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Combining Inductive Generalization and Factual Abduction

Mathieu Beirlaen
2017 International Conference on Logic Programming and Non-Monotonic Reasoning  
The aim of this paper is to outline a first-order model for ampliative reasoning that fruitfully combines the inference patterns of inductive generalization and factual abduction.  ...  It is shown how these patterns can be combined in such a way that inductively inferred generalizations can be used as premises in abductive inferences, and that conclusions of abductive inferences in turn  ...  funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research.  ... 
dblp:conf/lpnmr/Beirlaen17 fatcat:ld6hw6wevzhh7bbibcx6ygpnoa

Page 2090 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 97D [page]

1997 Mathematical Reviews  
I propose an interpretation of abduction which supports an ampliative view. It relies on a distinction between two logical stages in the generation of hypotheses, one ‘factualand one ‘explanatory’.  ...  The authors formulate a proof method combining two basic in- ductive methods: explicit induction, using induction schemes, and implicit induction, based on deduction procedures such as Knuth- Bendix completion  ... 

Generalization Process by Second Grade Students

María D. Torres, Antonio Moreno, María C. Cañadas
2021 Mathematics  
In all six, we observed three phases of inductive reasoning: (a) abductive, (b) inductive and (c) generalization.  ...  The students correctly recognized the structure at least once during the interview and expressed generalization in three ways.  ...  S1, S2 and S4 generalized contextually only. S3 and S5 expressed a combination of factual and contextual generalization.  ... 
doi:10.3390/math9101109 fatcat:xlik6ga2ureercvkqbixz6pyd4

A Taxonomy of Inference in Simulation Models

Thomas Brenner, Claudia Werker
2007 Computational Economics  
The set-up and analysis of simulation models can range from very specific to very general and can be underpinned by different combinations of theoretical considerations and empirical data.  ...  We offer a taxonomy of existing simulation approaches and show how their results can be used to explain observed economic features, examine economic systems and predict future economic processes.  ...  This approach does not only combine induction and deduction when setting-up the model and when carrying out the runs.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10614-007-9102-6 fatcat:btp2vrdwcnd5zido4q365nwowy

Discovery practices in natural sciences: from analogy to preduction

Andrés Rivadulla
2008 Revista de Filosofia  
I call it preduction and I claim that it is the way by which many factual hypotheses, theoretical laws and theoretical models are anticipated in physics.  ...  I point also to the fact that both, abduction and preduction, provide us with intrinsically fallible hypotheses. The fallibility of abductive inferences was already recognized by Peirce himself.  ...  Preduction is the way by which factual hypotheses and theoretical laws and models can be anticipated in physics by combination, in a form compatible with dimensional analysis, of previously  ... 
doaj:c7ca5dd161da4e159bc4d1a600f50a5c fatcat:cj3amti2ofddhdzdzub3i3ux5y

Towards a generalized model of diagnostic behaviour

E.T. Keravnou, L. Johnson
1989 Knowledge-Based Systems  
Our global model contains a fundamental division between what Chandrasekaranl has called the generic task, and the data handling capacities of human beings.  ...  be provided in ways that are congruent with the demands of the generic task.  ...  The diagnostic function deals with the generation and evaluation of hypotheses. A diagnostic step is abductive, deductive or inductive in nature.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0950-7051(89)90021-x fatcat:hjeurijjtbdoblpdvjr3fwh4km

What could abductive reasoning contribute to human computer interaction? A technology domestication view

Erkki Patokorpi
2009 PsychNology Journal  
The purpose of the paper is not to make an empirical contribution but to present a general argument in favour of a psychological approach to logic and its application to Human Computer Interaction (HCI  ...  ), focusing especially on abduction.  ...  Abduction combined with gradual induction and deduction (guessing, inferring the consequences of the guess, putting the guess to test) The last combination adds deduction, which makes my reasoning goal-oriented  ... 
dblp:journals/psychnology/Patokorpi09 fatcat:yl7vl34dt5cg5fynmn4shufvee

Page 1347 of Management & Marketing Abstracts Vol. 26, Issue 10 [page]

2001 Management & Marketing Abstracts  
interpretivistic methods, and four alternative research strategies as identified by Blaikie are the inductive, deductive, abductive and retroductive approaches.  ...  the development of approaches combining the various strategy schools. (2 tab, 53 ref) 4043 Writing a marketing report Williams D, MARE vol. |, no. 3, Spring 2001, pp 363-372 A marketing report is generally  ... 

