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New and not so new methods for assessing oral communication

Gary J Ockey, Li Zhi
2015 Language Value  
These tasks include oral proficiency interviews, paired/group oral discussion tasks, simulated tasks, integrated oral communication tasks, and elicited imitation tasks.  ...  We evaluate these tasks based on current conceptualizations of the construct of oral communication, and conclude that they do not assess a broad construct of oral communication equally.  ...  The task types are oral proficiency interviews, paired/group oral discussion tasks, simulated tasks, integrated oral communication tasks, and elicited imitation tasks.  ... 
doi:10.6035/languagev.2015.7.2 fatcat:e5v6hjxmizcv5iaal27rjpl3ze

Review: Resenha: Measuring L2 Proficiency: Perspectives from SLA

Ana Paula Scholl
2015 Domínios de Lingu@gem  
The concept of language proficiency has been a subject of debate among teachers and researchers for many years.  ...  Measuring L2 Proficiency: Perspectives from SLA aims to collect ideas on identifying and measuring L2 proficiency, brings together contributions from different branches of second language acquisition (  ...  Imitation as a Measure of Oral Proficiency in L2 French.  ... 
doi:10.14393/dl17-v9n1a2015-15 fatcat:kmrkq5ivgjcffpad4n3ltklejq

Elicited Imitation for Brazilian Portuguese

Jarrett Finlinson Lever, Deryle W. Lonsdale
2016 Brazilian English Language Teaching Journal  
Elicited imitation (EI) is an approach to measuring oral proficiency that consists of having test takers hear a sentence and repeat the sentence exactly as they heard it.  ...  We first discuss the relevant background of oral proficiency examination and EI.  ...  Blair Bateman of Brigham Young University for advisement on pedagogical aspects of BP oral proficiency. We also appreciate the support of the BYU Center for Language Studies for funding the OPI tests.  ... 
doi:10.15448/2178-3640.2015.2.21251 fatcat:en2f7evukvehrh7z5yinpkkvfm

Oral Skills Testing: A Rhetorical Task Approach

Anne Lazaraton, Heidi Riggenbach
1990 Issues in Applied Linguistics  
Results of this study indicate that the Rhetorical Task Examination is promising as a measure of oral proficiency in terms of practicality, reliability, and validity.  ...  Many of the commonly used speaking instruments assess oral proficiency in terms of either discrete linguistic components-fluency, grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary-or in terms of a single, global  ...  This section uses pictures and/or short instructions to elicit talk (see Underbill, 1987, for a discussion of the merits of using pictures to elicit oral language).  ... 
doi:10.5070/l412005002 fatcat:4xjyv3rqbzb2hlrc3n6yjgsk3y


Zeynep Duran-Karaoz, Parvaneh Tavakoli
2020 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
Language proficiency was measured by means of two tests: Oxford Placement Test (OPT) and an Elicited Imitation Task (EIT).  ...  The data were coded for a range of breakdown, repair, speed, and composite measures.  ...  L2 FLUENCY RESEARCH Fluency in its broad sense is "a cover term for oral proficiency" (Lennon, 1990, p. 398) , and is sometimes interchangeably used for overall proficiency.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263119000755 fatcat:d77bnuabyjb7lmiozxlacarv74

Fluency in Second Language Testing: Insights From Different Disciplines

Nivja H. De Jong
2018 Language Assessment Quarterly  
Future research should focus on finding ways to ensure that the measures used in testing reflect the ability to talk fluently and efficiently, rather than measures that only reflect listeners' impressions  ...  This article considers the construct of fluency in second language assessment and how it might be informed by research in applied linguistics.  ...  Acknowledgments I thank all reviewers for the valuable comments on previous versions of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15434303.2018.1477780 fatcat:no6ski3cgzfkloutizhvgk6hzi

The Effects of Blended Learning on Foreign Language Learners' Oral English Competence

Xuan Teng, Ying Zeng
2022 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
Attainment of oral competence is an important goal for English teaching and learning in middle schools in China.  ...  The results showed that the blended learning method had remarkable effect on the improvement of oral accuracy and fluency, but not complexity.  ...  The final reason may be concerned with the discourse features of the oral responses elicited.  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.1202.09 fatcat:v2irk4ldvretxddslae7ppwfzy


Daniel R. Isbell, Young-A Son
2021 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
Elicited Imitation Tests (EITs) are commonly used in second language acquisition (SLA)/bilingualism research contexts to assess the general oral proficiency of study participants.  ...  , (c) identified relevant linguistic features which relate to item difficulty, and (d) provided a norm-referenced interpretation for Korean EIT scores.  ...  ., Luk & Bialystok, 2013) , and elicited imitation tests (EIT, e.g., Ortega et al., 2002; Wu et al., in press) . Such proficiency measures offer many advantages to researchers.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263121000383 fatcat:capd2worljaexixl6z3ibof3g4

