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Combining Collective and Artificial Intelligence: towards a Design Theory for Decision Support in Crowdsourcing

Marcel Rhyn, Ivo Blohm
2017 European Conference on Information Systems  
In this study, we present an on-going design science research project that is concerned with the construction of a design theory for semi-automated information processing and decision support in crowdsourcing  ...  Crowdsourcing represents a powerful approach that seeks to harness the collective knowledge or creativity of a large and independent network of people for organizations.  ...  For research on decision support and business analytics, our complete design theory is intended to capture the theoretical foundation for designing systems that combine collective and artificial intelligence  ... 
dblp:conf/ecis/RhynB17 fatcat:qvkbnm4dlbcz3js35rxrdvkyqi

Crowd Intelligence for Sustainable Futuristic Intelligent Transportation System: A Review

Rathin Shit
2020 IET Intelligent Transport Systems  
Crowd intelligence is a combined method of data collection, integration and analysis from devices such as the smartphones, wearables, vehicles and a wide range of Internet of Things applications to use  ...  In this study, a survey is conducted considering crowd-intelligence techniques for the transportation system.  ...  The authors claimed that their design is roadworthy, uses low power and supports economical traffic sensing for a smart city.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-its.2019.0321 fatcat:2krdzlefdndbxfx3uhlzexhps4

Building Ethics into Artificial Intelligence

Han Yu, Zhiqi Shen, Chunyan Miao, Cyril Leung, Victor R. Lesser, Qiang Yang
2018 Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
decision frameworks; 3) collective ethical decision frameworks; and 4) ethics in human-AI interactions.  ...  As artificial intelligence (AI) systems become increasingly ubiquitous, the topic of AI governance for ethical decision-making by AI has captured public imagination.  ...  MOH/NIC/COG04/2017); Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Assistant Professorship (NAP); and the NTU-PKU Joint Research Institute, a collaboration between Nanyang Technological University and Peking  ... 
doi:10.24963/ijcai.2018/779 dblp:conf/ijcai/YuSMLL018 fatcat:zqehjvmlf5b2rkyemjvlsniqhi

Hybrid Intelligence

Dominik Dellermann, Philipp Ebel, Matthias Söllner, Jan Marco Leimeister
2019 Business & Information Systems Engineering  
Since the road to AGI is still a long one, we argue that the most likely paradigm for the division of labor between humans and machines in the next decades is Hybrid Intelligence.  ...  improvements in accuracy through deep-learning algorithms (Goodfellow et al. 2016), or combining various methods of computational intelligence, such as fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, and case-based  ...  Figure 2 summarizes the distribution of roles in Hybrid Intelligence. Defining Hybrid Intelligence Another approach is to combine human and artificial intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12599-019-00595-2 fatcat:ca7eiws6jvhxxmby6zhx5s7xha

Building Ethics into Artificial Intelligence [article]

Han Yu, Zhiqi Shen, Chunyan Miao, Cyril Leung, Victor R. Lesser and Qiang Yang
2018 arXiv   pre-print
decision frameworks; 3) collective ethical decision frameworks; and 4) ethics in human-AI interactions.  ...  As artificial intelligence (AI) systems become increasingly ubiquitous, the topic of AI governance for ethical decision-making by AI has captured public imagination.  ...  MOH/NIC/COG04/2017); and the NTU-PKU Joint Research Institute, a collaboration between Nanyang Technological University and Peking University that is sponsored by a donation from the Ng Teng Fong Charitable  ... 
arXiv:1812.02953v1 fatcat:qkrvws7psbc47kgqhupuqdausy

Untapped potential of collective intelligence in conservation and environmental decision making

Ans Vercammen, Mark Burgman
2019 Conservation Biology  
Environmental problems set a challenging and rich testing ground for collective-intelligence tools and frameworks.  ...  We examined examples from a range of different disciplines, demonstrating the emergence of collective intelligence (CI) in the elicitation of quantitative estimates, crowdsourcing applications, and small-group  ...  Three forms of collective intelligence and how they may assist in improving decision-support and decision-making processes in conservation.  ... 
doi:10.1111/cobi.13335 pmid:31006918 fatcat:gqm47ozkdjeixdfhf5fr276bc4

Crowd intelligence in AI 2.0 era

Wei Li, Wen-jun Wu, Huai-min Wang, Xue-qi Cheng, Hua-jun Chen, Zhi-hua Zhou, Rong Ding
2017 Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  
The Internet based cyber-physical world has profoundly changed the information environment for the development of artificial intelligence (AI), bringing a new wave of AI research and promoting it into  ...  First, we describe the concept of crowd intelligence, and explain its relationship to the existing related concepts, e.g., crowdsourcing and human computation.  ...  Pervasive Internet access further extends the forms of collective intelligence, and enables explosive growth in online communities and virtual organizations towards a variety of collective endeavors in  ... 
doi:10.1631/fitee.1601859 fatcat:x6aijr7ud5eojjuelaq3sv4v7a

