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Classification Transfer for Qualitative Reasoning Problems

Manuel Bodirsky, Peter Jonsson, Barnaby Martin, Antoine Mottet
2018 Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
We study formalisms for temporal and spatial reasoning in the modern context of Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs).  ...  We then generalise our results for the Rectangle Algebra to the r-dimensional Block Algebra.  ...  The central computational problem, designated the fundamental task of Qualitative Spatial and Temporal Reasoning in [Renz and Nebel, 2007] , has to do with the consistency of some partial information  ... 
doi:10.24963/ijcai.2018/175 dblp:conf/ijcai/BodirskyJMM18 fatcat:ixkuskf4vnbmbae3hupw5uad6u

Classification transfer for qualitative reasoning problems [article]

Barnaby Martin, Peter Jonsson, Manuel Bodirsky, Antoine Mottet
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We study formalisms for temporal and spatial reasoning in the modern context of Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs).  ...  We then generalise our results for the Rectangle Algebra to the r-dimensional Block Algebra.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to our IJCAI reviewers for corrections to the first draft of the paper.  ... 
arXiv:1805.02038v1 fatcat:2kgfgwnuwzgb7pj7dlanmh6amu

The Case for Case-Based Transfer Learning

Matthew Klenk, David W. Aha, Matt Molineaux
2011 The AI Magazine  
We illustrate how CBR and transfer learning interact and characterize three approaches for using CBR in transfer learning: (1) as a transfer learning method, (2) for problem learning, and (3) to transfer  ...  Case-based reasoning (CBR) is a problem-solving process in which a new problem is solved by retrieving a similar situation and reusing its solution.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their helpful comments. Matthew Klenk is supported by an NRC Postdoctoral Fellowship. Notes  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v32i1.2331 fatcat:hcxcepesrzdtdgmejriazlprt4

Automatic Classification of Rhetorical Roles for Sentences: Comparing Rule-Based Scripts with Machine Learning

Vern R. Walker, Krishnan Pillaipakkamnatt, Alexandra M. Davidson, Marysa Linares, Domenick J. Pesce
2019 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law  
(including semantic viewers, semantic search, decision summarizers, argument recommenders, and reasoning monitors).  ...  use cases, and whether semantic attribution theory provides a general methodology for developing such classifiers.  ...  Deane School of Law for its support for the Research Laboratory for Law, Logic and Technology.  ... 
dblp:conf/icail/WalkerPDLP19 fatcat:jkbkoj4zf5hddcaibqvc7obhdi

Event Tree as a Classification Model

Jelena Djurovic
2015 Science Research  
In this paper event tree model as qualitative support method was used. This is applied to fault tree analysis. Transfer and transformation facts and rules for problem solving were described.  ...  Method for knowledge extraction was presented. Mechanism of decision making and conclusions was implemented. Faults detection and classification were examined.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors wish to express their gratitude to the Fund of Serbia for financial support.  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.sr.20150303.12 fatcat:ro6bczge65bwfkpo7wsdinmhnq

Explainable AI: The New 42? [chapter]

Randy Goebel, Ajay Chander, Katharina Holzinger, Freddy Lecue, Zeynep Akata, Simone Stumpf, Peter Kieseberg, Andreas Holzinger
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Acknowledgements The authors thanks their colleagues from local and international institutions for their valuable feedback, remarks and critics on this introduction to the MAKE-Explainable-AI workshop.  ...  Right: VQA-X qualitative results: For each image the PJ-X model provides an answer and a justification, and points to the evidence for that justification.  ...  Fig. 4 . 4 Left: ACT-X qualitative results: For each image the PJ-X model provides an answer and a justification, and points to the evidence for that justification.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-99740-7_21 fatcat:v45udryxvngcfjpvj6s67ekdcq

Wine Quality Assessment Under The Eindhoven Classification Method

Ana Pereira, Ana Crespo, Ana Fernandes, Ines Aranha, Margarida Figueiredo, Jorge Ribeiro, Humberto Chaves, Jose Neves, Henrique Vicente
2019 ECMS 2019 Proceedings edited by Mauro Iacono, Francesco Palmieri, Marco Gribaudo, Massimo Ficco  
The identification, classification and recording of events leading to deterioration of wine quality is essential for developing appropriate strategies to avoid them.  ...  Logic Programming (LP) was used for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KRR) in order to model the universe of discourse, even in the presence of incomplete data, information or knowledge.  ...  ., it is given in the form of energy transfer operations as it will be shown below), therefore allowing for the handling of qualitative and quantitative data or knowledge, being it either incomplete, selfcontradictory  ... 
doi:10.7148/2019-0158 dblp:conf/ecms/PereiraCFAFRC0V19 fatcat:bogen23wmjchnewz3oedsksgxa

Encapsulating the Impact of Transfer Learning, Domain Knowledge and Training Strategies in Deep-Learning Based Architecture: A Biometric Based Case Study

