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Word-Initial Letters Influence Fixation Durations during Fluent Reading

Christopher J. Hand, Patrick J. O'Donnell, Sara C. Sereno
2012 Frontiers in Psychology  
The present study examined how word-initial letters influence lexical access during reading. Eye movements were monitored as participants read sentences containing target words.  ...  Results are discussed in comparison to recent studies of lexical features involved in word recognition during reading.  ...  J. Hand and were presented at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Chicago, November 2008.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00085 pmid:22485100 pmcid:PMC3317262 fatcat:7evjbv55ezbllcq4qhbr6psqxu

Strain-level sample characterisation using long reads and MAPQ scores [article]

Grace A Hall, Terence P Speed, Christopher J Woodruff
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
It provides markedly better strain differentiation than that reported for the latest long read tools.  ...  A simple but effective method for strain-level characterisation of microbial samples using long read data is presented.  ...  Each read receives one of the seven classification s which we now label j = 1,…,7. Our observed data are then the counts {n j }, where n j is the number of reads receiving classification j .  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.10.18.344739 fatcat:xucow5zy2ra65fmo2izlabsbr4

Progress towards a cellular neurobiology of reading disability

Lisa A. Gabel, Christopher J. Gibson, Jeffrey R. Gruen, Joseph J. LoTurco
2010 Neurobiology of Disease  
Reading Disability (RD) is a significant impairment in reading accuracy, speed and/or comprehension despite adequate intelligence and educational opportunity.  ...  INTRODUCTION Reading Disability (RD) involves significant impairment of reading accuracy, speed and/or comprehension despite adequate intelligence and educational background (Katzir et al., 2006) .  ...  Moreover, the reading deficits in PNH patients were independent of intelligence, and the severity of reading disability amongst this group was found to correlate strongly with the amount of white matter  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2009.06.019 pmid:19616627 pmcid:PMC2854314 fatcat:ixpymgjkrrda5g6q6f6qgjarxq

How to critically read ecological meta-analyses

Christopher J. Lortie, Gavin Stewart, Hannah Rothstein, Joseph Lau
2013 Research Synthesis Methods  
Consequently, critical reading of meta-analyses incorporates criteria from both sets of approaches particularly because ecology is a discipline that embraces heterogeneity and broad methodologies.  ...  PrePrints Readings ecological meta-analyses.  ...  Readings ecological meta-analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1002/jrsm.1109 pmid:26099480 fatcat:t3nitddyh5afdhuoyzgxooeyre

Reading and writing single-atom magnets

Fabian D. Natterer, Kai Yang, William Paul, Philip Willke, Taeyoung Choi, Thomas Greber, Andreas J. Heinrich, Christopher P. Lutz
2017 Nature  
In order to demonstrate independent reading and writing, we built an atomic scale structure with two Ho bits to which we write the four possible states and which we read out remotely by EPR.  ...  We read the Ho states by tunnel magnetoresistance and write with current pulses using a scanning tunneling microscope.  ...  The observed Ho magnetic moment of ~10 µB suggests a 4f 10 Ho(III) ion configuration where its total angular momentum J is polarized out-of-plane (Jz = ±8).  ... 
doi:10.1038/nature21371 pmid:28277519 fatcat:66jjm5j2jfgqbid7p6bb7jfwwi

The human lexinome: Genes of language and reading

Christopher J. Gibson, Jeffrey R. Gruen
2008 Journal of Communication Disorders  
represent only a fraction of the human lexinome, a term we introduce here to refer to the collection of all the genetic and protein elements involved in the development of human language, expression, and reading  ...  outcomes: The reader will become familiar with (i) methods for identifying genes for complex diseases, (ii) the application of these methods in the elucidation of genes underlying disorders of language and reading  ...  higher-order functions such as reading.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jcomdis.2008.03.003 pmid:18466916 pmcid:PMC2488410 fatcat:w3whhkzgqrfqrknwpgiulypy2m

Supplemental_Materials_for_RASE764833 – Supplemental material for Examining the Simple View of Reading With Elementary School Children: Still Simple After All These Years

Sharon Vaughn, Christopher J. Lonigan, Stephen R. Burgess, Christopher Schatschneider
2018 Figshare  
Supplemental material, Supplemental_Materials_for_RASE764833 for Examining the Simple View of Reading With Elementary School Children: Still Simple After All These Years by Sharon Vaughn, Christopher J  ...  Burgess and Christopher Schatschneider in Remedial and Special Education  ...  WJ = Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement, third edition; TOWRE = Test of Word Reading Efficiency; GATES = Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test, fourth edition; TOSREC = Test of Silent Reading Efficiency and  ... 
doi:10.25384/sage.7117328 fatcat:pijeue3igzbirbpcmogxfto2ii

The role of instruction in learning to read: Preventing reading failure in at-risk children

Barbara R. Foorman, David J. Francis, Jack M. Fletcher, Christopher Schatschneider, Paras Mehta
1998 Journal of Educational Psychology  
Results show advantages for reading instructional programs that emphasize explicit instruction in the alphabetic principle for at-risk children.  ...  systematic sound-spelling patterns embedded in connected text (embedded code); and implicit instruction in the alphabetic code while reading connected text (implicit code).  ...  risk for reading failure.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0022-0663.90.1.37 fatcat:zusk6ky4o5fkpgchtlk22eomoq

The role of instruction in learning to read: Preventing reading failure in at-risk children

Barbara R. Foorman, David J. Francis, Jack M. Fletcher, Christopher Schatschneider, Paras Mehta
1998 Journal of Educational Psychology  
Results show advantages for reading instructional programs that emphasize explicit instruction in the alphabetic principle for at-risk children.  ...  systematic sound-spelling patterns embedded in connected text (embedded code); and implicit instruction in the alphabetic code while reading connected text (implicit code).  ...  risk for reading failure.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-0663.90.1.37 fatcat:n7cndntdnbaujma2ql3pkm4wey

