A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2020; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
Original blog post: https://www.esipfed.org/esip-interviews/making-data-matter-with-christine-laney. ...doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12437111.v1 fatcat:dhge6ppe6vcb3nw5nw7zbioyyy
The type strain for Borrelia lanei sp. nov., strain CA28-91 T , has been deposited to two culture collections (=DSM 17992 T =CIP 109135 T ). ... We propose the name Borrelia lanei sp. nov. for this genospecies in honor of Professor Robert S. Lane, University of California Berkeley, for his contributions to Borrelia and tick research. ... BORRELIA LANEI SP. NOV. Borrelia lanei sp. nov. (la.ne¢i. N.L. gen. n. lanei in honour of Professor Robert S. Lane for his outstanding contributions to Borrelia and Ixodes research). ...doi:10.1099/ijsem.0.002214 pmid:28884668 pmcid:PMC5737112 fatcat:6inyepurgbaibcyoywp35c67oy
Data Science Journal
All other authors' contributions are listed by chapter numbers: Budden 2.1, 2.5, 2.9, 2.10; Laney, O'Brien 2.1, 2.3, 2.10; Sheldon 2.2; Vanderbilt 2.3; Vieglais 2.4, 2.5, 2.9. ...doi:10.5334/dsj-2018-022 fatcat:owoymzxe4jfy7fralwypvjcdf4
2011. Cross-system comparisons elucidate disturbance complexities and generalities. Ecosphere 2(7):art81. Abstract. Given that ecological effects of disturbance have been extensively studied in many ecosystems, it is surprising that few quantitative syntheses across diverse ecosystems have been conducted. Multi-system studies tend to be qualitative because they focus on disturbance types that are difficult to measure in an ecologically relevant way. In addition, synthesis of existing studiesdoi:10.1890/es11-00115.1 fatcat:mlxsfejjnfdorav7jzsj4qxage
more »... oss systems or disturbance types is challenging because sufficient information needed for analysis is not easily available. Theoretical advances and improved predictions can be advanced by generalizations obtained from synthesis activities that include multiple sites, ecosystems, and disturbance events. Building on existing research, we present a conceptual framework and an operational analog to integrate this rich body of knowledge and to promote quantitative comparisons of disturbance effects across different types of ecosystems and disturbances. This framework recognizes individual disturbance events that consist of three quantifiable components: (1) environmental drivers, (2) initial system properties, and (3) physical and biological mechanisms of effect, such as deposition, compaction, and combustion. These components result in biotic and abiotic legacies that can interact with subsequent drivers and successional processes to influence system response. Through time, a coarse-scale quasi-equilibrial state can be reached where variation in drivers interacting with biotic processes and feedbacks internal to the system results in variability in dynamics. At any time, a driver of sufficient magnitude can push the system beyond its realm of natural variability to initiate a new kind of event. We use long-term data from diverse terrestrial ecosystems to illustrate how our approach can facilitate cross-system comparisons, and provide new insights to the role of disturbance in ecological systems. We also provide key disturbance characteristics and measurements needed to promote future quantitative comparisons across ecosystems.
Objectives-We examined socioeconomic disparities in a community-based tobacco dependence treatment program. Methods-We provided cognitive-behavioral treatment and nicotine patches to 2739 smokers. We examined treatment use, clinical and environmental, and treatment outcome differences by socioeconomic status (SES). We used logistic regressions to model end-of-treatment and 3-and 6month treatment outcomes. Results-The probability of abstinence 3 months after treatment was 55% greater for thedoi:10.2105/ajph.2011.300519 pmid:22390525 pmcid:PMC3487677 fatcat:hnfi4cq77ffbbcu6ruwais3toe
more »... est-SES than for the lowest-SES (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]= 1.55; 95% confidence interval [CI ]= 1.03, 2.33) smokers and increased to 2.5 times greater for the highest-SES than for the lowest-SES smokers 6 months after treatment (AOR = 2.47; 95% CI = 1.62, 3.77). Lower-SES participants received less treatment content and had fewer resources and environmental supports to manage a greater number of clinical and environmental challenges to abstinence.
