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Audio-Visual Wake Word Spotting System For MISP Challenge 2021 [article]

Yanguang Xu, Jianwei Sun, Yang Han, Shuaijiang Zhao, Chaoyang Mei, Tingwei Guo, Shuran Zhou, Chuandong Xie, Wei Zou, Xiangang Li, Shuran Zhou, Chuandong Xie (+2 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents the details of our system designed for the Task 1 of Multimodal Information Based Speech Processing (MISP) Challenge 2021. The purpose of Task 1 is to leverage both audio and video information to improve the environmental robustness of far-field wake word spotting. In the proposed system, firstly, we take advantage of speech enhancement algorithms such as beamforming and weighted prediction error (WPE) to address the multi-microphone conversational audio. Secondly, several
more » ... ta augmentation techniques are applied to simulate a more realistic far-field scenario. For the video information, the provided region of interest (ROI) is used to obtain visual representation. Then the multi-layer CNN is proposed to learn audio and visual representations, and these representations are fed into our two-branch attention-based network which can be employed for fusion, such as transformer and conformed. The focal loss is used to fine-tune the model and improve the performance significantly. Finally, multiple trained models are integrated by casting vote to achieve our final 0.091 score.
arXiv:2204.08686v2 fatcat:a7em7wdk75gl3csfseoidsjdwq

SE-Harris and eSUSAN: Asynchronous Event-Based Corner Detection Using Megapixel Resolution CeleX-V Camera [article]

Jinjian Li, Chuandong Guo, Li Su, Xiangyu Wang, Quan Hu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Event cameras are novel neuromorphic vision sensors with ultrahigh temporal resolution and low latency, both in the order of microseconds. Instead of image frames, event cameras generate an asynchronous event stream of per-pixel intensity changes with precise timestamps. The resulting sparse data structure impedes applying many conventional computer vision techniques to event streams, and specific algorithms should be designed to leverage the information provided by event cameras. We propose a
more » ... orner detection algorithm, eSUSAN, inspired by the conventional SUSAN (smallest univalue segment assimilating nucleus) algorithm for corner detection. The proposed eSUSAN extracts the univalue segment assimilating nucleus from the circle kernel based on the similarity across timestamps and distinguishes corner events by the number of pixels in the nucleus area. Moreover, eSUSAN is fast enough to be applied to CeleX-V, the event camera with the highest resolution available. Based on eSUSAN, we also propose the SE-Harris corner detector, which uses adaptive normalization based on exponential decay to quickly construct a local surface of active events and the event-based Harris detector to refine the corners identified by eSUSAN. We evaluated the proposed algorithms on a public dataset and CeleX-V data. Both eSUSAN and SE-Harris exhibit higher real-time performance than existing algorithms while maintaining high accuracy and tracking performance.
arXiv:2105.00480v1 fatcat:ynoglnfwobh2xp7ls4puysonje

Time Domain Adversarial Voice Conversion for ADD 2022 [article]

Cheng Wen, Tingwei Guo, Xingjun Tan, Rui Yan, Shuran Zhou, Chuandong Xie, Wei Zou, Xiangang Li
2022 arXiv   pre-print
13.13 0.93 13.49 0.91 SSB0671 _ 13.54 0.87 14.02 0.84 Average 10.41 13.65 0.91 14.16 0.88 Table 3 . 3 The EER of the speech before and after postprocessing Before After EER 24.7% 74.0%  ... 
arXiv:2204.08692v2 fatcat:pabn2ol3rbhflbhlr24alky2ea

First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing root rot of garlic in China

Fengling Guo, Jie Zhou, Chuandong Qi, Jiaping Fu, Jinping Wu
2022 African Journal of Microbiology Research  
In the springs of 2020 and 2021, with a temperature of 15°C, root rot on garlic were widespread in Enshi, Hubei Province, China. Based on micro-morphological and cultural characteristics, the pathogen was identified as a Fusarium sp. Further, based on multilocus (ITS, EF-1α) phylogenic data, the strains were identified as Fusarium oxysporum. Koch's postulates were thus fulfilled by pathogenicity tests on garlic seedlings cultured in vitro.
doi:10.5897/ajmr2021.9586 fatcat:eyfqbzr4ozapfjhf3akksf5aze

