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Desertification indicator system for Mediterranean Europe [chapter]

Jane Brandt, Nichola Geeson
2015 Monitoring and Modelling Dynamic Environments  
Data requirements are very different for mapping at a national or Mediterranean scale compared to the local scale. In the same way monitoring techniques are also different.  ...  Desertification risk for particular land uses Accelerated soil erosion, due to wildfires and agricultural and forestry practices that result in removal of vegetation cover Analysis of sources  ...  Instead of this "climatic" approach, DESERTLINKS is aiming more at the identification of changes of physical land surface conditions in terms of vegetation cover and soil status.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118649596.ch6 fatcat:wnnskt2al5arfhc3ec6turfxgu

Size-dependent pattern of wildfire ignitions in Portugal: when do ignitions turn into big fires?

Francisco Moreira, Filipe X. Catry, Francisco Rego, Fernando Bacao
2010 Landscape Ecology  
In terms of land cover, ignitions resulting in large burned areas were more likely to occur in shrubland and forest areas.  ...  The current land cover trends (decrease of agricultural land and increase in shrublands) and population trends (decline in population densities except near the coast) are increasing the probability that  ...  Acknowledgements We acknowledge the Portuguese Forest Services (DGRF) for all collaboration and for providing the wildfire database.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10980-010-9491-0 fatcat:nkcdetifl5f6zbyt4qww7bvj4u

The impacts of climate change in Europe (the PESETA research project)

Juan-Carlos Ciscar
2011 Climatic Change  
Climate Impacts in Europe. The JRC PESETA II Project. JRC Scientific and Policy Reports, EUR 26586EN.  ...  The JRC PESETA II project has draws upon past DG Research projects that developed impact modelling capabilities (e.g. the FP7 ClimateCost project) and high-resolution climate scenarios for Europe (the  ...  For cropland affected, all land use classes related to crops have been selected from the refined European land use/cover map (based on Corine) at 100x100 m (Batista e Silva et al., 2013a).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0336-x fatcat:no6fljmgrndkbbwqgam4pnniyy

Landscape vulnerability to wildfires at the forest-agriculture interface: half-century patterns in Spain assessed through the SISPARES monitoring framework

M. Ortega, S. Saura, S. González-Avila, V. Gómez-Sanz, R. Elena-Rosselló
2011 Agroforestry Systems  
Large-scale socioeconomic changes in recent decades have driven shifts in the structure of Spanish rural landscapes, particularly in those located at the forest-agriculture interface (FAI), as well as  ...  We conclude that such approach is useful to forecast the mutual interactions between land use pattern changes and wildfire regime in the Mediterranean agroforestry mosaics.  ...  We thank the Spanish Ministry of Environment (Dirección General del Medio Natural y Política Forestal) for providing wildfire ignition data (EGIF).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10457-011-9423-2 fatcat:txydb5jxpngehj62ujv7xcj6ju

Counting fuel properties as input in the wildfire spreading capacities of vegetated surfaces: case of Albania

Artan HYSA, Zydi TEQJA
2020 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca  
Land cover type via Corine Land Cover (CLC), Plant heat zones, Tree cover density (TCD), and Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) are integrated along with the previous set of criteria.  ...  In this paper we introduce four new parameters into the indexing method for classifying the forested lands by their wildfire spreading capacity (WSCI).  ...  The hereby work was accepted and presented at the GEA (Geo Eco-Eco Agro) International Conference 28 May 2020, Podgorica, Montenegro, and it has been published as abstract in "Book of Abstracts" (http:  ... 
doi:10.15835/nbha48311994 fatcat:eoxnlo2qyrcdli7md2psd57kau

Effects of institutional changes on land use: agricultural land abandonment during the transition from state-command to market-driven economies in post-Soviet Eastern Europe

