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Classification in a social world: bias and trust

Jens‐Erik Mai
2010 Journal of Documentation  
explores issues of bias and trust in classification in his article "Classification in a social world: bias and trust."  ...  The removal of a classification system from its context reveals the "arbitrary and conjectural nature," (Mai, p.628) and the bias of the creator.  ...  (Mai, 2010, p.635) Mai asks, considering today's social world, how will users question the cognitive authority of a classification system?  ... 
doi:10.1108/00220411011066763 fatcat:6osglvnno5cbrapeot3sze5mqu

Trust and Regulation: Addressing a Cultural Bias

Paolo Pinotti
2009 Social Science Research Network  
It presents a simple model in which agents differ in terms of trust and civicness, and average trust predicts average civicness across countries.  ...  This paper investigates the direction and the magnitude of this bias, from both a theoretical and an empirical point of view.  ...  on such outcomes are upward biased by omitted variation in civicness and trust.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1523626 fatcat:4nfive4lo5enhnxcdtwj5vrnra

Finding the bias and prestige of nodes in networks based on trust scores

Abhinav Mishra, Arnab Bhattacharya
2011 Proceedings of the 20th international conference on World wide web - WWW '11  
In this paper, we propose an algorithm to compute the bias and prestige of nodes in networks where the edge weight denotes the trust score.  ...  The bias of a node denotes its propensity to trust/mistrust its neighbours and is closely related to truthfulness.  ...  We also thank Praveen Reddy, Pavan Reddy, and Sumeet Khurana for stimulating discussions and incisive inputs.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1963405.1963485 dblp:conf/www/MishraB11 fatcat:c6tvsoiztbacpcihtlqnfqxsum

Risk, Trust, and Bias: Causal Regulators of Biometric-Enabled Decision Support [article]

Kenneth Lai, Helder C. R. Oliveira, Ming Hou, Svetlana N. Yanushkevich, Vlad P. Shmerko
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Practical details of the R-T-B assessment in the DSS are demonstrated using the experiments of assessing the trust in synthetic biometric and the risk of bias in face biometrics.  ...  Risk, trust, and bias (R-T-B) are emerging measures of performance of such systems.  ...  for Smart Cities", and by the Department of National Defence's Innovation for Defence Excellence and Security (IDEaS) program, Canada.  ... 
arXiv:2008.02359v1 fatcat:tnzoptk26fazhhjfmvrm2zprbe

Risk, Trust, and Bias: Causal Regulators of Biometric-Enabled Decision Support

Kenneth Lai, Helder C. R. Oliveira, Ming Hou, Svetlana N. Yanushkevich, Vlad P. Shmerko
2020 IEEE Access  
Practical details of the R-T-B assessment in the DSS are demonstrated using the experiments of assessing the trust in synthetic biometric and the risk of bias in face biometrics.  ...  Risk, trust, and bias (R-T-B) are emerging measures of performance of such systems.  ...  recognition [17] , trust, risk and optimism bias in e-government [19] , risk of crime and social trust in the presence of endogeneity bias [20] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3015855 pmid:34812347 pmcid:PMC8545314 fatcat:eus6hlbgyzfhnk3fcu4zfxxksi

Assessing User Bias in Affect Detection within Context-Based Spoken Dialog Systems

Syaheerah Lebai Lutfi, Fernando Fernandez-Martinez, Andres Casanova-Garcia, Lorena Lopez-Lebon, Juan Manuel Montero
2012 2012 International Conference on Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust and 2012 International Confernece on Social Computing  
This paper presents an empirical evidence of user bias within a laboratory-oriented evaluation of a Spoken Dialog System. Specifically, we addressed user bias in their satisfaction judgements.  ...  We question the reliability of this data for modeling user emotion, focusing on contentment and frustration in a spoken dialog system.  ...  Dialog Time Time required (in seconds) to complete a dialog. the scores were biased.  ... 
doi:10.1109/socialcom-passat.2012.112 dblp:conf/socialcom/LutfiFCLM12 fatcat:72n2nm3mozegrhgq5dptpacs6u

Artificial intelligence in medicine and healthcare: a review and classification of current and near-future applications and their ethical and social Impact [article]

Emilio Gómez-González, Emilia Gomez, Javier Márquez-Rivas, Manuel Guerrero-Claro, Isabel Fernández-Lizaranzu, María Isabel Relimpio-López, Manuel E. Dorado, María José Mayorga-Buiza, Guillermo Izquierdo-Ayuso, Luis Capitán-Morales
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This paper provides an overview of the current and near-future applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Medicine and Health Care and presents a classification according to their ethical and societal  ...  In addition, we study the transformations of the roles of doctors and patients in an age of ubiquitous information, identify the risk of a division of Medicine into 'fake-based', 'patient-generated', and  ...  In Figure 1 we propose a graded classification of AI and AI-mediated applications in Medicine and Health Care according to their beneficial vs detrimental character as recognized in the reviewed literature  ... 
arXiv:2001.09778v2 fatcat:doyl6dzzz5dxzihyeafhijrqvu

