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Using Neuroscience to Broaden Emotion Regulation: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations

Elliot T. Berkman, Matthew D. Lieberman
2009 Social & Personality Psychology Compass  
The advent of neuroimaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has opened new avenues of inquiry into emotion regulation, beginning with the identification of the network of  ...  Using Neuroscience to Broaden Emotion Regulation: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations The study of emotion regulation -the set of processes that alter emotional experience -has become a major  ...  In another study comparing among emotion regulation strategies, Goldin, McRae, Ramel, and Gross (2008) compared cognitive reappraisal to behavioral suppression of affect, and found a similar network  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1751-9004.2009.00186.x pmid:24052803 pmcid:PMC3775274 fatcat:ujb5cfhju5c75eh6sl4ah2yi5a

Does emotion regulation engage the same neural circuit as working memory? A meta-analytical comparison between cognitive reappraisal of negative emotion and 2-back working memory task

Tien-Wen Lee, Shao-Wei Xue, Ilona Papousek
2018 PLoS ONE  
This meta-analytical study of published neuroimaging literature used activation likelihood estimation (ALE) to compare the neural circuits that regulate negative emotion (reappraisal tasks; 46 studies/  ...  Taking the canonical WM network as a reference, ALE results revealed that the dorsal midline PFC was partly shared by both ER and WM, whereas ER-specific PFC structures were delineated in the inferior,  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by Dajia Lee's General Hospital, Lee's Medical Corporation, Taichung, Taiwan. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Tien-Wen Lee, Shao-Wei Xue.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0203753 pmid:30212509 pmcid:PMC6136767 fatcat:ehmalzh6efd7xb5h3sid5ds35i

Emotional sensitivity, emotion regulation and impulsivity in borderline personality disorder: A critical review of fMRI studies

Linda van Zutphen, Nicolette Siep, Gitta A. Jacob, Rainer Goebel, Arnoud Arntz
2015 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
In present review a critical light is shed on the fMRI studies examining emotional sensitivity, emotion regulation and impulsivity in BPD patients.  ...  Emotional sensitivity, emotion regulation and impulsivity are fundamental topics in research of borderline personality disorder (BPD).  ...  Acknowledgement This work was supported by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) [464-10-080].  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.01.001 pmid:25616185 fatcat:5chv4tmbe5anpokp6updvpempa

Regulating emotion through distancing: A taxonomy, neurocognitive model, and supporting meta-analysis

John P. Powers, Kevin S. LaBar
2019 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
Distancing is a type of emotion regulation that involves simulating a new perspective to alter the psychological distance and emotional impact of a stimulus.  ...  The effectiveness and versatility of distancing relative to other types of emotion regulation make it a promising tool for clinical applications.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Tobias Egner and Daniel Stjepanović for their valuable feedback on previous drafts of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.04.023 pmid:30502352 pmcid:PMC6326885 fatcat:dbnwomsrnrcdvmeyqnkdvns2ay

Executive and semantic processes in reappraisal of negative stimuli: insights from a meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies

Irene Messina, Simone Bianco, Marco Sambin, Roberto Viviani
2015 Frontiers in Psychology  
The aim of the present work was to address the issue of the importance of semantic areas in emotion regulation by comparing recruitment of executive and semantic neural substrates in studies investigating  ...  We applied a coordinate-based meta-analysis to summarize the results of fMRI studies on different reappraisal strategies.  ...  ) by addressing the issue of the involvement of executive and semantic systems in emotion regulation of negative stimuli and by comparing recruitment of executive and semantic neural substrates in studies  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00956 pmid:26217277 pmcid:PMC4499672 fatcat:vfyo5tzgqbd7ll42wx2s3bqf74

Deficits in explicit emotion regulation in bipolar disorder: a systematic review

Marcel Kurtz, Pia Mohring, Katharina Förster, Michael Bauer, Philipp Kanske
2021 International Journal of Bipolar Disorders  
In the 15 studies we included in our review, the emotion-regulation strategies maintenance, distraction, and reappraisal (self-focused and situation-focused) were investigated partly on a purely behavioral  ...  This study aimed to compile and synthesize studies investigating explicit emotion regulation in patients with bipolar disorder and individuals at risk of developing bipolar disorder.  ...  Tasks used to measure distraction have in common that they contain a cognitive task and emotional stimuli presentation.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40345-021-00221-9 pmid:33937951 fatcat:s3e74rrc3jdxzjihmjeg6oaruy

Repetitive Religious Chanting Invokes Positive Emotional Schema to Counterbalance Fear: A Multi-Modal Functional and Structural MRI Study

Junling Gao, Stavros Skouras, Hang Kin Leung, Bonnie Wai Yan Wu, Huijun Wu, Chunqi Chang, Hin Hung Sik
2020 Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience  
While the underlying neural mechanism has not been investigated to a sufficient extent.  ...  Practicing religious chanting may structurally lateralize a network of brain areas involved in biased memory formation.  ...  However, another fMRI study found that some emotion regulation strategies, including detachment, expression suppression, and distraction, are associated with lower activity in the left amygdala, while  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2020.548856 pmid:33328917 pmcid:PMC7732428 fatcat:d5iuete3tzgv5dy3vzngk44mpi

A neural model of voluntary and automatic emotion regulation: implications for understanding the pathophysiology and neurodevelopment of bipolar disorder

M L Phillips, C D Ladouceur, W C Drevets
2008 Molecular Psychiatry  
In this critical review we first develop a neural model of emotion regulation that includes neural systems implicated in different voluntary and automatic emotion regulatory subprocesses.  ...  Advances in cognitive and affective neuroscience and biological psychiatry have facilitated examination of neural systems that may be important for emotion regulation.  ...  Commonalities and differences between these neural models of emotion regulation Both of the above models implicate top-down processes in emotion regulation, and center top-down emotion regulatory processes  ... 
doi:10.1038/mp.2008.65 pmid:18574483 pmcid:PMC2745893 fatcat:c3yffimk2bd7nehbhs4y36aotq

