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An Analysis of Students' Cognitive Bias in Experimental Activities Following a Lab Manual

Seong Un Kim, Il Ho Yang
2020 Education Sciences  
The purpose of this study is to develop a thinking process model that reveals cognitive bias through analyzing students' cognitive biases in processing experimental manuals.  ...  During the "making electromagnets" experimental activity, we collected students' concurrent verbal protocols, gaze positions, and experimental behaviors.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/educsci10030080 fatcat:l65bqsyc5ncerc5flf5mruxtvq

Animation as a dynamic visualization technique for improving process model comprehension

Banu Aysolmaz, Hajo A. Reijers
2021 Information & Management  
We built on the principles of the cognitive theory of multimedia learning, cognitive load theory, and cognitive dimensions framework to develop an adaptive animation solution.  ...  In this work, we focus on the use of dynamic visualization techniques, in particular animation, to help reduce users' cognitive load when making sense of process models.  ...  Our interpretations of the cognitive theory of multimedia learning [28] , cognitive load theory [29] , and cognitive dimensions framework [30] appear relevant to understanding the effects of animation  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.im.2021.103478 fatcat:sqbct7zqbrhsxcbkz5xzeacjpu

The Influence of Notational Deficiencies on Process Model Comprehension

Kathrin Figl, Jan Mendling, Mark Strembeck
2013 Journal of the AIS  
Our results indicate that notational deficiencies concerning perceptual discriminability and semiotic clarity have measurable effects on comprehension, cognitive load, and the time needed to understand  ...  In this paper, we investigate whether the basic symbol sets in visual process modeling languages influence comprehension and cognitive load of process models.  ...  may place extra cognitive load on the user.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00335 fatcat:4htnfjhogvfarllz5echaw3kca

The Structured Process Modeling Method (SPMM) what is the best way for me to construct a process model?

Jan Claes, Irene Vanderfeesten, Frederik Gailly, Paul Grefen, Geert Poels
2017 Decision Support Systems  
the end quality of the resulting process model (effectiveness of modeling).  ...  effect on process modeling, and (iii) that the users perceive the implementation as useful to improve their modeling efficacy.  ...  Having an instantaneous measure of cognitive load will allow for a more finegrained analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dss.2017.02.004 fatcat:vx3vunxvura6xe2ku57ar7vr4i

Comprehension of Procedural Visual Business Process Models

Kathrin Figl
2017 Business & Information Systems Engineering  
Acknowledgements Open access funding provided by Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU).  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://crea tivecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution  ...  s (2012) analysis of forty-two studies on the comprehension of conceptual models, recall of model content was measured only three times.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12599-016-0460-2 fatcat:6thw5y3pxbbulbxs6yoaqoujgy

Applying TSSL in database schema modeling: Visualizing the syntax of gradual transitions

Adi Katz
2018 Journal of Technology and Science Education  
The four-level TSSL model that is known in the area of human-computer interactions (HCI) is used to explain and demonstrate how instructional design can minimize extraneous cognitive load in the conceptual  ...  Since database conceptual modeling is a complex cognitive activity, finding an appropriate pedagogy to deliver the topic to novice database designers is a challenge for Information Systems (IS) educators  ...  Declaration of Conflicting Interests The author declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.  ... 
doi:10.3926/jotse.365 fatcat:c5k6dtmbhraurbjruedrcauifa

A study on the effects of routing symbol design on process model comprehension

Kathrin Figl, Jan Recker, Jan Mendling
2013 Decision Support Systems  
Our results inform important principles about notational design of process modeling grammars and the effective use of process modeling in practice.  ...  Process modeling grammars are used to create models of business processes. In this paper, we discuss how different routing symbol designs affect an individual's ability to comprehend process models.  ...  The results provide evidence that inefficient design of symbols may place extra extraneous cognitive load on end user.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dss.2012.10.037 fatcat:vcb2tl64a5f37k4itdexuc6iqi

An Empirical Review of the Connection Between Model Viewer Characteristics and the Comprehension of Conceptual Process Models

Jan Mendling, Jan Recker, Hajo A. Reijers, Henrik Leopold
2018 Information Systems Frontiers  
Understanding conceptual models of business domains is a key skill for practitioners tasked with systems analysis and design.  ...  We then design an empirical review of the influence of MVCS through a global, cross-sectional experimental study in which over 500 student and practitioner users were asked to answer comprehension questions  ...  He is member of the board of the Austrian Society for Process Management, co-founder of the Berlin BPM Community of Practice, and member of the IEEE Task Force on  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10796-017-9823-6 fatcat:tvvk3v6wkbfgdauiqbxthcgwu4

On the Cognitive Effectiveness of Routing Symbols in Process Modeling Languages [chapter]

