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Influence of characteristic variation of oxide semiconductor and comparison of the activation function in neuromorphic hardware

Hiroya Ikeda, Hiroki Yamane, Yuta Takishita, Mutsumi Kimura, Yasuhiko Nakashima
2020 Nonlinear Theory and Its Applications IEICE  
In this paper, we have implemented and evaluated neuromorphic hardware that realizes human brain neurons and synapses using oxide semiconductor of amorphous In-Ga-Zn-O (a-IGZO) and a cellular neural network  ...  It was confirmed how variations of initial resistance and deterioration rate of the oxide semiconductor affect operation accuracy of the neuromorphic hardware.  ...  Lastly, We would like to thank Ms.Bich in Nara Institute Science and Technology for the improvement of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1587/nolta.11.232 fatcat:bqoatibvf5afrfdj4gwijprgbe

Memristor nanodevice for unconventional computing:review and applications [article]

Mahyar Shahsavari
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Thepotential applications of memristor are presented and a wide domain of applications are explainedand classified.  ...  for manufacturing, small scalability, nonvolatility and potential of using inlow power platforms are outstanding characteristics of this emerging nanodevice.  ...  RTD has more potential to react as a complementary device beside memristor for neural network applications e.g., Cellular Neural Networks (CNN) [36] .  ... 
arXiv:1703.00331v1 fatcat:vn5udtsj2jga5f5c3x6ufdrfqi

Two-dimensional materials for synaptic electronics and neuromorphic systems

Shuiyuan Wang, David Wei Zhang, Peng Zhou
2019 Science Bulletin  
Synapses in biology provide a variety of functions for the neural system.  ...  Inspired by the unique features of biological synapses that the basic connection components of the nervous system and the parallelism, low power consumption, fault tolerance, self-learning and robustness  ...  of neural activity, and form and regulate the synchronous oscillation of the cortical thalamic network [70] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scib.2019.01.016 fatcat:c76ikp4wmjh7npewynpasnphji

Progress in the smart pixel technologies

H.S. Hinton
1996 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics  
The functionality of the smart pixels can range from one or two transistors providing some type of nonlinear gain to a smart pixel composed of several thousand transistors processing an ATM packet header  ...  Figure 11 . 11 ELO ALGaAs-based p-i-n detectors on silicon neural network circuitry.  ... 
doi:10.1109/2944.541871 fatcat:22sqbqisyzdlrk54n37y7lpdue

Computing with spins and magnets

Behtash Behin-Aein, Jian-Ping Wang, Roland Wiesendanger
2014 MRS bulletin  
Such advances in memory devices could also translate into a new class of logic devices that offer the advantage of nonvolatile and reconfigurable information processing over transistors.  ...  The possible use of spin and magnets in place of charge and capacitors to store and process information is well known.  ...  Such properties will subsequently enable building of complex circuits for Boolean logic, neural networks, etc.  ... 
doi:10.1557/mrs.2014.166 fatcat:afmq3dmej5fklozn4emm6pb6pu

A CNTFET-Based Nanowired Induction Two-Way Transducers

Rostyslav Sklyar
2012 ISRN Nanotechnology  
Implementation of the nanowires allows reliable transducing of the biosignals' partials and bringing of carbon nanotubes into circuits leading to examination of the superconducting transition.  ...  A complex of the induction magnetic field two-way nanotransducers of the different physical values for both the external and implantable interfaces in a wide range of arrays are summarized.  ...  After the implantation of parallel SuFET(s), the averaging or summation of this dynamic among the whole neural network, nerve fibre, or DNA spiral(s) is possible.  ... 
doi:10.5402/2012/102783 fatcat:vejrccvrmbekvm6iyp2ffnzbj4

Final Program

2020 2020 17th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computing Science and Automatic Control (CCE)  
The Cellular Neural Network is directed and trained for image processing, and the selected tasks for the performance evaluation of the Cellular Neural Network are edge detection and noise remover.  ...  Thin film Large Area (10 x10 cm2) Production of CdS Buffer Layer for Solar Cells by Chemical Bath Method Thin films Study of ZnSxO1-x Prepared by Thermal Oxidation of ZnS Films Deposited from a Chemical  ...  Proposal for a rotary micromotor structure based on CMOS-MEMS technology Griselda Stephany Abarca-Jiménez Design of position sensor of a linear micromotor based on CMOS-MEMS technology Guillermo  ... 
doi:10.1109/cce50788.2020.9299182 fatcat:dff7ylnwrzabdcv276gbwcgkji

Organic Bioelectronics: Materials and Biocompatibility

Krishna Feron, Rebecca Lim, Connor Sherwood, Angela Keynes, Alan Brichta, Paul Dastoor
2018 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Organic electronic materials have been considered for a wide-range of technological applications.  ...  Here, we review the biocompatibility of organic electronic materials and their implementation in bioelectronic applications.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijms19082382 pmid:30104515 fatcat:vxhv4v4lgvfbhanh5mfbgjvzva

