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Neural Skill Transfer from Supervised Language Tasks to Reading Comprehension [article]

Todor Mihaylov, Zornitsa Kozareva, Anette Frank
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Reading comprehension is a challenging task in natural language processing and requires a set of skills to be solved.  ...  We conduct an empirical evaluation and show that transferring language skill knowledge leads to significant improvements for the task with much fewer steps compared to the baseline model.  ...  The task is to classify a given question according to the type of the answer phrase.  ... 
arXiv:1711.03754v1 fatcat:xxyv2rtjgfdvrltewuowyydfby

Machine Learning Overview [chapter]

Taiwo Oladipupo
2010 New Advances in Machine Learning  
It more difficult yet to programme a computer to perform a complex task than to instruct a person to perform the task; as programming requires explicit specification of all prerequisite details, whereas  ...  a person receiving instruction can use prior knowledge and common sense to fill in most mundane details.  Knowledge Representation: This is a form of skill acquire by the learner on the basis of the  ... 
doi:10.5772/9374 fatcat:kgaqgx26lfeztl534hwjygl2yq

Representing organizational competencies

Artur Caetano, João Pombinho, José Tribolet
2007 Proceedings of the 2007 ACM symposium on Applied computing - SAC '07  
This requires a consistent representation of the services required by the organization's processes and those provided by its actors.  ...  These structures can then be used dynamically within a marketplace-based model, supporting the management of actors and activities according to the supply and demand of competencies.  ...  For instance, the meaning of the competency "programming" can change according to the perspective. One definition could be the knowledge of a given programming language.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1244002.1244273 dblp:conf/sac/CaetanoPT07 fatcat:ujnevsplfjewrpglmbr7b4xffi

Machine Learning Overview [chapter]

2017 The Data Science Handbook  
It more difficult yet to programme a computer to perform a complex task than to instruct a person to perform the task; as programming requires explicit specification of all prerequisite details, whereas  ...  a person receiving instruction can use prior knowledge and common sense to fill in most mundane details.  Knowledge Representation: This is a form of skill acquire by the learner on the basis of the  ...  The definition of learning is broad enough to include most tasks that we commonly call "learning" tasks, as we use the word in daily life.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781119092919.ch6 fatcat:hwlsk66gmrdvhoion4mdtfz66q

Teaching and learning of robot tasks via observation of human performance

Rüdiger Dillmann
2004 Robotics and Autonomous Systems  
The main focus is then layed on the knowledge representation in order to be able to abstract the problem solution strategies and to transfer them onto the robot system.  ...  Within this paper, an approach for teaching a humanoid robot is presented that will enable the robot to learn typical tasks required in everyday household environments.  ...  In order to Build a vast task knowledge base, a flexible and extendable representation is needed, which allows the integration of new knowledge, reuse and combination of learned parts and representation  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.robot.2004.03.005 fatcat:vi6tulm465dkxbumuesrexzmnq

Visualisation Techniques for Learning and Teaching Programming

Lynne P. Baldwin, Jasna Kuljis
2000 Journal of Computing and Information Technology  
This paper describes the programming knowledge and skills that learners need to develop, and concludes that this is an area of computer science education where those involved in the teaching of programming  ...  need to further consider the nature, structure and function of domainspecific knowledge.  ...  The knowledge and skills required in order to become a successful programmer are the subject of much debate.  ... 
doi:10.2498/cit.2000.04.03 fatcat:tjorxe3pe5bkhiogwzz2rdrn7i

A cognitive tool for classification learning

Tom Conlon
2001 International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning  
This paper describes InterModeller, a computer program intended to assist children in primary and secondary schools to learn concepts and skills associated with classification.  ...  The design of the program consolidates and extends previous work by including support for multiple forms of representation, provision for automatic transformation between representational forms, and the  ...  It was concluded that other, more accessible forms of representation should be adopted that are more specific to the requirements of classification [12] .  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijceell.2001.000393 fatcat:afomrbuucngolhkufjjhj3azw4

Occupational profiling driven by online job advertisements: Taking the data analysis and processing engineering technicians as an example

Lina Cao, Jian Zhang, Xinquan Ge, Jindong Chen, Thippa Reddy Gadekallu
2021 PLoS ONE  
First, according to the description of occupation in the Chinese Occupation Classification Grand Dictionary, a text similarity algorithm was used to preliminarily choose recruitment data with high similarity  ...  Third, the specialty and skill were taken as named entities that were automatically extracted by the named entity recognition technology.  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to all the text annotators who promote the experiments go through. PLOS ONE Occupational profiling driven by online job advertisements Methodology: Lina Cao.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0253308 pmid:34157028 pmcid:PMC8219172 fatcat:c27untq5cvc6xnxqnprufkvmme

