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Developing sanitation planning options: A tool for systematic consideration of novel technologies and systems

Dorothee Spuhler, Verena Germann, Kinfe Kassa, Atekelt Abebe Ketema, Anjali Manandhar Sherpa, Mingma Gyalzen Sherpa, Max Maurer, Christoph Lüthi, Guenter Langergraber
2020 Journal of Environmental Management  
These options are often independent of sewers, water, and energy and therefore promise to be more appropriate for fast-growing urban areas.  ...  more empirical decision making; (iv) it enables decisions based on strategic objectives in line with the sustainable development goals; (v) it allows to prioritise appropriate and resource efficient systems  ...  The authors are also very grateful to the inhabitants of Thimi Municipality and Katarniya, Nepal, as well as Agnes Montangero from the Swiss Water and Sanitation Consortium, for field validation in Nepal  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111004 pmid:32778289 fatcat:ziupou4tfzduhce3myowhb6am4

Canola and Camelina as New Crop Options for Cool-Season Production in California

Nicholas George, Joy Hollingsworth, Wan-Ru Yang, Stephen Kaffka
2017 Crop science  
to maintain economic returns when water for irrigation is limited.  ...  Webb] in California (USDA NASS, 2015) , resulting in increasingly fixed demand for irrigation water for perennials, and correspondingly less irrigation water available for the production of annual warm-season  ...  providing support to the lead author during the project inception; Tim Scanlon for sourcing information regarding Australian canola production and economics; Wallace Cowling for providing an independent  ... 
doi:10.2135/cropsci2016.04.0208 fatcat:26i2g54lgbgm5lucatle4kgwgm

Conclusions and recommendations [chapter]

2016 Options for Decoupling Economic Growth from Water use and Water Pollution  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to acknowledge Ramdus Murali for his work in implementing the assumption-based truth maintenance used in SATURN, Steve Minnaar and KAre Christiansen for extensively  ...  A special thanks to Professor Chris Hendrickson, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh for providing valuable suggestions and comments.  ...  If this is the case, a "Design object problem" relates to the question of which design to select and to the question of which design methods and tools to apply for the selection of the required designs  ... 
doi:10.18356/f14680ec-en fatcat:sfznl7bzerbvdgoqqs5mzfnxka

Blackett Memorial Lecture: the nuclear option—human factors in safety

S J Cox
2007 Journal of the Operational Research Society  
One of the objectives of this project was to pro- duce an overview of the most important challenges to NPP management across these five countries and to highlight similarities and differences based on  ...  We can identify three cases: Case 1: S\ = (02, 63, 05, G5, 67} 1S a Subset of optimal no- wait sequences that cannot produce optimal blocking solution.  ... 
doi:10.1057/palgrave.jors.2602329 fatcat:tmoxxipgivbanjg74b2ksjhydi

Policy Options for Reducing Water for Agriculture in Saudi Arabia [chapter]

Christopher Napoli, Ben Wise, David Wogan, Lama Yaseen
2018 Water Resources Development and Management  
It lays out the different options available and offers suggestions for how to maximize water reductions at the lowest social cost.  ...  Roughly 87 percent of these water extractions are used for agriculture, and so any policy to improve the sustainability of water resources cannot ignore this agriculture dimension.  ...  Policy Scenarios We designed a set of scenarios to analyze the tradeoffs in water consumption for different production portfolios.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-10-6695-5_12 fatcat:v5n6lljeuvfx7fwdselv7vcxnu

D4.4: New instruments' design and implementation options

Davide Viaggi, Yaprak Kurtsal, Giacomo Rinaldi, Federica Savini
2022 Zenodo  
Training policy within Task 4.1, and strategies for the improvement of current policies within Task 4.2) and use them to propose new instruments design and implementation options for policy-makers that  ...  Conducted mainly through a desk-based activity, this report aims to bring together all findings obtained in the previous Tasks of the Work Package 4 of the NextFOOD Project (i.e. gaps in Education and  ...  Methodology adopted for new instrument design and implementation options The methodology of Task 4.3 has mainly relied on a desk-based activity, in order to propose new instruments design and implementation  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6675495 fatcat:tckm2g7mmnbqln3u63ul6uj34a

A bricolage-style exploratory scenario analysis to manage uncertainty in socio-environmental systems modeling: investigating integrated water management options

Baihua Fu, Joseph H.A. Guillaume, Anthony J. Jakeman, Michael J. Asher
2020 Socio-Environmental Systems Modelling  
Synthesis is achieved by identifying context-specific solutions to consider as part of policy design.  ...  The analysis includes identifying patterns within a scenario ensemble, by visualizing initial hypotheses that are informed by prior knowledge, as well as by visualizing new hypotheses based on identified  ...  Joseph Guillaume was supported by the Academy of Finland WASCO water scarcity atlas project (grant number 305471). We would like to thank Dr.  ... 
doi:10.18174/sesmo.2020a16227 fatcat:pncsvlizvzcwzkzz62s7hb2wdm

