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Evolving a Multi-Classifier System for Multi-Pitch Estimation of Piano Music and Beyond: An Application of Cartesian Genetic Programming

Rolando Miragaia, Francisco Fernández, Gustavo Reis, Tiago Inácio
2021 Applied Sciences  
Our system's classifiers are evolved using Cartesian genetic programming: we take advantage of Cartesian genetic programming to evolve a set of mathematical functions that act as independent classifiers  ...  This paper presents a new method with a set of desirable properties for multi-pitch estimation of piano recordings.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank to P. Domingues for providing powerful hardware at Polytechnic of Leiria to perform important tests; P.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11072902 fatcat:hpu4glaqafhublvrsjkapli2t4

Survey on automatic transcription of music

Tiago Fernandes Tavares, Jayme Garcia Arnal Barbedo, Romis Attux, Amauri Lopes
2013 Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society  
Many techniques have been proposed to solve the problem of automatic music transcription.  ...  The paper is focused on the motivations behind each technique, aiming to serve both as an introduction to the theme and as resource for the development of new solutions for automatic transcription.  ...  The piano-roll related to a particular piece may be visualized in a Cartesian plane, where the y-axis represents the pitch p and the x-axis represents time.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13173-013-0118-6 fatcat:pn2meihauvhfha6usww6dpbyu4

Machine Learning for Computational Creativity: VST Synthesizer Programming

Christopher Mitcheltree, Hideki Koike
2021 Zenodo  
In this thesis, two educational and creative tools are presented that leverage machine learning to help users program Xfer Records Serum: currently one of the most popular and complex VST synthesizers  ...  First, a system that provides step-by-step instructions for applying audio effects to change some input audio towards a desired sound is designed.  ...  I'd also like to thank the developers of the open source software that made this thesis possible and all the authors of the related works that inspired this research in the first place.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6351291 fatcat:tqvuepndzjdnzbf2qv23ryweuq

From Nodes to Networks: Evolving Recurrent Neural Networks [article]

Aditya Rawal, Risto Miikkulainen
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The paper also shows how the search process can be speeded up by training an LSTM network to estimate performance of candidate structures, and by encouraging exploration of novel solutions.  ...  Thus, evolutionary design of complex neural network structures promises to improve performance of deep learning architectures beyond human ability to do so.  ...  For instance, Cartesian genetic programming was recently used to achieve state of the art In standard recurrent network, the tree node is repeated several times to create each layer in a multi-layered  ... 
arXiv:1803.04439v2 fatcat:pgiaqrvzkjghni6u5bq6zo3lce

Native Language Influence on Brass Instrument Performance: An Application of Generalized Additive Mixed Models (GAMMs) to Midsagittal Ultrasound Images of the Tongue

Matthias Heyne, Donald Derrick, Jalal Al-Tamimi
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
by the players from the two language groups when producing notes at different pitches and intensities, and during the production of the monophthongs in their native languages.  ...  behavior via motor memory of vocal tract gestures forming the basis of local optimization processes to arrive at a suitable tongue shape for sustained note production.  ...  While the NZE players as a group display a more-or-less consistent pattern of using a higher tongue position for higher pitch notes (except for the note F4), this pattern does not apply to the Tongan group  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02597 pmid:31827453 pmcid:PMC6890863 fatcat:t7ygcotfx5dmpmnccc4wcd3glu

Structured audio: creation, transmission, and rendering of parametric sound representations

B.L. Vercoe, W.G. Gardner, E.D. Scheirer
1998 Proceedings of the IEEE  
We present an overview of techniques for transmitting and synthesizing sound represented in structured format, and for creating structured representations from audio waveforms.  ...  Structured audio representations are semantic and symbolic descriptions that are useful for ultralow-bit-rate transmission, flexible synthesis, and perceptually based manipulation and retrieval of sound  ...  First, by transposing the pitch of a sample during playback, a single recording can reproduce a range of notes.  ... 
doi:10.1109/5.664280 fatcat:ky4s4fyrkzdetaosygkqhlro6i

On the evolution of music in a society of self-taught digital creatures

Eduardo Reck Miranda
2003 Digital Creativity  
We devised a Cartesian model to represent a triple of notes; that is, an ordered set of three notes that may or may not sound simultaneously.  ...  When the algorithm arrives at a live cell, its co-ordinates are taken to estimate the triple from a given lowest reference note.  ...  the one that is perceptually most similar pd to include in the repertoire.  ... 
doi:10.1076/digc.14.1.29.8812 fatcat:w33hpjohjjervjuzxhceznkpi4

ARMAS: Active Reconstruction of Missing Audio Segments [article]

