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Combinations of TRAP Based Systems [chapter]

František Grézl
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We are introducing several methods for combination of systems based on temporal trajectories feature-level combination. Experiments were done to evaluate combination methods.  ...  Our results show improvement of recognition accuracy for combination of systems.  ...  We show the advantages of combination of TRAP system based on different critical band spectrograms. Several approaches of combination of TRAP based system were tested.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30120-2_41 fatcat:erq4hhb2v5hrraomvjdhvz2num

Temporal patterns (TRAPs) in ASR of noisy speech

H. Hermansky, S. Sharma
1999 1999 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing. Proceedings. ICASSP99 (Cat. No.99CH36258)  
The proposed Neural TRAPs are found to yield significant amount of complementary information to that of the conventional spectral feature based ASR system.  ...  A combination of these two ASR systems is shown to result in improved robustness to several types of additive and convolutive e n vironmental degradations.  ...  , and Sarel van Vuuren, and was inspired by J o n t Allen's interpretation of early Fletcher's experiments in human recognition of meaningless syllables.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icassp.1999.758119 dblp:conf/icassp/HermanskyS99 fatcat:hrpf4lsie5b23l3p634dnzdbgu

Combining single-molecule manipulation and single-molecule detection

Juan Carlos Cordova, Dibyendu Kumar Das, Harris W Manning, Matthew J Lang
2014 Current Opinion in Structural Biology  
Three of the mainstay manipulation methods (optical traps, magnetic traps and atomic force microscopy) are discussed with respect to milestones in combination developments, in addition to highlight recent  ...  An overview of additional strategies is discussed, including fluorescence based force sensors for force measurement in vivo.  ...  We anticipate increased use of magnetic based systems as the resolution limit is improved to rival high-resolution optical traps.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbi.2014.08.010 pmid:25255052 fatcat:epo2qmjjhzbffdz7rjsfbua7q4

Development of a transposon-based marker system for mutation breeding in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.)

S.B. Im, S.-J. Kwon, J. Ryu, S.W. Jeong, J.B. Kim, J.-W. Ahn, S.H. Kim, Y.D. Jo, H.-I. Choi, S.-Y. Kang
2016 Genetics and Molecular Research  
We developed a marker system based on targeted region amplification polymorphisms (TE-TRAP) that uses the terminal inverted repeats (TIRs) of transposons.  ...  Analysis of molecular variance suggested that TE-TRAP had a higher level of genetic diversity than the other two marker systems.  ...  Conflicts of interest The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.4238/gmr.15038713 pmid:27706735 fatcat:rrlhg2jcvjaldpsryid4yvk2ae

Detecting Genetic Mobility Using a Transposon-Based Marker System in Gamma-Ray Irradiated Soybean Mutants

Nguyen Ngoc Hung, Dong-Gun Kim, Jae Il Lyu, Kyong-Cheul Park, Jung Min Kim, Jin-Baek Kim, Bo-Keun Ha, Soon-Jae Kwon
2021 Plants  
Among the different TE-TRAP primer combinations, the average polymorphism level and polymorphism information content value were 57.98% and 0.14, respectively.  ...  amplification polymorphism (TE-TRAP) markers, was employed to investigate the mobility of TEs in a gamma-irradiated soybean mutant pool.  ...  TE-TRAP was performed with 12 primer combinations, including three fixed forward primers (M-t, Ms and Pong) designed based on the TIR sequences of TEs, in combination with arbitrary reserve primers Sa4  ... 
doi:10.3390/plants10020373 pmid:33671964 pmcid:PMC7919005 fatcat:ljpquai7rzbb3jydjlltdscdxm

Encoding multiple digital DNA signals in a single analog channel

Yan Helen Yan, David Yu Zhang, Lucia R Wu
2020 Nucleic Acids Research  
Straightforward analog-to-digital signal conversion does not take full advantage of the precision and dynamic range of modern sensors.  ...  Experimentally, we showed representation of four DNA targets' information in a single fluorescence channel.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors thank Zhuo Zhang from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology for blinded sample preparation.  ... 
doi:10.1093/nar/gkaa303 pmid:32338742 fatcat:hckyvvcmszbcpny4zlhu4yffxi

Suitability of target region amplified polymorphism (TRAP) markers to discern genetic variability in sweet sorghum

Yehia A. Khidr, Sileshi A. Mekuriaw, Adel E. Hegazy, Enass Amer
2020 Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology  
Target region amplified polymorphism (TRAP) is a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based functional marker system that can detect genetic diversity in the functional region of target genes.  ...  Thirty sweet sorghum genotypes were used to study the potential of 24 pairs of TRAP marker system in assessing genetic diversity with regard to three lignin and three sucrose biosynthesis genes.  ...  The design of the study and collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and writing the manuscript were performed by the authors.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s43141-020-00071-5 pmid:33025316 fatcat:lgq2w3vrq5gaxmzjt7k2e2vhzu

Development of a Combined Sex Pheromone-based Monitoring System forMalacosoma disstria(Lepidoptera: Lasoicampidae) andChoristoneura conflictana(Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)

