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Commitments, Expectations, Affordances and Susceptibilities: Towards Positional Agent Programming [chapter]

Giovanni Sileno, Alexander Boer, Tom van Engers
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The paper introduces an agent architecture centered around the notions of commitment, expectation, affordance, and susceptibility.  ...  under the same operationalization neglected figures as negative commitment, negative expectation, etc.  ...  Discussion and further developments The paper traces an outline of an agent architecture based on commitments, expectations, affordances, and susceptibilities, distinguished in positive, negative and null  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-25524-8_52 fatcat:ldxy24oudzg4bjv4ru2ii5gtg4

Differential susceptibility to endocrine disruptor-induced epimutagenesis

Jake D Lehle, John R McCarrey, Michael Skinner
2020 Current Zoology  
Here we review available information about different organs, tissues, cell types, and/or cell lines which have been shown to be susceptible to specific endocrine disrupting chemical-induced epimutations  ...  Finally, we summarize available information indicating that certain periods of development display elevated susceptibility to endocrine disrupting chemical exposure and we describe how this may affect  ...  Data Availability All data included in this review were previously published and so they are publicly available. Conflict of interest statement. None declared.  ... 
doi:10.1093/eep/dvaa016 pmid:33324495 pmcid:PMC7722801 fatcat:asi5l35zcfgmtj22nlhvqwccxy

Structural Basis of the Promiscuous Inhibitor Susceptibility of Escherichia coli LpxC

Chul-Jin Lee, Xiaofei Liang, Ramesh Gopalaswamy, Javaria Najeeb, Eugene D. Ark, Eric J. Toone, Pei Zhou
2013 ACS Chemical Biology  
Progress in medicinal chemistry has led to the discovery of potent LpxC inhibitors with a variety of chemical scaffolds and distinct antibiotic profiles.  ...  The LpxC enzyme in the lipid A biosynthetic pathway is one of the most promising and clinically unexploited antibiotic targets for treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by National Institutes of Health Grants AI055588 and GM-51310.  ... 
doi:10.1021/cb400067g pmid:24117400 pmcid:PMC3947053 fatcat:ljmurkjwivdcdcwyaopyxscqoa

The Shift from Consumers to Prosumers: Susceptibility of Young Adults to Radicalization

Rahma Sugihartati, Bagong Suyanto, Mun'im Sirry
2020 Social Sciences  
This article examines the radicalization of young adults in relation to internet access and the social media content produced and managed by radical groups in Indonesia.  ...  Some of the research problems that become the major concern of this article were how young people respond to the internet and social media that provide radical content, how they find out about and access  ...  Therefore, those academic institutions have also been actively involved in organizing programs and developing new approaches to combat radicalization.  ... 
doi:10.3390/socsci9040040 fatcat:betbbxmqcza2fghogqheppr3re

Parents' experiences of newborn screening for genetic susceptibility to type 1 diabetes

N. J. Kerruish
2011 Journal of Medical Ethics  
psychosocial impact of screening newborns for genetic susceptibilities, there remains a paucity of data.  ...  In the first section of the thesis (chapters 1 to 3) I provide background to the debate over newborn screening for genetic susceptibility to common disease.  ...  infectious agents in screened patients in one of the centres, but the fact remains that there is still a lack of evidence of some expected benefits.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jme.2010.039206 pmid:21266388 fatcat:kwwo6kcvjjhq5igoxibkrethwe

Gene-Behavior Theory: Relation between behavioral deviation and satellite DNA causing increased selective disease susceptibility within communities

Seif Mohammed
2017 Journal of Bioscience and Applied Research  
agents.  ...  which are very advanced, committed and specialized.  ... 
doi:10.21608/jbaar.2017.125859 fatcat:w4jumhm4nrbtfpl3jq6dvxz43q

Frequency of Uropathogens and Antimicrobial Susceptibility in Childhood Urinary Tract Infection at Kamenge University Hospital, Bujumbura, Burundi

Joseph Nyandwi, Sébastien Manirakiza, Eugène Ndirahisha, Jean Baptiste Ngomirakiza, Désiré Nisubire, Emmanuel Nduwayo, Hélène Bukuru
2017 East African Health Research Journal  
The infections were confirmed by Kass urinalysis criteria, and culture and susceptibility antibiotic tests were performed for isolated microbial agents.  ...  The aim of our study was to determine the pathogens and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacteria causing urinary tract infection (UTI) in children.  ...  Both TT and IK participated in proposal development and data collection. BTM worked on data analysis, interpretation of results, and approved final manuscript writing.  ... 
doi:10.24248/eahrj-d-16-00331 pmid:34308158 pmcid:PMC8279265 fatcat:hhvhrjqtcre7tntoikyh6m7upy

Institutional Metaphors for Designing Large-Scale Distributed AI versus AI Techniques for Running Institutions [article]

