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Evaluating Everyday Competence in Older Adult Couples: Epidemiological Considerations

Roger A. Dixon
2011 Gerontology  
This special section reflects an important movement in aging research to examine couples as an alternative but normatively common unit of analysis. My discussion focuses on 2 main issues.  ...  Second, I explore the possibilities that epidemiological principles -thus far applied primarily to individual-level aging, decline and disease -may provide concepts or models for research on long-term  ...  Acknowledgements I appreciate support from the National Institute on Aging (R37 AG008235) and the Canada Research Chairs program.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000320325 pmid:20733285 pmcid:PMC3214838 fatcat:rz5s4lztzzhzzpbtxhf2lubnba

Human Neuroscience and the Aging Mind: A New Look at Old Problems

P. A. Reuter-Lorenz, D. C. Park
2010 The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences  
In this article, marking the 65th anniversary of the Journal of Gerontology, we offer a broad-brush overview of the new synthesis between neuroscientific and psychological approaches to cognitive aging  ...  We also examine some new key discoveries, including evidence favoring plasticity and compensation that have emerged specifically from using cognitive neuroscience methods to study healthy aging.  ...  Also, overactivation could mediate "successful compensation" in that it supports performance equivalent to younger adults or in the upper range of an age-matched cohort, or "attempted compensation" that  ... 
doi:10.1093/geronb/gbq035 pmid:20478901 pmcid:PMC2883872 fatcat:wpylitrjfvgntb3g5aonagimbe

The Relation of Baseline Skills to Psychotherapy Outcome Across Diverse Psychotherapies

Mary Beth Connolly Gibbons, Sarah M. Thompson, Rachel A. Mack, Jacqueline K. Lee, Paul Crits-Christoph
2015 Journal of Clinical Psychology  
Models of the mechanism of cognitive therapy (CT) implicitly or explicitly are based on a compensation model.  ...  Objective-We explored whether patients with varied levels of baseline deficits in compensatory skills and self-understanding had different outcomes across cognitive and dynamic therapies.  ...  Conclusion In conclusion, our results support a capitalization model for cognitive therapy but failed to support neither a compensation nor capitalization model for the short-term dynamic model.  ... 
doi:10.1002/jclp.22165 pmid:25779087 pmcid:PMC4560345 fatcat:btx4hihcfncoxi6jn6ittzfqle

Neural dynamics of attention in HIV: A cognitive aging phenotype?

Sandeepa Sur, Leah H. Rubin
2020 EBioMedicine  
The clinical significance of a focus on attention is high, as deficits in this cognitive domain are central to cognitive aging in PWH [2] and can affect the ability to perform daily tasks such as poor  ...  , to measure temporal and spatial cortical dynamics as measured by brain oscillations.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Johns Hopkins University NIMH Center for novel therapeutics for HIV-associated cognitive disorders (P30MH075773; Haughey, Rubin, Sacktor) and Central Nervous  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2020.103114 pmid:33181460 pmcid:PMC7658472 fatcat:f4uryrqgy5hofderv255vhqqhi

Selection, Optimization, and Compensation as Developmental Mechanisms of Adaptive Resource AllocationReview and Preview [chapter]

M RIEDIGER, S LI, U LINDENBERGER
2006 Handbook of the Psychology of Aging  
Two specific modeling approaches, nonlinear dynamical systems and neural nenlork models, are used to illustrate this claim.r zAs a third class of models, agent-based approaches may be particularly suitable  ...  Four Current Approaches to Adaptive Regulation of Life Span Development This section introduces four current approaches to adaptive regulation of life 291. span development.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b9-78-012101-2/64950-0161 fatcat:rkj4e7s2dnc6vemziihl7clqta

Brain Networks Reorganization During Maturation and Healthy Aging-Emphases for Resilience

Gabriel Gonzalez-Escamilla, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Venkata C Chirumamilla, Johannes Vogt, Sergiu Groppa
2018 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
We show evidence that aberrations leading to mental disorders result from the specific alterations of cerebral networks and their pathological dynamics leading to distinct excitability patterns.  ...  Maturation and aging are important life periods that are linked to drastic brain reorganization processes which are essential for mental health.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank Cheryl Ernest for proofreading the manuscript. This work was supported by a grant from the German Research Council (DFG; CRC-1193).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00601 pmid:30519196 pmcid:PMC6258799 fatcat:od7cavrejrawzag3i2efviwquu

Aging Well Together – A Mini-Review

Margund K. Rohr, Frieder R. Lang
2009 Gerontology  
We propose a model of aging well together that advances concepts of selection, optimization, and compensation to social aging and to the mastery of relationship demands.  ...  Future research needs to further disentangle the dynamic and complex nature of social relationship effects on positive aging.  ...  cognition in the aging processes, and to compensation of risks and burden within negative social contacts.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000212161 pmid:19349697 fatcat:ab5evbx27rf5fowlu2t7ygzvu4

