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Combining Implications and Conceptual Analysis to Learn from a Pesticidal Plant Knowledge Base [chapter]

Lina Mahrach, Alain Gutierrez, Marianne Huchard, Priscilla Keip, Pascal Marnotte, Pierre Silvie, Pierre Martin
2021 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Knowledge on plant use presented in the scientific literature was compiled in a knowledge base (KB).  ...  In this paper, we present a method that extracts the Duquenne-Guigues basis of implications from knowledge structured using Relational Concept Analysis (RCA).  ...  Conclusion This paper explores the combination of RCA and the Duquenne-Guigues basis of implications on an environmental knowledge set in order to render knowledge suitable to experts.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-86982-3_5 fatcat:n2bs4fpyovcpjn4c66b2nageae

A Case Study on Students' Application of Chemical Concepts and Use of Arguments in Teaching on the Sustainability-Oriented Chemistry Issue of Pesticides Use Under Inclusion of Different Scientific Worldviews

Robby Zidny, Ingo Eilks, Ayu Ningtias Laraswati
2021 Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education  
This framework fosters education for sustainable development (ESD) in chemistry learning by integrating intercultural and multi-perspective scientific worldviews borrowed from indigenous and Western modern  ...  A socio-scientific issues-based, sustainability-oriented pedagogical approach was employed in a chemistry teaching intervention.  ...  One student wrote: "The steps of the analysis are: taking a sample from the plant, selecting the appropriate reagents to test its compounds, separating or extracting bio-active compounds from the plant  ... 
doi:10.29333/ejmste/10979 fatcat:glhclgmdwng3xf2adaulg5ptqm

A Qualitative Study Of Prospective Elementary Teachers' Grasp Of Agricultural And Science Educational Benchmarks For Agricultural Technology

Cary J. Trexler, Deanna Meischen
2002 Journal of Agricultural Education  
Based on the constructivist approach to learning and research, respondents' understanding of two nationally defined technology-focused educational benchmarks in agriculture was determined.  ...  Data analysis included validating benchmarks and language that guided discourse, generating conceptual proposition maps, coding responses for comparison with expert propositions, and interpreting confirming  ...  In the second phase of analysis, raw data from student interview tapes were analyzed by generating conceptual proposition maps.  ... 
doi:10.5032/jae.2002.02068 fatcat:f2uaq2yjnray5n3mq6ollpfymm

Exploring Indigenous Science to Identify Contents and Contexts for Science Learning in Order to Promote Education for Sustainable Development

Robby Zidny, S Solfarina, Ratna Sari Siti Aisyah, Ingo Eilks
2021 Education Sciences  
Based on a qualitative analysis of indigenous science in the Baduy community (Indonesia), we describe how indigenous science can provide relevant contexts for students to learn scientific concepts, as  ...  Potential implications of these topics to science learning are also presented.  ...  Acknowledgments: We are grateful for the support afforded to the project by the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) and the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.  ... 
doi:10.3390/educsci11030114 fatcat:tud3j6jcs5a2lfahvz5wwvm5j4

From pesticides to genetically modified plants: history, economics and politics

J.C. Zadoks, H. Waibel
2000 NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences  
fully identified, one conclusion is that ex ante economic analysis which draws upon some of the lessons learned with chemical pesticides may help to bridge the gap between the proponents and the opponents  ...  Conceptually the framework can be used for a comparison of crop protection strategies indicated as chemical crop protection, threshold-based crop protection, crop protection by ecotechnology and organic  ...  The authors venture that a welfare theoretical approach, which combines scientific and subjective judgements of civil society in a discursive setting will reduce the costs of introducing GMPs for the benefit  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1573-5214(00)80010-x fatcat:2k3fgj55zzcxjb4qumqrvbsecy

Prospective Elementary Teacher Understandings Of Pest-Related Science And Agricultural Education Benchmarks

Cary J. Trexler, Kirk L. Heinze
2001 Journal of Agricultural Education  
Data analysis included validating benchmarks and language that guided discourse, generating conceptual proposition maps, coding responses for comparison with expert propositions, and interpreting confirming  ...  Guided by theoretical frameworks for science education and studies on agricultural literacy, a research protocol that included grounded theory and cognitive anthropology was used to surface respondents  ...  In the second phase of analysis, raw data from student interview tapes were analyzed by generating conceptual propositio n maps.  ... 
doi:10.5032/jae.2001.01082 fatcat:ja6kafe2srapzb5bx7bm3yqs74

Threats to an ecosystem service: pressures on pollinators

Adam J Vanbergen, the Insect Pollinators Initiative
2013 Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment  
(4) Pesticides and pathogens The combined impacts of pathogens and pesticides ( Figure 1e ) have physiological implications for bee health at both individual and colony levels.  ...  A research team of 11 partners from honey bee pathology, chemistry, genetics, and apicultural extension aiming to: (1) Improve colony health of honey bees using experimental approaches to fill knowledge  ...  Research initiatives and knowledge networks (1) To contribute to the conservation of pollinator and plant biodiversity; (2) Improve the health of managed bees, enhance pollination by native pollinators  ... 
doi:10.1890/120126 fatcat:w6ewwvdzcjfqhpgfmx7el2ithy

