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Can poachers find animals from public camera trap images? [article]

Sara Beery, Elizabeth Bondi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To protect the location of camera trap data containing sensitive, high-target species, many ecologists randomly obfuscate the latitude and longitude of the camera when publishing their data.  ...  rasters can be used to reduce the area likely to contain the camera by 87% (assuming random obfuscation within 1km), demonstrating that geo-obfuscation may be less effective than previously believed.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the entire team at Mpala Research Centre, and specifically Dan Rubenstein, Rosemary for their help managing the camera traps used to collect the data used in this  ... 
arXiv:2106.11236v1 fatcat:wcrppmc65rba3iphhf5mqnz3ne

ClassifyMe: A Field-Scouting Software for the Identification of Wildlife in Camera Trap Images

Falzon, Lawson, Cheung, Vernes, Ballard, Fleming, Glen, Milne, Mather-Zardain, Meek
2019 Animals  
Users can download a pre-trained model specific to their location of interest and then upload the images from a camera trap to a laptop or workstation.  ...  We present ClassifyMe a software tool for the automated identification of animal species from camera trap images. ClassifyMe is intended to be used by ecologists both in the field and in the office.  ...  AnimalFinder [19] is a MATLAB 2016a script available to assist with the detection of animals in time-lapse sequence camera trap images.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani10010058 pmid:31892236 pmcid:PMC7022311 fatcat:dy65llirrvdmzagb3wboogflde

ClassifyMe: a field-scouting software for the identification of wildlife in camera trap images [article]

Greg Falzon, Christopher Lawson, Ka-Wai Cheung, Karl Vernes, Guy Ballard, Peter JS Fleming, Al Glen, Heath Milne, Atalya Mather-Zardain, Paul D Meek
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Users can download a pre-trained model specific to their location of interest and then upload the images from a camera trap to a laptop or workstation.  ...  We present ClassifyMe a software tool for the automated identification of animal species from camera trap images. ClassifyMe is intended to be used by ecologists both in the field and in the office.  ...  The dataset is described in and features camera trap images of 40 mammal species on the African savanna.  ... 
doi:10.1101/646737 fatcat:cq56rgkmqnccpompxsvhmmpubu

Human Bycatch: Conservation Surveillance and the Social Implications of Camera Traps

Chris Sandbrook, Rogelio Luque-Lora, WilliamM Adams
2018 Conservation & Society  
Interestingly, our results suggest that while camera trap images are used as a tool to shape environmental subjects, this is not always intended from the outset, and can be the result of unexpected images  ...  much of this cost to conservation can be directly attributed to the ability of camera traps to capture images of humans.  ...  We received the largest number of responses about camera trap projects in North America (73 cases, 31%).  ... 
doi:10.4103/cs.cs_17_165 fatcat:r4ipotql2nfhterdtdg73wrgiu

Where's The Bear?

Andy Rosales Elias, Nevena Golubovic, Chandra Krintz, Rich Wolski
2017 Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Internet-of-Things Design and Implementation - IoTDI '17  
, motion-detection camera traps.  ...  WTB implements a multi-tier (public/private cloud, edge, sensing) system that integrates recent advances in machine learning based image processing to automatically classify animals in images from remote  ...  Instead our approach combines a small number of empty images from our camera traps at different times of the day with images of animals taken from Google Images that might be photographed by a camera trap  ... 
doi:10.1145/3054977.3054986 dblp:conf/iotdi/EliasGKW17 fatcat:7hcr2in5qvhknpcqoud5vgzwtu

Choosing an Appropriate Platform and Workflow for Processing Camera Trap Data using Artificial Intelligence [article]

Juliana Vélez, Paula J. Castiblanco-Camacho, Michael A. Tabak, Carl Chalmers, Paul Fergus, John Fieberg
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Although camera traps provide a cost-effective method for monitoring species, the time required for data processing can limit survey efficiency.  ...  We found that species classifications from WI and MLWIC2 generally had low recall values (animals that were present in the images often were not classified to the correct species).  ...  We also appreciate the constant support from César Barrera and Eduardo Enciso that allowed us to set up camera traps on their properties and have facilitated field expeditions.  ... 
arXiv:2202.02283v1 fatcat:yzlythtj6jhrbpd6sqhxbvw6oy

Seeing biodiversity: perspectives in machine learning for wildlife conservation [article]

Devis Tuia, Benjamin Kellenberger, Sara Beery, Blair R. Costelloe, Silvia Zuffi, Benjamin Risse, Alexander Mathis, Mackenzie W. Mathis, Frank van Langevelde, Tilo Burghardt, Roland Kays, Holger Klinck (+6 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In essence, by combining new machine learning approaches with ecological domain knowledge, animal ecologists can capitalize on the abundance of data generated by modern sensor technologies in order to  ...  reliably estimate population abundances, study animal behavior and mitigate human/wildlife conflicts.  ...  Sensors can be image-based (e.g., camera traps) or signal-based (e.g., sound recorders).  ... 
arXiv:2110.12951v1 fatcat:hzuz5aeja5dfxpte6xprg3yjti

