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Internet of Things (IoT) and New Computing Paradigms [article]

Chii Chang, Satish Narayana Srirama, Rajkumar Buyya
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The chapter presents foundations of computing paradigms for realizing emerging IoT applications, especially fog and edge computing, their background, characteristics, architectures and open challenges.  ...  Mist computing was an alternative term for fog in the earlier stages. However, recent works have described mist as a subset of fog.  ...  Fog and Edge Computing Completing the Cloud FEC provides a complement to the cloud in IoT by filling the gap between cloud and things towards providing service continuum [3] .  ... 
arXiv:1812.00591v1 fatcat:yrsidqd3h5f37ode5qbwrddkbi

Architecting and Deploying IoT Smart Applications: A Performance–Oriented Approach

Ivan Zyrianoff, Alexandre Heideker, Dener Silva, João Kleinschmidt, Juha-Pekka Soininen, Tullio Salmon Cinotti, Carlos Kamienski
2019 Sensors  
These are inherently distributed, spanning from devices installed in the field up to a cloud datacenter and further to a user smartphone, passing by intermediary stages at different levels of fog computing  ...  In this paper, we propose a 5-layer IoT Architecture and a 5-stage IoT Computing Continuum, as well as provide insights on the mapping of software components of the former into physical locations of the  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20010084 pmid:31877812 pmcid:PMC6983202 fatcat:xzsinicn6fgknahwvv6yzzu2uy

Advancing IoT-Based Smart Irrigation

Rodrigo Togneri, Carlos Kamienski, Ramide Dantas, Ronaldo Prati, Attilio Toscano, Juha-Pekka Soininen, Tullio Salmon Conic
2019 IEEE Internet of Things Magazine  
Figure 1 presents a simpler version of the deployment of the IoT-ML platform where locations are thing, mist, cloud, and terminal (i.e., no fog is used).  ...  The five instances might not necessarily be present in all scenarios. Rather, depending on farm characteristics, requirements, and constraints, fog or cloud may not be present.  ...  FootnoteS 1 SWAMP ( is a European Union and Brazil research partnership that holds a pilot project to explore alternatives for implementing IoT into different types of environments  ... 
doi:10.1109/iotm.0001.1900046 fatcat:zcgipcrxbvczxdfnpve4tkprj4

Fog Computing on Constrained Devices: Paving the Way for the Future IoT [article]

Flavia Pisani, Fabiola M. C. de Oliveira, Eduardo S. Gama, Roger Immich, Luiz F. Bittencourt, Edson Borin
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In the long term, the Internet of Things (IoT) is expected to become an integral part of people's daily lives.  ...  After that, we tie in these topics with a discussion of what can be expected in a future where constrained devices and fog computing are used to push the IoT to new limits.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors would like to thank CAPES and CNPq for the financial support.  ... 
arXiv:2002.05300v1 fatcat:ls7oppgcx5em3all3lfxymaofu

Adaptive Edge Process Migration for IoT in Heterogeneous Cloud-Fog-Edge Computing Environment [article]

Chii Chang and Amnir Hadachi and Satish Srirama
2018 arXiv   pre-print
or the IoT devices themselves.  ...  The latency issue of the cloud-centric IoT management system has motivated Fog and Edge Computing (FEC) architecture, which distributes the tasks from the cloud to the edge resources such as routers, switches  ...  Acknowledgement The work is supported by the Estonian Centre of Excellence in IT (EXCITE), funded by the European Regional Development Fund.  ... 
arXiv:1811.10939v1 fatcat:yzd7kssnyzf3xfc2ao42nhwuh4

Evaluation and Quality Assurance of Fog Computing-Based IoT for Health Monitoring System

null QingQingChang, Iftikhar Ahmad, Xiaoqun Liao, Shah Nazir
2021 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
The ideas of fog computing based on IoT in healthcare frameworks are exploited by shaping the disseminated delegate layer of insight between sensor hubs and the cloud.  ...  An overview of e-health monitoring system in the context of testing and quality assurance of fog computing is presented in this paper.  ...  The test results showed promising results in limiting emphasis on IoT cloud research or doorway.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/5599907 doaj:b4fad95df31144879bf809d45a68fe54 fatcat:jvdhk6obafcahkzriquoytfihq

Supporting Audio Privacy-aware Services in Emerging IoT Environment

Naushin Nower, Institute of Information Technology, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
2021 International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies  
In this paper, a new architecture for providing audio transparency and privacy in the IoT-rich environment is proposed.  ...  The same is true for data flow also as data flow is protected within a trusted fog node, which resides in a local gateway.  ...  Moreover, the module is implemented in the fog node which also ensures sensitive data protection from the outer network.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijwmt.2021.03.04 fatcat:ijyge5omufgifealc4g3uxn26m

Clinical laboratory From Automation to the Internet of Things (IoT)