Time course of emotion-related responding during distraction and reappraisal

Sandra Schönfelder, Philipp Kanske, Janine Heissler, Michèle Wessa
2013 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
Results demonstrate the efficacy of both strategies in the subjective control of emotion, accompanied by reductions of facial expressive activity (Corrugator supercilii and Zygomaticus major).  ...  The aim of this study was to further delineate similarities and differences between the ER strategies reappraisal and distraction by investigating their temporal brain dynamics using event-related potentials  ...  responding, (ii) comparing the regulation of positive versus negative emotion and (iii) by using a different distraction manipulation from the one used by Thiruchselvam et al. (2011) .  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nst116 pmid:23988760 pmcid:PMC4158366 fatcat:i46ozswxpvgrzcdplndr7vyrja

Neural Circuitry of Impaired Emotion Regulation in Substance Use Disorders

Claire E. Wilcox, Jessica M. Pommy, Bryon Adinoff
2016 American Journal of Psychiatry  
The neural circuitry associated with impaired emotion regulation is compared in individuals with and without substance disorders, with a focus on amygdala, insula, and prefrontal cortex activation and  ...  The ability to monitor and control affect, or "emotion regulation," refers to the processes by which individuals influence which emotions they have, when they have them, and how they experience and express  ...  Acknowledgments Supported by grant K23 AA-021156 from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to Dr. Wilcox.  ... 
doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2015.15060710 pmid:26771738 pmcid:PMC4979988 fatcat:bdbdxjlfpnb45l5jhoghkztwp4

Mindfulness and Emotion Regulation: Insights from Neurobiological, Psychological, and Clinical Studies

Simón Guendelman, Sebastián Medeiros, Hagen Rampes
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
Research has demonstrated their efficacy in a wide range of psychological conditions characterized by emotion dysregulation.  ...  From the perspective of recent findings in the neuroscience of emotion regulation, we discuss the interplay of top-down and bottom-up emotion regulation mechanisms associated with different mindfulness  ...  For example, Dörfel et al. found that detachment, distraction (two forms of reappraisal), and expressive suppression increase brain activation in the same regions of the right fronto-parietal network,  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00220 pmid:28321194 pmcid:PMC5337506 fatcat:7dkxueyxnvhj3mzvg7raqkacqq

Mindfulness: Top–down or bottom–up emotion regulation strategy?

Alberto Chiesa, Alessandro Serretti, Janus Christian Jakobsen
2013 Clinical Psychology Review  
bottom-up emotion regulation in long-term practitioners. ► Different instructions or mental conditions could influence the neural mechanisms of MT. a b s t r a c t The beneficial clinical effects of mindfulness  ...  The present review aims to discuss current descriptions of mindfulness and the relationship existing between mindfulness practice and most commonly investigated emotion regulation strategies.  ...  Expressive suppression represents a process of consciously inhibiting emotional expression when the individual is emotionally aroused (Gross, 1998b) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2012.10.006 pmid:23142788 fatcat:6pqvvccderdojlgytnjh6puuw4

Should we keep some distance from distancing? Regulatory and post-regulatory effects of emotion downregulation

Kersten Diers, Denise Dörfel, Anne Gärtner, Sabine Schönfeld, Henrik Walter, Alexander Strobel, Burkhard Brocke, Ilona Papousek
2021 PLoS ONE  
We investigated the temporal dynamics of activation changes related to regulation in cognitive control brain networks as well as in the amygdala during stimulation (concurrent effects, timepoint 1) and  ...  Emotion regulation is an indispensable part of mental health and adaptive behavior.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Patricia Schimm for her great support with providing Open Data and Open Materials.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0255800 pmid:34473749 pmcid:PMC8412372 fatcat:rtofpkkfcfhetm27lz2pcclhuu

For better or for worse: neural systems supporting the cognitive down- and up-regulation of negative emotion

Kevin N. Ochsner, Rebecca D. Ray, Jeffrey C. Cooper, Elaine R. Robertson, Sita Chopra, John D.E. Gabrieli, James J. Gross
2004 NeuroImage  
To address these questions using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), participants up-and down-regulated negative emotion either by focusing internally on the self-relevance of aversive scenes  ...  It is unknown, however, (1) whether the same neural systems underlie the enhancement or up-regulation of emotion, and (2) whether altering the nature of the regulatory strategy alters the neural systems  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Janet Eckart, Ambili Ramachandran, and Karen Milch for assistance with data collection and analysis, a NARSAD Young Investigator grant to the first author, National Science  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.06.030 pmid:15488398 fatcat:sgfo7xdtlbh47al4tbjtxqlnom

How Does Mindfulness Meditation Work? Proposing Mechanisms of Action From a Conceptual and Neural Perspective

Britta K. Hölzel, Sara W. Lazar, Tim Gard, Zev Schuman-Olivier, David R. Vago, Ulrich Ott
2011 Perspectives on Psychological Science  
In this article, we explore several components through which mindfulness meditation exerts its effects: (a) attention regulation, (b) body awareness, (c) emotion regulation (including reappraisal and exposure  ...  The authors suggest that the mechanisms described here work synergistically, establishing a process of enhanced self-regulation.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Elizabeth Kathleen Avis, Narayan Brach, Patricia Pop, and Erik Tobiason for their helpful comments on this article.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1745691611419671 pmid:26168376 fatcat:5oeokvjeibeivjo7k7vkybsvcq
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