Zohra Cheddad, Abbas Cheddad
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Compared to existing methods, we show improvement in the inpainting performance in terms of signal-to-noise (SNR), the objective difference grade (ODG) and the Hansen's audio quality metric.  ...  This work may trigger interest in optimising this approach and/or transferring it to different domains (i.e., image reconstruction).  ...  [4] , the authors proposed a modern neuro-evolution algorithm, Enhanced Cartesian Genetic Programming Evolved Artificial Neural Network (ECG-PANN), as a predictor of the lost signal samples in realtime  ... 
arXiv:2111.10891v3 fatcat:7qvzsrzmozgzll3tqsm4pkdhri

Introduction [chapter]

2016 Music Data Analysis  
The interface between the computer and statistical sciences is increasing, as each discipline seeks to harness the power and resources of the other.  ...  This series aims to foster the integration between the computer sciences and statistical, numerical, and probabilistic methods by publishing a broad range of reference works, textbooks, and handbooks.  ...  While multi-pitch estimation can be applied to any music piece that contains harmonic sounds, chord estimation implies some specific temporal and vertical organization of those pitches.  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781315370996-5 fatcat:avooqogcpnbjngqmzuonil3exq

Human Posture Estimation and Sustainable Events Classification via Pseudo-2D Stick Model and K-ary Tree Hashing

Ahmad Jalal, Israr Akhtar, Kibum Kim
2020 Sustainability  
To extract full-body human silhouette features, we proposed various features such as energy, sine, distinct body parts movements, and a 3D Cartesian view of smoothing gradients features.  ...  These results indicate better performance for our approach compared to other state-of-the-art methods.  ...  All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12239814 fatcat:lr2xyirtmfd4vcw34ixxiklqea

A Constraint-based Approach for Annotating Music Scores with Gestural Information

Daniele P. Radicioni, Vincenzo Lombardo
2007 Constraints  
Gestural information is thereby crucial for a model of music performance, paired with a model of sound synthesis where this information is applied.  ...  The highly constrained nature of performers gestures makes this task suitable to be modeled via a constraint-based approach, coupled with a strategy aimed at maximizing the gestural comfort of performers  ...  Also, we wish to thank the anonymous referees and the Journal's Editor for their valuable comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10601-007-9015-y fatcat:6c36tsqb2vhb7jafblrvkhdury

Recent advances in mechatronics

Okyay Kaynak
1996 Robotics and Autonomous Systems  
The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or  ...  Typesetting: Camera-ready by Contributors SPIN 10717447 543210 (Robotics Society of Japan) and SICE (Society of Instr. and Control Engineers of Japan).  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to acknowledge the support of the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Institute for Robotic and Intelligent Systems (IRIS) and Precam Associates  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0921-8890(96)00039-5 fatcat:l5fd4hwa2rbu3l6f2jucyj2fxy

The specificity of sensorimotor learning: Generalization in auditory feedback adaptation

K.G. Munhall, E.J.S. Pile, E.N. MacDonald, H.R. Dajani, D. W. Purcell
2007 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
to produce the sounds of musical notes.  ...  By directing listeners to the perception of a single stream, this task leads to an estimation of the pitch-based obligatory streaming evoked by the sequence.  ...  Perturbation forces were applied using a jaw-coupled robot, and triggered using a thresholding criterion applied to real-time tracking of the initial low to high transition in the first formant.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2942959 fatcat:v6krgm45ozahjjzsaash3d6dkm

On the relations among temporal integration for loudness, loudness discrimination, and the form of the loudness function

So/ren Buus, Mary Florentine, Torben Poulsen
1996 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The microphones used to measure the radiation field were placed every l0 deg from the top of the piano to 130 deg on the lower side of the piano.  ...  For instance, the principle of proximity states that unstable events generate an expectation that the next note will be proximal in pitch.  ...  That interaction was to have a profound impact on the program and its subsequent success in a number of areas.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.415616 fatcat:o3peikxywvgrtccqqlvwx55j3y

Conceptual Representations for Computational Concept Creation

Ping Xiao, Alexandre Miguel Pinto, Alberto Díaz, Virginia Francisco, Pablo Gervás, Raquel Hervás, Carlos León, Jamie Forth, Matthew Purver, Geraint A. Wiggins, Dragana Miljković, Hannu Toivonen (+16 others)
2019 ACM Computing Surveys  
Computational creativity seeks to understand computational mechanisms that can be characterized as creative. The creation of new concepts is a central challenge for any creative system.  ...  In this article, we outline different approaches to computational concept creation and then review conceptual representations relevant to concept creation, and therefore to computational creativity.  ...  There exist collections of evaluation ratings estimated by computational methods, called affect lexicons, such as General Inquirer, 3 WordNet-AFFECT (Strapparava and Valitutti 2004) , SentiWord-Net (  ... 
doi:10.1145/3186729 fatcat:yhsrmlj2w5af3iy7opexxh22hm
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