Nanomaterials for Neural Interfaces

Nicholas A. Kotov, Jessica O. Winter, Isaac P. Clements, Edward Jan, Brian P. Timko, Stéphane Campidelli, Smita Pathak, Andrea Mazzatenta, Charles M. Lieber, Maurizio Prato, Ravi V. Bellamkonda, Gabriel A. Silva (+3 others)
2009 Advanced Materials  
(iii) Solutions to many critical problems in neural biology/medicine are limited by the availability of specialized materials.  ...  can be tailored to match the charge transport requirements of electrical cellular interfacing.  ...  Stimulating discussions, clarifications, and insights of Profs. Ken Wise, Khalil Najafi, Daryl Kipke, David Martin were also greatly appreciated.  ... 
doi:10.1002/adma.200801984 fatcat:ttuhwrjipfbtzhitolhpjmuogu

Biological Applications of Organic Electrochemical Transistors: Electrochemical Biosensors and Electrophysiology Recording

Liming Bai, Cristina García Elósegui, Weiqi Li, Ping Yu, Junjie Fei, Lanqun Mao
2019 Frontiers in Chemistry  
of gate electrode from the transistor device.  ...  Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) are recently developed high-efficient transducers not only for electrochemical biosensor but also for cell electrophysiological recording due to the separation  ...  Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fchem.2019.00313 pmid:31134185 pmcid:PMC6514146 fatcat:m5bznogxcndovliodmzyv3mvu4

Electrolyte-gated transistors for synaptic electronics, neuromorphic computing, and adaptable biointerfacing

Haifeng Ling, Dimitrios A. Koutsouras, Setareh Kazemzadeh, Yoeri van de Burgt, Feng Yan, Paschalis Gkoupidenis
2020 Applied Physics Reviews  
FIG. 7 . 7 (a) Optical bright field images of SH-SY5Y cells grown on interdigitated Au electrodes coated by a pentacene/AuNP thin-film.  ...  Perceptron-based artificial neural network Perceptron is a model of feedforward neural networks that comprise densely interconnected adaptive processing subunits (artificial neurons). 190 Perceptron-based  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.5122249 fatcat:toitkrqdgbg6boldbcveiqqfvu

Artificial neural networks in hardware: A survey of two decades of progress

Janardan Misra, Indranil Saha
2010 Neurocomputing  
implementation Optical neural network a b s t r a c t This article presents a comprehensive overview of the hardware realizations of artificial neural network (ANN) models, known as hardware neural networks  ...  We specifically discuss, in detail, neuromorphic designs including spiking neural network hardware, cellular neural network implementations, reconfigurable FPGA based implementations, in particular, for  ...  A very recent work in this direction include optical implementation of SNN using a thin film of electron-trapping material by Pashaie and Farhat [242] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neucom.2010.03.021 fatcat:regzu6sshvekzd5wxcuaiytgqu

Motion Detection Using Tactile Sensors Based on Pressure-Sensitive Transistor Arrays

Jiuk Jang, Yoon Sun Jun, Hunkyu Seo, Moohyun Kim, Jang-Ung Park
2020 Sensors  
Here, we introduce tactile sensors consisting of field-effect transistors (FETs).  ...  GR requires a process involving the acquisition of a large amount of data in an array rather than a single sensor, suggesting the importance of fabricating a tactile sensor as an array.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20133624 pmid:32605148 pmcid:PMC7374490 fatcat:7jqt6f7qzfct7dtxai23irraeu

Technical program

2020 2020 17th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computing Science and Automatic Control (CCE)  
Structural characterization of the YBa2Cu3Oσ superconductor with phases [σ=6.87,6.89 and 6.9] obtained by solid state reaction ID 59  ...  Photoluminescence properties of thin film SiOxCy deposited by O-Cat CVD technique using MMS and TEOS Abstract: This work aims to evaluate the properties of deposited SiOxCy thin films by means of organic  ...  Velumani Subramaniam.Growth of In2Se3 Thin Films Prepared by the Pneumatic Spray Pyrolysis Method for Thin Film Solar Cells ApplicationsSession SSM 3 -Algorithms and Systems Friday November 13th, 2020  ... 
doi:10.1109/cce50788.2020.9299132 fatcat:xkw6xl7vvnan7enewajqfqwo4q

PEDOT:PSS‐Based Bioelectronic Devices for Recording and Modulation of Electrophysiological and Biochemical Cell Signals

Yuanying Liang, Andreas Offenhäusser, Sven Ingebrandt, Dirk Mayer
2021 Advanced Healthcare Materials  
biological matter including microelectrode arrays, neural cuff electrodes, organic electrochemical transistors, PEDOT:PSS-based biosensors, and organic electronic ion pumps.  ...  Finally, progress in the material development is summarized for the improvement of polymer conductivity, stretchability, higher transistor transconductance, or to extend their field of application such  ...  Open access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.  ... 
doi:10.1002/adhm.202100061 pmid:33970552 fatcat:xmrxywvkcrbzbcxhqmivedgtba
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