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Gatekeepers and Proximity in Science-driven Sectors in Europe and Asia: The Case of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research

Rüdiger Wink
2008 Regional studies  
International gatekeepers are mainly oriented to cognitive and organisational (contractual) proximity supported by temporary geographical proximity of Chinese researchers in Western research centres and  ...  GBP in 2004 Cognitive proximity, institutional proximity as reaction to observed needs Cognitive proximity via temporary geographical proximity (researcher stays), formal institu- tional  ... 
doi:10.1080/00343400701543306 fatcat:giffel2nqbbkhhpeqn2i45hefy

Collaboration in pharmaceutical research: exploration of country-level determinants

Tatiana Plotnikova, Bastian Rake
2013 Scientometrics  
In this paper we focus on proximity as one of the main determinants of international collaboration in pharmaceutical research.  ...  We do not find robust significant associations between cognitive proximity or institutional proximity with the intensity of international research collaboration.  ...  We do not find robust significant associations between cognitive proximity or institutional proximity with the number of international research collaborations.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11192-013-1182-6 fatcat:r5svh5w5one2pptlixf5vobt4a

Significance of Scaffolding and Peer Tutoring in the Light of Vygotsky's Theory of Zone of Proximal Development

Mehwish Haider, Aalyia Yasmin
2015 International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics  
Peer tutoring helps more competent peers to scaffold learners within their Zone of Proximal Development to enhance their comprehension and cognitive development.  ...  The outcome of present research highlights the significance of scaffolding and peer tutoring as the learners of the experimental group performed significantly better than the learners of the control group  ...  The researchers continuously monitored the experimental group for the successful implementation of peer tutoring in the class.  ... 
doi:10.18178/ijlll.2015.1.3.33 fatcat:bhsbjggmgzfjxomzjqtyqminpi

Casino proximity, visit frequency, and gambling problems

Kahlil Philander, Nassim Tabri, Richard Wood, Michael Wohl
2022 International Gambling Studies  
Articles in refereed journals (144) Clark, L. & Wohl, M. J. A. (accepted). Langer's illusion of control and the cognitive model of disordered Gambling. Addiction.  ...  Disordered Gambling: In this line of research, we examine factors that lead to excessive play (e.g., erroneous cognitions, craving) and means to increase responsible gambling (e.g., setting a limit on  ...  ., donating time and money to your group) or destructive (e.g., support for aggression toward other groups). Ultimately, this research is aimed at advancing peace and reconciliation.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14459795.2022.2035423 fatcat:2mrfxiofhjabhedvzps4ur3jsq

Know the Farmer That Feeds You: A Cross-Country Analysis of Spatial-Relational Proximities and the Attractiveness of Community Supported Agriculture

Christina Gugerell, Takeshi Sato, Christine Hvitsand, Daichi Toriyama, Nobuhiro Suzuki, Marianne Penker
2021 Agriculture  
Our study proposes a framework to distinguish multiple dimensions of proximity in the context of Community Supported Agriculture (a type of alternative food network) and to quantitatively evaluate them  ...  In a principal component analysis, we aggregated various detailed proximity items from a multinational survey using principal component analysis and examined their relationship with the attractiveness  ...  Without them, this research would not have been possible. We are particularly grateful for Christina Roder's editing support.  ... 
doi:10.3390/agriculture11101006 fatcat:ytn2nfkcv5dpre6nabg4p77oaa

Moms in motion: a group-mediated cognitive-behavioral physical activity intervention

Anita G Cramp, Lawrence R Brawley
2006 International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity  
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a group-mediated cognitive behavioral intervention based upon social-cognitive theory and group dynamics (GMCB) to a standard care postnatal exercise  ...  In addition, GMCB participants received self-regulatory behavioral skills training via six group-mediated counseling sessions.  ...  the PAR measure in future research.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1479-5868-3-23 pmid:16925809 pmcid:PMC1564034 fatcat:ouf57gy75zfx7nfqulj5up2kjq

Strength in numbers? Cognitive reappraisal tendencies and psychological functioning among Latinos in the context of oppression

José A. Soto, Brian E. Armenta, Christopher R. Perez, Byron L. Zamboanga, Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor, Richard M. Lee, Seth J. Schwartz, Irene J. K. Park, Que-Lam Huynh, Susan Krauss Whitbourne, Thao N. Le, Lindsay S. Ham
2012 Cultural diversity & ethnic minority psychology  
Multiply oppressive contexts are characterized by exposure to oppression at a societal level (distal oppression), in the immediate environment (proximal oppression), and at an individual level (personal  ...  The typically positive relationship between cognitive reappraisal and psychological functioning may be nullified for Latinos embedded within multiple contexts of oppression (Perez & Soto, 2011) .  ...  In fact, prior research suggests that the context in which members of oppressed groups live might render cognitive reappraisal protective or detrimental, depending on the resulting attribution.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0029781 pmid:23066643 fatcat:hkgcpuhuarg77olvg3cpbuylly

Modeling the Task Environment: Act-R and the Lens Model

Sarah Miller, Alex Kirlik
2006 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting  
Human factors requires modeling techniques that capture how cognition and behavior are sensitive to environmental design.  ...  We briefly describe both techniques and contrast them in the context of modeling visual search behavior.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The research reported was supported by NASA Ames grant NAG2-1609 to the University of Illinois. We thank Dr. Wai-Tat Fu for pointing us to Araujo et al. (2001) .  ... 
doi:10.1177/154193120605001103 fatcat:aewfqqcssfeknjsk4kmkcl6gze

