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The recent success of the generative model shows that leveraging the multi-modal embedding space can manipulate an image using text information. However, manipulating an image with other sources rather than text, such as sound, is not easy due to the dynamic characteristics of the sources. Especially, sound can convey vivid emotions and dynamic expressions of the real world. Here, we propose a framework that directly encodes sound into the multi-modal (image-text) embedding space andarXiv:2112.00007v1 fatcat:rcv7bt5ppvfihc57kqfa4d2pau
more »... an image from the space. Our audio encoder is trained to produce a latent representation from an audio input, which is forced to be aligned with image and text representations in the multi-modal embedding space. We use a direct latent optimization method based on aligned embeddings for sound-guided image manipulation. We also show that our method can mix text and audio modalities, which enrich the variety of the image modification. We verify the effectiveness of our sound-guided image manipulation quantitatively and qualitatively. We also show that our method can mix different modalities, i.e., text and audio, which enrich the variety of the image modification. The experiments on zero-shot audio classification and semantic-level image classification show that our proposed model outperforms other text and sound-guided state-of-the-art methods.
Identification using biometrics is an important yet challenging task. Abundant research has been conducted on identifying personal identity or gender using given signals. Various types of biometrics such as electrocardiogram (ECG), electroencephalogram (EEG), face, fingerprint, and voice have been used for these tasks. Most research has only focused on single modality or a single task, while the combination of input modality or tasks is yet to be investigated. In this paper, we propose deeparXiv:1909.05417v1 fatcat:cnhzzgphrrffpofss2ez4z5mqa
more »... tification and gender classification using multimodal biometrics. Our model uses ECG, fingerprint, and facial data. It then performs two tasks: gender identification and classification. By engaging multi-modality, a single model can handle various input domains without training each modality independently, and the correlation between domains can increase its generalization performance on the tasks.
IEEE Systems Journal
Impact Analysis of Wind Farms in the Jeju Island Power System Eel-Hwan Kim, Jae-Hong Kim, Se-Ho Kim, Jaeho Choi, Member, IEEE, Kwang Y. ... Lee, Fellow, IEEE, and Ho-Chan Kim west coasts of the island is about 7-8 m/s, which is the reason why many companies are investing to construct wind farms in these areas  -  . ... Eel-Hwan Kim received the B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea, in 1985 Korea, in , 1987 Korea, in , and 1991 He was a Visiting Scholar with ...doi:10.1109/jsyst.2011.2163017 fatcat:bngxrwhjmbba7dryhexdxisfmu
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a demyelinating disorder characterized by the loss of myelin in the center of the basis pons, and is mainly caused by the rapid correction of hyponatremia. We report the case of a young woman who presented with gait disturbance and alcohol withdrawal, and who was eventually diagnosed with CPM. Generally, the cause and pathogenesis of CPM in chronic alcoholics remain unclear. In this cases, the CPM may be unrelated to hyponatremia or its correction. However,doi:10.5535/arm.2017.41.1.148 pmid:28289647 pmcid:PMC5344816 fatcat:65ekxqhuwnbm3arknn7nnfequq
more »... it is possible that the osmotic pressure changes due to refeeding syndrome after alcohol withdrawal was the likely cause in this case. This case illustrates the need for avoiding hasty, and possibly incomplete diagnoses, and performing more intensive test procedures to ensure a correct diagnosis.
Korean Circulation Journal
Candida prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is a rare entity. However, its incidence is expected to increase along with increasing incidence of nosocomial candida infection. A valve replacement combined with antifungal chemotherapy has been the standard treatment. However, successful treatment with the long-term administration of oral fluconazole has been reported. Herein, a case of bioprosthetic valve endocarditis due to candida parapsilosis, which recurred after a re-do operation, and treateddoi:10.4070/kcj.2004.34.10.997 fatcat:7ps4ppngcje7jazejfothedh2y
more »... with long-term antifungal chemotherapy, is reported. (Korean Circulation J 2004;34(10):997-1000) KEY WORDS:Candida;Heart valve prosthesis;Endocarditis.