The Technological Trajectory of Integrated Pest Management for Rice in Cambodia

Rica Flor, Kry Chhay, Vichet Sorn, Harro Maat, Buyung Hadi
2018 Sustainability  
We will give a background to the argument and the implications for adequate extension of IPM to farmers.  ...  due to a lack of knowledge about the introduced technology or its potential benefits.  ...  Lastly, learning effects, economies of scale and institutions that influence a pesticide-based regime [64] [65] [66] are furthered by the policy and industry conditions in Cambodia.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su10061732 fatcat:pnzow3tivrefpffy36laa56rym

Structured Mental Model Approach for Analyzing Perception of Risks to Rural Livelihood in Developing Countries

Claudia Binder, Regina Schöll
2009 Sustainability  
The SMMA combines the Sustainable Livelihood Framework with the Mental Model Approach and consists of three steps: (i) definition and weighting of different livelihood capitals; (ii) analysis of livelihood  ...  The SMMA combines the Sustainable Livelihood Framework with the Mental Model Approach and consists of three steps: (i) definition and weighting of different livelihood capitals; (ii) analysis of livelihood  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Jaime Diaz, Patricia Quevedo and Elver Vargas from UNIBOYACA for their feedback on the set-up of the study in the field, Giuseppe Feola, Michael Siegrist, and Michael  ... 
doi:10.3390/su2010001 fatcat:jztjvshzf5hyxlcd7b6skixuxa

Developing a library of authenticated Traditional Chinese Medicinal (TCM) plants for systematic biological evaluation — Rationale, methods and preliminary results from a Sino-American collaboration

David M. Eisenberg, Eric S.J. Harris, Bruce A. Littlefield, Shugeng Cao, Jane A. Craycroft, Robert Scholten, Peter Bayliss, Yanling Fu, Wenquan Wang, Yanjiang Qiao, Zhongzhen Zhao, Hubiao Chen (+7 others)
2011 Fitoterapia  
and/or pesticides contamination.  ...  As envisioned, the subfractions in this artisan collection of authenticated medicinal plants will be tested for biological activity individually and in combinations (i.e., "complex mixtures") consistent  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by grants from the National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute (U19 CA128534), the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2010.11.017 pmid:21108995 pmcid:PMC3031246 fatcat:fkan2durorfgjc55h3j3v5qhzm

Agroecological initiatives in Hungary and their Central European aspects

András Székács, Péter Roszík, Katalin Balázs, László Podmaniczky, Apolka Ujj
2020 International Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources  
In addition, the European Green Deal envisions a reduction in pesticide use by 50% by 2030 and supports agroecology to reduce excess fertilization, increase organic farming and reverse biodiversity loss  ...  Agroecology initiatives were first implemented within Central and Eastern Europe in Hungary in the 1980s in response to the environmental and ecological problems of intensive, agrochemical-based agricultural  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Lyndre Nel for her constructive criticism and proofreading of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.7764/ijanr.v47i3.2266 fatcat:qyfhfrpdsrh6fonxfxb52qsi5m

Exploring Elementary Students' Scientific Knowledge of Agriculture Using Evidence-Centered Design

Molly Brandt, Cory Forbes, Jenny Keshwani
2017 Journal of Agricultural Education  
As a result, the public lacks the knowledge and appreciation of the food, fuel, and fiber it demands.  ...  The purpose of this project is to further understand students' agricultural literacy through NALO-based assessment of students' knowledge.  ...  In addition to saying corn needs water, soil, and the sun to grow, a fifth grade student also included that you would need pesticides "because bugs eat plants and then pesticide kills the bugs."  ... 
doi:10.5032/jae.2017.03134 fatcat:k27iaycobndzdbpwc3mubl4rjm

Smart and Climate-Smart Agricultural Trends as Core Aspects of Smart Village Functions

Adegbite Adesipo, Oluwaseun Fadeyi, Kamil Kuca, Ondrej Krejcar, Petra Maresova, Ali Selamat, Mayowa Adenola
2020 Sensors  
The current work examines the level of progress of climate smart agriculture, and tries to borrow from its ideals, to develop a framework for smart village development.  ...  early detection of plant and animal diseases, has now embraced varieties of smart sensor technologies.  ...  The unit works to detect the pesticide optically at values ranging from 75 nM to 7.5 µM. It bears the combined characteristics of a nanomaterial, and those of artificial molecules.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20215977 pmid:33105622 fatcat:m5s5h6kl7betrk4erloubqw7dy

Understanding change at farm level to facilitate innovation towards sustainable plant protection: a case study at cabbage production sites in urban West Africa

Lorenz Probst, Adélaïde Adoukonou, Akuffo Amankwah, Aly Diarra, Christian Reinhard Vogl, Michael Hauser
2012 International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability  
The ability of a system to absorb perturbations without shifting to an alternative state.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to the Austrian Federal Ministry of Finance for funding the project this research was part of.  ...  Referring to the research questions and conceptual considerations, we developed categories representing the fields of analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14735903.2012.649589 fatcat:ycnnsh272zaf3o7ftidaympcbi

ICT platforms for enhancing agricultural productivity: the case study of Tata Kisan Kendra

Vivek Talwar, Nrupesh Mastakar, B. Bowonder
2005 International Journal of Services Technology and Management  
The project has generated learning experiences such as customization of the project for the rural users, implementation in a phased manner and community learning.  ...  The new tools and techniques are evolving and the implications of that are clearly visible at the global scale.  ...  In the area of fertilizers, Tata Chemicals has the distinction of setting up the first urea plant in the country with a 'dual feedstock facility' -natural gas or naphtha, or a combination of both.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijstm.2005.007419 fatcat:n3d5mzrglvffxehhkdak236gi4
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