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Ultra-wideband (UWB) communications channel measurements – a tutorial review

Javad Ahmadi Shokouh, Robert Caiming Qiu
2009 International Journal of Ultra Wideband Communications and Systems  
This paper presents a comprehensive overview of Ultra-Wideband (UWB) measurements of all the empirical data available on various fading properties of the indoor radiowave communication channel.  ...  This tutorial overview is supported by a integrated summary on measurement results on each category. These analytic summaries lead to insights on UWB fading channel characterization and modeling.  ...  [14] . • Spread Spectrum Sliding Correlator (SC): In a spread spectrum channel sounder, a carrier signal by mixing with a binary Pseudo-Noise (PN) sequence becomes spread over a large bandwidth and and  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijuwbcs.2009.026447 fatcat:7g6hhx6fprf5pk6i2p3jq7m34a

Speech coding: a tutorial review

A.S. Spanias
1994 Proceedings of the IEEE  
The objective of this paper is to provide a tutorial overview of speech coding methodologies with emphasis on those algorithms that are part of the recent low-rate standards f o r cellular communications  ...  The paper starts with a historical perspective and continues with a brief discussion on the speech properties and performance measures.  ...  Loizou Prolog to Speech Coding: A Tutorial Review A tutorial introduction to the paper by Spanias If the subtle sounds of human speech are to travel the information highways of the future, digitized  ... 
doi:10.1109/5.326413 fatcat:6mvwz3wngjbcbi2h2bypig3na4

Active noise control: a tutorial review

S.M. Kuo, D.R. Morgan
1999 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Active noise control (ANC) is achieved by introducing a canceling "antinoise" wave through an appropriate array of secondary sources.  ...  Current Applications ANC is an attractive means to achieve large amounts of noise reduction in a small package, particularly at low frequencies.  ...  One solution to the out-of-band gain problem is to equalize the secondarypath transfer function in phase and amplitude over the entire band.  ... 
doi:10.1109/5.763310 fatcat:uvjlluuhbzdbpo6wr4kjj4mvea

Information Hiding Techniques: A Tutorial Review [article]

Sabu M. Thampi
2008 arXiv   pre-print
The purpose of this tutorial is to present an overview of various information hiding techniques. A brief history of steganography is provided along with techniques that were used to hide information.  ...  This paper also provides a basic introduction to digital watermarking.  ...  communications to transmit a narrowband signal over a much larger bandwidth so that the spectral density of the signal in the channel looks like noise.  ... 
arXiv:0802.3746v1 fatcat:hbrfhubuajeihgny3g6pfehwqy

Message Passing Algorithm: A Tutorial Review

Kavitha Sunil
2012 IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering  
This tutorial paper reviews the basics of error correcting codes like linear block codes and LDPC.  ...  The error correcting codes which are also known as channel codes enable to recover the original message from the message that has been corrupted by the noisy channel.  ...  Bayesian Inference is used to compute the posterior probability for channel decoding.  ... 
doi:10.9790/0661-0231224 fatcat:izc6mcbaz5ftroozaetserwrje

Ultrafast optical pulse shaping: A tutorial review

Andrew M. Weiner
2011 Optics Communications  
This paper presents a tutorial on the field of femtosecond pulse shaping, a technology that enables generation of nearly arbitrary, user defined, ultrafast optical waveforms, with control of phase, amplitude  ...  Selected pulse shaping applications are described, with specific discussion of coherent control of quantum and nonlinear processes and of lightwave communications.  ...  Although it is not possible to generate a deterministic intensity profile from such a noise source, it is still possible to reshape the noise.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2011.03.084 fatcat:zb7jgtqxh5c7lfxmu2267z4p7i

A structured overview of digital communications-A tutorial review-part I

B. Sklar
1983 IEEE Communications Magazine  
Part I of a two-part overview of digital communications. reception must be termed an estimate i(t).  ...  Such noise, and its deleterious effect on system performance, will be treated in Part I1 of this paper, which  ...  Figure 9 illustrates the in-phase (1) channels and quadrature (Q) channels used to detect the signal set noncoherently.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.1983.1091426 fatcat:z6hdvaiv2re4znw2ccmtn65t7i

A structured overview of digital communications--A tutorial review--Part II

B. Sklar
1983 IEEE Communications Magazine  
The key is transmitted to the community of authorized users over a secure channel (in some cases, a courier), and generally remains unchanged for a considerable number of transmissions.  ...  To complete the overview, fundamental link analysis relationships are reviewed in the context of a satellite repeater channel.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.1983.1091459 fatcat:prmxxnfs2bckjhoq7uyg5zy6ei

