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The Mexican Army as Cartel

PATRICK O'DAY
2001 Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  
Most generally, it involves the transfer of a sum of money from one party to another.  ...  On May 10, 2000, a small Cessna crash-landed into the brambles near the Kilometro 30 checkpoint on the tollway between Reynosa, Tamaulipas, and Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, at the edge of the ejido, Buenavista  ... 
doi:10.1177/1043986201017003006 fatcat:rtndexbkdndltjr5ncvrxqqwgu

The Penguin and the Cartel: Rethinking Antitrust and Innovation Policy for the Age of Commercial Open Source

Stephen M. Maurer
2010 Social Science Research Network  
It also profiles a leading commercial OS collaboration (The Eclipse Foundation) and describes the various design issues that face such organizations.  ...  The result is a de facto cartel that suppresses competition and incentives to invest. Strangely, then, OS is self-limiting: Companies do share, but write far less shared code than they ought to.  ...  a) Operating Systems Operating systems provide the clearest candidate for a software product in which the downsides of cartelization can be safely ignored.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1652292 fatcat:bgry26foirgjbgx67tgduncx5y

The Creation and Destruction of Price Cartels: An Evolutionary Theory

William C. Bradford
2011 Social Science Research Network  
The use of CI to monitor tacit cartel arrangements as a trust enhancement or substitute has been recognized for decades. See DEBORA L. SPAR, THE COOPERATIVE EDGE Dishman & V.  ...  Lessons Learned a.  ...  a price cartel, the greater the risk of antitrust prosecution; (19) The more likely it is that the state will grant amnesty to the first firm to confess the existence of a price cartel, the more likely  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1921016 fatcat:wcaz6ljz4nh6rjknhtemkyuhni

Partners in Crime: The Effects of Diversity on the Longevity of Cartels

Olivier Bertrand, Fabrice Lumineau
2016 Academy of Management Journal  
In this study, we get a better understanding of how the profile of the partners involved in cartels affects the longevity of their joint misconduct activities.  ...  Implications for the literature on organizational misconduct are discussed.  ...  2 We can also note a large stream of research in Industrial Organization on cartels.  ... 
doi:10.5465/amj.2013.1209 fatcat:aoewj2pnojg5lbuyfyfay4b2ha

Ensemble Method of Convolutional Neural Networks with Directed Acyclic Graph Using Dermoscopic Images: Melanoma Detection Application

Arthur Cartel Foahom Gouabou, Jean-Luc Damoiseaux, Jilliana Monnier, Rabah Iguernaissi, Abdellatif Moudafi, Djamal Merad
2021 Sensors  
Our results reveal that the directed acyclic graph is a meaningful approach to develop a reliable and robust automated diagnosis system for the multiclass classification of dermoscopic images.  ...  Unlike conventional ensemble methods, we use a directed acyclic graph to aggregate binary CNNs for the melanoma detection task.  ...  Supplementary Materials: Code for our experiments are available online at https://gitlab.com/ cartel-gouabou/ensemble_method_of_cnn_with_dag_applied_on_dermoscopic_images (accessed on 8 June 2021).  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21123999 fatcat:fbxbezllvzapfavv2f7w4vpnku

The Case for Antitrust Enforcement

Jonathan B. Baker
2003 Social Science Research Network  
Elizabeth O'Neill for research assistance.  ...  Salop, Marius Schwartz, Valerie Suslow, Gregory Werden, participants in the Stanford Law and Economics Seminar, and the editors, and to Aaron B.  ...  One-quarter of the cartels survived for at least 15 years.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.452182 fatcat:7nfolewaijeythrpgxrdgtxfd4

The Case for Antitrust Enforcement

Jonathan B Baker
2003 Journal of Economic Perspectives  
Elizabeth O'Neill for research assistance.  ...  Salop, Marius Schwartz, Valerie Suslow, Gregory Werden, participants in the Stanford Law and Economics Seminar, and the editors, and to Aaron B.  ...  One-quarter of the cartels survived for at least 15 years.  ... 
doi:10.1257/089533003772034880 fatcat:ck4kmlcnyrabre6sa2tjcp6oz4

On Christopher K. Ansell Pragmatist Democracy: Evolutionary Learning as Public Philosophy. Oxford/New York, NY, Oxford University Press, 2011