BoALMT1, an Al-Induced Malate Transporter in Cabbage, Enhances Aluminum Tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana

Lei Zhang, Xin-Xin Wu, Jinfang Wang, Chuandong Qi, Xiaoyun Wang, Gongle Wang, Mingyue Li, Xingsheng Li, Yang-Dong Guo
2018 Frontiers in Plant Science  
Aluminum (Al) is present in approximately 50% of the arable land worldwide and is regarded as the main limiting factor of crop yield on acidic soil. Al-induced root malate efflux plays an important role in the Al tolerance of plants. Here, the aluminum induced malate transporter BoALMT1 (KF322104) was cloned from cabbage (Brassica oleracea). BoALMT1 showed higher expression in roots than in shoots. The expression of BoALMT1 was specifically induced by Al treatment, but not the trivalent cations
more » ... lanthanum (La), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), or copper (Cu). Subcellular localization studies were performed in onion epidermal cells and revealed that BoALMT1 was localized at the plasma membrane. Scanning Ion-selective Electrode Technique was used to analyze H + flux. Xenopus oocytes and Arabidopsis thaliana expressing BoALMT1 excreted more H + under Al treatment. Overexpressing BoALMT1 in transgenic Arabidopsis resulted in enhanced Al tolerance and increased malate secretion. The results suggested that BoALMT1 functions as an Al-resistant gene and encodes a malate transporter. Expressing BoALMT1 in Xenopus oocytes or A. thaliana indicated that BoALMT1 could increase malate secretion and H+ efflux to resist Al tolerance.
doi:10.3389/fpls.2017.02156 pmid:29410672 pmcid:PMC5787101 fatcat:i7oofoqgpzfknjclmdk4tmn5cm

Plasma Membrane Intrinsic Proteins SlPIP2;1, SlPIP2;7 and SlPIP2;5 Conferring Enhanced Drought Stress Tolerance in Tomato

Ren Li, Jinfang Wang, Shuangtao Li, Lei Zhang, Chuandong Qi, Sarah Weeda, Bing Zhao, Shuxin Ren, Yang-Dong Guo
2016 Scientific Reports  
This work was partly supported by the grants to Guo (2016YFD0101000; 2012CB113900), and by Beijing Key Laboratory of Growth and Developmental Regulation for Protected Vegetable Crops.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep31814 pmid:27545827 pmcid:PMC4992886 fatcat:y6tn6uyhh5dotlps5jirfqjkxi

Increased survival of patients aged 0-29 years with osteosarcoma: A period analysis, 1984-2013

Jinna Wu, Huanhuan Sun, Jie Li, Yuanqing Guo, Kuibo Zhang, Chuandong Lang, Changye Zou, Haiqing Ma
2018 Cancer Medicine  
Purpose: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of bone, and typically occurs among children and adolescence. This study aims to evaluate treatment outcomes among children, adolescents and young adults with osteosarcoma over the three decades by the changes in the long-term relative survival. Methods: Osteosarcoma incidence and relative survival data from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries during 1984-2013 were analyzed. The survival differences over three
more » ... decades, age, sex, race, and socioeconomic status (SES) were assessed by comparing Kaplan-Meier curves. Results: The overall incidence of osteosarcoma kept relatively stable with 0.4 per 100 000 in the three decades with the peak incidence occurring in the aged 10-19 group. The 10-year relative survival rate (RSR) increased from 57.7% to 61.0% in the three decades, with the greatest increase in the aged 0-9 group from 48.2% to 65.7%. The 10-year RSR improved from 54.1% to 61.5% in males, and from 62.4% to 63.0% in females, respectively, in the three decades. Furthermore, survival dramatically improved from 30% to 60% in the high-poverty group over the three decades. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the overall incidence of osteosarcoma remained stable, with an improvement in survival in the three decades. The improved survival was greater in males than in females in the three decades. Furthermore, the survival significantly increased in high-poverty group, which was attributed to increasing improved health care system and patients with low finance can also have access to receiving effective and consistent treatment without distinction. K E Y W O R D S incidence, osteosarcoma, period analysis, relative survival, sex, socioeconomic status
doi:10.1002/cam4.1659 pmid:29992762 pmcid:PMC6089162 fatcat:5ggywzxozzfcvhtuy7i6l2owcy

