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Cognitive and Brain Consequences of Conflict

Jin Fan, Jonathan I. Flombaum, Bruce D. McCandliss, Kathleen M. Thomas, Michael I. Posner
2003 NeuroImage  
One of the tasks uses language stimuli (Stroop effect) and two use nonlanguage spatial conflicts appropriate for children and nonhuman animals.  ...  By studying the same people in the same session, we test the hypothesis that conflict activates a similar brain network in the three tasks.  ...  of Cognitive Neurology in London.  ... 
doi:10.1006/nimg.2002.1319 pmid:12507442 fatcat:ufkar5fr5fby5g6xoi3wvzwzz4

Understanding Social Cognition Using Virtual Reality: Are We still Nibbling around the Edges?

Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro
2019 Brain Sciences  
Brain Sciences, 2017). As a consequence, the cognitive training in the field of SC and, broadly, social neuroscience, has greatly benefited from the use of VR.  ...  information and the consequences arising from the understanding of self and others.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci10010017 pmid:31905622 pmcid:PMC7016749 fatcat:cssyymradfdflonmq5l56etpli

Page 1314 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 19, Issue 8 [page]

2007 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Cognitive and brain consequences of conflict. Nezroimage, 18, 42-57 Fuster, J. M. (2002). Frontal lobe and cognitive development. Journal of Neurocytology, 31, 373-385 Garavan, H., Ross, T.  ...  One consequence of this strategy is that the less frequent stimuli might be given less attention, at the cost of slower RT and increased errors.  ... 

Repeated Detoxification of Alcohol-Dependent Patients Impairs Brain Mechanisms of Behavioural Control Important in Resisting Relapse

Theodora Duka, David N. Stephens
2014 Current Addiction Report  
Under conditions of incentive conflict and in intra-extra dimensional shift and reversal tasks, deficits are found that are consistent with impaired executive control of behaviour by prefrontal cortical  ...  Alcohol abuse is frequently characterised by cycles of heavy drinking, detoxification, and relapse.  ...  Inhibitory Control and Social Competence: Brain Mechanisms The cognitive and emotional deficits [86,87•] arising as a consequence of repeated detoxification episodes may not only contribute to inflexible  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40429-013-0009-0 fatcat:wiiafhu5jrfubjiu5whggwooea

Interactions with conspecific outsiders as drivers of cognitive evolution

Benjamin J. Ashton, Patrick Kennedy, Andrew N. Radford
2020 Nature Communications  
Including interactions with conspecific outsiders may substantially improve our understanding of cognitive evolution.  ...  We detail cognitive challenges generated by conspecific outsiders, arguing these select for 'Napoleonic' intelligence; explain potential influences on the SIH; and highlight important considerations when  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to Ines Braga Goncalves, Amy Morris-Drake and Harry Suter for beneficial discussions about the topic of outsider consequences.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18780-3 pmid:33024110 fatcat:sosy36siazaklfvasiistuq6ju

Neurobiological Consequences of Long-Term Estrogen Therapy

L.K. Marriott, G.L. Wenk
2004 Current Directions in Psychological Science  
Chronic administration has neurobiological consequences that can affect neural and immune function, but a therapy designed to mimic the natural cycle of fluctuating hormones may more effectively slow the  ...  This review suggests that the timing of estrogen administration may explain these conflicting results.  ...  Public Health Service (AG10546) and the Alzheimer's Association (IIRG-01-2654).  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.00301.x fatcat:adg4emeqprgp3lob7yx3qzmriq

Improving Executive Function for Better Diabetes Management

Lindsay S Nagamatsu
2017 Advances in Obesity Weight Management & Control  
In addition to physical consequences of the disease, T2D patients also experience cognitive decline.  ...  Importantly, intact cognitive function -and in particular, executive functioning -is essential for management of the disease.  ...  Secondary consequences of T2D include microvascular and macrovascular complications, including neuropathy, coronary artery disease, and stroke.  ... 
doi:10.15406/aowmc.2017.07.00213 fatcat:pscbm2biyza7fjycasnmjbdiam

Toward a new cognitive neuroscience: modeling natural brain dynamics

Klaus Gramann, Tzyy-Ping Jung, Daniel P. Ferris, Chin-Teng Lin, Scott Makeig
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
As a consequence, our knowledge of the neural basis of human cognition is rooted in a dissociation of human cognition from what is arguably its foremost, and certainly its most evolutionarily determinant  ...  Decades of brain imaging experiments have revealed important insights into the architecture of the human brain and the detailed anatomic basis for the neural dynamics supporting human cognition.  ...  Conflict of Interest Statement: The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00444 pmid:24994978 pmcid:PMC4063167 fatcat:zv4xptgkfjhbrodluo3f35zcdu