Avantika Singh, Aditya Nigam
2018 2018 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW)  
In this paper, efforts have been made to analyze the impact of training strategies, transfer learning and domain knowledge on two biometric-based problems namely: three class oculus classification and  ...  For analyzing these problems we have considered deep-learning based architecture and evaluated our results on benchmark contact-lens datasets like IIIT-D, ND, IIT-K (our model is publicly available) and  ...  in real-world scenarios for large datasets and that too at a reasonable cost.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cvprw.2018.00242 dblp:conf/cvpr/SinghN18 fatcat:qb4272snanfkbewfp4cwdcknq4

CCS-GAN: COVID-19 CT-scan classification with very few positive training images [article]

Sumeet Menon, Jayalakshmi Mangalagiri, Josh Galita, Michael Morris, Babak Saboury, Yaacov Yesha, Yelena Yesha, Phuong Nguyen, Aryya Gangopadhyay, David Chapman
2021 arXiv   pre-print
CCS-GAN combines style transfer with pulmonary segmentation and relevant transfer learning from negative images in order to create a larger volume of synthetic positive images for the purposes of improving  ...  diagnostic classification performance.  ...  By comparison, the CCS-GAN is able to produce qualitatively reasonable results showing pulmonary features.  ... 
arXiv:2110.01605v1 fatcat:254jjytfzjb4jd5p7oydvp6ivi

Scrutiny of Critical Thinking Concept

Ali Mohammad Siahi Atabaki, Narges Keshtiaray, Mohammad H. Yarmohammadian
2015 International Education Studies  
It is used to describe the sample that includes information based on the qualitative research goals.  ...  While philosophers emphasis on the nature and quality of critical thinking, psychologists focus on cognitive process and components used to investigate the practical problems.  ...  Limitations and Recommendations for Future Research Low speed of internet, lack of adequate access to scientific cites and lack of a suitable and powerful software for analyzing the qualitative data were  ... 
doi:10.5539/ies.v8n3p93 fatcat:w7ooudxqcff5ddebvvuhm4l3yi

Towards a Semi-automatic Semantic Approach for Satellite Image Analysis

Cecilia di Sciascio, Cecilia Zanni-Merk, Cédric Wemmert, Stella Marc-Zwecker, François de Bertrand de Beuvron
2013 Procedia Computer Science  
Nevertheless, the reason why they are highly appropriate for knowledge-based systems is their ability to learn, i.e. to incorporate new statements derived from experience.  ...  We highlight here the propositions that seem pertinent to tackle the semantic gap problem. Puissant et al. [4] made use of data mining processes for multi-level interpretation of multi-source images.  ...  There exist three types of rules: • rules for addressing the symbol anchoring problem, explained in section 3.2.1, • rules for qualitative spatial reasoning, detailed in section 3.2.2, • rules to express  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2013.11.057 fatcat:qdsru5dhlvem3dktyiwgr4bgau

Page 425 of Contemporary Psychology Vol. 13, Issue 8 [page]

1968 Contemporary Psychology  
Each of the four contribu- tors came to the campus for a three-day period during which he delivered his lecture on problems of classification.  ...  He holds that “diagnoses cur- rently in use are more a nomenclature than a system of classification” and doubts that “we will ever be able to develop a natural system of classifica- tion based upon a qualitatively  ... 

Analogy and Relational Representations in the Companion Cognitive Architecture

Kenneth D. Forbus, Thomas Hinrich
2017 The AI Magazine  
We also discuss three lessons learned and highlight three important open problems for cognitive systems research more broadly.  ...  Our two central hypotheses about how to achieve this are (1) analogical reasoning and learning are central to cognition, and (2) qualitative representations provide a level of description that facilitates  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the Office of Naval Research, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the National Science Foundation, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency for their support  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v38i4.2743 fatcat:ex3vwybbjvg6xcg4ktdjkg646i

CPMetric: Deep Siamese Networks for Learning Distances Between Structured Preferences [article]

Andrea Loreggia, Nicholas Mattei, Francesca Rossi, K. Brent Venable
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Representing, learning, and reasoning with preferences is an important area of study both within computer science and across the sciences.  ...  We present CPDist, a novel neural network to address the problem of learning to measure the distance between structured preference representations.  ...  problem.  ... 
arXiv:1809.08350v2 fatcat:x56zamb2yrhdfhuqeik3uz2e7y

A Qualitative Analysis of Shell Nouns Used by University Students from China and Sweden

Yishan Gao, Yi Zhang
2017 International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics  
Based on language transfer theory, this study tries to explain the differences in shell nouns used by Chinese and Swedish university students from the perspective of linguistics and culture.  ...  We hope that the results of this study could provide useful insights for the teaching and learning of shell nouns.  ...  This work was supported by the Seed Foundation of Innovation and Creation for Graduate Students in Northwestern Polytechnical University (No. Z2017062).  ... 
doi:10.18178/ijlll.2017.3.3.126 fatcat:uzxleqefmze6rnhw67ntqljv4m
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