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Can we distinguish biological motions of virtual humans?

Ludovic Hoyet, Franck Multon, Anatole Lecuyer, Taku Komura
2010 Proceedings of the 17th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology - VRST '10  
This paper presents a perceptual study to evaluate if human beings are able to accurately distinguish differences in natural lifting motions with various masses in virtual environments (VE), which is not  ...  Figure 1 : Subject lifting a 6kg dumbbell: video of a real motion (up) and corresponding captured motion applied to a virtual human (down).  ...  In this paper, we present a perceptual study to evaluate if human beings are able to distinguish differences in biological captured motions, using weight lifting motions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1889863.1889878 dblp:conf/vrst/HoyetMLK10 fatcat:o472w5rzb5f2hba572r3kffzau

A Study On Perceptual Similarity of Human Motions [article]

Björn Krüger, Jan Baumann, Mohammad Abdallah, Andreas Weber
2011 Workshop on Virtual Reality Interactions and Physical Simulations  
We perform a user study involving different classes of pre-recorded human motions displayed in abstract form either as stick figures or as point lights.  ...  for associations with numeric distance measures for human motions described in the literature.  ...  In this paper we describe a user study in which the question of similarity of human full body motions is the topic of direct perceptual investigation.  ... 
doi:10.2312/pe/vriphys/vriphys11/065-072 dblp:conf/vriphys/KrugerBAW11 fatcat:4gg2ekbawjgtdcdjylk25tojky

Modeling and Animating Virtual Humans for Real-Time Applications

Frank Hülsken, Christian Eckes, Roland Kuck, Jörg Unterberg, Sophie J�rg
2007 International Journal of Virtual Reality  
We present a system for capturing whole body motions, including the fingers, based on an optical motion capture system with 6 DOF rigid bodies and cybergloves.  ...  We report on the workflow for the creation of realistic virtual anthropomorphic characters. 3D-models of human heads have been reconstructed from real people by following a structured light approach to  ...  Animating with a motion capture system Using an optical motion capture system with passive retroreflective markers and two CyberGloves, we record sequences of body motions.  ... 
doi:10.20870/ijvr.2007.6.4.2704 fatcat:wslc24ozrrbu7jyih7uvbasu7q

A Novice Guide towards Human Motion Analysis and Understanding [article]

Ahmed Nabil Mohamed
2015 arXiv   pre-print
Human motion analysis and understanding has been, and is still, the focus of attention of many disciplines which is considered an obvious indicator of the wide and massive importance of the subject.  ...  The purpose of this article is to shed some light on this very important subject, so it can be a good insight for a novice computer vision researcher in this field by providing him/her with a wealth of  ...  In the end, they discuss tracking and recognition of human motion (e.g., walking, running), declaring that the tracking methods can distinguish between allowed and non-allowed human body configurations  ... 
arXiv:1509.01074v1 fatcat:kpqf277iw5f2bmlmog2ya2awci

Visual and non-visual cues in the perception of linear self motion

Laurence R. Harris, Michael Jenkin, Daniel C. Zikovitz
2000 Experimental Brain Research  
We discuss this dominance of the physical cues in determining the perceived distance of self motion in terms of capture by non-visual cues.  ...  Surprisingly little is known of the perceptual consequences of visual or vestibular stimulation in updating our perceived position in space as we move around.  ...  Doug Crawford, Fara Redlick and Carolee Orme made useful comments on early versions of this manuscript and Agnieszka Kopinska helped with the statistics.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s002210000504 pmid:11104123 fatcat:uwe7usju3jdb7nib6m5lv2gk2m

Can biological motion research provide insight on how to reduce friendly fire incidents?

Kylie A. Steel, David Baxter, Sera Dogramaci, Stephen Cobley, Eathan Ellem
2016 Psychonomic Bulletin & Review  
Biological motion research and anecdotal evidence from experienced combatants suggests that intentions, emotions, identities of human motion can be identified and discriminated, even when visual display  ...  The ability to accurately detect, perceive, and recognize biological motion can be associated with a fundamental drive for survival, and it is a significant interest for perception researchers.  ...  Roger Adams for his continued guidance in the conceptual design of the TM-ID test paradigm and its applications in sport and military settings, and for providing the original idea that serves as the impetus  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13423-016-1006-9 pmid:26850024 fatcat:v4dioeppyvcm3j4zzyw4jv43k4

Simulating humans: computer graphics animation and control

1994 ChoiceReviews  
Likewise we learn how to describe the actions and behaviors of others without consciously struggling with the processes of perception, recognition, and language.  ...  Our motor systems manage to learn how to make us move without leaving us the burden or pleasure of knowing how we did it.  ...  How can we get a virtual human to behave appropriately and report similar experiences?  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.31-2728 fatcat:r2oehymzrvb27mchwharo6fesm

A review of 3D human pose estimation algorithms for markerless motion capture [article]