Perspectives in machine learning for wildlife conservation

Devis Tuia, Benjamin Kellenberger, Sara Beery, Blair R. Costelloe, Silvia Zuffi, Benjamin Risse, Alexander Mathis, Mackenzie W. Mathis, Frank van Langevelde, Tilo Burghardt, Roland Kays, Holger Klinck (+6 others)
2022 Nature Communications  
We argue that animal ecologists can capitalize on large datasets generated by modern sensors by combining machine learning approaches with domain knowledge.  ...  AbstractInexpensive and accessible sensors are accelerating data acquisition in animal ecology.  ...  Sensors can be image-based (e.g., camera traps) or signal-based (e.g., sound recorders).  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-022-27980-y pmid:35140206 pmcid:PMC8828720 fatcat:tl4vmvstebaipkmvxbsmtxbrgm

Poaching Detection Technologies—A Survey

Jacob Kamminga, Eyuel Ayele, Nirvana Meratnia, Paul Havinga
2018 Sensors  
In this paper, we review poaching detection technologies that aim to save endangered species from extinction.  ...  We present requirements for effective poacher detection and identify research challenges through the survey.  ...  Hence, animal behaviour can provide an early warning that can help to detect a poacher.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18051474 pmid:29738501 pmcid:PMC5982520 fatcat:zbqahbrsojaolp6fkjfqwkol4m

Conservation Tech Directory [article]

Carly Batist, Gracie Ermie
2021 figshare.com  
You can reach her on Twitter (@GracieErmie) or LinkedIn.  ...  She builds machine learning platforms to support wildlife research, largely focused on automating image processing and bioacoustics analysis for marine mammal research.  ...  Protected areas can use camera traps w/AI to detect threats and monitor wildlife in real time, and volunteers can sign up to help monitor and review camera trap images citizen-science website for sharing  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.15442200.v1 fatcat:psz6udw76nb7rdmp32teechvfi

Integrating technologies for scalable ecology and conservation

David C. Marvin, Lian Pin Koh, Antony J. Lynam, Serge Wich, Andrew B. Davies, Ramesh Krishnamurthy, Emma Stokes, Ruth Starkey, Gregory P. Asner
2016 Global Ecology and Conservation  
Integration of multiple technologies greatly increases the spatial and temporal scales over which ecological patterns and processes can be studied, and threats to protected ecosystems can be identified  ...  Most technologies are low-cost or open-source, and when deployed can reach economies of scale that reduce per-area costs dramatically.  ...  Such wireless cellular camera-traps can detect individual animals such as problem elephants, or poachers, alerting park authorities who can then respond appropriately.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2016.07.002 fatcat:l4d7lsjgd5aehoduubenrrxikq

Using crime script analysis to elucidate the details of Amur tiger poaching in the Russian Far East

Allison Skidmore
2021 Crime Science  
Crime science can aid conservation efforts by identifying the patterns and opportunity structures that facilitate poaching.  ...  Findings indicate poaching is facilitated by the ability to acquire a firearm, presence of roads that enable access to remote forest regions, availability of specific types of tools/equipment, including  ...  in hunting lease (poacher can be a 'member' of a specific hunting lease or can pay more to hunt as a non-member Rural villages Goggles purchased from China Cameras traps purchased from China or the US  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40163-021-00150-z doaj:b3958d1f7622486394956828acac9d88 fatcat:zpl2evdcx5gshia4qgdkbxyaua

Wildlife Insights: A Platform to Maximize the Potential of Camera Trap and Other Passive Sensor Wildlife Data for the Planet

Jorge A Ahumada, Eric Fegraus, Tanya Birch, Nicole Flores, Roland Kays, Timothy G O'Brien, Jonathan Palmer, Stephanie Schuttler, Jennifer Y Zhao, Walter Jetz, Margaret Kinnaird, Sayali Kulkarni (+5 others)
2019 Environmental Conservation  
With the arrival of new technologies, camera traps have become a popular way to collect wildlife data.  ...  We identify four barriers that are hindering the widespread use of camera trap data for conservation.  ...  We thank the camera trap community at large for inspiring us to find better solutions to ensuring that their data are used to their maximum potential.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0376892919000298 fatcat:w7jloh27lrawdpgdmgtagjrkva

Emerging Technologies to Conserve Biodiversity

Stuart L. Pimm, Sky Alibhai, Richard Bergl, Alex Dehgan, Chandra Giri, Zoë Jewell, Lucas Joppa, Roland Kays, Scott Loarie
2015 Trends in Ecology & Evolution  
Technologies to identify individual animals, follow their movements, identify and locate animal and plant species, and assess the status of their habitats remotely have become better, faster, and cheaper  ...  Other challenges include assembling a wider public to crowdsource data, managing the massive quantities of data generated, and developing solutions to rapidly emerging threats.  ...  Digital camera traps have replaced film-loaded ones, greatly expanding our abilities to detect rare or secretive species. Satellite-borne cameras can detect and monitor some animals in open habitats.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tree.2015.08.008 pmid:26437636 fatcat:4m66aitjsvd45fauowofpfkrnm

Black Stork Down: Military Discourses in Bird Conservation in Malta

Brian Campbell, Diogo Veríssimo
2015 Human Ecology (New York, N.Y.)  
Conservation NGOs have become frustrated with the Maltese State for conceding to the hunter lobby and negotiating derogations from the European Union's Bird Directive.  ...  We describe the sophisticated military metaphors which conservation NGOs have developed to describe, guide and legitimize their efforts to the Maltese public and their fee-paying members.  ...  BWe can only assume that this cowardly attack is an act of revenge on part of bird poachers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10745-015-9724-6 fatcat:7llv6z65gbastdv6qjginyprqq
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