Adult Onset Dyschomatosis Universalis Min Sung Kim, Sang Ho Youn, Chan Ho Na, Bong Seok Shin Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea Dear Editor: Dyschromatosis ... Also, Kim et al. 2 reported a ... A Case of Primary Palmoplantar Kaposi Sarcoma: An Unusual Presentation Young Her, Hui Young Lee 1 , So Eun Park 2 , Chul Woo Kim 2 , Sang Seok Kim 2 Departments of Dermatology and 1 Internal Medicine ...doi:10.5021/ad.2015.27.1.92 pmid:25673941 pmcid:PMC4323612 fatcat:zx5zht2c6zeb3mhxirquvbqhqq
Dermatol Surg 2011;37:495-500. http://dx.doi.org/10.5021/ad.2014.26.5.649Generalized Eruptive Lentiginosis in a Healthy Elderly ManMin Sung Kim, Sang Ho Youn, Chan Ho Na, Chosun University Medical School ...doi:10.5021/ad.2014.26.5.649 pmid:25324666 pmcid:PMC4198601 fatcat:edlcwhpgs5d5rbfi33fy5xze5q
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the study coordinators Hye Young Lim, Nam Hee Kim, Mi Joung Moon, Hwa Young Lee, Mi Joung Kwon, Su Yeon An, Su Joung Oh, and Hye Young Kwak for contribution to this study, and ...doi:10.1097/md.0000000000001694 pmid:26448019 pmcid:PMC4616755 fatcat:trccrqag4rba7fhmfkp55hsxl4
The aim of this study was to investigate learning curves for surgeons performing D2 lymph node dissection based on actual patient survival. Methods A total of 3,284 patients with gastric cancer who underwent curative intent gastric cancer surgery by nine surgeons in eight Korean hospitals between 2001 and 2006 were included. Each surgeon's experience was coded as the number of D1 ? b or more gastrectomies performed before that for each patient, which indicates the surgeon's total number ofdoi:10.1007/s10120-015-0477-0 pmid:25711979 fatcat:rsgtpljmqfcs3cgrqdcswq2tqm
more »... surgical experiences. Surgeon experience was grouped into two sets of categories. The set of categories included four groups of experience: B50, 51-100, 101-200, and [200 applicable operations. Multivariate survival time regression models were used to evaluate the association between surgeon experience and overall survival. Results The learning curve for gastric cancer survival after open gastric cancer surgery was steep and did not reach a plateau until a surgeon completed 100 operations. Overall survival rate was the lowest among patients treated by a surgeon with an experience of 50-100 cases. The overall survival of patients at 5 years when the surgeon had a history of more than 100 experiences was higher in each stage than that when the surgeon had a history of fewer than 100 experiences. Conclusion As a surgeon's experience increases, survival after gastric cancer surgery improves. Special attention needs to be paid to the second period of surgeon experience because survival of patients in this period was the lowest.