A Preliminary Study of Knowledge Transfer in Multi-Classification Using Gene Expression Programming

Tingyang Wei, Jinghui Zhong
2020 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Whereas, GEP cannot be extended to multi-classification directly, and thus is only capable of treating an M-classification task as M separate binary classifications without considering the inter-relationship  ...  Therefore, several knowledge transfer strategies are implemented to enable the interation among the population of each separate binary task.  ...  However, in this paper, the problem representation for each binary classification problem does not require redesign, and we tend to select the archive randomly to assist the target task.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2019.01396 pmid:32009880 pmcid:PMC6978847 fatcat:26yir7dgsffzfo4idbcqr5wa2e

Knowledge Base Representation for Humanoid Robot Skills

Daniel Hernández García, Concepción A. Monje, Carlos Balaguer
2014 IFAC Proceedings Volumes  
In this work a knowledge base representation of the robot skills knowledge organized in terms of the relationships between objects, actions and event frames is proposed.  ...  everyday tasks.  ...  The aim is to build knowledge base with the knowledge of learned skills allowing for its storage, classification and retrieval, for a humanoid robotic systems to be able to access its acquired knowledge  ... 
doi:10.3182/20140824-6-za-1003.02229 fatcat:2f37skxezbfo7flknxsm4gmctm

Representation Edit Distance as a Measure of Novelty [article]

Joshua Alspector
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we propose that the amount of editing of an effective representation (the Representation Edit Distance or RED) used in a set of skill programs in an agent's mental model is a measure of  ...  The RED is an intuitive approximation to the change in information content in bit strings measured by comparing pre-novelty and post-novelty skill programs.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the Science of Artificial Intelligence and Learning for Open-world Novelty (SAIL-ON) program of the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.  ... 
arXiv:2111.02770v1 fatcat:4vdwwy3gdja7xdca7aphnpseta

An Investigation Into The Relationship Between The Level Of Cognitive Maturity And The Types Of Errors Made By Students In A Computer Programming Course

S. Ranjeeth, Ramu Naidoo
2011 College Teaching Methods & Styles Journal (CTMS)  
However, statistical analysis of students performances in programming related assessments tasks reveals that the mastery of computer programming skills is not easily acquired.  ...  The study encompasses a hybrid model consisting of a semi-structured interview and an error analysis of student responses in a programming examination.  ...  Although these recommendations have been ventured on the basis of a pilot study and a subset of the Piaget Logical Tests, it is suggested that such a study be replicated on a larger scale with a more comprehensive  ... 
doi:10.19030/ctms.v3i2.5279 fatcat:2lnmhqafcnbezfzg4vmxoojsiq

The Role of Notation and Knowledge Representation in the Determination of Programming Strategy: A Framework for Integrating Models of Programming Behavior

Simon P. Davies
1991 Cognitive Science  
According to Green et al., strategy is also affected by 564 DAVIES the user's knowledge of how to perform external tasks, by their knowledge representation.  ...  The intention of this framework is to show how programming strategies change with changes.in knowledge representation and to highlight the effects of the notational features of the task language on the  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog1504_3 fatcat:cqaqikxa75eptfuahxd5upspom

Towards a taxonomy of errors in PLC programming

Kerstin C. Duschl, Denise Gramß, Martin Obermeier, Birgit Vogel-Heuser
2014 Cognition, Technology & Work  
Results indicate that most of the errors in the subjects' code are due to insufficient understanding of the notation's syntax, problems with the rules of encapsulation, the creation of modules and finally  ...  A laboratory-based study with 52 mechatronics apprentices and electrical engineering technicians with knowhow in manufacturing system design but comparably undeveloped programming skills has been conducted  ...  The classification as rule based also reflects that those kinds of tasks need more practice and experience to develop and apply rule knowledge as required for successful task performance.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10111-014-0307-x fatcat:4jsqntjaenh3volynitruuwi4m

The role of notation and knowledge representation in the determination of programming strategy: A framework for integrating models of programming behavior

S DAVIES
1991 Cognitive Science  
According to Green et al., strategy is also affected by 564 DAVIES the user's knowledge of how to perform external tasks, by their knowledge representation.  ...  The intention of this framework is to show how programming strategies change with changes.in knowledge representation and to highlight the effects of the notational features of the task language on the  ... 
doi:10.1016/0364-0213(91)80018-z fatcat:v7fa3ejcdbfuncmw2swmvdcjca
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