Transient neural network dynamics in cognitive ageing

Roni Tibon, Kamen A. Tsvetanov, Darren Price, David Nesbitt, Cam CAN, Richard Henson
2021 Neurobiology of Aging  
It is important to maintain cognitive function in old age, yet the neural substrates that support successful cognitive ageing remain unclear.  ...  We applied HMMs to resting-state MEG data from a large cohort (N=595) of population-based adults (aged 18-88), who also completed a range of cognitive tasks.  ...  We used a multivariate analysis (CCA) to relate the pattern of brain dynamics (HMM profile) to age and to cognition, and to examine whether the brain-cognition relationship was moderated by age.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2021.01.035 pmid:34118787 pmcid:PMC8345312 fatcat:jzc5wsfzizbi3d6an4w4vvtezm

LIFESPAN PSYCHOLOGY: Theory and Application to Intellectual Functioning

Paul B. Baltes, Ursula M. Staudinger, Ulman Lindenberger
1999 Annual Review of Psychology  
Finally, these propositions and predictions about the general nature of lifespan development are examined and supported by empirical evidence on the development of cognition and intelligence across the  ...  Specific predictions are advanced dealing with the general architecture of lifespan ontogeny, including its directionality and age-differential allocation of developmental resources into the three major  ...  A case in point is that for cognitive efficacy to continue into old age at comparable levels of performance, more cognitive support and training are necessary (PB Baltes & Kliegl 1992 , Dixon & Bäckman  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.50.1.471 pmid:15012462 fatcat:qowaqay7ffhazmwf6n5vkvezqe

Decline and Compensation in Aging Brain and Cognition: Promises and Constraints

Naftali Raz
2009 Neuropsychology Review  
To achieve better compensation for age-related changes in cognition, we need to understand their brain substrates, telling cognitively relevant from epiphenomenal.  ...  and brain aging: from structural and metabolic brain aging to genetics, and from age-sensitive cognitive domains to those that resist aging.  ...  forms of support and self-maintenance exercised by the aging brain.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11065-009-9122-1 pmid:19936932 pmcid:PMC2809780 fatcat:mfckedq5vff4pno5rtnhsxsl64

The Role of Cognitive Reserve in Executive Functioning and Its Relationship to Cognitive Decline and Dementia [chapter]

Gabriela Álvares-Pereira, Carolina Maruta, Maria Vânia Silva-Nunes
2022 Neurophysiology [Working Title]  
We discuss and focus particularly on the compensation mechanisms related to the frontal lobe and its protective role, in maintaining cognitive performance in old age or even mitigating the clinical expression  ...  In this chapter, we explore how cognitive reserve is implicated in coping with the negative consequences of brain pathology and age-related cognitive decline.  ...  Acknowledgements This work is financially supported by the National Funds through FCT-Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P., under the project UIDB/04279/2020.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.104646 fatcat:pghv3sbdaza65ay2j6lmz5e6jq

The Potential Role of Neurocognitive Rehabilitation in Epilepsy

Yu Ting Chung Ming Chi Lai
2014 International Journal of Neurorehabilitation  
We reviewed studies on the two basic pragmatic approaches-retraining and compensation methods-especially the latter. Figure 1: Risk factors of cognitive impairments in epilepsy.  ...  Cognitive rehabilitation therapy to restore patients' ability to deal with routine activities of daily lives has been used for years.  ...  structuring and support; and (4) enabling patients to adapt to their cognitive disability, even though it may not be possible to directly modify or compensate for cognitive impairments, in order to improve  ... 
doi:10.4172/2376-0281.1000125 fatcat:acexsfpj6bbapo7lvyznlrdfhy

Transient resting-state network dynamics in cognitive ageing [article]

Roni Tibon, Kamen A Tsvetanov, Darren Price, David Nesbitt, Richard Henson, Cam-CAN
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
It is important to maintain cognitive function in old age, yet the neural substrates that support successful cognitive ageing remain unclear.  ...  These results favour theories of age-related reductions in neural efficiency over current theories of age-related functional compensation.  ...  In the current study, we utilized these advantages of MEG to relate transient resting-state dynamics to cognitive ageing.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.05.19.103531 fatcat:lublh6a54vhirhb4s7ffmrk7si

Understanding the Functional Roles of Multi-Modal Processing and Gc Activation In Older People's Performance in Caregiving Training

Robert Zheng, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Utah, USA
2018 OBM Geriatrics  
Two different approaches aiming to free the older people's working memory space were discussed. They include multi-modal visual processing and Gc activation.  ...  Further discussion was made with respect to the theoretical and practical significance of the approaches. Suggestions were included with directions for future research.  ...  compensated by extra sensory support, which is known as the Compensatory Hypothesis [3, 4, 28] .  ... 
doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.1804026 fatcat:vys7tfnzpjbbfcb4rdqx45qd7m

Cognitive Aging in a Social and Affective Context: Advances Over the Past 50 Years

Elizabeth A. Kensinger, Angela H. Gutchess
2016 The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences  
Discussion: Socioaffective domains may preserve function within cognitive domains in part because socioaffective processing provides a rich source of environmental support and links to motivated cognition  ...  Results: Models of cognitive aging can fruitfully be applied to socioaffective aging, although with some points of divergence.  ...  approach.  ... 
doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw056 pmid:27233290 fatcat:rdbyouynqvfz3nahdhjzepsoou
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