G. Berk, C. Deutschmann, S. Quack, M. Schneiberg, C. Ansell
2012 Socio-Economic Review  
They also let us see how manufacturers created new varieties of associations, shifting their form and function from cartels and price controls to collaborative learning systems based on discovery, deliberation  ...  Since all knowledge is situational, who sets the standard for choosing what could be transferable knowledge and what not?  ... 
doi:10.1093/ser/mwr040 fatcat:caqy5trvcjcdxfroxvqotjkcaq

The TranQuyl language for data management in intelligent transportation

Ouri Wolfson, A. Prasad Sistla, Bo Xu
2012 Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies  
Intelligent Transportation Systems envision a networked environment consisting of vehicles, the infrastructure, and hand-held devices (e.g., smart-phones).  ...  For another example, the road weather-up-to-the-minute visibility, precipitation, and pavement condition information-can be provided at high spatial resolution.  ...  For example, assume that a query and a report meet at an intermediate peer and they match. Then the report has to be transferred to the query producer by additional communication.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trc.2012.02.002 fatcat:4qwnthwlmzbrzkalp7vulysej4

Monitoring Technologies in Mission-Critical Environment by Using Wireless Sensor Networks [chapter]

Yuanyuan Zeng, Kai Xiang, Deshi Li
2012 Wireless Sensor Networks - Technology and Applications  
Challenges for connectivity in mission-critical environment In mission-critical environment, the systems are usually built upon wireless sensor networks that need to provide timely and valid information  ...  For general WSNs, energy efficiency is one of the major constraints in wireless sensor networks.  ...  The each edge between u and v with pu [pmin, pmax] is drawn to form a multi-edge.  ... 
doi:10.5772/48185 fatcat:ctpbnn3o3jgabehua6nywzz4ke

Computational Antitrust: An Introduction and Research Agenda

2021 Stanford Journal of Computational Antitrust  
Computational antitrust is a new domain of legal informatics which seeks to develop computational methods for the automation of antitrust procedures and the improvement of antitrust analysis.  ...  Against this background, it sets out a research agenda for the years ahead in view of providing answers to the challenges created by computational antitrust, and better understand its limits.  ...  Abrantes-Metz & Albert Metz, Can Machine Learning Aid in Cartel Detection, ANTITRUST CHRON. COMPETITION POL'Y INT'L Dec. 2018, at 1, 3 (calling "cartel detection" a problem of classification).  ... 
doi:10.51868/1 fatcat:s3wm65zddffcfm3m2tln7ij3vy

National innovation policy and global open innovation: exploring balances, tradeoffs and complementarities

Sverre J Herstad, Carter Bloch, Bernd Ebersberger, Els van de Velde
2010 Science and Public Policy  
The aim of this article is to suggest a framework for examining the way national policy mixes are responding to the challenges and opportunities of globally distributed knowledge networks, crosssectoral  ...  Public policy now needs to carefully balance between: a) promoting the formation of international linkages for knowledge sourcing and information exposure; b) providing incentives for domestic industry  ...  learning from the policy system may be harmful.  ... 
doi:10.3152/030234210x489590 fatcat:s4dgacba4bdvzh7f7x2sxmuusy

FORENSIC ECONOMICS: AN INTRODUCTION WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON PRICE FIXING

J. M. Connor
2007 Journal of Competition Law & Economics  
, and intensely read by a small circle of parties with often large income-transfers at risk.  ...  However, post-cartel benchmarks may be affected by learning during the conspiracy; that is, when a cartel is formed in a competitive industry, its members may learn how to price tacitly after the cartel  ... 
doi:10.1093/joclec/nhm022 fatcat:25nirac46zbirh4k5qhob5yhju

Forensic Economics: An Introduction With Special Emphasis on Price Fixing

John M. Connor
2007 Social Science Research Network  
, and intensely read by a small circle of parties with often large income-transfers at risk.  ...  However, post-cartel benchmarks may be affected by learning during the conspiracy; that is, when a cartel is formed in a competitive industry, its members may learn how to price tacitly after the cartel  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.988709 fatcat:pj3mkuyiebfmxh3qkuytwplgj4

An economic analysis of debarment

Emmanuelle Auriol, Tina Søreide
2017 International Review of Law and Economics  
If designed with an understanding of the market mechanisms at play, debarment can deter both collusion and corruption, thus improving the results of public procurement.  ...  and there is a certain risk of being detected in corruption.  ...  For instance under some regimes, such as the World Bank sanctions regime, cartel collaboration is a stand-alone reason for debarment, while in others, as under the EU procurement rules, it is not. 7  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.irle.2017.04.004 fatcat:vlplzolhvjhepi4ywme53q67l4
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