Collective Intelligence [chapter]

2009 Computational Intelligence  
First, we are grateful to all the authors of the articles for prompt responses and the members of the editorial review board for timely and thorough reviews. The board included Ioannis Anagnostopou-  ...  Acknowledgements We owe our thanks to many friends, colleagues, and scholars who helped make this special edition possible.  ...  and Data-Mining • Distributed Artificial Intelligence and Multi-Agent Systems • Game Playing and Interactive Entertainment, AI for Graphics • Game Theory and General Game Playing, Generalized Intelligence  ... 
doi:10.1109/9780470544297.ch17 fatcat:w5fcyebwqzgubjg2d3tutqvp7m

Collective intelligence

Thomas W. Malone
2007 2007 International Symposium on Collaborative Technologies and Systems  
First, we are grateful to all the authors of the articles for prompt responses and the members of the editorial review board for timely and thorough reviews. The board included Ioannis Anagnostopou-  ...  Acknowledgements We owe our thanks to many friends, colleagues, and scholars who helped make this special edition possible.  ...  and Data-Mining • Distributed Artificial Intelligence and Multi-Agent Systems • Game Playing and Interactive Entertainment, AI for Graphics • Game Theory and General Game Playing, Generalized Intelligence  ... 
doi:10.1109/cts.2007.4621716 fatcat:h3ii3n6pwbg5zhc6qkj2fv7egi

Collective Intelligence [chapter]

2014 Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining  
First, we are grateful to all the authors of the articles for prompt responses and the members of the editorial review board for timely and thorough reviews. The board included Ioannis Anagnostopou-  ...  Acknowledgements We owe our thanks to many friends, colleagues, and scholars who helped make this special edition possible.  ...  and Data-Mining • Distributed Artificial Intelligence and Multi-Agent Systems • Game Playing and Interactive Entertainment, AI for Graphics • Game Theory and General Game Playing, Generalized Intelligence  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6170-8_100480 fatcat:cesty3mz5vbilmtfx3gagqi7dq

Artificial Intelligence in the Healthcare Sector

Julia M. Puaschunder, Dieter Feierabend
2019 Zenodo  
ABSTRACT: To an extent as never before in the history of medicine, computers are supporting human input, decision making and provision of data.  ...  Robotics have been used for disabled and patient care assistance. Medical decision making has been supported through predictive analytics and general healthcare management technolo [...]  ...  PuASCHuNDER & FEIERABEND: Artificial Intelligence in the Healthcare Sector  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3593324 fatcat:bj4jilhkwjabhcd53lewnwzzgy

Knowledge Management and Problem Solving in Real Time: The Role of Swarm Intelligence

Chris W Callaghan
2016 Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management  
Drawing on swarm intelligence theory, this paper presents an approach to real-time research problem-solving in the form of a framework for understanding the complexity of real-time research and the challenges  ...  Drawing from ant colony, bee colony, and particle swarm optimization, as well as other population-based metaheuristics, swarm intelligence principles are derived in support of improved effectiveness and  ...  responses, synchronous collaboration, quality control, crowd-directed artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence-guided crowd work, platforms, job design, reputation, and motivation.  ... 
doi:10.28945/3528 fatcat:q2ymtymjnfdrlhptfcx54ja2ci

What Is Collective Intelligence? [chapter]

2021 Cultural-Historical Perspectives on Collective Intelligence  
design, and medicine.  ...  Among scholars, collective intelligence (CI) is increasingly used as a broad, multidisciplinary term to describe new types of collective problem solving.  ...  innovation, citizen engagement and participation, citizen science, artificial intelligence and collaboration, open source intelligence, collective computation, swarming, voting mechanism design, and collective  ... 
doi:10.1017/9781108981361.001 fatcat:75divdpcencl3dyqppv3mqhmpq

Designing collective intelligence to improve the democratic public

Lars Nyre
2021 Norsk Medietidsskrift  
Professor, Institutt for informasjons-og medievitenskap, Universitetet i Bergen lars.nyre@uib.no Scholars should act on the presumption that there are big problems in the public sphere, and that they require  ...  In particular, media scholars and information scientists must take centre stage in shaping the qualities of emerging media. We must do our best to improve the methods and  ...  We believe this combination of influences points toward a good direction for technologically oriented media scholarship in the future.  ... 
doi:10.18261/issn.0805-9535-2021-02-06 fatcat:gt6a7vlro5fqflurpcxuf5hica

A Design Science Approach to Collective Intelligence Systems

Alexander Kornrumpf, Ulrike Baumol
2014 2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
While this can be seen as progress towards an agenda and methodology for long-termed research, as an immediate result we also present a conceptual model of the collective intelligence domain which provides  ...  In this paper we propose a design science approach to this problem.  ...  The collective consists of several individuals that have expectations towards each other and will use these expectations in decision making.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2014.53 dblp:conf/hicss/KornrumpfB14 fatcat:3lonf5h4xjhajovjriqgni45au
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