Alexander V Prishchepov, Volker C Radeloff, Matthias Baumann, Tobias Kuemmerle, Daniel Müller
2012 Environmental Research Letters  
Better knowledge regarding the effects of such broad-scale change is essential for understanding land-use change and for designing effective land-use policies.  ...  Institutional settings play a key role in shaping land cover and land use.  ...  Acknowledgments We gratefully acknowledge support by the NASA Land-Cover and Land-Use Change Program, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the European Commission (VOLANTE, FP7-ENV-2010-265104), a University  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/2/024021 fatcat:lo2ihukggfdphgtwqntyetxrai

Utilizing the Available Open-Source Remotely Sensed Data in Assessing the Wildfire Ignition and Spread Capacities of Vegetated Surfaces in Romania

Artan Hysa, Velibor Spalevic, Branislav Dudic, Sanda Roșca, Alban Kuriqi, Ștefan Bilașco, Paul Sestras
2021 Remote Sensing  
The study area consists of the country-level scale of the Romanian territory, characterized by a diversity of vegetated landscapes threatened by climate change.  ...  Introducing ROC analysis at an earlier stage of the workflow elevated the final Area Under the Curve (AUC) of WIPI from 0.705 to 0.778 and WSCI from 0.586 to 0.802.  ...  These products are vital raw data for research that focus on themes like climate change, land use and land cover dynamics, wildfire risk assessment, among others [35] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13142737 fatcat:rkyi4xljtzhvdmjlh5qfcs4cbe

Wildfire Policy in Mediterranean France: How Far is it Efficient and Sustainable?

Thomas Curt, Thibaut Frejaville
2017 Risk Analysis  
For this purpose we compared the number and location of ignitions and of burned areas between two 20-year periods (1975-1994 vs 1995-2014), in parallel to the changes in fuel covering, human activity promoting  ...  Our results suggest that a strategy of aggressive fire suppression has great potential for counterbalancing the effects of climate changes and human activities and for controlling fire activity in the  ...  We used CORINE Land Cover (CLC) data in 1990 for the pre-1994 period, and in 2006 and 2012 for the post-1994 period.  ... 
doi:10.1111/risa.12855 pmid:28675517 fatcat:5wocv6ovjzamzkfihdmuryziz4

Fire evolution in the radioactive forests of Ukraine and Belarus: future risks for the population and the environment

N. Evangeliou, Y. Balkanski, A. Cozic, W. M. Hao, F. Mouillot, K. Thonicke, R. Paugam, S. Zibtsev, T. A. Mousseau, R. Wang, B. Poulter, A. Petkov (+5 others)
2015 Ecological Monographs  
Using several models, together with remote-sensing data and observations, we studied how climate change in these forests may affect fire regimes.  ...  Litter carbon storage in the area has doubled since 1986 due to increased tree mortality and decreased decomposition rates; dead trees and accumulating litter in turn can provide fuel for wildfires that  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors are greatly appreciative of funding from the project GIS Climat-Environnement-Socie´te´, which supported the workshop entitled ''Role of fire ignition in climate change and  ... 
doi:10.1890/14-1227.1 fatcat:7oqbmem24jb7phjxzik42tucrm

From Nucleotides to Satellite Imagery: Approaches to Identify and Manage the Invasive Pathogen Xylella fastidiosa and Its Insect Vectors in Europe

Francesca Raffini, Giorgio Bertorelle, Roberto Biello, Guido D'Urso, Danilo Russo, Luciano Bosso
2020 Sustainability  
Biological invasions represent some of the most severe threats to local communities and ecosystems.  ...  Here, we review the most recent advances on the identification, distribution and management of X. fastidiosa and its insect vectors in Europe through genetic and spatial ecology methodologies.  ...  Acknowledgments: We are grateful to Saskia Hogenhout and four anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12114508 fatcat:ctwl3gscs5ay3jfdqfnw2umwtq

Increasing loss of mature boreal forests around protected areas with red-listed forest species

