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Can the Crowd Judge Truthfulness? A Longitudinal Study on Recent Misinformation about COVID-19 [article]

Kevin Roitero and Michael Soprano and Beatrice Portelli and Massimiliano De Luise and Damiano Spina and Vincenzo Della Mea and Giuseppe Serra and Stefano Mizzaro and Gianluca Demartini
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Recently, the misinformation problem has been addressed with a crowdsourcing-based approach: to assess the truthfulness of a statement, instead of relying on a few experts, a crowd of non-expert is exploited  ...  The longitudinal study demonstrates that the time-span has a major effect on the quality of the judgments, for both novice and experienced workers.  ...  Acknowledgements This work is partially supported by a Facebook Research award, by the Australian Research Council (DP190102141 and DE200100064), by a MISTI -MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives  ... 
arXiv:2107.11755v1 fatcat:pxyasrohpvdevcnbfx42utklfy

A Survey on Echo Chambers on Social Media: Description, Detection and Mitigation [article]

Faisal Alatawi, Lu Cheng, Anique Tahir, Mansooreh Karami, Bohan Jiang, Tyler Black, Huan Liu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Echo chambers on social media are a significant problem that can elicit a number of negative consequences, most recently affecting the response to COVID-19.  ...  This survey aims to examine the echo chamber phenomenon on social media from a social computing perspective and provide a blueprint for possible solutions.  ...  Nazer, can be found during the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the and Liu 2021).  ... 
arXiv:2112.05084v1 fatcat:hr5l4tnsyjeuvnzlexfb67m4xu

Disruption of healthcare: Will the COVID pandemic worsen non-COVID outcomes and disease outbreaks?

Paul Barach, Stacy D. Fisher, M. Jacob Adams, Gale R. Burstein, Patrick D. Brophy, Dennis Z. Kuo, Steven E. Lipshultz
2020 Progress in pediatric cardiology  
However, only about half of Americans say they would get a COVID-19 vaccine, and most are appropriately skeptical that one will be available by January 2021 [69] .  ...  The overwhelming inflammation that can accompany COVID-19 may be also related to the multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children with COVID-19 [64] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ppedcard.2020.101254 pmid:32837144 pmcid:PMC7274978 fatcat:sn4i5vpvybhlpdmqvde2b5nwyi

Characterizing Abhorrent, Misinformative, and Mistargeted Content on YouTube [article]

Kostantinos Papadamou
2021 arXiv   pre-print
(like COVID-19) and that these recommendations are more common on the search results page than on a user's homepage or the video recommendations section.  ...  Finally, when studying pseudoscientific misinformation, we find that YouTube suggests more pseudoscientific content regarding traditional pseudoscientific topics (e.g., flat earth) than for emerging ones  ...  Nevertheless, YouTube has recently announced that they will also attempt to target COVID-19 vaccine misinformation [281] .  ... 
arXiv:2105.09819v1 fatcat:k2mdclt4orgunnlwb6hnnrka4i

Who is (not) complying with the U. S. social distancing directive and why? Testing a general framework of compliance with virtual measures of social distancing

Russell H. Fazio, Benjamin C. Ruisch, Courtney A. Moore, Javier A. Granados Samayoa, Shelby T. Boggs, Jesse T. Ladanyi, Lambros Lazuras
2021 PLoS ONE  
A study involving over 2000 online participants (US residents) tested a general framework regarding compliance with a directive in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  The study featured not only a self-report measure of social distancing but also virtual behavior measures—simulations that presented participants with graphical depictions mirroring multiple real-world  ...  The findings highlight the importance of communicating accurate knowledge, as well as dispelling misinformation, about COVID-19 (how it spreads and how the risks of contraction can be mitigated).  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0247520 pmid:33626066 fatcat:o245aljburdnldpxccnldxk6xy

Social physics [article]

Marko Jusup, Petter Holme, Kiyoshi Kanazawa, Misako Takayasu, Ivan Romic, Zhen Wang, Suncana Gecek, Tomislav Lipic, Boris Podobnik, Lin Wang, Wei Luo, Tin Klanjscek (+3 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Recent decades have seen a rise in the use of physics-inspired or physics-like methods in attempts to resolve diverse societal problems.  ...  Based on the number of ideas laid out, but also on the fact that the field is already too big for an exhaustive review despite our best efforts, we are forced to conclude that the future for social physics  ...  In the case of Covid-19, about 19 % of infectious individuals seed 80 % of all local transmissions [968] .  ... 
arXiv:2110.01866v1 fatcat:ccfxyezl6zgddd6uvrxubmaxua

Forecasting: theory and practice [article]

Fotios Petropoulos, Daniele Apiletti, Vassilios Assimakopoulos, Mohamed Zied Babai, Devon K. Barrow, Souhaib Ben Taieb, Christoph Bergmeir, Ricardo J. Bessa, Jakub Bijak, John E. Boylan, Jethro Browell, Claudio Carnevale (+68 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This article provides a non-systematic review of the theory and the practice of forecasting.  ...  The large number of forecasting applications calls for a diverse set of forecasting methods to tackle real-life challenges.  ...  forecasting during the COVID-19 pandemic (for forecasting competitions, see §2.12.7).  ... 
arXiv:2012.03854v4 fatcat:p32c67sy65cfdejq7ndfs3g7dm