Yann Desmarais, Denis Mottet, Pierre Slangen, Philippe Montesinos
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Advances in convolutional networks triggered noticeable improvements in 2D pose estimation, leading modern 3D markerless motion capture techniques to an average error per joint of 20 mm.  ...  Here, we review the leading human pose estimation methods of the past five years, focusing on metrics, benchmarks and method structures.  ...  The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
arXiv:2010.06449v3 fatcat:lo442jzoqvhlfedse7u7l6fjje

Human locomotion in languages: Constraints on moving and meaning

Barbara C. Malt, Eef Ameel, Mutsumi Imai, Silvia P. Gennari, Noburo Saji, Asifa Majid
2014 Journal of Memory and Language  
To help understand what constrains word meaning and how variation arises, we examined name choices in English, Dutch, Spanish, and Japanese for 36 instances of human locomotion.  ...  These findings, considered along with naming patterns from other domains, suggest recurring principles of constraint and variation across domains.  ...  Wolff (Eds.), Words and the mind: How words capture human experience (pp. 29-57). New York: Oxford University Press.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2013.08.003 fatcat:eo3ighmaezbz5ewxl7di3khh7i

Human-Robot Collaboration: From Psychology to Social Robotics [article]

Judith Bütepage, Danica Kragic
2017 arXiv   pre-print
This problem can be overcome by an embodied approach to HRC which is inspired by psychological studies of human-human interaction (HHI).  ...  Additionally, we study the advances made by the robotic community into the direction of embodied HRC. We focus on the mechanisms that are required for active, physical human-robot collaboration.  ...  To this end, weight aware lifting of objects is studied in (155) , where it is shown that a velocity profile that matches the object's weight enables human observers to infer the weight with a higher  ... 
arXiv:1705.10146v1 fatcat:skqfe6uxefhtvcd7lmzl7hyzvy

Walking in Place Through Virtual Worlds [chapter]

Niels Christian Nilsson, Stefania Serafin, Rolf Nordahl
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
With an outset in a taxonomy of virtual travel techniques, we argue that Walking-in-Place (WIP) techniques constitute a promising approach to virtual walking in relation to consumer IVR.  ...  Immersive virtual reality (IVR) is seemingly on the verge of entering the homes of consumers. Enabling users to walk through virtual worlds in a limited physical space presents a challenge.  ...  motion capture system [31] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-39516-6_4 fatcat:yl2xjcgusvao3ju4gsignwiqhu

Passing a Non-verbal Turing Test: Evaluating Gesture Animations Generated from Speech [article]

Manuel Rebol and Christian Gütl and Krzysztof Pietroszek
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Yet, when users are represented as avatars, it is difficult to translate non-verbal signals along with the speech into the virtual world without specialized motion-capture hardware.  ...  We evaluate the proposed technique in a user study that is inspired by the Turing test. For the study, we animate the generated gestures on a virtual character.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We want to thank Graz University of Technology and American University for maintaining a successful collaboration and supporting research stays abroad.  ... 
arXiv:2107.00712v1 fatcat:ugkw7qoqpnfn5g3rrezguwl6ui

Designing Expandable-Structure Robots for Human-Robot Interaction

Hooman Hedayati, Ryo Suzuki, Wyatt Rees, Daniel Leithinger, Daniel Szafir
2022 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
In this paper, we survey the emerging design space of expandable structures in robotics, with a focus on how such structures may improve human-robot interactions.  ...  how such structures enable robots to produce novel behaviors that may capture human attention, convey information, mimic emotion, and provide new types of dynamic affordances.  ...  PufferBot Next, we describe PufferBot (Hedayati et al., 2020) , an example of how expandable structures can serve multiple purposes for robots, such as capturing human attention, conveying information  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2022.719639 pmid:35480087 pmcid:PMC9035676 fatcat:fckvfvq3kjfzjduh5byeusslba

Socializing Sensorimotor Contingencies

Annika Lübbert, Florian Göschl, Hanna Krause, Till R. Schneider, Alexander Maye, Andreas K. Engel
2021 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We suggest that dynamic informational and sensorimotor coupling across agents can mediate the deployment of action-effect contingencies in social contexts.  ...  We review studies on dynamic embodied interaction and highlight empirical findings that suggest an important role of sensorimotor and informational entrainment in social contexts.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the other members of the socSMCs project for helpful discussions of the concept and its implications.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2021.624610 pmid:34602990 pmcid:PMC8480310 fatcat:kn67oclewnbdrmj2pu47fuy2q4

What Is Biological Motion? Definition, Stimuli, and Paradigms [chapter]

Nikolaus F. Troje
2013 Social Perception  
While early work on biological motion perception was primarily concerned with mechanism of perceptual organization, the more recent research emphasizes on the social significance of human and animal motion  ...  Hardly any study on biological motion is published without a reference to at least one of the two papers which Johansson published on his observation that observers can effortlessly make out a human figure  ...  human motion are available in today's age of computer animations and virtual realities.  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0002 fatcat:vzdalqkvnvhvnl32b2mctgml4i
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