Tobacco use greatly contributes to overall socioeconomic health disparities and physicians are a major source of information about effective methods for tobacco cessation. This study examined the tobacco intervention practices of primary care physicians in Arkansas who treat a high proportion of lower SES patients. Greater than 70% of respondents' patients were covered by Medicaid and/or Medicare or paid for primary care services without health insurance. Although physicians were highlydoi:10.1097/maj.0b013e3182302749 pmid:22008779 pmcid:PMC3263323 fatcat:3eedwslfw5hjpphc5vxy6qye6i
more »... d and considered cessation to be very important, 74% had no training of any kind in the treatment of tobacco dependence and familiarity with the free treatment services in Arkansas was low. Younger and non-white physicians and physicians with any type of training in treating tobacco dependence reported more positive attitudes, more frequent intervention behaviors, and more familiarity with treatment services. More frequently seeing the effects of tobacco use on the health of patients as well as increased knowledge, preparedness, and perceived effectiveness of treatments was related to a higher frequency of providing cessation assistance. More frequently seeing the effects of tobacco use on patients, as well as increased familiarity with treatment services was related to a higher frequency of referring patients to treatment services. These findings suggest that training experiences that increase physician awareness of the multiplicity of consequences of tobacco use as well as increase knowledge, preparedness, perceived effectiveness of treatments, and familiarity with treatment services will increase the frequency with which physicians assist and refer this important patient population.
The occurrence and causes of abrupt transitions, thresholds, or regime shifts between ecosystem states are of great concern and the likelihood of such transitions is increasing for many ecological systems. General understanding of abrupt transitions has been advanced by theory, but hindered by the lack of a common, accessible, and data-driven approach to characterizing them. We apply such an approach to 30-60 years of data on environmental drivers, biological responses, and associated evidencedoi:10.1890/es11-00216.1 fatcat:hodv32deqrcyll57np4fu7eieu
more »... rom pelagic ocean, coastal benthic, polar marine, and semi-arid grassland ecosystems. Our analyses revealed one case in which the response (krill abundance) linearly tracked abrupt changes in the driver (Pacific Decadal Oscillation), but abrupt transitions detected in the three other cases (sea cucumber abundance, penguin abundance, and black grama grass production) exhibited hysteretic relationships with drivers (wave intensity, sea-ice duration, and amounts of monsoonal rainfall, respectively) through a variety of response mechanisms. The use of a common approach across these case studies illustrates that: the utility of leading indicators is often limited and can depend on the abruptness of a transition relative to the lifespan of responsive organisms and observation intervals; information on spatiotemporal context is useful for comparing transitions; and ancillary information from associated experiments and observations aids interpretation of response-driver relationships. The understanding of abrupt transitions offered by this approach provides information that can be used to manage state changes and underscores the utility of long-term observations in multiple sentinel sites across a variety of ecosystems.
Objectives-We compared participant characteristics and abstinence outcomes of smokers who chose in-person or telephone tobacco dependence treatment. Methods-We provided the same treatment content to 7267 smokers in Arkansas between 2005 and 2008 who self-selected treatment modality; examined demographic, clinical, environmental, and treatment utilization differences between modalities; and modeled outcomes and participants' choice of modality with logistic regression. Results-At end ofdoi:10.2105/ajph.2012.301144 pmid:23763416 pmcid:PMC4007861 fatcat:fy3klxvfbfgqple6lbcfuphily
more »... , in-person participants were more likely to be abstinent than telephone participants, and smokers of higher socioeconomic status (SES) were more likely to be
., NEON, LTER, BLM AIM) rely on dedicated data management staff who may not be available in small research teams (Laney et al. 2015) . ... Although some of the topics discussed in the present article may be familiar to data managers, designated data managers may not be available in every lab or research partnership (Laney et al. 2015) . ...doi:10.1093/biosci/biab020 pmid:34084097 pmcid:PMC8169311 fatcat:b3skijtno5bbzous5yuev5tb6i
Data-intensive science communities are progressively adopting FAIR practices that enhance the visibility of scientific breakthroughs and enable reuse. At the core of this movement, research objects contain and describe scientific information and resources in a way compliant with the FAIR principles and sustain the development of key infrastructure and tools. This paper provides an account of the challenges, experiences and solutions involved in the adoption of FAIR around research objects overarXiv:1809.10617v1 fatcat:vixu3kwea5ax5p7deeuymuovee
more »... everal Earth Science disciplines. During this journey, our work has been comprehensive, with outcomes including: an extended research object model adapted to the needs of earth scientists; the provisioning of digital object identifiers (DOI) to enable persistent identification and to give due credit to authors; the generation of content-based, semantically rich, research object metadata through natural language processing, enhancing visibility and reuse through recommendation systems and third-party search engines; and various types of checklists that provide a compact representation of research object quality as a key enabler of scientific reuse. All these results have been integrated in ROHub, a platform that provides research object management functionality to a wealth of applications and interfaces across different scientific communities. To monitor and quantify the community uptake of research objects, we have defined indicators and obtained measures via ROHub that are also discussed herein.
