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Review of head-worn displays for the Next Generation Air Transportation System

Jarvis (Trey) J. Arthur, Randall E. Bailey, Steven P. Williams, Lawrence J. Prinzel, Kevin J. Shelton, Denise R. Jones, Vincent E. Houston
2017 Optical Engineering: The Journal of SPIE  
NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) has conducted research in the area of helmet-mounted display (HMD)/head-worn display (HWD) over the past 30 years.  ...  This work revolved around numerous simulation experiments as well as flight tests to develop technology and data for industry and regulatory guidance.  ...  The research is also applicable concerning the design of HWDs to an aging user population and the challenge of creating near-to-eye and AR displays for use a population with less-than-perfect vision, unlike  ... 
doi:10.1117/1.oe.56.5.051405 fatcat:nuej27aasfcadnequxkwt2lz6m

Flight test of a head-worn display as an equivalent-HUD for terminal operations

K. J. Shelton, J. J. Arthur, L. J. Prinzel, S. N. Nicholas, S. P. Williams, R. E. Bailey, Daniel D. Desjardins, Kalluri R. Sarma, Peter L. Marasco, Paul R. Havig
2015 Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics IX; and Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XX  
Research, development, test, and evaluation of flight deck interface technologies is being conducted by NASA to proactively identify, develop, and mature tools, methods, and technologies for improving  ...  Under NASA's Aviation Safety Program, one specific area of research is the use of small Head-Worn Displays (HWDs) as a potential equivalent display to a Head-up Display (HUD).  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was sponsored by NASA's Aviation Safety Program (AvSP), Vehicle Systems Safety Technologies project (Mr. Paul Krasa, Project Manager).  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2177059 fatcat:loc236vqvfb5tose77hfyirtsa

Flight simulator evaluation of display media devices for synthetic vision concepts

Jarvis J. Arthur III, Steven P. Williams, Lawrence J. Prinzel III, Lynda J. Kramer, Randall E. Bailey, Clarence E. Rash, Colin E. Reese
2004 Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays IX: Technologies and Applications  
The data collected for this experiment is compared to past SVS research studies.  ...  A simulation experiment was conducted comparing these display devices to a fixed field of view, unlimited field of regard, full color Helmet-Mounted Display system.  ...  Current Study With limited display area in the cockpit, a helmet-mounted display (HMD) could offer a future display solution for the introduction of SVS technologies.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.541387 fatcat:bmg5vjtmzfavxcv7rympy53lnq

Performance comparison between a head-worn display system and a head-up display for low visibility commercial operations

Jarvis J. Arthur, Lawerence J. Prinzel, James R. Barnes, Steven P. Williams, Denise R. Jones, Stephanie J. Harrison, Randall E. Bailey, Daniel D. Desjardins, Kalluri R. Sarma, Peter L. Marasco, Paul R. Havig, Michael P. Browne (+1 others)
2014 Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics VIII; and Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XIX  
Comparative testing was performed in the Research Flight Deck (RFD) Cockpit Motion Facility (CMF) full mission, motion-based simulator at NASA Langley.  ...  Research, development, test, and evaluation of flight deck interface technologies is being conducted by NASA to proactively identify, develop, and mature tools, methods, and technologies for improving  ...  Previous NASA studies have shown the potential advantage of a HWD for surface operations but the commercial flight envelope has not been fully explored.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2048700 fatcat:daza3wf53rbvhcq3di765gizyy

Review of colored conformal symbology in head-worn displays

David L. da Silva Rosa, Niklas Peinecke, Johannes M. Ernst, John (Jack) N. Sanders-Reed, Jarvis (Trey) J. Arthur
2017 Degraded Environments: Sensing, Processing, and Display 2017  
The usage of conformal symbology in color head-worn displays (HWDs) opens up a range of new possibilities on modern flight decks.  ...  Thirdly application-based research of colored conformal symbology is reviewed, including several simulations and flight experiments.  ...  either opaque, color head-down displays (HDDs) such as head-down enhanced synthetic vision display (ESVS), or on transparent, monochrome helmet-mounted displays (HMDs).  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2262452 fatcat:puvteyojubfwvmp57pfuko2gua

Head-worn displays for NextGen

Randall E. Bailey, Kevin J. Shelton, J. J. Arthur III, Peter L. Marasco, Paul R. Havig
2011 Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XVI: Design and Applications  
One such technology is the very lightweight, unobtrusive head-worn display (HWD).  ...  The operating concepts emerging under the Next Generation air transportation system (NextGen) require new technology and procedures -not only on the ground-side -but also on the flight deck.  ...  The primary reference for maneuvering the airplane is based on what the pilot sees through the EFVS and the conformal HUD symbology.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.885847 fatcat:3hrefonf3nhvlc3daufyi62nxu

Review of conformal displays: more than a highway in the sky

Niklas Peinecke, Sven Schmerwitz, Hans-Ullrich Döhler, Thomas Lüken
2017 Optical Engineering: The Journal of SPIE  
A head-worn display combined with accurate head-tracking allows one to show synthetically generated symbols in a way that they appear as a part of the real world.  ...  Depending on the specific research context, different terms have been used for the ability to show display elements as parts of the outside world.  ...  Management System with the Use of a Helmet-Mounted System (HMD)."  ... 
doi:10.1117/1.oe.56.5.051406 fatcat:hp6hubh5wreavjr3ajz635e57i