Kathrin Figl, Jan Mendling, Mark Strembeck, Jan Recker
2010 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
Aspects of cognitive effectiveness are of importance for learning a modeling language, creating models, and understanding models.  ...  In this paper, we discuss differences of process modeling languages using cognitive effectiveness considerations, to make statements about the ease of use and quality of user experience.  ...  Therefore, a main goal in the design of process modeling languages is to reduce cognitive load for users to enable more effective problem solving.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-12814-1_20 fatcat:7no6civltjeyfpoqnkrm65dysa

The Effects of Construct Redundancy on Readers' Understanding of Conceptual Models

Palash Bera, Geert Poels
2017 Journal of Database Management  
This paper investigates the effect of construct redundancy on readers' understanding of conceptual models.  ...  different strengths, then the effect of the redundancy on the understanding of a model depends on the modeling knowledge of the reader.  ...  Sweller (1988) finds that redundancy effects are likely to be unnoticed when the intrinsic (i.e., complexity of the models) cognitive load is low.  ... 
doi:10.4018/jdm.2017070101 fatcat:6qbrtpn57nhcpodcbztk6oc6fy

The effects of visual metaphor and cognitive style for mental modeling in a hypermedia-based environment

Jiunde Lee
2007 Interacting with computers  
This study explores the effects of visual metaphors and cognitive styles on users' learning performances in terms of structural knowledge and feelings of disorientation.  ...  Studies suggest that metaphors can serve as effective tools to scaffold users' mental modeling processes.  ...  Yet, it may not always be easy for novice users to implement an abstract conceptual model.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.intcom.2007.05.005 fatcat:nbutuymowfbjvm723gmrqna5b4

Capturing the distinction between task and device errors in a formal model of user behaviour

Huayi Huang, Rimvydas Ruksenas, Maartje Ament, Paul Curzon, Anna Cox, Ann Blandford, Duncan Brumby
2011 Electronic Communications of the EASST  
In this paper, we describe a validation study of an existing generic model of user behaviour. The study is based on the data and conclusions from an independent prior experiment.  ...  We also discuss the potential use of formal models of user behaviour in both informing, and generating further hypotheses about the causes of human error.  ...  Acknowledgements This work is supported by the EPSRC grants on 'Extreme Reasoning' (EP/F02309X/1) and 'CHI+MED: Safer Medical Devices' (EP/G059063/1).  ... 
doi:10.14279/tuj.eceasst.45.656 dblp:journals/eceasst/HuangRACCBB11 fatcat:m7xl63lttvhdbcjn4vjlmxshuq

The Structured Process Modeling Theory (SPMT) a cognitive view on why and how modelers benefit from structuring the process of process modeling

Jan Claes, Irene Vanderfeesten, Frederik Gailly, Paul Grefen, Geert Poels
2015 Information Systems Frontiers  
Therefore, we developed an explanatory theory that describes the cognitive mechanisms that affect effectiveness and efficiency of process model construction: the Structured Process Modeling Theory (SPMT  ...  After observing various inexperienced modelers constructing a business process model based on the same textual case description, it was noted that great differences existed in the quality of the produced  ...  Acknowledgments We wish to express our gratitude to the developers of Cheetah Experimental Platform (CEP), to all the students and administrators involved in the observational modeling sessions, and to  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10796-015-9585-y fatcat:dvti6tckwbceld4twx2tvqh2ya

Cognition-Based Visualization of the Dynamics of Conceptual Models: The Vivid OPM Scene Player

Sergey Bolshchikov, Judith Somekh, Shay Mazor, Niva Wengrowicz, Mordechai Choder, Dov Dori
2015 Systems Engineering  
Modeling plays an increasingly important role in the lifecycle of systems. Complex dynamic systems are difficult to model, preventing users from deeply understanding their intricate behavior.  ...  development from its OPM conceptual model.  ...  EVALUATION OF VIVID OPM To assess the effect of adding Vivid OPM to an OPM conceptual model in terms of its contribution to better understanding of the OPM model, we designed and conducted a controlled  ... 
doi:10.1002/sys.21321 fatcat:uq62prou5zduzaor6o74o5dcfe

Process Model Comprehension: The Effects of Cognitive Abilities, Learning Style, and Strategy

Jan Recker, Hajo A. Reijers, Sander G. van de Wouw
2014 Communications of the Association for Information Systems  
Second, it adds to the existing literature on conceptual model comprehension (e.g., Agarwal et al., 1999; by offering an alternative, user-centric perspective on important antecedents to model comprehension  ...  Then, we conceptualize how comprehending a process model can be seen as an extended one-episode learning process.  ...  Selection ability has a positive effect on domain understanding, while abstraction ability shows a negative effect. These findings highlight an important cognitive aspect when viewing process models.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1cais.03409 fatcat:yufpzgfc6bfszmaf7nyczvix6m
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