Utility of Oblique Coronal Images in Elderly and Cognitively Impaired Patients

Young Ho Park, Jae-Won Jang, So Young Park, Min Jeong Wang, Jae Hyoung Kim, SangYun Kim
2015 Journal of Clinical Neurology  
MRI protocol in Korea, and as a consequence many elderly patients who are referred to our center only have brain MRI scans in the axial or sagittal plane (i.e., not in the oblique coronal plane).  ...  Conflicts of Interest The authors have no financial conflicts of interest. Fig. 1 . 1 Medial temporal atrophy (MTA) on oblique coronal T1-weighted images.  ... 
doi:10.3988/jcn.2015.11.2.200 pmid:25851899 pmcid:PMC4387489 fatcat:lfjend2z7vaatiamuxkex4fg3m

Effects of Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury on Anticipating Consequences of Actions in Adolescents: A Preliminary Study

Lori G. Cook, Gerri Hanten, Kimberley D. Orsten, Sandra B. Chapman, Xiaoqi Li, Elisabeth A. Wilde, Kathleen P. Schnelle, Harvey S. Levin
2013 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
For this pilot study, we compared performance of 15 adolescents with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) to that of 13 typically developing (TD) adolescents in predicting social actions and consequences  ...  Performance was analyzed in relation to cortical thickness in brain regions implicated in social cognition.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Grant 2R01 NS 21889-16. The authors report no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617712001452 pmid:23312035 fatcat:bocozjgcgjhdvowhs4az63rfiq

An intraspecific appraisal of the social intelligence hypothesis

Benjamin J. Ashton, Alex Thornton, Amanda R. Ridley
2018 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
One contribution of 15 to a theme issue 'Causes and consequences of individual differences in cognitive abilities'.  ...  Russell and the late I. Rowley for access to their life-history records, and for allowing us to continue work on their Guildford magpie population.  ...  Comparative studies testing these hypotheses have generated highly conflicting results; consequently, our understanding of the drivers of cognitive evolution remains limited.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2017.0288 pmid:30104433 pmcid:PMC6107571 fatcat:verubmldofelvonlprfchdx4qu

What can BDNF genotype tell us about our memory?

Breno S. Diniz
2017 Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria  
Effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor Val66Met polymorphism and serum levels on the progression of mild cognitive impairment.  ...  Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is part of the family of neurotrophic factors and is widely expressed in the human brain.  ...  Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is part of the family of neurotrophic factors and is widely expressed in the human brain.  ... 
doi:10.1590/1516-4446-2017-2320 pmid:28591269 pmcid:PMC7111447 fatcat:cnv76pcizfd45f3f6dbhurlgva

Two Languages in Mind

Judith F. Kroll, Susan C. Bobb, Noriko Hoshino
2014 Current Directions in Psychological Science  
The focus of recent research on bilingualism has been to understand the relations among these discoveries and their implications for language, cognition, and the brain across the life span.  ...  A series of discoveries in the past two decades has changed the way we think about bilingualism and its implications for language and cognition.  ...  Declaration of Conflicting Interests The authors declared that they had no conflicts of interest with respect to their authorship or the publication of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0963721414528511 pmid:25309055 pmcid:PMC4191972 fatcat:su7ysqlsn5gevorlztfbqxdw6e

Page 927 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 20, Issue 5 [page]

2008 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Response conflict arises when multiple re- ‘Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, The Netherlands, “Maastricht University, The Netherlands © 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology related distractors  ...  Brain Error—Monitoring Activity is Affected by Semantic Relatedness: An Event-related Brain Potentials Study Lesya Y. Ganushchak’ and Niels O. Schiller’?  ... 

The Moral Psychology of Conflicts of Interest: Insights from Affective Neuroscience

2007 Journal of Applied Philosophy  
I show that a recent neurocomputational model of how the brain integrates cognitive and affective information in decision making can help to answer some important descriptive and normative questions about  ...  What is the relation of conflicts of interest to other kinds of irrationality, especially self-deception and weakness of will?  ...  Weakness of will is a natural consequence of how our brains are organized to sometimes give priority to motivational rather than cognitive influences.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-5930.2007.00382.x fatcat:m67qb4g2qnes3m2wnxnpfyz2gi
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