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Challenges and practices in aligning requirements with verification and validation: a case study of six companies

Elizabeth Bjarnason, Per Runeson, Markus Borg, Michael Unterkalmsteiner, Emelie Engström, Björn Regnell, Giedre Sabaliauskaite, Annabella Loconsole, Tony Gorschek, Robert Feldt
2013 Empirical Software Engineering  
Weak alignment of requirements engineering (RE) with verification and validation (VV) may lead to problems in delivering the required products in time with the right quality.  ...  We have performed a multi-unit case study to gain insight into issues around aligning RE and VV by interviewing 30 practitioners from 6 software developing companies, involving 10 researchers in a flexible  ...  Acknowledgment We want to thank Börje Haugset for acting as interviewer in three of the interviews.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10664-013-9263-y fatcat:ax7sbvlko5ggdeklnrs2azgaci

Six Sigma Implementation in Connector and Terminals Manufacturing Company : A Case Study

Hendi Herlambang
2020 IJIEM - Indonesian Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management  
Quality is a characteristic of this company, with the company's mission, one of which is eliminating customer claims.  ...  The application of the Six Sigma DMAIC method is expected to be used as a guideline for making durable product quality and reducing the high variation in the manufacturing process for bullet type products  ...  Reduce takt time from 9.2 sec to 8.5 sec. 4 Six-sigma application in tiremanufacturing company: a case study, (Gupta et al., 2018) The capability index value was an increase from 1.5 to 2.95, and capability  ... 
doi:10.22441/ijiem.v1i1.9305 fatcat:t7gm4rvoznfl3ger2n3tt2m3lq

Alignment of Requirements Specification and Testing: A Systematic Mapping Study

Zeinab Alizadeh Barmi, Amir Hossein Ebrahimi, Robert Feldt
2011 2011 IEEE Fourth International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation Workshops  
This study presents a systematic mapping of the alignment of specification and testing of functional or nonfunctional requirements in order to identify useful approaches and needs for future research.  ...  In particular we focus on results relevant for nonfunctional requirements but since only a few studies was found on alignment in total we also cover the ones on functional requirements.  ...  approaches, Test cases, Problems and set of good practices in aligning requirements and testing.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icstw.2011.58 dblp:conf/icst/BarmiEF11 fatcat:eovsgzb35zhndgjj4rop67luwa

A Study on the "Flexibility" of Information Systems (Part 4): Theoretical Summary and the Validation with Examples

Masaru Furukawa
2020 Zenodo  
Table 1 illustrates in detail the gap between the information system (IS) division and its corporate end users.  ...  Nevertheless, organizations, especially their IT managers, struggle to bridge the large gap between IT implementation and business strategies to achieve maximum output from their MIS.  ...  Verification of the Proposed Scheme with Examples Using specific examples, this section verifies the validity and meaning of our planning scheme.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3675346 fatcat:jbyhplqnbbf7lh47gsn77hwivy

How Do Software Architects Specify and Validate Quality Requirements? [chapter]

Andrea Caracciolo, Mircea Filip Lungu, Oscar Nierstrasz
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
As we show, quality requirements are commonly specified in practice but are rarely validated using automated techniques.  ...  In this paper we analyze and classify commonly specified quality requirements after interviewing professionals and running a survey.  ...  Acknowledgment We thank Erwann Wernli for valuable discussions regarding the content of this paper, and we thank the anonymous reviewers and the shepherd assigned to this paper for their many helpful suggestions  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-09970-5_32 fatcat:gn2eivcnwff3lcdmsvp4jzy76a

Verification and validation benchmarks

William L. Oberkampf, Timothy G. Trucano
2008 Nuclear Engineering and Design  
Code verification benchmarks and validation benchmarks have been constructed for a number of years in every field of computational simulation.  ...  Although the terminology is not uniform across engineering disciplines, code verification deals with assessing the reliability of the software coding, and solution verification deals with assessing the  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Sam Key, Curtis Ober, and Patrick Knupp, all of Sandia National Laboratories, for reading a draft of this paper and providing a number of constructive suggestions for  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2007.02.032 fatcat:g45nwgiribcphkmc6lhe6h7nfu

The Development and Validation of a Roadmap for Traceability [chapter]

Gilbert Regan, Derek Flood, Fergal Mc Caffery
2015 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
However there is a gap between regulatory traceability requirements and what is implemented in practice.  ...  This standards' traceability requirements ensure verification of inputs to outputs. Additionally, the "right way" is influenced by traceability best practices.  ...  Benefit 6: Verification and Validation. The SDLC traceability matrix can be used to prove that a requirement has been designed into the system and implemented in the code.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-19860-6_5 fatcat:63tef7zbrrd2nhp6ztirhjeffy

It Takes Two to Tango -- An Experience Report on Industry -- Academia Collaboration

Per Runeson
2012 2012 IEEE Fifth International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation  
We conclude that there must be a balance between company 'pull' and academia 'push' in the collaboration Management support is inevitably a key factor to success, while other factors like cross-cultural  ...  Based on notes, minutes of meetings, and progress reports, the project history is outlined. The project is analyzed, using collaboration models as a frame of reference.  ...  The PhD student work was conducted within the SWELL (Swedish Verification & Validation Excellence) research school, supported by the Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems (VIN-NOVA).  ... 
doi:10.1109/icst.2012.190 dblp:conf/icst/Runeson12 fatcat:dbl3ow6je5dgnasildt5abwvg4