Group identity versus Relational Identity: The influence of Identity Primes on Socio-political Attitudes [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, Bruce W Hardy, University, My
2021
Three online survey experiments were conducted in three different contexts, including immigration, climate change, and the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  Next, building on Brewer and Gardner's (1996) notion of a relational self and interpersonal relationship literature, this dissertation examines the influence of relational identity on attitudes toward  ...  This finding is consistent with recent studies and polls on political polarization over the COVID-19 pandemic. Republicans had lower levels of risk perceptions about COVID-19 compared to Democrats.  ... 
doi:10.34944/dspace/4758 fatcat:lnrs6wurszbh7lpoj7q25tedxm

Why do people choose their beliefs? : a new pluralist perspective on belief regulation

William M. Jettinghoff
2020
In Study 3 (n=449), I explore how Emotional Value predicts palliative beliefs about the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  In Study 1 (n=456), I develop a self-report scale, the Values about Belief Scale (VBS), to measure endorsement of these values.  ...  trust in society to effectively handle the COVID-19 pandemic, (4) the perceived positivity of COVID-19 related news, and (5) perceptions about the (a) realistic and (b) symbolicthreat that COVID-19 poses  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0394105 fatcat:yajf7vjgjvhprel2rwnwk4o4va

COVID-19 Policy Playbook II: Legal Recommendations for a Safer, More Equitable Future [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, Wendy E. Parmet, Donna E. Levin, Lance Gable, Nicolas P. Terry, Scott Burris, University, My, Sarah De Guia
2021
The United States continues to address and recover from the year-old COVID-19 pandemic, which has resulted in more than 500,000 deaths so far and a historic economic recession.  ...  Fifty top legal experts convene to offer a new assessment of the U.S. policy response to the crisis, COVID-19 Policy Playbook: Legal Recommendations for a Safer, More Equitable Future, and recommend policy  ...  About the Author Betsy Lawton, JD, is a senior staff attorney at the Northern Region of the Network for Public Health Law, where she works on a variety of public health law issues, including the health  ... 
doi:10.34944/dspace/6236 fatcat:alwmvhb2ozfzzip6xw56jmykia

Assessing Legal Responses to COVID-19 [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, Wendy E. Parmet, Donna E. Levin, Lance Gable, Nicolas P. Terry, Scott Burris, University, My, Sarah De Guia
2021
In Assessing Legal Responses to COVID-19, the authors also offer recommendations on how federal, state and local leaders can better respond to COVID-19 and future pandemics.  ...  In August 2020, as the nation continued to address the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which had resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths and a severe economic recession, 50 top national experts offered  ...  About the Author Elizabeth Pendo, JD, is the Joseph J. Simeone Professor of Law and a member of the Center for Health Law Studies at the Saint Louis University School of Law.  ... 
doi:10.34944/dspace/6237 fatcat:36yyhug2y5bezeyziizgj3c6uq

The Media for Democracy Monitor 2021 (Vol. 1) [article]

Josef Trappel, Tales Tomaz
2021
Introduction The UK is one of Europe's most populous countries, with 66.7 million inhabitants.  ...  Politically, the UK is considered a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy.  ...  During the Covid-19 crisis, the institute published access to free quantitative research about Covid-19 discourse in the most-viewed news shows on television, Tagesschau and heute.  ... 
doi:10.48335/9789188855404 fatcat:sjeup3bfubbk7hr6rontuph5vm

Observational Learning and Experiential Learning: American Political Polarization and the Search for Common Ground

Melinda Diane Starmer
2021
First, a survey was administered nationwide on Facebook in July and August of 2020.  ...  Through a mixed-methods design, this study utilized both quantitative and qualitative methods in two phases in anticipation of the November 2020 U.S. presidential election.  ...  And as in the case with COVID-19, the polarization of misinformation can be deadly.  ... 
doi:10.7916/d8-2s99-w656 fatcat:zwhhpl3ypbgbvote72wbpbbb7e

Memory, Margins, and Materiality: The Philadelphia MOVE Bombing [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, Carolyn Kitch, University, My
2021
On May 13, 1985, Philadelphians watched a live news broadcast as a police officer tossed a duffel bag full of plastic explosives onto the roof of an occupied rowhome in a Black, middle-class West Philadelphia  ...  coverage of the bombing itself; and object studies of a related documentary, real-estate listings from the now-rehabilitated blocks in West Philadelphia; and a vast archive of material related to the  ...  The novel coronavirus COVID-19 had put a halt on all non-pandemic legislation, but a petition for the formal adoption of a citywide apology grows in signatories daily.  ... 
doi:10.34944/dspace/4702 fatcat:c2eqgpfuarchjndr32bofst6i4