A thymoma commonly occurs in the superior mediastinum or the upper part of the anterior mediastinum but can be located in other places in rare cases. Cystic degeneration in a thymoma is a relatively common but focal event. In rare cases, the process proceeds to the extent that most if not all of the lesion becomes cystic. We report a case of a patient with a paracardial cystic thymoma in the lower aspect of the anterior mediastinum. A 49-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of adoi:10.4046/trd.2007.62.4.331 fatcat:wpx7o22vlvcebca3rtuxswjdju
more »... ass discovered incidentally on a chest X-ray. She showed no symptoms or signs. Contrast-enhanced chest CT scan revealed a 5x5cm sized, well-marginated, right paracardial cystic mass with a curvilinear and oval enhancing solid portion. A Surgical resection was performed. The mass was discontinuous with normal thymic tissue. Microscopy revealed a type B1 thymoma with prominent foci of medullary differentiation according to the WHO classification. There was no capsular or local invasion. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged in good health. (Tuberc Respir Dis 2007; 62: 331-335)
ORIGINAL ARTICLE 서 론 평균 수명의 연장과 식생활의 서구화로 인해 대장질환과 대장암이 증가하는 추세이고, 대장내시경에 대한 관심과 시행건수도 점차 늘 어나고 있다. 1-3 대장내시경은 대장질환의 진단 및 치료에 있어 표준 이 되는 검사로 내시경 폴립절제술은 비침습적이고 비교적 안전하여 대장폴립의 치료에 널리 사용되고 있다. 4,5 내시경 폴립절제술에는 저 온 생검법(cold biopsy), 고온 생검법(hot biopsy), 전기 소작술(electrocautery), 저온 올가미법(cold snaring), 올가미를 이용한 폴립절 제술(snare polypectomy, 올가미법), 내시경 점막절제술(endoscopic Background/Aims: Colonoscopic polypectomy is an effective tool for the treatment of colonic polyps. With the recent widespread use ofdoi:10.5217/ir.2013.11.1.46 fatcat:lvg452eg3fdo5bmr2beeamm2by
more »... opic polypectomy, there is a growing concern about iatrogenic complications, such as bleeding and perforation. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical presentation and management of complications during colonoscopic polypectomy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of colonoscopic examinations performed at 5 hospitals of Hallym University Medical Center between June 2005 and June 2008. Results: A total of 26,773 colonoscopies and 4,123 colonoscopic polypectomy were performed. The overall rate of complication was 1.04% (43/4,123). Perforation occurred in 0.19% (8/4,123) of cases, and bleeding occurred in 0.85% (35/4,123) of cases. Perforation occurred in 0.05% of snare polypectomies, 1.09% of endoscopic mucosal resections (EMR), and 7.14% of endoscopic submucosal dissections (ESD). Bleeding occurred in 0.8% of snare polypectomies, 1.09% of EMRs, and 3.57% of ESDs. The complication rate of ESDs was higher than in EMRs and snare polypectomies (P<0.001). Endoscopic clippings were performed in 25% of perforation and 66.7% of bleeding cases. Medical treatment was successful in 75% of perforation and 100% of bleeding cases. Conclusions: Colonoscopic polypectomy is a safe procedure for the treatment of colonic polyps, but rarely, serious complications occur. Compared to a snare polypectomy or an EMR, the complication of an ESD occurs more frequently. Endoscopic treatment and further conservative management seems to be appropriate in most cases with complication. (Intest Res 2011;13:46-51)
However, surgical treatment is usually indicated for patients with focal neurologic deficits or cysts that are increasing in 책임저자：Seong-Ho Kim, Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam ...doi:10.12701/yujm.2008.25.2.160 fatcat:t3juw7nna5a3dfks2weh3kadgq
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors thank the study coordinators Hye Young Lim, Nam Hee Kim, Mi Joung Moon, Hwa Young Lee, Mi Joung Kwon, Su Yeon An, Su Joung Oh, and Hye Young Kwak for their contributions to ...doi:10.1097/md.0000000000001249 pmid:26252286 pmcid:PMC4616583 fatcat:ohjy6x6zfzaqrojts6aijqtgba
Taming decoherence is essential in realizing quantum computation and quantum communication. Here we experimentally demonstrate that decoherence due to amplitude damping can be suppressed by exploiting quantum measurement reversal in which a weak measurement and the reversing measurement are introduced before and after the decoherence channel, respectively. We have also investigated the trade-off relation between the degree of decoherence suppression and the channel transmittance.arXiv:1102.1303v1 fatcat:2lm24sstjzbdxbadu4xlpbw7bi
Ossification of the tentorium cerebelli over the trigeminal notch is rare, but it may cause compression of the trigeminal nerve, leading to trigeminal neuralgia (TN). We were unable to find any previously reported cases with radiological evaluation, although we did find one case with surgically proven ossification of the tentorium cerebelli. Here, we present a case of TN caused by tentorial ossification over the trigeminal notch depicted on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT).doi:10.1155/2015/819354 pmid:26380124 pmcid:PMC4561330 fatcat:yxyexq37njajrdztk2dzhfjcgu
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