Alexander Boer, Giovanni Sileno
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This agent-based modeling paradigm, in turn, proves to have interesting applications in understanding, simulating, and predicting the behaviour of social and legal structures on an aggregate level.  ...  well as in institutional systems, and identifies potential grounds for novel advances.  ...  + - Interface between Normative and Agentive Positions At a theoretical level, the four agentive categories of commitment, expectation, affordance and susceptibility (cf.  ... 
arXiv:1803.03407v2 fatcat:ode3o4oezrh75htwvzsisn3ii4

Attributable mortality in critically ill patients with bacteremia involving methicillin susceptible (MSSA) and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

S Blot, K Vandewoude, E Hoste, F Colardyn
2001 Critical Care  
kind of prone position concerning nursing, pulmonary outcome and material and personnel resources TR Neubert, R Stiletto, L Gotzen P33 Effect of prone position on hepato-splanchnic hemodynamics in acute  ...  airway pressure therapy for cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: a study of its efficacy in an emergency department setting within the UK C Read, P16 Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in patients with  ...  and susceptibility to sepsis.  ... 
doi:10.1186/cc1157 pmcid:PMC3333277 fatcat:774nycceanf27g7qjdyycadpa4

Bridging the Gap Between Decisions and Their Implementations [chapter]

Marcos R. S. Borges, José A. Pino, Renata M. Araujo
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
To align representations of law, of implementations of law and of concrete behaviours, we designed a common ground representational model for the three domains, based on the notion of position, building  ...  This paper reports on work to define subsumption between positional models.  ...  In [9] , we explored the different pragmatic meanings of agentic negative counterparts of commitment, affordance, expectation and susceptibility.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30112-7_13 fatcat:o32xyy64bjck7iwyczbxtsfnqe

From Inter-agent to Intra-agent Representations - Mapping Social Scenarios to Agent-role Descriptions

Giovanni Sileno, Alexander Boer, Tom M. van Engers
2014 Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence  
Third, the resulting scenario representation is synthesized as agent programs. These scripts correspond to descriptions of agent-roles observed in that social setting.  ...  The paper introduces elements of a methodology for the acquisition of descriptions of social scenarios (e.g. cases) and for their synthesis to agent-based models. It proceeds along three steps.  ...  from this representation the correspondent agent-role descriptions (as agent programs).  ... 
doi:10.5220/0004909606220631 dblp:conf/icaart/SilenoBE14 fatcat:j73gqj3eszgoflkx3y6k3bz744

Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs

K. D. Leuthner, G. V. Doern
2013 Journal of Clinical Microbiology  
The development of antimicrobial agents represents one of the most significant achievements in medicine during the past century.  ...  However, the emergence of antimicrobial resistance combined with the downturn in the development of new antimicrobial agents in the pharmaceutical industry poses unanticipated challenges in the effective  ...  G.V.D. has received grant support (Cerexa and Merck Pharmaceutical Companies) and has received honoraria while serving on advisory boards (Forest Pharmaceutical Co. and RibX Pharmaceutical).  ... 
doi:10.1128/jcm.01751-13 pmid:23926165 pmcid:PMC3838078 fatcat:wj332fiyjvcb5ekuhd4w5lxrxe

Considering weed management as a social dilemma bridges individual and collective interests

Muthukumar V. Bagavathiannan, Sonia Graham, Zhao Ma, Jacob N. Barney, Shaun R. Coutts, Ana L. Caicedo, Rosemarie De Clerck-Floate, Natalie M. West, Lior Blank, Alexander L. Metcalf, Myrtille Lacoste, Carlo R. Moreno (+3 others)
2019 Nature Plants  
weed management challenges: achieving plant biosecurity, preventing weed seed contamination, maintaining herbicide susceptibility, and sustainably using biological control.  ...  This paper is a call to action for scholars and practitioners to broaden our conceptualization and approaches to weed management problems.  ...  Beyond the DPs, there is evidence that various actors have committed to, and work together towards, a shared goal with clear expectations of each others' contributions.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41477-019-0395-y fatcat:g5agafd62jfybaac5l7ficbomy

An appraisal of therapeutic procedure in respiratory allergy

1949 Southern medical journal (Birmingham, Ala. Print)  
The second sin in the mistreatment of sea- sonal hay fever is committed by the physician who begins pollen therapy with a commercial extract, using a universal schedule and with his program based upon  ...  Many men feel that the masking of these nasal symptoms is the first step toward the actual production of associated wheezing, cough and respiratory difficulty.  ... 
pmid:18108237 fatcat:b46v3fffevbirapcnbmkcryomy


Lawrence J. Halpin
1949 Southern medical journal (Birmingham, Ala. Print)  
The second sin in the mistreatment of sea- sonal hay fever is committed by the physician who begins pollen therapy with a commercial extract, using a universal schedule and with his program based upon  ...  Many men feel that the masking of these nasal symptoms is the first step toward the actual production of associated wheezing, cough and respiratory difficulty.  ... 
doi:10.1097/00007611-194902000-00007 fatcat:6lzhydqoxvdfrejh4d5xk3tpmu
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