Aino-Maija Määttänen, Raimo Virkkala, Niko Leikola, Risto K. Heikkinen
2022 Ecological Processes  
Conclusions Open and free satellite-data based assessments of the cover and change of forests provide reliable estimates about the rates at which mature and old-growth forests are being converted into  ...  CORINE landcover data was used as a baseline for the distribution of forests to assess the cover of clear-cuttings from 2001 to 2019 with the Global Forest Change (GFC) data set in three buffer areas around  ...  This work was supported by the Ministry of the Environment of Finland through SUMI and FEO projects.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13717-022-00361-5 fatcat:z7oamdk4jbfcvpblosiun4ngx4

Coupling wildfire spread and erosion models to quantify post-fire erosion before and after fuel treatments

Michele Salis, Liliana Del Giudice, Peter R. Robichaud, Alan A. Ager, Annalisa Canu, Pierpaolo Duce, Grazia Pellizzaro, Andrea Ventura, Fermin Alcasena-Urdiroz, Donatella Spano, Bachisio Arca
2019 International journal of wildland fire  
Fire behaviour before and after treatments was estimated by simulating 25 000 wildfires for each condition using the minimum travel time fire-spread algorithm.  ...  In this work, we coupled wildfire spread and erosion prediction modelling to assess the benefits of fuel reduction treatments in preventing soil runoff.  ...  À1 year À1 for the whole CORINE land cover area (https://land.copernicus.eu/pan-european/corine-land-cover, accessed 30 July 2019).  ... 
doi:10.1071/wf19034 fatcat:oddlqiuoozg5xepdtn3pu7yvla

Uncovering the Role of Biophysical Factors and Socioeconomic Forces Shaping Soil Sensitivity to Degradation: Insights from Italy

Filippo Gambella, Andrea Colantoni, Gianluca Egidi, Nathan Morrow, Marcela Prokopová, Luca Salvati, Antonio Giménez-Morera, Jesús Rodrigo-Comino
2021 Soil Systems  
A total of 34 variables associated (directly or, at least, indirectly) with different processes of soil degradation (erosion, salinization, sealing, contamination, and compaction) and climate change were  ...  points (Early-1990s and Early-2010s) in Italy, a Mediterranean hotspot for desertification risk.  ...  Institute (Istat)), land-use and land cover databases (maps derived from the pan-European CORINE Land Cover project: See technical details below in the section), and additional country-specific sources  ... 
doi:10.3390/soilsystems5010011 fatcat:jk4krh7dbnbxfpqlh3jynrsmvq

A Common Methodology for Risk Assessment and Mapping of Climate Change Related Hazards—Implications for Climate Change Adaptation Policies

Maria Papathoma-Köhle, Catrin Promper, Thomas Glade
2016 Climate  
This paper mainly presents a new framework for risk assessment and mapping which enables countries with limited data sources to assess their risk to climate change related hazards at the local level, in  ...  The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2014, suggests that an important increase in frequency and magnitude of hazardous processes related to climate change is to be expected at the global  ...  Dale Dominey-Howes is thanked for his constructive comments on previous versions of the paper and his valuable contribution in the final editing of the text.  ... 
doi:10.3390/cli4010008 fatcat:o4fwqjwymvg7rkakzm63otnp3u

The Substantial Increase of Forest Cover in Central Poland Following Extensive Land Abandonment: Szydłowiec County Case Study

Mahsa Shahbandeh, Dominik Kaim, Jacek Kozak
2022 Remote Sensing  
In this paper we use the declassified CORONA satellite imagery (1969) to backdate the information on land cover and land abandonment from topographic maps from 1970s for the region located in central Poland  ...  Our research shows the importance of archival remote sensing materials and indicates their role in understanding ALA-related forest cover change in Poland over the last 50 years.  ...  Acknowledgments : The author wishes to thank anonymous reviewers for their useful comments and suggestions that help to improve this paper.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs14163852 fatcat:m55cmb4fbje5xbcgglqmy56f5q
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