Organic acids promote phosphorus release from Mollisols with different organic matter contents

Xiaoyan Yang, Chuandong Zhang, Haiping Gu, Xiangwei Chen, Erhui Guo
2020 Soil and Water Research  
Organic acids could improve the phosphorus (P) availability through enhancing the release of inorganic phosphorus (P<sub>i</sub>) in the soil. However, the effects of organic acids on the P<sub>i</sub> release are still poorly understood, especially from soils with different organic matter contents. Here, a biochemically produced humic acid and P fertiliser were added to the soil to modify the content of the soil organic matter (SOM) and soil P, respectively. And then the soil samples were
more » ... ated at 25 °C for 30 days. The release of P<sub>i</sub> fractions (such as H<sub>2</sub>O-P<sub>i</sub>, NaHCO<sub>3</sub>-P<sub>i</sub>, NaOH-P<sub>i</sub>, HCl-P<sub>i</sub>, and Residual-P) from the soils with different organic matter contents in the presence of citric, oxalic, and malic acids was evaluated using a sequential chemical fractionation method. The results showed that the release of the NaHCO<sub>3</sub>-P<sub>i</sub>, NaOH-P<sub>i</sub>, and HCl-P<sub>i</sub> fractions also showed a decreasing trend with an increasing content of soil organic matter, and more NaOH-P<sub>i</sub> than the other P<sub>i</sub> fractions was generally released in the presence of organic acids. Considering the types of organic acids, oxalic acid and malic acid most effectively and least effectively released P<sub>i</sub>, respectively. The path analysis indicated that the NaOH-P<sub>i</sub> release had the highest direct and indirect effects on the total inorganic P (TP<sub>i</sub>) release. NaOH-P<sub>i</sub> was, therefore, the most effective source of P<sub>i</sub> in the Mollisols.
doi:10.17221/140/2019-swr fatcat:f6wrzmus2vhbbcoxdpfc4pnmoi

Lapatinib inhibits the activation of NF-κB through reducing phosphorylation of IκB-α in breast cancer cells

2012 Oncology Reports  
Lapatinib is highly active against breast cancer with HER2 overexpression in preclinical and clinical settings. Constitutive activation of NF-κB is linked to proliferation and apoptosis in breast cancer cells. NF-κB can be activated by HER2 in breast cancer cells. However, the effect of lapatinib on NF-κB activity is not completely clear. In this study, we showed that lapatinib potently inhibited activation of NF-κB in HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cells, including SKBR3 and MDA-MB-453; but
more » ... not in non-HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-435. In addition, we established a model of acquired resistance to lapatinib by chronically challenging SKBR3 breast cancer cells with increasing concentrations of lapatinib. EMSA assays showed that there was decreased NF-κB activity in the resistant cells. Western blot analysis showed that lapatinib reduced the phosphorylation of IκB-α in a time-and dose-dependent manner in SKBR3 cells. Furthermore, the expression level of p-IκB-α protein was markedly decreased in the resistant cells, compared with the parental SKBR3 cells. Additionally, treatment with the PI3K inhibitor LY294002 dramatically inhibited activation of NF-κB in HER2overexpressing breast cancer cells. Moreover, LY294002 inhibited phosphorylation of Akt and IκB-α in SKBR3 cells. Our results suggest that lapatinib potently inhibits the activation of NF-κB in HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cells. Lapatinib appears to inactivate NF-κB through reducing phosphorylation of IκB-α via blocking the PI3K/Akt cascade.
doi:10.3892/or.2012.2159 pmid:23229346 fatcat:n25ujcopxnardbaaqz76qei24m

MAZ promotes prostate cancer bone metastasis through transcriptionally activating the KRas-dependent RalGEFs pathway

Qing Yang, Chuandong Lang, Zhengquan Wu, Yuhu Dai, Shaofu He, Wei Guo, Shuai Huang, Hong Du, Dong Ren, Xinsheng Peng
2019 Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research  
Qing Yang, Chuandong Lang and Zhengquan Wu conducted the experiments and contributed to the analysis of data. Yuhu Dai, Shaofu He, Wei Gu, and Shuai Huang contributed to the analysis of data.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13046-019-1374-x pmid:31488180 pmcid:PMC6729064 fatcat:xnqiqttuebex3hnpw55w6lv5cq

