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Catch-Up: A Rule that Makes Service Sports More Competitive [article]

Steven J. Brams, Mehmet S. Ismail, D. Marc Kilgour, Walter Stromquist
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Surprisingly, compared with SR, only CR gives the players the same probability of winning a game while increasing its expected length, thereby making it more competitive and exciting to watch.  ...  We also consider two Trailing Rules that make the server the player who trails in total score.  ...  We thank Susan Jane Colley and two anonymous referees, as well as the participants of Dagstuhl Seminar 16232, for their very helpful comments that considerably improved this article.  ... 
arXiv:1808.06922v1 fatcat:dq5jvo46bndchh4yuz4n5f6qdu

Catch-Up: A Rule that Makes Service Sports More Competitive

Steven J. Brams, Mehmet S. Ismail, Walter Stromquist
2016 Social Science Research Network  
Surprisingly, compared with SR, only CR gives the players the same probability of winning a game while increasing its expected length, thereby making it more competitive and exciting to watch.  ...  We also consider two Trailing Rules that make the server the player who trails in total score.  ...  We thank Susan Jane Colley and two anonymous referees, as well as the participants of Dagstuhl Seminar 16232, for their very helpful comments that considerably improved this article.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2887175 fatcat:uonjbp576rfijc7kn2d742hs7m

Learning and Catch-up in Singapore [chapter]

George Yeo, Tan Kong Yam, Tan Khee Giap
2019 How Nations Learn  
This chapter focuses on the learning and catch-up experience of Singapore between 1965 and 2018.  ...  It attempts to contribute to both academic and practical policy discussion by examining the critical role of the state, and its determination of the policies, incentives, and institutions that played a  ...  allows circumstances to catch up with it.  ... 
doi:10.1093/oso/9780198841760.003.0009 fatcat:nbd6xr5rwrar5dby7pkivslj2a

Growth, Conventional Production and Tourism Specialisation: Technological Catching-up Versus Terms-of-Trade Effects

Simone Valente
2005 Social Science Research Network  
Two types of transitional dynamics may exist: technological catching-up and technological falling-behind.  ...  Two types of transitional dynamics may exist: technological catching-up and technological falling-behind.  ...  As a consequence, conclusions about growth differentials are radically overturned: in a one-good setup, technological catching up (i.e. converging from point B) guarantees higher growth rates along the  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.855984 fatcat:ukrzsharhzb3pkerndxizz6hfq

'Must-Trade and Catch-Up' – Do the Self-Employed Under-Invest in Their Health?

Estelle Augé, Nicolas Sirven
2021 Economics and Statistics  
This study has been carried out under a data access agreement between Université Paris-Dauphine and the DREES (Direction de la recherche, des études, de l'évaluation et des statistiques) at the Ministry  ...  years of working life (the 'must-trade' effect) and increases more rapidly with age to eventually catch-up with the level of employees (the 'catch-up' effect).  ...  observed among employees after retirement ('catch-up' effect), suggesting that their health therefore declines more rapidly over the life cycle.  ... 
doi:10.24187/ecostat.2021.524d.2043 fatcat:2k5ef6d3bzhptnvzigsrtbu2mq

ARE RESTRICTIONS OF COMPETITION BY SPORTS ASSOCIATIONS HORIZONTAL OR VERTICAL IN NATURE?

O. Budzinski, S. Szymanski
2015 Journal of Competition Law & Economics  
In contrast, the vertical approach views the sports association as being a dominant upstream firm enjoying a monopoly position on the market stage for competition organizing services, an important input  ...  The horizontal approach views such restrictions as an agreement among the participants of a sports league with the sports association merely representing an organization executing the horizontal cooperation  ...  a rule that future investment levels depend on recent success (= football-related revenues) and outlawing catching-up investments financed by external sources.  ... 
doi:10.1093/joclec/nhv010 fatcat:n4qhvelhwfdvln2gutwxmmmh6a

Are Restrictions of Competition by Sports Associations Horizontal or Vertical in Nature?

Oliver Budzinski, Stefan Szymanski
2014 Social Science Research Network  
In contrast, the vertical approach views the sports association as being a dominant upstream firm enjoying a monopoly position on the market stage for competition organizing services, an important input  ...  The horizontal approach views such restrictions as an agreement among the participants of a sports league with the sports association merely representing an organization executing the horizontal cooperation  ...  a rule that future investment levels depend on recent success (= football-related revenues) and outlawing catching-up investments financed by external sources.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2412471 fatcat:5wfb7e55jrg7zmnb4paxvjapwm

Page 29 of New Jersey Medicine Vol. 79, Issue 7 [page]

1982 New Jersey Medicine  
Frustration and dropouts may occur when the late bloomers catch up biologically. The few child “phenoms” who become Roger Staubachs are not the rule.  ...  Relegate highly competitive sports activity to older age groups. A controversial ban on competitive sports prior to adolescence has been recommended by concerned physi- 569  ... 

