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Cheng-Tian Kuo: Religion and Democracy in Taiwan

Lukas Pokorny
2022
Cheng-Tian Kuo chinesischen Sagwort zu sagen, wie guzi di li de gaoliang -maojian, "Kolbenhirse im Weizenfeld -herausragend".  ...  Barbara Hoster Cheng-Tian Kuo: Religion and De mocracy in Taiwan Albany: State University of New York Press, 2008. 161 S., EUR 14,99 Nach fast vierzig Jahren beendete President Jiang Jinggub WfeH im Jahr  ... 
doi:10.11588/asien.2011.119.17889 fatcat:4qbtabfsibgorkzogtsnn6slhe

Multi-resolution Progressive Computational Ghost Imaging [article]

Cheng Zhou, Tian Tian, Chao Gao, Wenli Gong, Lijun Song
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Ghost imaging needs massive measurements to obtain an image with good visibility and the imaging speed is usually very low. In order to realize real-time high-resolution ghost imaging of a target which is located in a scenario with a large field of view (FOV), we propose a high-speed multi-resolution progressive computational ghost imaging approach. The target area is firstly locked by a low-resolution image with a small number of measurements, then high-resolution imaging of the target can be
more » ... btained by only modulating the light fields corresponding to the target area. The experiments verify the feasibility of the approach. The influence of detection signal-to-noise ratio on the quality of multi-resolution progressive computational ghost imaging is also investigated experimentally. This approach may be applied to some practical application scenarios such as ground-to-air or air-to-air imaging with a large FOV.
arXiv:1811.01733v1 fatcat:6gptnk6wqvadvjv7ywifyvkr4u

Chemical Constituents from the Barks of Swietenia macrophylla

Liwen Tian, Liwen Tian, Xifeng Teng, Cheng Zhong, Yang Xie, Xifeng Teng, Cheng Zhong, Yang Xie
2015 General Chemistry  
A new tirucallane-type triterpenoid, swietentol (1), was isolated from the barks of Swietenia macrophylla, together with four known triterpenoids (2-5), five known limonoids (6-10), and other six compounds (11-16). The structure of swietentol (1) was elucidated by extenstive 2D NMR and MS analysis.
doi:10.21127/yaoyigc20150002 fatcat:hwodhq4cmffmjnzavulhhsg4ba

Cheng-tian Kuo, ed., Religion and Nationalism in Chinese Societies

Scott PACEY
2018
This timely collection addresses two issues that have received much scholarly attention in recent years, although they have not often been considered alongside one another. The first is Chinese nationalism and the second is contemporary Chinese religion and its engagement with different social and political domains. Kuo's edited volume makes a genuine contribution to the literature on these subjects. Approaching the topic of religion and nationalism from a variety of angles, it will do much to
more » ... dd to the ongoing scholarly discussion of religion in the contemporary Chinese world and will certainly inspire more work in years to come. Each of the individual chapters focuses on particular topics while also providing overviews of the situation of different religious groups in the Chinese world. This makes the volume an excellent resource for scholars and students interested in Chinese religion, as well as the background to contemporary issues in the realm of religion and politics in pre-modern China. The chapters themselves are contained within three sections, each focusing on a different geographic area. The range of topics addressed within this framework is appropriate, facilitating comparison and reflection. Kuo's introduction comes first in the volume. This presents an analysis of the "totalitarian state religion of Chinese patriotism" in the PRC, "a civil religion shared by many religions" in Taiwan, and the conflict between these state and civil forms in Hong Kong (13). Following on from this, the volume's first section considers the relationship between religion and nationalism before 1949. The first chapter, by Chi-shen Chang, explores the ethnocentric thought of the seventeenth-century philosopher Wang Fuzhi. This is followed by Julia C. Schneider's chapter comparing Chinese notions of "compelled change" to European "missionizing" (89). Adam Yuet Chau then contributes a chapter on the emergence of the "religion sphere" (zongjiaojie) (129) in the context of the Chinese nation. Robert D. Weatherley and Qiang Zhang consider how the Party employs history in the construction of a
doi:10.15119/00003264 fatcat:mpf32odbk5gwzd3hpimvorvvp4

3907185.pdf

Yujia Xue, Shiyi Cheng, Yunzhe Li, Lei Tian
2019 Figshare  
Supplementary material
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.7990967 fatcat:3kpcvsygkfezllb46w62a4dpwy

The dynamic adsorption of Xe on a fixed bed adsorber at 77 K [article]