Brad C. Jones, Jens Roland, Maya L. Evenden
2009 Environmental Entomology  
In this study, a combined pheromone-based monitoring system was developed for two lepidopterous defoliators of trembling aspen Populus tremuloides Michenaux in western Canada, Malacosoma disstria Hü bner  ...  Immature stages of each species were sampled to evaluate the ability of pheromone traps baited with the combined lure to predict population density.  ...  Volney for valuable input into the logistics of this experiment. We acknowledge A. Argals, S.  ... 
doi:10.1603/022.038.0220 pmid:19389296 fatcat:qx33lg7w7rhivndjlt3zjcvqra

Multimaterial Manufacture Through Combining Optical Tweezers with Multiphoton Fabrication

2019 Journal of Laser Micro/Nanoengineering  
To achieve this, an MPP system was combined with an optical trapping (OT) setup in order to independently manipulate microparticles in the x, y and z planes.  ...  Here it is shown that combining the OT capabilities with an additive manufacturing technique enables the production of complex multi-material artifacts.  ...  The working distance of an objective lens can vary based on the beam profile and the wavelength of the beam. The fixed beam OT systems used by Tsai et al. and Dawood et al.  ... 
doi:10.2961/jlmn.2019.01.0014 fatcat:r2wydcre7famhfgloqi555s22a

Patternable particle microarray utilizing controllable particle delivery

Sanghyun Lee, Hojin Kim, Wonhyung Lee, Joonwon Kim
2019 Micro and Nano Systems Letters  
Two types of separate microfluidic devices are combined: (i) a particle transfer device and (ii) a particle arraying device, to construct a desired particle pattern.  ...  The elastomer valve integrated in the transfer device acts as a removable particle trap that enables the trapping and on-demand releasing of a particle depending on the application of the pneumatic pressure  ...  Thus, the advantages of particle-based analysis and position-based easy readout can be combined in an integrated system.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40486-019-0089-2 fatcat:2s5l7rz7zvha5jarvacfxjxrbu

Graphene Based Opt-Thermoelectric Tweezers [article]

Xianyou Wang, Yunqi Yuan, Xi Xie, Yuquan zhang, Changjun Min, Xiaocong Yuan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Here, we introduce graphene into the field of optical tweezers technology and demonstrate a new thermoelectric optical tweezers technology based on graphene.  ...  This work verifies the great application potential of two-dimensional materials in op-tical tweezers technology, and it will promote more promising applications in cell trapping, tapping or concentration  ...  Yuan supervised all of the work and oversaw preparation of the manuscript. All authors discussed the results and commented on the manuscript.  ... 
arXiv:2109.02292v1 fatcat:lmdqepwbefbjroye6yqrzkamcu

Recent research in pheromone trapping towards bio-intensive management of major insect pests in agro-ecosystems of India

S. SITHANANTHAM, Sun Agro Biotech Research Centre, Chennai - 600125, Tamil Nadu, India
2020 Journal of Biological Control  
The relevant pheromone trapping systems R&D scenario in India is illustrated with outcomes mainly from our on-going collaborative research.  ...  The focus of this paper is on the twin dimensions of pheromone deployment, namely monitoring the pest/vector populations and their utility in mass trapping for population suppression.  ...  safety of pheromone trapping technology in terms of native beneficial biodiversity and v) Enhancing the utility of pheromone-based trapping systems as key components in market focus cultivation of crops  ... 
doi:10.18311/jbc/2020/23176 fatcat:yx47mpw3p5aepidj4kke6bq7xu

Microfluidic Device for Droplet Pairing by Combining Droplet Railing and Floating Trap Arrays

Margaux Duchamp, Marion Arnaud, Sara Bobisse, George Coukos, Alexandre Harari, Philippe Renaud
2021 Micromachines  
This pairing at high efficiency is achieved thanks to a unique combination of floating trap arrays, a droplet railing system and a droplet size-based filtering mechanism.  ...  The optimal trap dimensions provide a trapping efficiency of 100% for small and big droplets with a limited double trapping (both compartments of the traps filled with the same droplet type) of 5%.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the help and support of EPFL CMi team, and Arnaud Bertsch. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/mi12091076 pmid:34577720 fatcat:uxpiwairurh3fc7rqopd5oazpi

Raman Spectroscopy of Optically Trapped Single Biological Micro-Particles

Brandon Redding, Mark Schwab, Yong-le Pan
2015 Sensors  
The combination of optical trapping with Raman spectroscopy provides a powerful method for the study, characterization, and identification of biological micro-particles.  ...  We then provide an overview of some of the most promising applications of this technique, highlighting the unique types of measurements enabled by the combination of Raman spectroscopy with optical trapping  ...  Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflict of interest. Sensors 2015, 15  ... 
doi:10.3390/s150819021 pmid:26247952 pmcid:PMC4570358 fatcat:rm77k3m5cfdzbmwhtjchnnydvm

Principles, developments and applications of on-line coupling of extraction with chromatography

Tuulia Hyötyläinen
2007 Journal of Chromatography A  
Selected illustrative applications are described to illustrate the potential of the on-line systems.  ...  On-line coupling of extraction and chromatographic separation allows the whole analysis to be performed in a closed system.  ...  Acknowledgement Financial support recieved from the Academy of Finland (project 110429).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2006.11.102 pmid:17196971 fatcat:4zms3tzlknbkvk5ic6gi46dxme
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