Visibility of monocular symbology in transparent head-mounted display applications

M. Winterbottom, R. Patterson, B. Pierce, J. Gaska, S. Hadley, Daniel D. Desjardins, Kalluri R. Sarma, Peter L. Marasco, Paul R. Havig
2015 Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics IX; and Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XX  
Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently  ...  Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining  ...  An HMD presents pictorial or symbolic information to either one eye or both eyes of a user by way of one or two miniature visual displays mounted on the head via a helmet or other kind of arrangement.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2179091 fatcat:iniwobyvfvbm7klkaqcqxdxa4q

Human factors and safety considerations of night-vision systems flight using thermal imaging systems

Clarence E. Rash, Robert W. Verona, John S. Crowley, Ronald J. Lewandowski
1990 Helmet-Mounted Displays II  
Accident information in this paper is to be used for accident prevention purposes only and is specifically prohibited from use for punitive purposes or for matters of liability, litigation, or competition  ...  Martin for his technical assistance in the preparation of this paper.  ...  Army has fielded two night vision systems for aviation use based on I 2 technology.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.20962 fatcat:ksos64vntrcztiyg5w4giwh6ay

The optokinetic cervical reflex in pilots of high-performance aircraft

R F Merryman, A J Cacioppo
1997 Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine  
For over 60 yr, researchers and engineers have based investigations and the design of cockpit displays and structures upon the presupposition that during flight the pilot maintains a head alignment coincident  ...  The effect of these results on pilot training, spatial disorientation, physiological injury and safety, and the redesign of displays for aircraft attitude and virtual reality are discussed.  ...  Example of Model-Environment Reversal Of all symbology presented on future helmet-mounted displays, the attitude indicator may be one of the most important.  ... 
pmid:9184734 fatcat:oqrsjwrj35g7hgafqu42jeg7nu

The influence of depth of focus on visibility of monocular head-mounted display symbology in simulation and training applications

Marc D. Winterbottom, Robert Patterson, Byron J. Pierce, Christine Covas, Jennifer Winner, Clarence E. Rash, Colin E. Reese
2005 Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays X: Technologies and Applications  
Z39.18 ABSTRACT The Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System (JHMCS) is being considered for integration into the F-15, F-16, and F-18 aircraft.  ...  One such system is the Mobile Modular Display for Advanced Research and Training (M2DART), which is constructed with flat-panel rear-projection screens around a nominal eye-point.  ...  Helmet-and Head-Mounted Displays X: Technologies and Applications, edited by Clarence E. Rash, Colin E.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.602970 fatcat:kbznrq6etza2zpqmdgwizcxccu

Review and analysis of avionic helmet-mounted displays

Hua Li, Xin Zhang, Guangwei Shi, Hemeng Qu, Yanxiong Wu, Jianping Zhang
2013 Optical Engineering: The Journal of SPIE  
With the development of new concepts and principles over the past century, helmet-mounted displays (HMDs) have been widely applied.  ...  function, exit pupil size, and eye relief.  ...  McLean for providing some of the material. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the manufacturers.  ... 
doi:10.1117/1.oe.52.11.110901 fatcat:7vykzew6evbctldkepd7ts4vwq

Part-task simulation of synthetic and enhanced vision concepts for lunar landing

Jarvis J. Arthur III, Randall E. Bailey, E. Bruce Jackson, James R. Barnes, Steven P. Williams, Lynda J. Kramer, Jeff J. Güell, Kenneth L. Bernier
2010 Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2010  
Evaluation pilots flew various landing scenarios with S/EV displays. For some of the evaluation trials, an eye glasses-mounted, monochrome monocular display, coupled with head tracking, was worn.  ...  Some pilots commented that the head-worn system provided greater situational awareness compared to just head-down displays.  ...  Latency measurement System time delays or latencies inherent to the head-worn (and helmet-mounted) displays have been shown to critically influence performance, utility, usability, and acceptability.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.852917 fatcat:7mqkni7l3fc3lf4nuhtep65bvi

Latency requirements for head-worn display S/EVS applications

Randall E. Bailey, Jarvis J. Arthur III, Steven P. Williams, Jacques G. Verly
2004 Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2004  
Head-worn or helmet-mounted displays (HMDs) are one display media which may meet these information display requirements.  ...  Headworn or helmet-mounted display systems are being proposed as one method in which to meet this objective.  ...  At the union of these technologies, a global perspective of latency effects in head-worn or helmet-mounted display systems is possible.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.554462 fatcat:h6o5lhm74nbb5bbf5aumtehbaq

Eye Tracking-Based Target Designation in Simulated Close Range Air Combat

Stephen D. O'Connell, Martin Castor, Jerry Pousette, Martin Krantz
2012 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting  
The independent variable was target designation mode that was varied between: Heads-Up Display (HUD), Helmet Mounted Display (HMD) and a solution based on eye tracking.  ...  Eleven participants flew in the experiment and mean times to designate targets indicate significant advantages for the eye tracking based solution.  ...  The project has been a joint effort between the Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Smart Eye AB and Milso AB.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1071181312561030 fatcat:jr3zry2xzna67kjh7izuil5apa
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