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Optimizing Transport Layer for Secure Computation [article]

Markus Brandt, Claudio Orlandi, Kris Shrishak, Haya Shulman
2019 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
As a highlight, even a general purpose transport layer protocol, such as SABUL, improves the run-time of 2PC over TCP on EU-Australia connection for circuits with > 10 6 Boolean gates by a factor of 8.  ...  Although significantly improved, the performance of 2PC is still prohibitive for practical systems.  ...  Though our work only considers Boolean circuits, we note that a framework for mixed protocol was implemented in ABY [17] : this framework combines arithmetic sharing, boolean sharing and garbled circuits  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/BrandtOSS19 fatcat:nq7jolswjffnlb72gx4ixylxbq

Cheetah: Lean and Fast Secure Two-Party Deep Neural Network Inference [article]

Zhicong Huang, Wen-jie Lu, Cheng Hong, Jiansheng Ding
2022 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
Secure two-party neural network inference (2PC-NN) can offer privacy protection for both the client and the server and is a promising technique in the machine-learning-as-a-service setting.  ...  The main contributions of Cheetah are two-fold: the first part includes carefully designed homomorphic encryption-based protocols that can evaluate the linear layers (namely convolution, batch normalization  ...  The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments and Dr. Marina Blanton for the shepherding.  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/HuangLHD22 fatcat:mtnyubbd7vggrd35powjppbb2u

How to Efficiently Evaluate RAM Programs with Malicious Security [chapter]

Arash Afshar, Zhangxiang Hu, Payman Mohassel, Mike Rosulek
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Our RAM protocols achieve ratios matching the state of the art for circuit-based 2PC.  ...  program. sequence of ORAM instructions using traditional circuit-based 2PC phases.  ...  , LP11, sS11, sS13, Lin13, HKE13, MR13] , based on GMW [NNOB12] , and based on arithmetic circuits [DPSZ12] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-46800-5_27 fatcat:2syqr44de5ep7h2a2sjljsdsty

MOTIF: (Almost) Free Branching in GMW via Vector-Scalar Multiplication [article]

David Heath, Vladimir Kolesnikov, Stanislav Peceny
2020 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
For 2PC and a circuit with 16 branches, each comparing two length-65000 bitstrings, MOTIF outperforms standard GMW in terms of communication by ≈ 9.4×.  ...  The Goldreich-Micali-Wigderson, or GMW, protocol is a foundational circuit-based technique that realizes MPC for p players and is secure against up to p − 1 semi-honest corruptions.  ...  Arithmetic MPC and Vector OLE. A number of works presented arithmetic generalizations of MPC in the GMW style, e.g. [IPS09, ADI + 17].  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/HeathKP20 fatcat:fcrjp6jccnctvgpe36prfv4qaa

Stacked Garbling: Garbled Circuit Proportional to Longest Execution Path [article]

David Heath, Vladimir Kolesnikov
2020 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
In terms of wall-clock time for circuits with branching factor 16 over a 50 Mbps WAN on a laptop, Stack outperforms state-ofthe-art half-gates-based 2PC by more than 4×. encrypted gates as material (following  ...  Unlike these works, ours is for general 2PC where no player knows which conditional branch is taken.  ...  We construct a practically efficient stacked garbling scheme Stack, which improves communication for circuits with conditional branching.  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/HeathK20a fatcat:4rkxtq5ihvdyvok2rmpdz3xjga

Gazelle: A Low Latency Framework for Secure Neural Network Inference [article]

Chiraag Juvekar, Vinod Vaikuntanathan, Anantha Chandrakasan
2018 arXiv   pre-print
(such as garbled circuits).  ...  The growing popularity of cloud-based machine learning raises a natural question about the privacy guarantees that can be provided in such a setting.  ...  We thank Shafi Goldwasser, Rina Shainski and Alon Kaufman for delightful discussions. We thank our sponsors, the Qualcomm Innovation Fellowship and Delta Electronics for supporting this work.  ... 
arXiv:1801.05507v1 fatcat:sbo4nsu3ufbahfmfmeegqter2a

DStress

Antonis Papadimitriou, Arjun Narayan, Andreas Haeberlen
2017 Proceedings of the Twelfth European Conference on Computer Systems - EuroSys '17  
., during the financial crisis of 2008 -and it can be quantified based on the dependencies between financial institutions; however, the necessary data is highly sensitive and cannot be safely disclosed  ...  We are grateful to Aseem Rastogi, Matthew Hammer, and Michael Hicks for their extensive support in using the Wysteria circuit compiler and MPC implementation.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank our shepherd, Raluca Popa, and the anonymous reviewers for their thoughtful comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3064176.3064218 dblp:conf/eurosys/PapadimitriouNH17 fatcat:kzuxhjhvpjaulbxbt73jvf5lca