Carrier and Bit Synchronization in Data Communication - A Tutorial Review

L. Franks
1980 IEEE Transactions on Communications  
Absrmcr-This paper examines the problems of carrier phase estimation and symbol timing estimation for carrier-type synchronous digital data signals, with tutorial objectives foremost.  ...  Then the problem of symbol timing recovery for a baseband pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM) signal is examined.  ...  We begin our review of carrier synchronization problems with a brief discussion of the major types of modulation format.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcom.1980.1094775 fatcat:yjb22mqosnfa5fdphzgkhc3hfi

Software defined radio receivers exploiting noise cancelling: A tutorial review

Eric M. Klumperink, Bram Nauta
2014 IEEE Communications Magazine  
This article reviews the development of the noise cancelling technique and its role in recent software defined radio receiver architectures.  ...  Traditional radio receivers were dedicated to a single frequency band, whereas Software Defined Radios target a flexibly programmable frequency, while maintaining high dynamic range.  ...  This article will review changes in radio receiver architecture, focusing on architectures that exploit noise cancellation, a technique allowing for broadband impedance matching without paying a noise  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2014.6917411 fatcat:lj36pgdh6fcnphhsroeqffivni

Music Retrieval: A Tutorial and Review

Nicola Orio
2006 Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval  
Evaluation and comparisons of the approaches on a common benchmark are other important issues. To this end, a description of the initial efforts and evaluation campaigns for MIR is provided.  ...  To fulfil these needs a number of approaches are discussed, from direct search to information filtering and clustering of music documents.  ...  A special thank to Prof.  ... 
doi:10.1561/1500000002 fatcat:l34nymgv7rbmfbvb3pt2kwtyoe

Synchronization Techniques for Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA): A Tutorial Review

Michele Morelli, C.-C. Jay Kuo, Man-On Pun
2007 Proceedings of the IEEE  
This paper provides a comprehensive survey of the latest results in the field of synchronization for OFDMA systems, and the authors have endeavored to include ample tutorial content.  ...  One primary challenge in wireless communications today is the demand for multimedia services accessed by many simultaneous users.  ...  These methods are now reviewed over a quasi-synchronous scenario wherein the CP of the training block is sufficiently long to comprehend both the channel delay spread and propagation delays incurred by  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2007.897979 fatcat:yclaxa734nd75l7v6ore6drzkq

A Tutorial Review of Functional Connectivity Analysis Methods and Their Interpretational Pitfalls

André M. Bastos, Jan-Mathijs Schoffelen
2016 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
First, we review metrics for functional connectivity, including coherence, phase synchronization, phase-slope index, and Granger causality, with the specific aim to provide an intuition for how these metrics  ...  This tutorial will review and summarize current analysis methods used in the field of invasive and non-invasive electrophysiology to study the dynamic connections between neuronal populations.  ...  The purpose of this paper is to provide a (non-exhaustive) review and tutorial for the most widely used metrics to quantify oscillatory interactions, and to provide the reader with an intuitive understanding  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2015.00175 pmid:26778976 pmcid:PMC4705224 fatcat:ed7mpq3tdfexfg6q7ctzpsklya

Cerebral Synchrony Assessment Tutorial: A General Review on Cerebral Signals' Synchronization Estimation Concepts and Methods [article]

Esmaeil Seraj
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Herein, we propose a comprehensive review on concepts and methods previously presented for assessing cerebral synchrony, with focus on phase synchronization, as a tool for brain connectivity evaluation  ...  This has led to increased interest and use of phase variables, particularly their synchronization, to measure connectivity in cerebral signals.  ...  multi-channel case (i.e. multi-channel EEG).  ... 
arXiv:1612.04295v2 fatcat:yxssi2subze2jods76733x4ite

A Tutorial and Review on Inter-Layer FEC Coded Layered Video Streaming

Yongkai Huo, Cornelius Hellge, Thomas Wiegand, Lajos Hanzo
2015 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
This tutorial aims for inspiring further research on IL-FEC/LA-FEC techniques, with special emphasis on the family of soft-decoded bit-level IL-FEC schemes. 2 VIII, respectively.  ...  The quantized or encoded MCER signalē n is then transmitted over the communications channel.  ...  In a nutshell, the authors of [102] focused their effects on the optimization of bit-level IL-FEC encoded scalable video communications over wireless fading channels.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2015.2392378 fatcat:klyytcham5dt5by24t7crr3r6i
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