Fluoroscopically Guided Cervical Prolotherapy for Instability with Blinded Pre and Post Radiographic Reading

Christopher J. Centeno
2006 Pain Physician  
Several authors have postulated that instability is a major cause of traumatic spinal pain. Dvorak (1) reported increased upper and mid-cervical hypermobility in a cervical spine trauma group in comparison of trauma versus degenerative pain. In addition, Panjabi et al (2) have reported a biomechanical investigation of increases in the "neutral zone" of the cervical spine as a result of trauma, with significant increases noted in the neutral zone with experimental accelerations of as low as 4.5
more » ... . Most recently, Kristjansson et al (3) have published a report showing that whiplash patients had Background: Several authors have postulated that cervical instability is a major cause of traumatic spinal pain. Objective: The purpose of this prospective case series study (n = 6) was to determine if proliferant injections have an effect on cervical translation as measured by a blinded reader. Design: This study was a prospective case series. Study participants were selected from patients seen for the primary complaint of Motor Vehicle Collision related neck pain in a private sub-specialty pain clinic. Methods: Flexion and extension views were obtained by standard radiographs taken with a C-Arm fl uoroscope under Valium sedation. Patients with more than 2.7 mm of absolute cervical translation and at least 50% reduction of cervical and referred pain with a two day rigid cervical immobilization test were admitted into the study. Participants underwent 3 prolotherapy injections at all sites that demonstrated translation. The difference in means between pre-test and post-test measurements (fl exion translation, extension translation, and pain VAS scores) were assessed by a Wilcoxon signed ranks test (alpha = 0.05). Results: The mean post-test VAS score (M= 3.83, SD=2.3, t=2.889) was significantly less (p=0.04) than the mean pre-test VAS score (M=5.75, SD=1.94). The correlation between difference in mean extension at C2-3 and C5-6 and difference in mean extension was signifi cant (rho=0.89, p=0.02 and rho=0.85, p=0.03 respectively). Difference in mean fl exion at C3-4 and C4-5 was signifi cantly correlated with difference in mean fl exion (rho=0.88, p=0.02 and rho=0.941, p<0.01 respectively). Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate statistically signifi cant correlations between proliferant injections, a reduction of both cervical fl exion and extension translation, as well as a reduction in pain VAS score. Since patients with traumatic cervical instability have few viable treatment options other than surgical fusion, cervical proliferant injections under C-Arm fl uoroscope may be a viable treatment option.
doi:10.36076/ppj.2006/9/67 fatcat:3ebkecuvbffdzkyt37rkrgpblu

Monitoring Local Comprehension Monitoring in Sentence Reading

Christian Vorstius, Ralph Radach, Michael B. Mayer, Christopher J. Lonigan, Scott Ardoin
2013 School psychology review  
Mayer and Christopher J. Lonigan Florida State University Abstract. Comprehension monitoring is considered a key issue in current debates on ways to improve children’ reading comprehension.  ...  Christopher J. Lonigan, PhD, is a distinguished research professor of psychology and an associate director of the Florida Center for Reading Research at Florida State University.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02796015.2013.12087484 fatcat:c6xezuy2svaytgcbckqckamula

A Suggested Reading List for Residential Life and Housing Research

Christopher J. Stipeck
2020 Journal of Student Affairs in Africa  
Administrators seeking ways to make their housing experience more inclusive of students who identify with any or no gender identity could benefit from reading this book.  ...  A Suggested Reading List for Residential Life and Housing Research, Journal of Student Affairs in Africa, 8(1), 111-113. DOI: 10.24085/jsaa.v8i1.3824 Dunkel, N.W. & Baumann, J.A. (Eds.) (2013).  ... 
doi:10.24085/jsaa.v8i1.4185 doaj:0b52d7f2655c44b5aadafb69ff2d4a92 fatcat:cduxjpks7nbwxpnd2easfd2ajq

Beginning reading interventions for children and adolescents with intellectual disability

Brian Reichow, Christopher J Lemons, Daniel M Maggin, David R Hill
2014 The Cochrane library  
Intensive intervention: Using data-based individualization to individualze reading interventions for students with persistent and severe learning challenges.  ...  Visual learners: Reading instruction for children with Down syndrome. Presented at the annual Educator's Conference of Down Syndrome Alabama, Homewood, AL. Lemons, C.J. (2015, June).  ...  Al Otaiba, S., Folsom, J., Lemons, C.J., & Allor, J. (2013, April). Response of students with Intellectual Disabilities to early reading interventions.  ... 
doi:10.1002/14651858.cd011359 fatcat:xtahd26cyzezvohfho4po7gtyy

Emergent Writing in Preschoolers: Preliminary Evidence for a Theoretical Framework

Cynthia S. Puranik, Christopher J. Lonigan
2014 Reading Research Quarterly  
of emergent literacy have generally focused on reading and reading-related behaviors.  ...  Researchers and educators use the term emergent literacy to refer to a broad set of skills and attitudes that serve as foundational skills for acquiring success in later reading and writing; however, models  ...  Read Res Q. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 October 01.  ... 
doi:10.1002/rrq.79 pmid:25316955 pmcid:PMC4194065 fatcat:5bej5xmlvjcttgxelk6uf26uye

Read All About It! Understanding the Role of Media in Economic Development

Christopher J. Coyne, Peter T. Leeson
2004 Kyklos (Basel)  
doi:10.1111/j.0023-5962.2004.00241.x fatcat:ibufd47mpzarrps3mcpbka57nq
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