Practical Secure Computation for Internet Infrastructure

Kris Shrishak Sridaran
2021
Although the theoretical foundations for the two-party variant, secure two-party computation (2PC), were introduced in the 1980s, MPC has not yet seen widespread deployment in spite of its benefits.  ...  Secure multi-party computation (MPC) is a cryptographic tool for privacy-preserving computation.  ...  There are two main types of constructions that are considered in this thesis: Yao's garbled circuits for 2PC in § 2.3.1 and secret sharing for MPC in § 2.3.2. 2PC Based on Garbled Circuits In Yao's garbled  ... 
doi:10.26083/tuprints-00018504 fatcat:or564dd4ffhb7ndhuk5w6xpetm

Privacy-Preserving Blockchain-Based Nonlinear SVM Classifier Training for Social Networks

Nan Jia, Shaojing Fu, Ming Xu, Ilsun You
2020 Security and Communication Networks  
The SVM classifier, as one of the most prevailing machine learning techniques for classification, is a crucial tool for social data analysis.  ...  In this paper, we propose a novel privacy-preserving nonlinear SVM classifier training scheme based on blockchain.  ...  For instance, many e-commerce companies may collect social information about potential customers and train effective SVM classifiers to conduct commodity recommendation.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/8872853 fatcat:afdb5s73fnd2tbpnzvu6k4r4ym

CrypTFlow2: Practical 2-Party Secure Inference [article]

Deevashwer Rathee, Mayank Rathee, Nishant Kumar, Nishanth Chandran, Divya Gupta, Aseem Rastogi, Rahul Sharma
2020 pre-print
At the core of CrypTFlow2, we have new 2PC protocols for secure comparison and division, designed carefully to balance round and communication complexity for secure inference tasks.  ...  We present CrypTFlow2, a cryptographic framework for secure inference over realistic Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) using secure 2-party computation.  ...  In contrast, many prior works on 2PC [49, 51] and 3PC [45, 50, 62] used a local truncation method for approximate truncation based on a result from [51] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/3372297.3417274 arXiv:2010.06457v1 fatcat:peh5mgnbajawtiqsihkq4vyqc4

Privacy-preserving training of tree ensembles over continuous data

Samuel Adams, Chaitali Choudhary, Martine de Cock, Rafael Dowsley, David Melanson, Anderson Nascimento, Davis Railsback, Jianwei Shen
2022 Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies  
In this paper we propose three more efficient alternatives for secure training of decision tree based models on data with continuous features, namely: (1) secure discretization of the data, followed by  ...  The standard "in the clear" algorithm to grow decision trees on data with continuous values requires sorting of training examples for each feature in the quest for an optimal cut-point in the range of  ...  The authors would like to thank Microsoft for the donation of cloud computing credits through the UW Azure Cloud Computing Credits for Research program.  ... 
doi:10.2478/popets-2022-0042 fatcat:kty7klf4inhfznn7cvaychmn6e

Secure and Robust Machine Learning for Healthcare: A Survey [article]

Adnan Qayyum, Junaid Qadir, Muhammad Bilal, Ala Al-Fuqaha
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, we provide insight into the current research challenges and promising directions for future research.  ...  In addition, we present potential methods to ensure secure and privacy-preserving ML for healthcare applications.  ...  Authors Goal Method ML Model(s) Medical Dataset(s) David et al. [109] Privacy Commodity based cryptography. Hyperplane decision and Naive Bayes classifiers.  ... 
arXiv:2001.08103v1 fatcat:u6obszbeajcp5asciz5z5unmlq

Blind Certificate Authorities

Liang Wang, Gilad Asharov, Rafael Pass, Thomas Ristenpart, Abhi Shelat
2019 2019 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP)  
We construct an efficient SCI protocol for communications delivered over TLS, and use it to realize anonymous proofs of account ownership for SMTP servers.  ...  The size of a ZKBoo proof for a given computation is only decided by the number of AND/ADD gates in the corresponding arithmetic circuit.  ...  Malicious secure 2PC.  ... 
doi:10.1109/sp.2019.00007 dblp:conf/sp/WangAPRS19 fatcat:3gctspju7fdmnkhdvojugzm5va

Group Structure in Correlations and Its Applications in Cryptography

Guru-Vamsi Policharla, Manoj Prabhakaran, Rajeev Raghunath, Parjanya Vyas, Stefano Tessaro
2021
The new applications include a completeness result for black box group computation, perfectly secure protocols for evaluating a broad class of black box "mixed-groups" circuits with bi-affine homomorphisms  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Yuval Ishai and various anonymous reviewers for helpful comments and pointers.  ...  Commodity-based 2pc for arithmetic circuits. In IMA International Conference on Cryptography and Coding, pages 154-177.  ... 
doi:10.4230/lipics.itc.2021.1 fatcat:qn56i6pb4zg2pm4gcivvsktsuu

DBKDA 2011 Editors

Friedrich Laux, Lena Strömbäck
unpublished
a series of international events covering a large spectrum of topics related to advances in fundamentals on databases, evolution of relation between databases and other domains, data base technologies  ...  We are grateful to the members of the DBKDA 2011 organizing committee for their help in handling the logistics and for their work to make this professional meeting a success.  ...  How they package their knowledge as commodity? In this article, we discuss how the knowledge as commodity and mediate various communities in knowledge markets.  ... 
fatcat:7j4mo3iqtvgmro7i3d5pfb4ycu
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