Developing an Innovative Elicited Imitation Task for Efficient English Proficiency Assessment

Larry Davis, John Norris
2021 ETS Research Report Series  
The elicited imitation task (EIT), in which language learners listen to a series of spoken sentences and repeat each one verbatim, is a commonly used measure of language proficiency in second language  ...  for writing, .68 for listening, and .57 for reading).  ...  Background Elicited Imitation Tasks as Measures of Second Language Proficiency Second language (L2) proficiency can be measured in a variety of ways, depending on the purposes, audiences, and uses for  ... 
doi:10.1002/ets2.12338 fatcat:ytkfz54jhzh75hqhqlhv53prcu

The effects of proficiency level and dual-task condition on L2 self-monitoring behavior

Ghadah Albarqi, Parvaneh Tavakoli
2022 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
Factor analysis, MANOVA, and two-way ANOVAs were used to examine the effects of PL and TC on a range of self-monitoring measures.  ...  The results indicated that the higher proficiency learners made significantly fewer filled pauses, repetitions, and hesitations, and a higher ratio of error correction and error-free clauses than the lower  ...  We also thank the reviewers for their thoughtful comments and efforts toward improving our manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263122000146 fatcat:jkyl34xq6vggjnrecpwlbikq7a

Analyzing second language proficiency using wavelet-based prominence estimates

Heini Kallio, Antti Suni, Juraj Šimko, Martti Vainio
2020 Journal of Phonetics  
Correlations of prominence estimates for L2 utterances with estimates for L1 utterances and linguistic stress patterns were used as a measure of prosodic proficiency of the L2 speakers.  ...  Syllable-level prominence was estimated for 180 L2 and 45 native (L1) utterances by a continuous wavelet transform analysis using combinations of f 0 , energy, and duration.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the DigiTala project for sharing the speech data and enabling the collection of the assessment data, and Raili Hildén, Mikko Kuronen, Henna Heinonen, and Huong Hoang  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.wocn.2020.100966 fatcat:j2odp7yblfaibg3yidyuwfk4ka

The Profile of Multiple Language Proficiencies: A Measure for Evaluating Language Samples of Deaf Children

G. Goldstein
2003 Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education  
Parents may take a strictly oral approach, a signing-only approach, or a combination of the two approaches, using both sign and oral communication.  ...  This instrument differs from the Language Proficiency Profile (LPP; because the LPP assesses global communication proficiency, combining all means of expression, whereas the present measure will be useful  ...  Appendix Profile of Multiple Language Proficiencies General Criteria (all Levels) To satisfy the criterion for any level, the child should have at least half of the skills that characterize that level  ... 
doi:10.1093/deafed/eng027 pmid:15448075 fatcat:cr7n3ed5yjhzdcep4vw46irizq

Oral Skill Development in Second Languages: A Review in Search of Best Practices

Jordana F. Garbati, Callie J. Mady
2015 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
In an attempt to bring to the forefront some effective strategies for L2 oral skill development, we undertook a review of the literature in the areas of oral proficiency, academic language development,  ...  Index Terms-oral skills development, second language pedagogy, oral proficiency, teacher preparation, second language teaching and learning strategies, communicative competence  ...  As well, students' oral proficiency was measured using pre-and post-language standard proficiency tests.  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.0509.01 fatcat:bdq3pi75k5h3vpvw7jpwdtbbge

Implementing ICAO language proficiency requirements in the Versant Aviation English Test

Alistair Van Moere, Masanori Suzuki, Ryan Downey, Jian Cheng
2009 Australian Review of Applied Linguistics  
Tasks were designed to simulate the information exchange between pilots and controllers on which candidates' proficiency in 'Interactions' could be measured, for example, by eliciting functions such as  ...  The first concerns the practicalities of assessing candidates in each of six separate dimensions of spoken proficiency: Pronunciation, Structure, Vocabulary, Fluency, Comprehension, and Interactions.  ...  For example, variables reflecting the pace, timing and pausing in the responses were combined to match the human ratings on the fluency criteria.  ... 
doi:10.2104/aral0927 fatcat:7mlvph4acncqbl4vmjsud3s2ey

An acoustic investigation of the Cantonese vowels in the speech of the adult and child speakers

Wai‐Sum Lee
2005 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
This paper describes the task structure and scoring logic of a group of fully automatic spoken language proficiency tests ͑for English, Spanish and Dutch͒ that are delivered via telephone or Internet.  ...  However, it is difficult to derive a reliable estimate of spoken language proficiency by situated elicitation and evaluation of a person's communicative behavior.  ...  same information that is found in oral proficiency interviews.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4786635 fatcat:cnrrisqpxbamjd7j52in6i4kte
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