Impact of Green Sports on Construction of Sporting Power

Houzhong Jin, Hongquan Li
2011 Asian Social Science  
In this paper, the author analyzes the impact of green sports on construction of sporting power from dimensions of green sports' consciousness, education, system, service, and cultural, offering references  ...  In the process of further driving China develop from sporting giant to sporting power, we should take the mass sports, competitive sports, school sports, sports industry, and sports soft power as the base  ...  Here, it must be emphasized that, for city planning, innovation is not to overturn the original things thoroughly but inherit and develop national culture, catching up with the development of times (Yi  ... 
doi:10.5539/ass.v7n2p41 fatcat:ixvgootz25h2nlmeqcixrh4juq

Is access to content really the new bottleneck: or should we be content about content?

Paul Paterson
2012 Telecommunications Journal of Australia  
evidence is examined more closely.  ...  It is concluded that, that taken together, they do indeed have the scope to weaken the threat to competition seen in exclusive content rights.  ...  have rule-making powers.  ... 
doi:10.7790/tja.v62i3.341 fatcat:ajplsflp5fcm7fxssvyv7tfvki

Sporting Metaphors: Competition and the Ethos of Capitalism

Ann E. Cudd
2007 Journal of the Philosophy of Sport  
No metaphor is more powerful than competition and the idea of the competitive market as a winnertakes-all, no-holds-barred dogfight.  ...  -Yogi Berra The English language is replete with metaphors that use sport to describe daily life as a kind of game.  ...  Our constitutive rules of property are only beginning to catch up, but we have the sense that if the new technology is to benefit everyone, a system of rules will need to be established.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00948705.2007.9714709 fatcat:pgyvya3qdfevljc2tztflhpixm

Norms in Sports Contests: The Tour de France

Alexander Fink, Daniel J. Smith
2012 Journal of Sport Management  
Stephenson, Virgil Storr, and Omar Al-Ubaydli, as well as the participants of the Graduate Student Paper Workshop hosted by the Mercatus Center at George Mason University and the participants of the Sports  ...  Tour a more attractive sporting event to spectators.  ...  In case of such an incidence, for example a flat tire or crash, the other riders reduce their speed to give the affected rider a chance to catch up or allow for some officially forbidden short cuts.  ... 
doi:10.1123/jsm.26.1.43 fatcat:lfmsaj4q6bgdfkvwjsww54rnwi

Neuro-Doping as a Means to Avert Fascistoid Ideology in Elite Sport

Torbjörn Tännsjö
2020 Neuroethics  
This means that the use of it, and similar future safe methods of enhancement in sport, may help those who are naturally weak to catch up with those who are naturally strong and sometimes even defeat them  ...  But the idea that those who are naturally strong should defeat those who are naturally weak rests on a fascistoid ideology that sport had better leave behind.  ...  As was alluded to by Buchanan et al. it is natural to assume that it is easier to help those who lag behind to catch up with those who are more talented, than to enhance those who are already at the top  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12152-020-09443-7 fatcat:r255yxrcuvdalpzf7gg6vphavi

A different approach to the modern sport administration: method of innovation

Ahmet Atalay, Ali Serdar Yücel, Engin Boztepe
2013 International Journal of Academic Research  
With the developing technology, it is ever inevitable to form sport clubs into a structure that is competitive and could produce goods and services, acting fast and flexible, harmonising with changes and  ...  Thus, sport has its share from the incidents in the process of globalization that has made the conditions for international competition and free market economy, and the world's transform into a single  ...  In a rapidly changing world, sports which already contains change within itself is to catch up with change in its management style with its own internal dynamics.  ... 
doi:10.7813/2075-4124.2013/5-2/b.16 fatcat:npb6ilwkozho5eakwihaf7jwhi

An Antitrust Challenge to the NCAA Transfer Rules

Sarah M. Konsky
2003 The University of Chicago Law Review  
Arguably, transfer students might need to play "catch-up" -their peers have already adjusted to the school, team, and community.  ...  Thus, the relevant market for an analysis of the transfer rules is that for student-athletes' services nationally in a given sport. C.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1600582 fatcat:bd2jbwaqinhw3bo4jjtr5r4fsy
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