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Mapping default mode connectivity alterations following a single season of subconcussive impact exposure in youth football

Jesse C DeSimone, Elizabeth M Davenport, Jillian Urban, Yin Xi, James M Holcomb, Mireille E Kelley, Christopher T Whitlow, Alexander K Powers, Joel D Stitzel, Joseph A Maldjian
2021 Human Brain Mapping  
Here, we used resting-state functional MRI to examine default mode network (DMN) functional connectivity (FC) following a single football season in youth players (n = 50, ages 8-14) without concussion.  ...  Lastly, significant FC changes, including between preseason and postseason and between in- and off-season, were specific to players at the upper end of the head impact frequency distribution.  ...  Specifically, for Cohort 1, we examined whether the number of head impacts differentially influenced the change between preseason and postseason FC in a subset of ROIs that distinguished football and control  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.25384 pmid:33734521 pmcid:PMC8090779 fatcat:2orqgset7rghpiz747qdsjtjpm

A Review of Neuroimaging Findings in Repetitive Brain Trauma

Inga K. Koerte, Alexander P. Lin, Anna Willems, Marc Muehlmann, Jakob Hufschmidt, Michael J. Coleman, Isobel Green, Huijun Liao, David F. Tate, Elisabeth A. Wilde, Ofer Pasternak, Sylvain Bouix (+4 others)
2015 Brain Pathology  
We also provide an overview of neuroimaging findings in those exposed to repetitive head impacts in the acute/subacute and chronic phase of injury and in more neurodegenerative phases of injury, as well  ...  All neuropathologically-confirmed CTE cases, to date, have had a history of repetitive head impacts.  ...  : RAS) and a VA Merit Award (MES).  ... 
doi:10.1111/bpa.12249 pmid:25904047 pmcid:PMC5699448 fatcat:54sffdgi2bfxhpfx2uj66yabxq

Applications of Resting State Functional MR Imaging to Traumatic Brain Injury

Thomas J. O'Neill, Elizabeth M. Davenport, Gowtham Murugesan, Albert Montillo, Joseph A. Maldjian
2017 Neuroimaging clinics of North America  
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), both resting state (rs)and task, has been used often in research to study the effects of TBI.  ...  Specifically, graph theory is being used to study the change in networks after TBI.  ...  The levels include no or minimal exposure for control athletes and low and high impact exposure for football players.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nic.2017.06.006 pmid:28985937 pmcid:PMC5708891 fatcat:ezly36sgtjc4ziua2bgcr2v7ci

Identifying degenerative effects of repetitive head trauma with neuroimaging: a clinically-oriented review

Breton M. Asken, Gil D. Rabinovici
2021 Acta Neuropathologica Communications  
We provide a clinically-oriented review of neuroimaging data from repetitive head trauma cohorts based on structural MRI, FDG-PET, Aβ-PET, and tau-PET.  ...  These populations most often include collision sport athletes (e.g., American football, boxing) and military veterans with repetitive low-level blast exposure.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Corrina Fonseca, Renaud La Joie, Amelia Strom, and Nidhi Mundada for their assistance with preparation of structural MRI and PET images, with an additional thank you to Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40478-021-01197-4 pmid:34022959 pmcid:PMC8141132 fatcat:kfpmvznihfdvdjy2qo54d3cl2y

A Dose Relationship Between Brain Functional Connectivity and Cumulative Head Impact Exposure in Collegiate Water Polo Players

Derek C. Monroe, Nicholas J. Cecchi, Paul Gerges, Jenna Phreaner, James W. Hicks, Steven L. Small
2020 Frontiers in Neurology  
However, those with the greatest impact exposure showed an association between changes in resting-state connectivity and a dissociation between performance on the tasks after the season [r (16) = 0.481  ...  Head impact exposure was not associated with changes in performance on the inhibitory control tasks.  ...  A few studies have observed similar changes after a single season of head impact exposure in football and rugby players, but these studies stratified their sample using a controversial method (21) of  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2020.00218 pmid:32300329 pmcid:PMC7145392 fatcat:626exav5bffh7lfmq5nmbn5zby

Structural, Functional, and Metabolic Brain Markers Differentiate Collision versus Contact and Non-Contact Athletes

Nathan W. Churchill, Michael G. Hutchison, Alex P. Di Battista, Simon J. Graham, Tom A. Schweizer
2017 Frontiers in Neurology  
(14) used functional MRI (fMRI) to evaluate functional connectivity of the resting brain for football players over a single season, showing increased functional connectivity between brain regions associated  ...  (17) used single-voxel spectroscopy (SVS) to quantify metabolite levels in the brains of football players before and after a competitive season, showing significant deviations from baseline at the end  ...  Conflict of Interest Statement: The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2017.00390 pmid:28878729 pmcid:PMC5572295 fatcat:tiyxzfmckbcplbiuc2subcyfvm

Concussion—Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Joshua Kamins, Christopher C. Giza
2016 Neurosurgery clinics of North America  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank Doug Polster PhD. and Talin Babikian PhD for their assistance with the neuropsychology literature.  ...  In a different study, patients with persistent symptoms showed benefit from a period of cognitive and physical rest, even months after concussion, although this study lacked a control group 40 .  ...  In a prospective cohort study with 2905 NCAA football players, 184 had concussions, 12 had a 2nd concussion in the same season and 11 of 12 repeat concussions occurred within 10 days of the first injury  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nec.2016.05.005 pmid:27637394 pmcid:PMC5899515 fatcat:iwddslwpurgfdf7wfpz27okvp4