Overexpression of BoNAC019, a NAC transcription factor from Brassica oleracea, negatively regulates the dehydration response and anthocyanin biosynthesis in Arabidopsis

Jinfang Wang, Weiran Lian, Yunyun Cao, Xiaoyun Wang, Gongle Wang, Chuandong Qi, Lun Liu, Sijia Qin, Xiaowei Yuan, Xingsheng Li, Shuxin Ren, Yang-Dong Guo
2018 Scientific Reports  
Acknowledgements This work was partly supported by the grants to Guo (2016YFD0101007, BLVT-03) and Li (tszy20140808). Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31690-1 pmid:30190519 pmcid:PMC6127341 fatcat:4q6ifryrbvcuzfttmbehzmydqi

Copy number gain of ZEB1 mediates a double-negative feedback loop with miR-33a-5p that regulates EMT and bone metastasis of prostate cancer dependent on TGF-β signaling

Yuhu Dai, Zhengquan Wu, Chuandong Lang, Xin Zhang, Shaofu He, Qing Yang, Wei Guo, Yingrong Lai, Hong Du, Xinsheng Peng, Dong Ren
2019 Theranostics  
Wei Guo edited the manuscript. All authors contributed to revise the manuscript and approved the final version for publication.  ...  Yuhu Dai, Zhengquan Wu and Chuandong Lang conducted the experiments and contributed to the analysis of data. Xin Zhang, Shaofu He and Qing Yang contributed to the analysis of data.  ... 
doi:10.7150/thno.36735 pmid:31534537 pmcid:PMC6735523 fatcat:okc2yrg4i5fyzmbwdgxou2mopa

Table of Content

2021 2021 International Conference on Security, Pattern Analysis, and Cybernetics(SPAC)  
.…341 Trajectory Tracking of Tracked Underwater Dredging Robot Based on Adaptive Neural Network Gaoyang Guo, Zhongyu Ding, Qiang Zhang, Yan Zhang, Yancai Hu and Zewen Tao……………………………………………………………..………………  ...  Li……………………………………………...........…………190 Existence of solutions for neural networks involving boundary-value condition Yinuo Wang, Chuandong Li……………………………………….......………………195 Adaptive single neural network  ... 
doi:10.1109/spac53836.2021.9539914 fatcat:lakfa62dxjhjrdg2tim6m7zjiu

Global Standard Stratotype-Section and Point (GSSP) for the conterminous base of the Miaolingian Series and Wuliuan Stage (Cambrian) at Balang, Jianhe, Guizhou, China

Yuanlong Zhao, Jinliang Yuan, Loren E. Babcock, Qingjun Guo, Jin Peng, Leiming Yin, Xinglian Yang, Shanchi Peng, Chunjiang Wang, Robert R. Gaines, Jorge Esteve, Tongsu Tai (+4 others)
2019 Episodes  
The Kaili Formation crops out extensively in the Balang and Chuandong areas (Fig. 3(c) ), where it overlies the Tsinghsutung Formation in conformity.  ...  Carbon Isotope Chemostratigraphy The carbon isotopic composition of carbonate rocks varies between -2.7 and +3.1‰ in the Wuliu-Zengjiayan section (Yang et al., 2003; Guo et al., 2005 Guo et al., , 2010a  ... 
doi:10.18814/epiiugs/2019/019013 fatcat:l2gqnu7tyrdrpddfikhvu3fikq

Living radical polymerization of polyacrylamide with submicrometer size by dispersion polymerization

Guo-Xiang Wang, Mang Lu, Zhao-Hui Hou, Li-Chao Liu, En-Xiang Liang, Hu Wu
2015 E-Polymers  
Succinic acid (SA, AR grade) and isophthalic acid (IA, AR grade) were obtained from Chongqing Chuandong Chemical Group (Chongqin, China) and used without further purification.  ... 
doi:10.1515/epoly-2014-0200 fatcat:lcxn5ca6sngu7kcl6e2tue5xau
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