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Can The Crowd Identify Misinformation Objectively? The Effects of Judgment Scale and Assessor's Background [article]

Kevin Roitero, Michael Soprano, Shaoyang Fan, Damiano Spina, Stefano Mizzaro, Gianluca Demartini
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We also measure the political bias and the cognitive background of the workers, and quantify their effect on the reliability of the data provided by the crowd.  ...  This of course leads to the following research question: Can crowdsourcing be reliably used to assess the truthfulness of information and to create large-scale labeled collections for information credibility  ...  RQ4: Which is the effect and the role of assessors' background in objectively identify online misinformation?  ... 
arXiv:2005.06915v1 fatcat:u3utoxzp5ncx3f5dvrvk2zsfy4

Pretrained Transformers for Text Ranking: BERT and Beyond

Andrew Yates, Rodrigo Nogueira, Jimmy Lin
2021 Proceedings of the 14th ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining  
Although the most common formulation of text ranking is search, instances of the task can also be found in many natural language processing applications.  ...  The combination of transformers and self-supervised pretraining has, without exaggeration, revolutionized the fields of natural language processing (NLP), information retrieval (IR), and beyond.  ...  Acknowledgements 129 Acknowledgements This research was supported in part by the Canada First Research Excellence Fund and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3437963.3441667 fatcat:6teqmlndtrgfvk5mneq5l7ecvq

Pretrained Transformers for Text Ranking: BERT and Beyond [article]

Jimmy Lin, Rodrigo Nogueira, Andrew Yates
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Although the most common formulation of text ranking is search, instances of the task can also be found in many natural language processing applications.  ...  There are two themes that pervade our survey: techniques for handling long documents, beyond typical sentence-by-sentence processing in NLP, and techniques for addressing the tradeoff between effectiveness  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported in part by the Canada First Research Excellence Fund and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada.  ... 
arXiv:2010.06467v3 fatcat:obla6reejzemvlqhvgvj77fgoy

Psychosomatic Assessment

Giovanni A. Fava, Nicoletta Sonino
2009 Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics  
The appearance of advertisements in the book is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety.  ...  The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s).  ...  The interview requires the assessor's knowledge of the patient's main and comorbid medical diagnoses, clinical judgment, information on the course of the medical disorder, and familiarity with the DCPR  ... 
doi:10.1159/000235736 pmid:19713727 fatcat:fffgvs3na5eipnnyklquwhwm2q

Risk, Death and Harm: The Normative Foundations of Risk Regulation

Matthew D. Adler
2003 Social Science Research Network  
to the risk assessor's prediction concerning frequentist risk.  ...  on a numerical scale.  ...  which argued that the existing regime of risk regulation failed to direct governmental effort and social resources to the most pressing problems, and advocated the creation of an OMB-like oversight agency  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.410881 fatcat:qh37ythfsvfkjjcvv4wacq4kca

Complete Issue

Dolana Mogadime
2017 Brock Education: a Journal of Educational Research and Practice  
Kristiina Montero and Dr. Steve Sider, Wilfrid Laurier University, who provided guidance and input to the authors during the research.  ...  Aleci and colleagues (2010) have proposed that individuals with dyslexia may also have a general impairment of spatial perception whereby a crowding effect occurs in the reading of texts.  ...  The hypothesis that social support can mediate the effect of stress has been proposed for decades (House, 1981) .  ... 
doi:10.26522/brocked.v26i2.600 fatcat:o3vdvnfx65faxnozjoagpajwju

CMMI Interpretive Guidance Project: Preliminary Report

Mary Beth C. Chrissis, Gian Wemyss, Dennis Goldenson, Michael D. Konrad, Kenneth L. Smith, Agapi Svolou
2018
This report describes the data-collection activities and includes summaries of the data collected through August 2003.  ...  Having two representations caused concern and confusion for some but was a benefit for others, so the project will investigate these comments further to see what can be done to address these concerns.  ...  In its infancy, V1.1 does not have sufficient understanding by a large enough crowd to be fully effective.  ... 
doi:10.1184/r1/6572495.v1 fatcat:6omx4dwpajgkbggdoz4aqfkqj4

Black internationalism and African and Caribbean intellectuals in London, 1919-1950

Marc Matera
2008
and global city, as the administrative center of the British Empire and the nexus of black resistance to racism and imperialism.  ...  The intellectual and political context of London and the types of sociability that these groups fostered gave rise to a range of black internationalist activity and new regional imaginaries in the form  ...  Bibliography Archival Collections in the United Kingdom  ... 
doi:10.7282/t38s4q7v fatcat:agpqridsunhlxh6lhje5aeueoi

THE INTERPLAY OF HOUSING, EMPLOYMENT AND CIVIL RIGHTS IN THE EXPERIENCE OF SAN FRANCISCO'S AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY, 1945-1975 [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, Sonja Peterson-Lewis, University, My
2020
This dissertation examines the challenges and exigencies of San Francisco's growing African American community from the end of World War II through 1975.  ...  In San Francisco, most African Americans were effectively barred from renting or buying homes in all but a few neighborhoods, neighborhoods often characterized by dilapidated structures and over-crowded  ...  Although the NAACP objected to such a disruptive tactic, SF-CORE found this method effective both to achieve its objectives and to draw in new members to a once floundering local branch (Crowe; 2000  ... 
doi:10.34944/dspace/3643 fatcat:6wtowaloxrhjzcfn7gbhwovs2m

British policy and the Chinese revolutionary movement, 1895-1912

Mary Man-Yue Sun
1968
ports, the outbreak of the Revolution in October 1911, and finally studies Britain's role in the negotiations between the government and the revolutionaries leading to the peaceful establishment of the  ...  the course of events in China by mediation and indirect pressure, to expediate the return to normalcy after the chaos of the Revolution.  ...  , and his judgment as to its probable effect.  ... 
doi:10.25501/soas.00028479 fatcat:flvkrirfl5cthppg5a7x3bmvse