Promoting Third Graders' Executive Functions and Literacy: A Pilot Study Examining the Benefits of Mindfulness vs. Relaxation Training

Carolina Cordeiro, Sofia Magalhães, Renata Rocha, Ana Mesquita, Thierry Olive, São Luís Castro, Teresa Limpo
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
Research suggested that developing mindfulness skills in children improves proximal outcomes, such as attention and executive functions, as well as distal outcomes, such as academic achievement.  ...  Despite empirical evidence supporting this claim, research on the benefits of mindfulness training in child populations is scarce, with some mixed findings in the field.  ...  Fourth, a research assistant observed three sessions for all mindfulness and relaxation groups and filled in the same checklists as the instructors.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.643794 pmid:34093324 pmcid:PMC8172966 fatcat:kdzcp3wtyremvnfjg2l3o2kagu

Spatial Proximity and Intercompany Communication: Myths and Realities

Anne Aguilera, Virginie Lethiais, Alain Rallet
2014 European Planning Studies  
Apart from spatial distance between partners, it identifies three forms of non-spatial proximity -cognitive, technological and organisational -which are assessed in terms of their role in the relations  ...  This article describes a variety of combinations with regard to proximities (spatial and non-spatial) in inter-firm relations, and identifies their main determinants.  ...  Group 6, (international relationships) contains 90% of the partnerships with foreign firms in the sample.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09654313.2014.979137 fatcat:pyzawcbgxjba7h6kwhp33h2i6q

Facing a Real Threat of Death: Dynamic Changes in Death-Thought Accessibility

Jia Zhou, Yi Chen, Yi Xu, Bin Liao, Wenguang Fu
2022 Psychology Research and Behavior Management  
Patients with dental pain had significantly higher levels of DTA in the no task and simple delay conditions than in the single cognitive load or high-frequency cognitive load conditions.  ...  Patients with cancer had significantly higher levels of DTA in the high-frequency cognitive load condition than in the other three conditions (no task, simple delay task, and single cognitive load task  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the Postdoctoral Research Startup Foundation of Southwest Medical University (08/002300602) and the School-level Project of Southwest Medical University (08/00031508).  ... 
doi:10.2147/prbm.s361432 pmid:35860205 pmcid:PMC9292051 fatcat:4dkuhdfg5zhmzc6bav2bzdmhj4

Hierarchical Characteristics and Proximity Mechanism of Intercity Innovation Networks: A Case of 290 Cities in China

Xianzhong Cao, Gang Zeng, Lan Lin, Lin Zou, Jing-Hu Pan
2021 Complexity  
The formation mechanism of innovation networks is one of the core issues in the current research of innovation networks, and proximity plays an important role in the formation and development of innovation  ...  Second, geographical, institutional, and cognitive proximities positively affect Chinese cities' innovation networking. Cognitive proximity, particularly, has the highest impact.  ...  , although it is significantly positive in the sample group for institutional nonproximity. is means institutional proximity will weaken the positive impact of cognitive proximity on intercity innovation  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/5538872 fatcat:iypbzlbstje2ra2eoimdljiflu

The Theoretical Interpretation of EFL Teacher's Professional Development from the Perspective of Sociocultural Theory

Hui Shi
2017 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
Thus, the article focuses on the four core concepts of sociocultural theory that mediation, internalization, the zone of proximal development and activity theory to interpretate the EFL teachers' professional  ...  Groups with groups, refer to the collective research activities which occurred in EFL teachers' working environment.  ...  On the other hand, social interaction in zone of proximal development, which refers to the dynamic process where the interaction and mutual effect in behaviors between individuals and groups, groups and  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.0711.14 fatcat:hwjlipkpyvgopp6zz5lvrbwrma

The Evolution and Determinants of Interorganizational Coinvention Networks in New Energy Vehicles: Evidence from Shenzhen, China

Jia Liu, Zhaohui Chong, Shijian Lu, Wei Zhang
2021 Complexity  
the network more inclined to cognitive proximity and less dependent on geographical proximity.  ...  In addition, organizational proximity and triadic closure contribute positively to the collaborative network, with their relevance remaining nearly the same, while the impeding effect of cultural/language  ...  Concerning cognitive proximity, we find a positive overall trend, suggesting that closer cognitive base and Han's Laser Technology Industry Group Co., Ltd.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/6665945 fatcat:5hjb447kf5fopmd55aa64m7jgu

Using Cognitive Task Analysis to train Orthopaedic Surgeons - Is it time to think differently? A systematic review

Karam Ahmad, Rahul Bhattacharyya, Chinmay Gupte
2020 Annals of Medicine and Surgery  
Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) focuses on the mental steps required to complete complex procedures. It has been used in training athletes and in general surgery but is new to orthopaedic training.  ...  The CTA research ranking scale was used to evaluate the impact of the studies included. 7 studies were identified as appropriate for inclusion. 264 participants. 178 M, 86F.  ...  Internal Table 2 2 CTA research ranking scale.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.amsu.2020.09.031 pmid:32994993 pmcid:PMC7511220 fatcat:lll2fd4pwjbklmv4e3b6hrrjiy
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