Front Matter: Volume 10575

Proceedings of SPIE, Kensaku Mori, Nicholas Petrick
2018 Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis  
Please use the following format to cite material from these proceedings: Publication of record for individual papers is online in the SPIE Digital Library.  ...  The papers in this volume were part of the technical conference cited on the cover and title page. Papers were selected and subject to review by the editors and conference program committee.  ...  using 3D convolutional neural networks 10575 0F Single season changes in resting state network power and the connectivity between regions distinguish head impact exposure level in high school and youth  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2315758 fatcat:kqpt2ugrxrgx7m5rhasawarque

The neuropathology of sport

Ann C. McKee, Daniel H. Daneshvar, Victor E. Alvarez, Thor D. Stein
2013 Acta Neuropathologica  
Although the incidence and prevalence of CTE are not known, CTE has been reported most frequently in American football players and boxers.  ...  , including concussion, second-impact syndrome, juvenile head trauma syndrome, catastrophic sudden death, and CTE.  ...  10g in the course of a single collegiate season [41] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00401-013-1230-6 pmid:24366527 pmcid:PMC4255282 fatcat:r5hphlweejfy3gzsk6sd7fn7ki

Role of advanced neuroimaging, fluid biomarkers and genetic testing in the assessment of sport-related concussion: a systematic review

Michael McCrea, Timothy Meier, Daniel Huber, Alain Ptito, Erin Bigler, Chantel T Debert, Geoff Manley, David Menon, Jen-Kai Chen, Rachel Wall, Kathryn J Schneider, Thomas McAllister
2017 British Journal of Sports Medicine  
Study selection In addition to medical subject heading terms, a study was included if (1) published in English, (2) represented original research, (3) involved human research, (4) pertained to SRC and  ...  Data synthesis Results from the three respective reviews are compiled in separate tables and an interpretive summary of the findings is provided.  ...  with SRC and repetitive head impact exposure in athletes. 13 Clinically, there is a need for diagnostic biomarkers as a more objective means to assess the presence/ severity of concussion in athletes  ... 
doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-097447 pmid:28455364 fatcat:eibmupmll5dsborwrimzqdo2sa

Examining the Relationship between Head Trauma and Neurodegenerative Disease: A Review of Epidemiology, Pathology and Neuroimaging Techniques

Mark H Sundman Eric E Hall
2014 Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Parkinsonism  
As a result, the true consequences of these head injuries may go unnoticed at the time of injury and for many years thereafter.  ...  Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) has been identified as one of the chief underlying causes of morbidity and mortality in head trauma incidents.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was partially supported by NIH R01 NS074045 (MHS and NC).  ... 
doi:10.4172/2161-0460.1000137 pmid:25324979 pmcid:PMC4196712 fatcat:ggkyd4ghzncxfgvqnaf5aqjk3e

Proceedings from the Ice Hockey Summit III: Action on Concussion

Aynsley M Smith, Patrick A Alford, Mark Aubry, Brian Benson, Amanda Black, Alison Brooks, Charles Burke, Ryan D'Arcy, David Dodick, Michael Eaves, Chad Eickhoff, Kristen Erredge (+30 others)
2019 Exercise Medicine  
) to all youth hockey levels; (4) enforce game ejection penalties for fighting in Junior A and professional hockey leagues; (5) establish objective tests to diagnose concussion at point of care (POC);  ...  Conclusions: Expedient implementation of the Summit III prioritized action items is necessary to reduce the risk, severity and consequences of concussion in the sport of ice hockey.  ...  Thank you to Kevin Koenings who obtained seamless audiovisual prsentations for speakers presenting in person and for those presenting from elsewhere. Drs. Chip  ... 
doi:10.26644/em.2019.001 fatcat:jvpmfao7x5hjlfglsmvm5xmtga

Transcranial, Red/Near-Infrared Light-Emitting Diode Therapy to Improve Cognition in Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury

Margaret A. Naeser, Paula I. Martin, Michael D. Ho, Maxine H. Krengel, Yelena Bogdanova, Jeffrey A. Knight, Megan K. Yee, Ross Zafonte, Judith Frazier, Michael R. Hamblin, Bang-Bon Koo
2016 Photomedicine and Laser Surgery  
LED treatments may be performed in the home. Sham-controlled studies with veterans who have cognitive dysfunction from Gulf War Illness, blast TBI, and TBI/PTSD are currently ongoing.  ...  Nitric oxide is released from the cells increasing regional blood flow in the brain.  ...  Resting-state, functional-connectivity MRI scans in TBI A special type of functional MRI (fMRI) scan called a resting-state, functional-connectivity MRI (rs-fcMRI) has been used to reveal specific, intrinsic  ... 
doi:10.1089/pho.2015.4037 pmid:28001756 fatcat:rvvigs7wrvfynmxu5qhmkz7w2e

Sports Concussion: A Clinical Overview [chapter]

Andrew J. Gardner
2018 Sport and Exercise Science  
Management of concussion includes physical and cognitive rest until acute symptoms resolve, with a graded program of exertion implemented prior to medical clearance and return-to-play.  ...  However, concussion remains under-researched in terms of clinical translation from both experimental models to clinical understanding, and from clinical studies to sports policy.  ...  ., pre-injury/pre-season) and post-injury performance allows for detection of relative deficits, as athletes serve as their own controls.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.70765 fatcat:5o2n3mtflbhthkoq6hmjadrhkm

Predictive modelling of football injuries [article]

Stylianos Kampakis
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Predicting injuries in professional football using exposure records: The relationship between exposure (in training hours and match hours) in professional football athletes and injury incidence was studied  ...  Predicting intrinsic injury incidence using in-training GPS measurements: A significant percentage of football injuries can be attributed to overtraining and fatigue.  ...  In the second investigation training and exposure records from the professional squad of THFC from season 2012-2013 were used.  ... 
arXiv:1609.07480v1 fatcat:rlw2bbzdhrfxvlkh6luxdbrkha
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