2021 Advances in Bioengineering and Biomedical Science Research  
Internet of things (IoT), is a network of physical objects, vehicles, machines, appliances, etc. that uses sensors and APIs to connect and exchange data over the internet.  ...  Cloud-based IoT platforms and architecture connect the real and virtual worlds.  ...  In general, an IoT environment is divided into three different layers or environments, which are cloud (cloud), fog (fog) and edge (edge), as we observe collected and summarized in figure 3.  ... 
doi:10.33140/abbsr.04.02.03 fatcat:qvgpsyaqsjdkpn46o6lsu6bzs4

Self-adaptive architectures in IoT systems: a systematic literature review

Iván Alfonso, Kelly Garcés, Harold Castro, Jordi Cabot
2021 Journal of Internet Services and Applications  
These changes (e.g. variations in bandwidth consumption or new devices joining/leaving) may impact the Quality of Service (QoS) of the IoT system.  ...  AbstractOver the past few years, the relevance of the Internet of Things (IoT) has grown significantly and is now a key component of many industrial processes and even a transparent participant in various  ...  In particular, response latency is lower for tasks that can be executed in the edge/fog layer rather than in the cloud layer.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13174-021-00145-8 fatcat:3tbv4ygns5bwhlnnd4vhaxqo4m

Analysis of factors affecting IoT-based smart hospital design

Banu Çalış Uslu, Ertuğ Okay, Erkan Dursun
2020 Journal of Cloud Computing: Advances, Systems and Applications  
In order to do that, the required technical infrastructure is divided into five layers and the system infrastructure, constraints, and methods needed in each layer are specified, which also includes the  ...  This study points out the optimization factors, challenges, available technologies, and opportunities, as well as the system architecture that come about by employing IoT technology in smart hospital environments  ...  All the authors have collaborated in conception, research and design, and approved the final manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13677-020-00215-5 pmid:33532168 pmcid:PMC7689393 fatcat:e64yxyxgvbdjdjxrk45q4pf7ia

The Treatment of Sleep Apnea and Monitoring Using Iot

Jeya Sharon J, Jhansi Mary K, Jasmine Reshmya S.G., Maria Rasitha S, Birnel Hersy J
2019 International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation  
In the mist, an edge hub (Smart IoT Door) gives IoT association and interoperability and pre-handling IoT information to distinguish occasions progressively that may imperil the older's wellbeing and to  ...  In the cloud, a Generic Empowering Influence Context Broker oversees, stores and infuses information into the enormous information analyzer for further handling and investigating.  ...  In view of that, fog computing extends cloud computing by providing resources on devices at the edge network overcoming delay limitations.  ... 
doi:10.34256/irjmtcon13 fatcat:d226tkl54vcvxkfi6pkvjjgffe

An SDN-Enabled Resource Orchestration for Industrial IoT in Collaborative Edge-Cloud Networks

Jude Okwuibe, Juuso Haavisto, Ivana Kovacevic, Erkki Harjula, Ijaz Ahmad, Johirul Islam, Mika Ylianttila
2021 IEEE Access  
The work of Ijaz Ahmad was also supported by the Jorma Ollila Grant.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This research work was supported by Academy of Finland, under the projects: 6G Flagship and DigiHealth Projects (grants 318927, 326291) and by the AI Enhanced Mobile Edge Computing project  ...  The emergence of edge computing together with other technologies like cloudlets, fog, and mist computing come as natural collaborators for the cloud.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3105944 fatcat:fvysjtp54rdr7mzffmutqkxpcq

Raising Curiosity about Open Data via the 'Physiradio' Musicalization IoT Device

Andrea Trentini, Simone Scaravati
2020 Data Science Journal  
Here the challenge is to raise interest, curiosity and the need for knowledge in the average person.  ...  But data analysis is not for the masses and non-experts may not even know the existence of open data.  ...  , dust (dangerous weather) Dark green 6 Sad, depressed lo fi Rain, clouds, fog, mist, drizzle and high humidity (*) Dark blue 7 Xmas is coming Christmas songs Snow White channel it  ... 
doi:10.5334/dsj-2020-039 fatcat:tol5wu6jjbdknlmo533seu4qgm

Autonomic Fog Computing: Towards Sustainable and Reliable Integration of Cloud & Internet of Things

Followed by this, we discussed fog computing which supports the integration of cloud and IoT, further the issues related to fog has been explored.  ...  Fog computing is seem to be an effective solution for managing huge volume of data which is mainly security critical and time sensitive produced by IoT devices or sensors.  ...  FOG COMPUTING Fog computing is the technology which strengthens the integration of cloud and IoT.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijitee.i1157.0789s19 fatcat:rfrnvef3znb6tbpf2ehtpzdfnq

Fog Based Three-Layer Architecture for Privacy Preserving

2020 International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology  
Privacy to the users data is main issue in the present cloud computing.  ...  Fog computing acts as mediator between hardware and remote servers or cloud servers. Cloud computing still has the lot of vulnerabilities.  ...  Haze is a sort of cloud that contacts the ground. Mist structures when the air close to the ground cools enough to transform its water fume into fluid water or ice.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijeat.e1010.069520 fatcat:zx6gtjkoavaqtezj4ng7wy5iay
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