Bin Long, Jun- Li Li, Qun- Shu Wang, Shu- Juan Feng, Guo- Qing Zhou, Tian- Cheng Feng, Yan- Jie Tian, Huai- Cheng Ma
2016 arXiv   pre-print
During the design of fixed bed adsorbers, it is vital to understand the dynamic adsorption properties of the system. Because temperature is one of the most important factors affecting adsorbent performance, such that the dynamic adsorption coefficients tend to increase as the temperature decreases, the dynamic adsorption characteristics of Xe on a fixed bed adsorber at 77 K were studied in the present work to minimize the volume of fixed bed adsorber, employing a variety of adsorbents under
more » ... erent operational conditions. The results show that the adsorption performance of carbon molecular sieve is superior to that of activated carbon. And both operational conditions and the presence of gaseous impurities were found to affect adsorption properties.
arXiv:1604.08128v1 fatcat:ktk7cotqozadffwrh6o5jnfoce

New progress in adjacent segment degeneration/disease

Cheng-yi Liu, Tian Xia, Ji-wei Tian
2010 Orthopaedic Surgery  
Acknowledgments We thank Professor Ji-wei Tian for help and guidance.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1757-7861.2010.00084.x pmid:22009946 fatcat:l27ggo22frhp5atawqvov66spi

Basal Forebrain Cholinergic Activity Modulates Isoflurane and Propofol Anesthesia

Tian-Yuan Luo, Shuang Cai, Zai-Xun Qin, Shao-Cheng Yang, Yue Shu, Cheng-Xi Liu, Yu Zhang, Lin Zhang, Liang Zhou, Tian Yu, Shou-Yang Yu
2020 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain (BF) have long been considered to be the key neurons in the regulation of cortical and behavioral arousal, and cholinergic activation in the downstream region of the BF can arouse anesthetized rats. However, whether the activation of BF cholinergic neurons can induce behavior and electroencephalogram (EEG) recovery from anesthesia is unclear. In this study, based on a transgenic mouse line expressing ChAT-IRES-Cre, we applied a fiber photometry system
more » ... ombined with GCaMPs expression in the BF and found that both isoflurane and propofol inhibit the activity of BF cholinergic neurons, which is closely related to the consciousness transition. We further revealed that genetic lesion of BF cholinergic neurons was associated with a markedly increased potency of anesthetics, while designer receptor exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADD)-activated BF cholinergic neurons was responsible for slower induction and faster recovery of anesthesia. We also documented a significant increase in δ power bands (1-4 Hz) and a decrease in β (12-25 Hz) power bands in BF cholinergic lesioned mice, while there was a clearly noticeable decline in EEG δ power of activated BF cholinergic neurons. Moreover, sensitivity to anesthetics was reduced after optical stimulation of BF cholinergic cells, yet it failed to restore wake-like behavior in constantly anesthetized mice. Our results indicate a functional role of BF cholinergic neurons in the regulation of general anesthesia. Inhibition of BF cholinergic neurons mediates the formation of unconsciousness induced by general anesthetics, and their activation promotes recovery from the anesthesia state.
doi:10.3389/fnins.2020.559077 pmid:33192246 pmcid:PMC7652994 fatcat:lakw4z6ebjf4liddvp7kvpb7hu

Conditional Introspective Variational Autoencoder for Image Synthesis

Kun Zheng, Yafan Cheng, XiaoJun Kang, Hong Yao, Tian Tian
2020 IEEE Access  
We present a variational autoencoder (VAE) learning framework with introspective training for conditional image synthesis, and explore conditional capsule encoder by class-wise mask label insertion for this framework. Our model only consists of encoder (E), generator (G) and classifier (C), where E and G can be adversarially optimized, and C helps to boost conditional generation, improve authenticity and provide generation measures for E and G. Discriminator is not necessary in our framework
more » ... its absence makes our model more concise with fewer artifacts and pattern collapse problems. To compensate for the blurry weakness of VAE-like models, feature matching is introduced into loss functions by means of C to offer more reasonable measures between real and synthesized images. Moreover, in consideration of the key role of E in autoencoders as well as the interesting characteristics of capsule structure, conditional capsule encoder is preliminary explored in the image synthesis model. Class labels participate conditional encoding by masking high-level capsules of other categories, and capsule loss for the encoder is added to facilitate conditional synthesis. Experiments on MNIST and Fashion-MNIST data sets show that our model achieves real conditional synthesis performances with better diversity and fewer artifacts. And conditional capsule encoder also reveals interesting synthesis effects.
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3018228 fatcat:lr57e7dgq5bfhoktj77fvb3jee

CASLFA: CRISPR/Cas9-mediated lateral flow nucleic acid assay [article]

