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Automatic Detection of Causality in Requirement Artifacts: the CiRA Approach [article]

Jannik Fischbach, Julian Frattini, Arjen Spaans, Maximilian Kummeth, Andreas Vogelsang, Daniel Mendez, Michael Unterkalmsteiner
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We report on a case study and the resulting tool-supported approach for causality detection in requirements.  ...  Finally, we disclose our open data sets as well as our tool to foster the discourse on the automatic detection of causality in the RE community.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge that this work was supported by the KKS foundation through the S.E.R.T. Research Profile project at Blekinge Institute of Technology.  ... 
arXiv:2101.10766v1 fatcat:oex3mrlasfhpxjvotswpnrkvle

Automatic Creation of Acceptance Tests by Extracting Conditionals from Requirements: NLP Approach and Case Study [article]

Jannik Fischbach, Julian Frattini, Andreas Vogelsang, Daniel Mendez, Michael Unterkalmsteiner, Andreas Wehrle, Pablo Restrepo Henao, Parisa Yousefi, Tedi Juricic, Jeannette Radduenz, Carsten Wiecher
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present our tool-supported approach CiRA (Conditionals in Requirements Artifacts) capable of creating the minimal set of required test cases from conditional statements in informal requirements  ...  We demonstrate the feasibility of CiRA in a case study with three industry partners. In our study, out of 578 manually created test cases, 71.8 % can be generated automatically.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to acknowledge that this work was supported by the KKS foundation through the S.E.R.T. Research Profile project at Blekinge Institute of Technology.  ... 
arXiv:2202.00932v1 fatcat:dehtghn2zbhb7ng7z46nxtccha

Causality in Requirements Artifacts: Prevalence, Detection, and Impact [article]

Julian Frattini, Jannik Fischbach, Daniel Mendez, Michael Unterkalmsteiner, Andreas Vogelsang, Krzystof Wnuk
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Second, we present and evaluate a tool-supported approach, called CiRA, for causality detection.  ...  Conclusion: The results strengthen our confidence in the eligibility of causal relations for downstream reuse, while our tool and publicly available data constitute a first step in the ongoing endeavors  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge that this work was supported, in parts, by the KKS foundation through the S.E.R.T. Research Profile project at Blekinge Institute of Technology.  ... 
arXiv:2112.08265v1 fatcat:rgqeqqnrbraoxfrpzpea4xeh3e

Model-based Analysis and Specification of Functional Requirements and Tests for Complex Automotive Systems [article]

Carsten Wiecher, Constantin Mandel, Matthias Günther, Jannik Fischbach, Joel Greenyer, Matthias Greinert, Carsten Wolff, Roman Dumitrescu, Daniel Mendez, Albert Albers
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This methodology supports system architects and test designers in the collaborative application of our technique and in maintaining a central system model, in order to automatically derive the required  ...  The specification of requirements and tests are crucial activities in automotive development projects.  ...  For the detection of conditionals in NL, CiRA uses syntactically enriched BERT embeddings combined with a softmax classifier.  ... 
arXiv:2209.01473v1 fatcat:awhben2tcvbklgbzjuf366iiiu

Foundation-for the Next 100 Years

T. Weeks
2004 Journal of Aircraft  
Elements of the causal-loop diagram are studied in more detail to derive particular metrics and mathematical relationships that com- prise the mobility analysis reported in this paper.  ...  Systems dynamics is a methodol- ogy that enhances learning about complex systems through tools such as causal loop diagrams.  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.10193 fatcat:55lvx2t3ajau5jpef7ussy7mcm

第56回年会予稿集

2018 Seibutsu Butsuri  
Biophysical Society of Japan (BSJ) grants "Early Career Award in Biophysics" and "Early Career Presentation Award" to young BSJ members for their excellent presentations that show great potential to contribute  ...  Up to five awardees of the Early Career Award in Biophysics will be selected and announced at the banquet 3SEA-5 光遺伝子操作による単一の糸球体の活性により誘因される恐怖行動の探索 Immobility responses are induced by photoactivation of  ...  The limit of detection of this method for PSA, a kind of cancer biomarker, detection was 12 fM.  ... 
doi:10.2142/biophys.58.s1 fatcat:6slkwnu64fen7cjixehxrcmdzm

An Integrated Cybersecurity Risk Management (I-CSRM) Framework for Critical Infrastructure Protection

Halima Kure
2021
The analysis results illustrate the validity and acceptability of both the framework and tool for an effective risk management practice within a real-world environment.  ...  Also, the tool serves as an additional component of the proposed framework that enables asset criticality, risk and control effectiveness calculation for a continuous risk assessment.  ...  However, it does not take any risk predictions. • Critical Infrastructure Risk Assessment Support (CIRAS) Approach: The CIRAS approach aims to create a methodology and tool to help in the selection of  ... 
doi:10.15123/uel.89ww3 fatcat:3w6q73sqy5dl7burfg2wnwli3m