World Framework for Security Benchmark Changes [chapter]

Lech J. Janczewski, Andrew M. Colarik
2003 Security and Privacy in the Age of Uncertainty  
The paper contains presentation of a framework. which would significantly increase quality of infonnation security products and procedures. and Commentary on difficulties of implementing such a model.  ...  Main idea behind the framework is creation of a body assessing quality of infonnation security products and procedures, similar to the system the ISO 9000 certificates.  ...  We do not claim that this is the only way to solve the problem, but we think that the security industry must establish a testing and certification environment for their products and services in a trusted  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35691-4_34 fatcat:gidsqzm7t5hbdl4jxzogfpukia

The World Bank [chapter]

Uma Lele, Sambuddha Goswami
2021 Food for All  
This review of the World Bank's assistance to food and agriculture since the Bank's inception is a window on how that role and the view of agriculture's contributions to development have evolved in the  ...  The World Bank, the oldest and strongest of the multilateral banks, is owned by governments but rooted in the political reality of their unequal voting power.  ...  The report asserted that, in much of Africa, domestic policies were biased against agriculture.  ... 
doi:10.1093/oso/9780198755173.003.0009 fatcat:g5fk3izvzfazna2ejmfelly35y

Debunking in a world of tribes

Fabiana Zollo, Alessandro Bessi, Michela Del Vicario, Antonio Scala, Guido Caldarelli, Louis Shekhtman, Shlomo Havlin, Walter Quattrociocchi, Jose Javier Ramasco
2017 PLoS ONE  
Debunking in a world of tribes PLOS ONE | https://doi.  ...  Narratives, especially those grounded on conspiracy theories, play an important cognitive and social function in simplifying causation.  ...  Igor Mozetič for his precious help with the sentiment analysis task; Geoff Hall and "Skepti Forum", for providing fundamental support in defining the atlas of news sources in the US Facebook; Francesca  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0181821 pmid:28742163 pmcid:PMC5524392 fatcat:75u2deayhjepxdulwbtlw3q32u

Developing a Knowledge Management Strategy for the Arab World

Walter Skok, Saad Tahir
2010 Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries  
The research also demonstrates how the biggest barriers to knowledge sharing in Arab organisations are the people themselves together with their social and cultural beliefs.  ...  The aim of this study is to investigate the issue of knowledge sharing and knowledge management (KM) in an Arab context, by identifying the main issues and obstacles which arise as a result of the Arab  ...  with individuals with whom they have built up a firm relationship based on confidence and trust.  ... 
doi:10.1002/j.1681-4835.2010.tb00296.x fatcat:lpchqvcvzjeh3a3govodk6e7e4

Economic depression in the world

Janice Boucher Breuer, John McDermott
2013 Journal of macroeconomics  
We create a new dataset of country experience with economic depression around the world.  ...  Our algorithm defines a depression as a cumulative decline of 20 per cent or more in output per capita lasting at least three years.  ...  Trust has long been considered a component of social capital.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jmacro.2013.07.003 fatcat:2qfdmgrg4vhdjhejon6ptf2gu4

Surveillance capitalism as white world-making

2021 Acta Academica  
The privileging of certain biases, interests and groups in algorithmic operations comes to the fore in a variety of sectors.  ...  In the section below, I discuss the idea of algorithmic bias and its implications for racial social justice.  ... 
doi:10.18820/24150479/aa53i1.3 fatcat:e6vcpir6xzbxjmkehembsb3hha

Investing in a Global World

Jeffrey A. Busse, Amit Goyal, Sunil Wahal
2011 Social Science Research Network  
We examine active retail mutual funds and institutional products with a mandate to invest in global equity markets. We find little reliable evidence of alphas in the aggregate or on average.  ...  Persistence tests show little evidence of continuation in superior performance. JEL Classification: G15, G23 * We thank seminar participants at for helpful suggestions.  ...  , ensuring that the data are free of survivorship bias.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1781908 fatcat:bpj3mumf3rcmfav7tauajtmmhi

The weirdest people in the world?

Joseph Henrich, Steven J. Heine, Ara Norenzayan
2010 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Behavioral scientists routinely publish broad claims about human psychology, cognition, and behavior in the world's top journals based on samples drawn entirely from highly educated segments of Western  ...  Here, our review of the comparative database from across the human behavioral sciences suggests both that there is substantial variability in experimental results across population and that standard subjects  ...  In trust games, measures of trust and trustworthiness increase with age until they reach a plateau, close to age 30 (Sutter & Kocher 2003 ), at which time they level off.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x0999152x pmid:20550733 fatcat:o2jqij3yuzdsbdo2voxfvsham4
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