Safely Entering the Deep: A Review of Verification and Validation for Machine Learning and a Challenge Elicitation in the Automotive Industry [article]

Markus Borg, Cristofer Englund, Krzysztof Wnuk, Boris Duran, Christoffer Levandowski, Shenjian Gao, Yanwen Tan, Henrik Kaijser, Henrik Lönn, Jonas Törnqvist
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in verification and validation of safety-critical systems that rely on machine learning.  ...  Deep Neural Networks (DNN) will emerge as a cornerstone in automotive software engineering. However, developing systems with DNNs introduces novel challenges for safety assessments.  ...  ISO 26262 enforces development and verification practices corresponding to the ASIL, with the most rigorous practices required for ASIL D.  ... 
arXiv:1812.05389v1 fatcat:ihtks3k77zdaxnhnz27zrzzhze

Challenges in Aligning Requirements Engineering and Verification in a Large-Scale Industrial Context [chapter]

Giedre Sabaliauskaite, Annabella Loconsole, Emelie Engström, Michael Unterkalmsteiner, Björn Regnell, Per Runeson, Tony Gorschek, Robert Feldt
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
By comparing the results of this case with other case studies it will be possible to get a more general picture of challenges in different kinds of organizations and in different domains.  ...  This paper presents preliminary findings of these interviews that identify key challenges in aligning requirements and verification processes.  ...  Many thanks to the anonymous interviewees for their dedicated participation in this study, and reviewers of the paper for their valuable comments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14192-8_14 fatcat:ladv2r2wlzgdji6hqgb5qtphaa

Safely Entering the Deep: A Review of Verification and Validation for Machine Learning and a Challenge Elicitation in the Automotive Industry

Markus Borg, Cristofer Englund, Krzysztof Wnuk, Boris Duran, Christoffer Levandowski, Shenjian Gao, Yanwen Tan, Henrik Kaijser, Henrik Lönn, Jonas Törnqvist
2019 Journal of Automotive Software Engineering  
This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in verification and validation of safety-critical systems that rely on machine learning.  ...  A B S T R A C T Deep neural networks (DNNs) will emerge as a cornerstone in automotive software engineering. However, developing systems with DNNs introduces novel challenges for safety assessments.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Thanks go to all participants in the SMILE workshops, in particular Carl Zandén, Michaël Simoen, and Konstantin Lindström.  ... 
doi:10.2991/jase.d.190131.001 fatcat:jdledybuk5dehiy32zfukr3ptu

Validation of high throughput sequencing and microbial forensics applications

Bruce Budowle, Nancy D Connell, Anna Bielecka-Oder, Rita R Colwell, Cindi R Corbett, Jacqueline Fletcher, Mats Forsman, Dana R Kadavy, Alemka Markotic, Stephen A Morse, Randall S Murch, Antti Sajantila (+4 others)
2014 Investigative Genetics  
Validation should be defined in terms of specific application and the criteria described here comprise a foundation for investigators to establish, validate and implement HTS as a tool in microbial forensics  ...  HTS strategies vary, requiring guiding principles for HTS system validation.  ...  The fact that a validation study is preliminary should be stated clearly, with the limitations of the assay and validation study clearly described.  ... 
doi:10.1186/2041-2223-5-9 pmid:25101166 pmcid:PMC4123828 fatcat:o7o7zuuyw5ha7p3eeofb537jja

Validation of the Job Crafting Scale in Latin American Workers

Oscar Iván Gutiérrez, Jean David Polo Vargas, Alba Ruth Vargas Montealegre, Marcos Zumárraga Espinosa, Ximena Ramírez Ocaña, Valeria Segovia Marín, Lina Margarita Calderín Salgado
2022 Anales de Psicología  
In this study, the psychometric properties of the Spanish version (Bakker et al., 2018) of the Job Crafting scale of Tims et al. (2012), was analyzed in a Latin American population.  ...  We applied the scale to a sample of 903 employees (42.6% women & 57.4% men) from Colombia and Ecuador. Reliability and validity were examined.  ...  Method Participants It was a non-probabilistic sample of 903 workers who voluntarily agreed to participate in the study and that correspond to Latin American companies (five in Ecuador and six in Colombia  ... 
doi:10.6018/analesps.472261 fatcat:rzrn7jlzcnclpkjuxun32ofgcu

Challenges and Solutions in Test Staff Relocations within a Software Consultancy Company

Daniel Larsson, Hakan Bertilsson, Robert Feldt
2008 2008 1st International Conference on Software Testing, Verification, and Validation  
This paper presents the results of a study on how management in a Swedish software company can facilitate test staff relocation.  ...  Interviews with consultants in the testing department were conducted to elicit the differences between testing projects they have and are involved in and their views on the challenges of and learning needed  ...  The company was founded in 1995 with Sweden as base of operations, and is today internationally represented in six countries and over 1200 employees.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icst.2008.28 dblp:conf/icst/LarssonBF08 fatcat:bjx5pqk4abfqlky3v7iy4tctaq

An Industrial Case Study on Test Cases as Requirements [chapter]

Elizabeth Bjarnason, Michael Unterkalmsteiner, Emelie Engström, Markus Borg
2015 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
The findings include a range of benefits and challenges in using test cases for eliciting, validating, verifying, tracing and managing requirements.  ...  We have investigated this agile practice at three companies in order to understand how test cases can fill the role of requirements.  ...  The coordination of evolving requirements poses a challenge in aligning these with later development activities including testing [5] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-18612-2_3 fatcat:5kpzhdw27rgprm4zn5pdq2d53q
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