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Capuchin: Causal Database Repair for Algorithmic Fairness [article]

Babak Salimi, Luke Rodriguez, Bill Howe, Dan Suciu
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We then use these conditions as the basis for database repair algorithms that provide provable fairness guarantees about classifiers trained on their training labels.  ...  In this paper, we formalize the situation as a database repair problem, proving sufficient conditions for fair classifiers in terms of admissible variables as opposed to a complete causal model.  ...  Algorithm 2: Repair using Matrix Factorization.  ... 
arXiv:1902.08283v5 fatcat:3ptfkkbdlvfe7hs7yu4emen57y

Data Management for Causal Algorithmic Fairness [article]

Babak Salimi, Bill Howe, Dan Suciu
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We then review existing works and identify future opportunities for applying data management techniques to causal algorithmic fairness.  ...  In this paper, we first make a distinction between associational and causal definitions of fairness in the literature and argue that the concept of fairness requires causal reasoning.  ...  Further, they introduced the CAPUCHIN system, which minimally repairs D by performing a sequence of database updates (viz., insertions and deletions of tuples) to obtain another training database D that  ... 
arXiv:1908.07924v3 fatcat:7httb4wykzhzphyg3kya6yqngy

Data Provenance

Peter Buneman, Wang-Chiew Tan
2019 SIGMOD record  
We then use these conditions as the basis for database repair algorithms that provide provable fairness guarantees about classifiers trained on their training labels.  ...  In this paper, we formalize the situation as a database repair problem, proving sufficient conditions for fair classifiers in terms of admissible variables as opposed to a complete causal model.  ...  We thank NVIDIA Corporation for donating the Titan Xp GPU used for this work. We thank the members of UC San Diego's Database Lab for their feedback on this work.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3316416.3316418 fatcat:u4lmbha4fjgajlc46r66ryh7vi

Self Exploration of Sensorimotor Spaces in Robots. Self-Exploration of Sensorimotor Spaces in Robots Mathématiques et Informatique Spécialité Informatique L'auto-exploration des espaces sensorimoteurs chez les robots Mathématiques et Informatique Spécialité Informatique

Fabien Benureau, Fabien Benureau, Verena Hafner, Jean-Baptiste Mouret, Manuel Lopes, Fabien Benureau, Verena Hafner, Jean-Baptiste Mouret
unpublished
Une expérience permet ensuite de montrer que l'algorithme peut démontrer une capacité à permettre l'acquisition de savoir-faire complexes, se reposant sur des savoir-faire plus simples.  ...  , we investigate how to generate a diversity of effects in an unknown environment. is approach distinguishes itself by its lack of user-defined reward or fitness function, making it especially suited for  ...  causal knowledge.  ... 
fatcat:sucupzioobbkhoibgg3bj3txuq

The evolution of foresight: What is mental time travel, and is it unique to humans?

Thomas Suddendorf, Michael C. Corballis
2007 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
A theater metaphor serves as an analogy for the kind of mechanisms required for effective mental time travel.  ...  The adaptive advantage of any memory system can only lie in what it contributes for future survival.  ...  While capuchins did not wait for more than 20 to 40 seconds, chimpanzees kept the initial cookie for at least 8 minutes.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x07001975 pmid:17963565 fatcat:2mxq4wybz5cuvkrs2mm3ufnzqa

On the constructive episodic simulation of past and future events

Daniel L. Schacter, Donna Rose Addis
2007 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
A theater metaphor serves as an analogy for the kind of mechanisms required for effective mental time travel.  ...  The adaptive advantage of any memory system can only lie in what it contributes for future survival.  ...  While capuchins did not wait for more than 20 to 40 seconds, chimpanzees kept the initial cookie for at least 8 minutes.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x07002178 fatcat:ene3n726afakxgisi6vfl2vkxe

Alternatives to animal use in research, testing, and education

G. Fillion
1988 Annales de l'Institut Pasteur: Immunologie  
Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires  ...  As with all OTA reports, responsibility for the content of the assessment is OTA's alone.  ...  Of this, $37 million (64 percent) is for extramural research while the remainder is for intramural use.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0769-2625(88)90076-1 fatcat:6qph3stknzah7pu2zi6t5sh6ca

Alternatives to animal use in research, testing, and education

A. Danchin
1988 Biochimie  
Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires  ...  As with all OTA reports, responsibility for the content of the assessment is OTA's alone.  ...  Of this, $37 million (64 percent) is for extramural research while the remainder is for intramural use.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0300-9084(88)90313-6 fatcat:gsm233i7h5hcvh6iq5ux57aggq

Alternatives to animal use in research, testing, and education

G. Fillon
1988 Annales de l Institut Pasteur Microbiologie  
Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires  ...  As with all OTA reports, responsibility for the content of the assessment is OTA's alone.  ...  Of this, $37 million (64 percent) is for extramural research while the remainder is for intramural use.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0769-2609(88)90117-2 fatcat:57ydhlrq2ng7vgbvlqxtqpxgau

Alternatives to animal use in research, testing, and education

1988 European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry  
Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires  ...  As with all OTA reports, responsibility for the content of the assessment is OTA's alone.  ...  Of this, $37 million (64 percent) is for extramural research while the remainder is for intramural use.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0223-5234(88)90017-7 fatcat:upcuogj32rcuhiposqatpfjeu4

Alternatives to animal use in research, testing and education

David Lovell
1990 Food and Chemical Toxicology  
Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires  ...  As with all OTA reports, responsibility for the content of the assessment is OTA's alone.  ...  Of this, $37 million (64 percent) is for extramural research while the remainder is for intramural use.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0278-6915(90)90029-m fatcat:twxfjmkepjelfjejuunmi2k2yi

Alternatives to animal use in research, testing and education

Gordon Birch
1990 Food Chemistry  
Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires  ...  As with all OTA reports, responsibility for the content of the assessment is OTA's alone.  ...  Of this, $37 million (64 percent) is for extramural research while the remainder is for intramural use.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0308-8146(90)90012-s fatcat:j4kfp5lkrfb6pi6wcyht3flofi

Alternatives to animal use in research, testing and education

1989 Biochemical education  
Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires  ...  As with all OTA reports, responsibility for the content of the assessment is OTA's alone.  ...  Of this, $37 million (64 percent) is for extramural research while the remainder is for intramural use.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0307-4412(89)90125-8 fatcat:pkcpxrghwrbk3ltnin5i2qval4

2014 ACVIM Forum Research Abstracts Program

2014 Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine  
Using the BLASTN algorithm, all sequence reads were compared to the Silva rRNA database.  ...  Our objective was to characterize the phenotype in cats with MC and identify the causal mutation.  ...  One catheter was placed in each jugular vein for plasma sampling and determination of accuracy in using one double lumen catheter for infusion and sampling for a subsequent clinical trial.  ... 
doi:10.1111/jvim.12361 fatcat:ntdabfjqvrbwlb7pba5xtlk4bq

Panel Members: Panel Members

Wednesday, October
unpublished
Today more than 50% of the world's population lives in cities, which means that cities use 70% of the world's resources and are responsible for 80% of the CO2 emissions.  ...  The modernist and industrialist city is no longer sustainable nor a desirable model for future cities. Worldwide, sustainable cities are being imagined and made.  ...  Research on co-authorship, for instance, shows that the number having different, context dependable perspectives on the use of technology.  ... 
fatcat:nmkjosflarfkpo7dwt6vmoasbe
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