LCA Options for Sustainable Governance Assessed

Klaus Jacob, Henrik Vagt, Frieder Rubik, Gjalt Huppes, Thomas Ekvall
2012 Social Science Research Network  
This means that typical LCA models cannot be used for identifying optimal reuse and recycling rates. • Many LCAs use average data to model the systems indirectly affected by the actual system under study  ...  Spillemackers (2007) , however, also raises objections against the applicability of environmental LCA to social LCA.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2023111 fatcat:eihq2yut7zdfdasa5x4avt4n74

Identification and evaluation of cost optimal technology options for improvement of electricity access in rural Kenya

Tabitha N. Karanja
2019 Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems  
The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate cost optimal technology options for improvement of electricity access in rural Kenya, on a geographical information system platform.  ...  for governments that must optimize the limited resources that they have: making it more complex than urban electrification [12] .  ...  CONCLUSIONS The main objective of the thesis research was to identify which electrification options would be cost optimal to improve electricity access in the rural areas of Kenya.  ... 
doi:10.13044/j.sdewes.d7.0276 fatcat:jy7uywf4xrgz5o4mld6bacml3q

Towards an Innovative Olive Oil Value Chain: Options for Inclusive Development in South-Eastern Tunisia

Mondher FETOUI, Boubaker DHEHIBI, Aymen FRIJA, Abderrahman SGHAIER, Shinan N KASSAM, Aden AW-HASSAN, Mohamed Arbi ABDELADHIM, Mongi SGHAIER
2020 New Medit  
Based on semi structured interviews and participatory multi-stakeholders' workshops, OVC has been analysed and described.  ...  The objective of this paper is to analyse the olive oil value chain (OVC) in the Governorate of Medenine (south-east of Tunisia) and the relationships between its main operators for an effective involvement  ...  Authors would like to acknowledge ICARDA, IRA and all local and regional partners for their valuable collaboration.  ... 
doi:10.30682/nm2003a fatcat:iinpwryohbdtlfcmtz2hgyukmq

Eighty-six EU policy options for reducing imported deforestation

Simon L. Bager, U. Martin Persson, Tiago N.P. dos Reis
2021 One Earth  
Graphical Abstract Highlights d From 1,141 proposals, we identify 86 EU policy options for reducing deforestation d We assess the political feasibility to identify policy barriers d Many policy options  ...  lack a proven theory of change for reducing deforestation d We identify a trade-off between political feasibility and potential policy impact  ...  This idea articulates a need to deepen the deforestation policy debate to enable informed discussions on how to design optimal policies.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.oneear.2021.01.011 fatcat:vs7dedtjqzdgfjd77sce5ry4b4

Exploring Options for Public Green Space Development: Research by Design and GIS-Based Scenario Modelling

Philip Stessens, Frank Canters, Ahmed Z. Khan
2021 Sustainability  
Therefore, an accurate evaluation of public green space provision is crucial for administrations to achieve decent urban environmental quality for all.  ...  For Brussels, a detailed analysis of potential interventions allows for classification according to relative investment scales. This resulted in three scenarios of increasing ambition.  ...  Objectives The main objective of this paper is to present a GIS-based method for developing and analysing scenarios with a focus on environmental justice.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13158213 fatcat:n72d5stmfvb4jd5ewmesxlqkr4

Many-objective optimization and visual analytics reveal key trade-offs for London's water supply

Evgenii S. Matrosov, Ivana Huskova, Joseph R. Kasprzyk, Julien J. Harou, Chris Lambert, Patrick M. Reed
2015 Journal of Hydrology  
Keywords: Trade-off analysis and visualization Multi-criteria decision-making Water resources planning Infrastructure system design Evolutionary multi-objective optimization s u m m a r y In this study  ...  , we link a water resource management simulator to multi-objective search to reveal the key trade-offs inherent in planning a real-world water resource system.  ...  Acknowledgements Evgenii Matrosov and Julien Harou were supported by the ARCC-Water project funded by the UK EPSRC (EP/G060460/1).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.11.003 fatcat:zzi7k745crazlikkm7ye3dopza

Options for sustainable earthquake-resistant design of concrete and steel buildings

Amador Teran Gilmore
2012 Earthquakes and structures  
For refurbishment, instead, the diversity of the building typologies requires an innovation process where refurbishment design, technology options and construction systems are more challenging (E2B, 2012  ...  Scope of the present publication is to identify possible research needs for the assessment of the technology options for earthquake resistant, eco-efficient buildings.  ... 
doi:10.12989/eas.2012.3.6.783 fatcat:mlvvsbty2za7bdhp5qx67zwtsy

Water Quality Sensor Placement: A Multi-Objective and Multi-Criteria Approach

Bruno Brentan, Silvia Carpitella, Daniel Barros, Gustavo Meirelles, Antonella Certa, Joaquín Izquierdo
2021 Water resources management  
However, good monitoring needs optimal sensor placement and presents a multi-objective problem where cost and quality are conflicting objectives (among others  ...  To satisfy their main goal, namely providing quality water to consumers, water distribution networks (WDNs) need to be suitably monitored.  ...  Various multi-objective problems have been designed to handle the global goal of a network of sensors.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11269-020-02720-3 fatcat:uvnyteusuffmhfggh2dkurby2a
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