Two foundational questions about sustainability are "How are ecosystems and the services they provide going to change in the future?" and "How do human decisions affect these trajectories?" Answering these questions requires an ability to forecast ecological processes. Unfortunately, most ecological forecasts focus on centennial-scale climate responses, therefore neither meeting the needs of near-term (daily to decadal) environmental decision-making nor allowing comparison of specific,doi:10.1073/pnas.1710231115 pmid:29382745 pmcid:PMC5816139 fatcat:zbkh56tybfgkzegev3iw6eg244
more »... ive predictions to new observational data, one of the strongest tests of scientific theory. Near-term forecasts provide the opportunity to iteratively cycle between performing analyses and updating predictions in light of new evidence. This iterative process of gaining feedback, building experience, and correcting models and methods is critical for improving forecasts. Iterative, near-term forecasting will accelerate ecological research, make it more relevant to society, and inform sustainable decision-making under high uncertainty and adaptive management. Here, we identify the immediate scientific and societal needs, opportunities, and challenges for iterative near-term ecological forecasting. Over the past decade, data volume, variety, and accessibility have greatly increased, but challenges remain in interoperability, latency, and uncertainty quantification. Similarly, ecologists have made considerable advances in applying computational, informatic, and statistical methods, but opportunities exist for improving forecast-specific theory, methods, and cyberinfrastructure. Effective forecasting will also require changes in scientific training, culture, and institutions. The need to start forecasting is now; the time for making ecology more predictive is here, and learning by doing is the fastest route to drive the science forward. forecast | ecology | prediction
The Arctic icescape is rapidly transforming from a thicker multiyear ice cover to a thinner and largely seasonal first-year ice cover with significant consequences for Arctic primary production. One critical challenge is to understand how productivity will change within the next decades. Recent studies have reported extensive phytoplankton blooms beneath ponded sea ice during summer, indicating that satellite-based Arctic annual primary production estimates may be significantly underestimated.doi:10.1038/srep40850 pmid:28102329 pmcid:PMC5244362 fatcat:btsdgf6dnfdk5lxh4tpvpm2c64
more »... ere we present a unique time-series of a phytoplankton spring bloom observed beneath snow-covered Arctic pack ice. The bloom, dominated by the haptophyte algae Phaeocystis pouchetii, caused near depletion of the surface nitrate inventory and a decline in dissolved inorganic carbon by 16 ± 6 g C m −2 . Ocean circulation characteristics in the area indicated that the bloom developed in situ despite the snow-covered sea ice. Leads in the dynamic ice cover provided added sunlight necessary to initiate and sustain the bloom. Phytoplankton blooms beneath snow-covered ice might become more common and widespread in the future Arctic Ocean with frequent lead formation due to thinner and more dynamic sea ice despite projected increases in high-Arctic snowfall. This could alter productivity, marine food webs and carbon sequestration in the Arctic Ocean. Annual phytoplankton net primary production in the Arctic Ocean has increased by 30% since the late 1990's mainly due to the declining sea ice extent and an increasing phytoplankton growth season 1 . However, there is considerable uncertainty about the future change in Arctic Ocean primary productivity largely attributed to the
Resources for Multiple Audiences Bruner-Canhoto 1 , PhD; Sharon Oxx 1 , RN, CDDN; Christine J. ... Massachusetts Innovative Action to Support those Aging with an Intellectual or Developmental Disability (IDD) Laney Promising Practices Brainstorming identified the need for more data and recognition ...doi:10.13028/r505-qr69 fatcat:4kjrddcd2jaylkzggxaczsiogq
During July 2021, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) B.1.617.2 variant infections, including vaccine breakthrough infections, occurred after large public gatherings in Provincetown, Massachusetts, USA, prompting a multistate investigation. Public health departments identified primary and secondary cases by using coronavirus disease surveillance data, case investigations, and contact tracing. A primary case was defined as SARS-CoV-2 detected <14 days after travel to ordoi:10.3201/eid2801.212220 pmid:34793690 pmcid:PMC8714214 fatcat:okuaelnavbg5riw6es6qnbfqcq
more »... esidence in Provincetown during July 3-17. A secondary case was defined as SARS-CoV-2 detected <14 days after close contact with a person who had a primary case but without travel to or residence in Provincetown during July 3-August 10. We identified 1,098 primary cases and 30 secondary cases associated with 26 primary cases among fully and non-fully vaccinated persons. Large gatherings can have widespread effects on SARS-CoV-2 transmission, and fully vaccinated persons should take precautions, such as masking, to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission, particularly during substantial or high transmission.
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 238 results