best papers of FAMAS 2009

B. Dunin-Keplicz, R. Verbrugge
2013 Logic Journal of the IGPL  
First of all, we thank all speakers for ensuring a diverse and interesting workshop. The FAMAS website would not exist without the help of MichalŚlizak in Warsaw.  ...  Special thanks are due to the members of the program committee for their professionalism and their dedication to select papers of quality and to provide authors with useful, constructive feedback during  ...  A comparative approach to beliefs In the paper "Comparing strengths of beliefs explicitly", authors Ghosh and De Jongh introduce a novel ordering of formulas: ϕ B ψ for an agent, if the agent's strength  ... 
doi:10.1093/jigpal/jzt016 fatcat:7pqmitucevedjlnhow5mhhy2hu

Page 558 of Journal of Advertising Research Vol. 48, Issue 4 [page]

2008 Journal of Advertising Research  
To that end, this study compared the moderating role of involvement and purchase frequency in the existing rela- tion between beliefs about environmental performance of the brand and attitude toward the  ...  Conversely, the strength of relationship between attitude toward the brand and beliefs about environmental performance decrease as purchase frequency and in- volvement decrease (see Figure 2).  ... 

Pragmatic Interests and Imprecise Belief

Brad Armendt
2013 Philosophy of Science  
Does the strength of a particular belief depend upon the significance we attach to it?  ...  So the question is about the nature of belief states, as we understand them, or as we think a theory should model them.  ...  A characteristic of a synchronic belief state that yields, in the presence of one set of stakes, belief of one strength, and in the presence of different stakes, belief of another strength.  ... 
doi:10.1086/673925 fatcat:et3in5yve5exjpi2ybgh7kbsve

The expression and interpretation of uncertain forensic science evidence: Verbal equivalence, evidence strength, and the weak evidence effect

Kristy A. Martire, Richard I. Kemp, Ian Watkins, Malindi A. Sayle, Ben R. Newell
2013 Law and Human Behavior  
Both studies found a reasonable degree of correspondence in observed belief change resulting from verbal and numeric formats.  ...  In Experiment 1 (N ϭ 494), participants read a summary of a larceny trial containing inculpatory expert testimony in which evidence strength (low, moderate, high) and presentation method (verbal, numerical  ...  For example, in the high-strength numerical evidence condition, participants interpreted a statement that explicitly included the LR of 495,000 by using an ILR of 1.4.  ... 
doi:10.1037/lhb0000027 pmid:23750600 fatcat:7w4kstaxvzhwjjcywtzkrd2lbm

A Probabilistic Reasoning Environment [article]

Kathryn Blackmond Laskey
2013 arXiv   pre-print
The system is designed to facilitate not just propagation of beliefs and assimilation of evidence, but also the dynamic process of constructing a belief network, evaluating its adequacy, and revising it  ...  This knowledge is used to build a set of second-level arguments, which are structured for efficient recapture of the knowledge used to construct them.  ...  The probability calculus is a coherent, logically sound way of chaining and combining probabilistic rule and belief strengths.  ... 
arXiv:1304.1130v1 fatcat:yxtr5ydsrrd6jggqw5xnsavqsa

Does religious belief infect philosophical analysis?

Kevin Patrick Tobia
2015 Religion, Brain & Behavior  
and begin to address the influence of religious belief. 1 This stands in contrast to (e.g.) revealed approaches to philosophy of religion, claiming knowledge of God through revelation (e.  ...  Yet, some raise suspicions that philosophers and theologians' personal religious beliefs inappropriately affect these kinds of arguments.  ...  Agnostic ratings fell between those of these two groups. 8Looking closer for effects of religious belief on the 'for' and 'against' arguments revealed a main effect of religious belief on strength scores  ... 
doi:10.1080/2153599x.2014.1000952 fatcat:okrnwgdpmzdtpmo4kah6fadfo4

Page 478 of The Journal of Business Vol. 34, Issue 4 [page]

1961 The Journal of Business  
A point that sometimes bothers students is that the probability distribution for the unknown param- eter expresses beliefs, but says nothing explicitly about the strength with which the beliefs are held  ...  478 of given sample evidence, a null hypothe- sis representing a strongly held belief as compared with a null hypothesis repre- senting only a weak conjecture.  ... 

Plan detection under partially observable and cluttered conditions

G M Mathews, D Nicholson, A McCabe, M Williams
2010 2010 13th International Conference on Information Fusion  
This paper presents a Monte Carlo inference algorithm capable of estimating the belief that the plan is currently being executed and how much progress has been made.  ...  This paper examines the problem of detecting the execution of plans performed in partially observable and cluttered environments.  ...  It is noted that the special case of T = ∅ is explicitly considered.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icif.2010.5711968 fatcat:4xzsvev45jaidhjlzpular4eou

REL — a logic for relative evidential support

Z. An, D.A. Bell, J.G. Hughes
1993 International Journal of Approximate Reasoning  
It is capable of representing explicitly the design of evidence [21]; 3. It can represent many kinds of absolute measures--in doing so it has the merit 205 206 Z.  ...  PI better than evidence e 2 supports P2; • belief functions, eg. evidence e I is exhausted by stating a belief function with mass function m l; • necessity assertions, eg, the necessity function derived  ...  We will find that Shafer's analysis of evidence strength emphasizes that complete beliefs is the result of a process of construction of evidence from simple evidence (beliefs).  ... 
doi:10.1016/0888-613x(93)90002-u fatcat:6xq7jgfl2vfntd4az7gctyiv4a

Attention to Intentions—How to Stimulate Strong Intentions to Change

M. Dam, F. J. J. M. Janssen, J. H. van Driel
2017 Research in Science Education  
We explored the influence of the MECI technique on the strength and specificity of participating teachers' intentions.  ...  The implementation of educational reforms requires behavioral changes from the teachers involved.  ...  Future research should also more explicitly focus on the developments of teachers' beliefs about a reform proposal.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11165-016-9572-4 fatcat:tawmrw77lbdnzmaeaa3mkxqcpm

Page 390 of The University Magazine Vol. 57, Issue 340 [page]

1861 The University Magazine  
Is it any belief in them, or a cer- tain form of belief in them, or an ex- cess of belief in them, which is irra- tional?  ...  We are not even prepared to affirm that the moral necessity of the case demands of itself, upon such an occa- sion, a declaration of his belief or dis- belief in what is commonly called the truth of miracles  ... 

The psychology of interpreting expert evaluative opinions

Kristy A. Martire, Richard I. Kemp, Ben R. Newell
2013 Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences  
One of the arguments for the use of likelihood ratios in the presentation of forensic science evidence is that they explicitly state both of the hypotheses under consideration, and thus explicitly remove  ...  fallacies) 20 ; and tend toward an under-valuing of the evidence as compared to normative (i.e.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00450618.2013.784361 fatcat:dimhgch7kvfbpfqa62b2gwysge
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