"Theoric Transformations" and a New Classification of Abductive Inferences

Hoffmann
2010 Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society  
Based on a definition of -abductive insight‖ and a critical discussion of G.  ...  These forms are organized, on the one hand, with regard to what is abductively inferred-singular facts; types; laws; theoretical models; or representation systems-and, on the other, with regard to the  ...  , deduction, and induction (CP 8.209 [c.1905] ).  ... 
doi:10.2979/trancharpeirsoc.2010.46.4.570 fatcat:2jbkxuikpbadjnxwzaqefvwnrm

Big and Open Linked Data (BOLD) in research, policy, and practice

Marijn Janssen, George Kuk
2015 Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce  
This allows us to break through the limits of backward induction from the evidence by moving back and forward in exploring the unknown through BOLD.  ...  There are different inquiry systems and research cycles to make sense out of big and open data (BOLD).  ...  Nevertheless BOLD enables a combined use of inductive, abductive and deductive approaches in our research enquiries.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10919392.2015.1124005 fatcat:xeetdtc7mnabzgtmetl2y4uszy

Teaching as Abductive Reasoning: The Role of Argumentation

Chrysi Rapanta
2018 Informal Logic  
Abductive reasoning embraces the idea of plausibility and defeasibility of both the premises and the conclusion.  ...  The paper discusses abductive reasoning as the most adequate for students' arguments to emerge in a classroom discussion.  ...  grant award from the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities.  ... 
doi:10.22329/il.v38i2.4849 fatcat:z6dytzhgurd5honr46dhzpmzs4

Design Thinking Support: Information Systems Versus Reasoning

Pieter Pauwels, Ronald De Meyer, Jan Van Campenhout
2013 Design Issues  
Our investigation suggests that creative designing rests on a cyclic combination of abductive, deductive, and inductive reasoning processes.  ...  As research in information technology increasingly targets the combination of these reasoning modes, improvements in design thinking support by information systems might be within reach.  ...  combines abductive reasoning with deductive and inductive reasoning.  ... 
doi:10.1162/desi_a_00209 fatcat:o2y3hl7uzrg63nnk3uglciplgm

On Abduction in Design [chapter]

Ehud Kroll, Lauri Koskela
2015 Design Computing and Cognition '14  
Researchers still disagree on the exact nature of induction [14] and certainly on abduction.  ...  (in opposition to induction and deduction).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-14956-1_19 fatcat:urj3tzz6tnfntgkopgtsrxw6g4

Empirically analysing design reasoning patterns: Abductive-deductive reasoning patterns dominate design idea generation

Claus L. Cramer-Petersen, Bo T. Christensen, Saeema Ahmed-Kristensen
2019 Design Studies  
The study concludes that understanding reasoning at early-stage idea generation processes is indicative of the mental models and abductive-deductive reasoning that are prevalent in design activity.  ...  The results show that reasoning in design activity across 218 ideas follows general patterns of abductive-deductive reasoning.  ...  We appreciate the comprehensive and constructive feedback from the reviewers helping to make the paper ready for publication.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.destud.2018.10.001 fatcat:cyxelfa7xbblzo6j6hel2bjtwi

Gestalt Effects in Counterfactual and Abductive Inference

Claudio Pizzi
2006 Logic Journal of the IGPL  
. inductive and abductive -reasoning.  ...  It is also stressed a distinction between a weak and a strong notion of incompatibility.  ...  Acknowledgements The author is grateful to the anonymous referees for the suggested improvements, to Lorenzo Magnani and Roberto Dotti for the careful reading of the paper and to Luciano Floridi for the  ... 
doi:10.1093/jigpal/jzk017 fatcat:7nqxsctu5bh2pcv4sol46cmw4u
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