Xusheng Wang, Erhu Xiong, Tian Tian, Meng Cheng, Wei Lin, Jian Sun, Xiaoming Zhou
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
AbstractThe lateral flow assay is one of the oldest and most convenient analytical techniques for analyzing the immune response, but its applicability to precise genetic analyses is limited by the tedious and inefficient hybridization steps. Here, we have introduced a new version of the lateral flow assay, termed Cas9-mediated lateral flow nucleic acids assay (CASLFA), to address such issues. In this study, CASLFA is utilized to identify Listeria monocytogenes, genetically modified organisms
more » ... Os), and African swine fever virus (ASFV) at a sensitivity of hundreds of copies of genome samples with high specificity within 1 h. CASLFA satisfies some of the characteristics of a next-generation molecular diagnostics tool due to its rapidity and accuracy, allowing for point-of-care use without the need for technical expertise and complex ancillary equipment. This method has great potential for analyzing genes in resource-poor or nonlaboratory environments.
doi:10.1101/702209 fatcat:bzbesk4mtfbczml4uw627fypfy

Erratum to: Immnopathology [chapter]

Cheng Sun, Haoyu Sun, Zhigang Tian
2017 Practical Immunodermatology  
doi:10.1007/978-94-024-0902-4_16 fatcat:oni4njydmrdtzcluytuidgg65i

Clinical Features of COVID-19 Related Liver Damage [article]

Zhenyu Fan, Liping Chen, Jun Li, Cheng Tian, Yajun Zhang, Shaoping Huang, Zhanju Liu, Jilin Cheng
2020 medRxiv   pre-print
BACKGROUND: A recent outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 infection occurs mainly in China, with rapidly increasing the number of cases (namely COVID-19). Abnormal liver functions are frequently present in these patients, here we aimed to clarify the clinical features of COVID-19-related liver damage to provide some references for the clinical treatment. METHODS: In this retrospective, single-center study, we included all confirmed COVID-19 cases in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from January 20 to
more » ... nuary 31, 2020. The outcomes were followed up until February 19, 2020. A total of 148 cases were analyzed for clinical features, laboratory parameters (including liver function tests), medications and the length of stay. FINDINGS: Of 148 confirmed SARS-CoV-2-infected patients, 49.3% were females and 50.7% were males. The median age was 50.5 years (interquartile range, 36-64). Patients had clinical manifestations of fever (70.1%), cough (45.3%), expectoration (26.7%) at admission. 75 patients (50.7%) showed abnormal liver functions at admission. Patients (n = 75) who had elevated liver function index were more likely to have a moderate-high degree fever (44% vs 27.4%; p = 0.035) and significantly present in male patients (62.67% vs 38.36%; p = 0.005). The numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were significantly lower in abnormal liver function group than those in normal liver function group. There was no statistical difference in prehospital medications between normal and abnormal liver function groups, while the utilization rate of lopinavir/ritonavir after admission was significantly higher in patients with emerging liver injury than that in patients with normal liver functions. Importantly, the emerging abnormal liver functions after admission caused a prolonged length of stay. INTERPRETATION: SARS-CoV-2 may cause the liver function damage and the Lopinavir/ritonavir should be applied carefully for the treatment of COVID-19.
doi:10.1101/2020.02.26.20026971 fatcat:xgpofzly7jachmzr5p7tmlq5fi

Direct control of store-operated calcium channels by ultrafast laser

Pan Cheng, Xiaoying Tian, Wanyi Tang, Juan Cheng, Jin Bao, Haipeng Wang, Sisi Zheng, Youjun Wang, Xunbin Wei, Tunan Chen, Hua Feng, Tian Xue (+2 others)
2021 Cell Research  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Heping Cheng for discussion, Tongsheng Chen for FRET experiment design, Wanlu Li for providing help with the primary neuron and astrocyte cultures, Qing Han and Yirui Cheng for  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41422-020-00463-9 pmid:33469157 pmcid:PMC8249419 fatcat:jcvryzyrorcprnhtg6sb5iwn4u

Spoon-like Beams Generated with Exponential Phases

Lei Guo, Tian Xia, Yiping Xu, Yan Xiong, Xian Leng, Shaohua Tao, Yonghong Tian, Shubo Cheng
2022 Coatings  
In this paper, we report a new kind of beam, named "spoon-like" beams, generated with the exponential phase. The intensity distributions and transverse energy flow of the spoon-like beam at the focal plane are analyzed theoretically and experimentally. The results demonstrate that the size of the spoon-like beam becomes enlarged with the increasing power exponent n, and the length of the spoon-like intensity trajectory becomes shorter with the increasing parameter p. Furthermore, there is an
more » ... ensity gradient along the spoon-like trajectory of the beam, which introduces the intensity-gradient force exerted onto microparticles. The experiment on optical tweezers demonstrates that the focused beams can create spoon-like traps for the two-dimensional manipulation of particles.
doi:10.3390/coatings12030322 fatcat:6gffkerk65bebe7dvaw7q2ftb4

SONODYNAMIC EFFECT OF EMODIN ON MACROPHAGES

Qianping Gao, Fengping Wang, Shuyuan Guo, Jiali Cheng, Yinghua Jin, Bo Li, Ye Tian, Ye Tian
2012 Heart  
doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2012-302920a.176 fatcat:m6bis25rfnea7fio6otpqiujvu
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