Engineering change modelling using a function-behaviour-structure scheme

Bahram Hamraz, Apollo-University Of Cambridge Repository, Apollo-University Of Cambridge Repository
2013
The FBS Linkage concept is designed based on a comprehensive set of requirements derived from both the literature and industry practices as well as a comparative assessment of existing change methods and  ...  This change propagation significantly affects the success of a product in the market by increasing development cost and time-to-market.  ...  John Clarkson for supervising and encouraging this research.  ... 
doi:10.17863/cam.14061 fatcat:dnkww5utcne2dlljk45wrvccxi

Bowing to Quirinus : compromised nodes and cyber security in East Asia

Cameron Jay Ortis
2006
In more theoretical terms, using a node-based level of analysis allows for a contribution to the 'broadening of security' project that has occupied much of the International Relations literature recently  ...  Yet the discipline has focused this re-examination almost exclusively on the Internet as a communications technology; a technology that allows for the ability to exchange complex forms of data--the ability  ...  Piracy, a proxy measure for cyber crime, has a moderate positive relationship with the number of compromised nodes as a measure of cyber infrastructure instability but this will more likely be an artifact  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0093025 fatcat:z6djzyeuvzheflbvv6aq6dqib4

A Rare Case of Spontaneous Intestinal 34 Perforation at a Paediatric Emergency Department Chen, Lien A Chinese Family with Dominant 37 Deafness-onychodystrophy Syndrome HONG KONG JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRICS Hong Kong Journal of Paediatrics (New Series)

Yang, Yang, Huang, Medcom Limited Blank, Yiu Cheung, Associate Fai, Hon Chung, Lam Yin, San Hung, Ting Leung, Fan, Ching Chan (+31 others)
2018 unpublished
Acknowledgement We want to thank Huada Genetics Company for genetic analysis of the pedigree.  ...  Calcineurin Inhibitors Functional and Ultrastructural Analysis of Respiratory Cilia in Healthy Chinese Children in Hong Kong  ...  A mount of studies showed that SHANK3 gene had a strong causal relationship with ASD and/or 22q13.3 deletion syndrome.  ... 
fatcat:xtlschzksvbjjfsudtd3rwd7um

Social Space and Physical Space: Pierre Bourdieu's Field Theory as a Model for the Social Dynamics of the Built Environment [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, University, My, Gordon, Lewis R. (Lewis Ricardo)
2020
The present study of social space is introduced with a contextual account of spatial models in the social sciences prior to Bourdieu that highlights the aptitude for relational spatial models to capture  ...  A dialectical understanding of the relations between social space and physical space, drawn from the logic of Bourdieu's social theory, is argued for.  ...  Classical theory worked within a "planar space governed by a transitive mechanical causality." 51 That is to say, when one is working only with a linear concept of causality, the only requirement is for  ... 
doi:10.34944/dspace/1213 fatcat:on6u43pr6nfqzhafmlrvlhfzy4

High-Power Yb-Doped Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Fiber Amplifier at 1150-1200nm

Hiroki Maruyama, Akira Shirakawa, Ken-ichi Ueda, Christina B. Olausson, Jens K. Lyngsø, Brian Mangan, Jes Broeng
2008 Frontiers in Optics 2008/Laser Science XXIV/Plasmonics and Metamaterials/Optical Fabrication and Testing   unpublished
Invited Historical Overview of Earth Science from Space, Stanley Q. Kidder; Cooperative Inst. for Res. in the Atmosphere (CIRA), Colorado State Univ., USA.  ...  The source is used as a seed for intracavity HHG. We demonstrate a new method that requires no extra cavities in HHG with the aid of resonant plasmons within a metallic nanostructure.  ...  The presentation Non-Destructive Evaluation of Diamond Tool Materials for Optical Manufacturing Applications, Yuansun Wu, Paul Funkenbusch; Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Univ.  ... 
doi:10.1364/fio.2008.ftug5 fatcat:2rman2c7cfczlfuad4o6giy2iq

Second International Symposium on Plant Health in Urban Horticulture: Berlin, Germany, August 27 - 29, 2003

International Symposium On Plant Health In Urban Horticulture 2 2003 Berlin, Julius Kühn Institut
2003
greens would be great benefit for Berlin as a location" 10.02.2002 Berliner Tagesspiegel "No end for savings course: Does Berlin have to live in want?  ...  They are not a basis of scientific evaluation. But they do give a -if only psychological -impression of the valuation and attitude towards urban greens.  ...  Petr Starý from the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic for the identification of aphid parasitoids and Dr A. A.  ... 
doi:10.5073/20210706-114400 fatcat:lalaplyrljderfk45l3t5goxza

The Concept of "Security" in Horizon 2020 Research Projects on Border Security The Automated Governing of Circulations

Michael Strasser, Gerald Steinhardt
2021
as the solution for establishing the security of the population and the smooth operation of the economy at the same time, by reconciling the conflicting objects of flow and territory.  ...  Employing a variant of the Sociology of Knowledge Approach to Discourse,informed by Governmentality Studies and Critical Security Studies, this thesis analyzes a selection of EU security strategies, large-scale  ...  Iw oulda lsol iket ot hank Georg Hagmann for his valuable inputa nd all of thep articipants of thea ccompanying seminarf or the feedback on them aterial that Ip resented therein.  ... 
doi:10.34726/hss.2021.86221 fatcat:e274ashkwbhvzmnqrez3oxkpsy