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Can Ethics Be Standardized? Creating Modern Standards for Ethical Autonomous and Intelligent Systems

Robert S. Fish
2019 IEEE Communications Standards Magazine  
Creating Modern Standards for Ethical Autonomous and Intelligent Systems By RoBeRt S. FiSh, PReSident, ieee StandaRdS aSSociation  ...  Autonomous and Semi-Autonomous Systems • IEEE P7010™ -Draft Wellbeing Metrics Standard for Ethical Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems • IEEE P7011™ -Draft Standard for the Process of Identifying  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcomstd.2019.8771308 fatcat:m2dn6t6z7nb6lnq7ooxdhxdl3m

Can humanoid robots be moral?

S Chakraborty
2018 Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics  
To eradicate human ethics in order to make way for humanoid robot ethics highlights the moral actions and adequacy that hinges the myth of creative agency and self-dependency, which a humanoid robot can  ...  that cannot be responsible for their actions.  ...  My sincere thanks go to my mentors Noam Chomsky and the late Hilary Putnam for their valuable guidance over the years.  ... 
doi:10.3354/esep00186 fatcat:wseisdtn5vajxg7bkvtzf3h4yu

If robots are people, can they be made for profit? Commercial implications of robot personhood

Bartlomiej Chomanski
2020 AI and Ethics  
This paper asks whether such commercialization can be handled in a way that is not morally reprehensible, and answers in the affirmative.  ...  The paper first considers the minimal ethical requirements that any system of commercial production of such artificial persons would have to meet.  ...  Acknowledgments I am very grateful to the reviewers for this journal for useful comments and suggestions. Funding Not available. Availability of data and material Not available.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s43681-020-00023-2 fatcat:to7ecwz2m5h2dbzxjoarcnby3m

Can Finance Be a Virtuous Practice? A MacIntyrean Account

Marta Rocchi, Ignacio Ferrero, Ron Beadle
2020 Business Ethics Quarterly  
Hence, when practitioners working in finance facilitate projects that create common goods, it allows them to develop virtues.  ...  This argument applies MacIntyre's widely acknowledged account of the relationship between practices and the development of virtues while questioning some of his claims about finance.  ...  specifically those financial activities that can be highly supported and even replaced by artificial intelligence-based systems.  ... 
doi:10.1017/beq.2020.5 fatcat:26nznfginja5jpan6wlulpyc6e

IEEE P7001: A Proposed Standard on Transparency

Alan F. T. Winfield, Serena Booth, Louise A. Dennis, Takashi Egawa, Helen Hastie, Naomi Jacobs, Roderick I. Muttram, Joanna I. Olszewska, Fahimeh Rajabiyazdi, Andreas Theodorou, Mark A. Underwood, Robert H. Wortham (+1 others)
2021 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
This paper describes IEEE P7001, a new draft standard on transparency of autonomous systems1. In the paper, we outline the development and structure of the draft standard.  ...  The paper illustrates the application of P7001 through worked examples of both specification and assessment of fictional autonomous systems.  ...  The P7001 working group is sponsored by IEEE Standards Committee VT/ITS-Intelligent Transportation Systems. We are also grateful to the reviewers for their insightful comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2021.665729 fatcat:4mi6seyzt5fhdlhlb7xkvmgcgi

Robots, standards and the law: Rivalries between private standards and public policymaking for robot governance

Eduard Fosch Villaronga, Angelo Jr Golia
2019 Computer Law and Security Review  
We wonder until what extent robotics should be governed only by standards.  ...  Standardization Lawmaking Robots Artificial intelligence Policy Human-robot interaction Private actors Public regulatory bodies a b s t r a c t This article explains the complex intertwinement between  ...  into autonomous intelligent systems.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.clsr.2018.12.009 fatcat:yf3yoa4znfgwbny3gxgejoln3y

IEEE 7010: A New Standard for Assessing the Well-being Implications of Artificial Intelligence [article]

Daniel S. Schiff, Aladdin Ayesh, Laura Musikanski, John C. Havens
2020 arXiv   pre-print
-2020 Recommended Practice for Assessing the Impact of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems on Human Well-being.  ...  While governments and businesses are eager to enjoy the benefits of AI innovations, the mixed impact of these autonomous and intelligent systems on human well-being has become a pressing issue.  ...  Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems 2019).  ... 
arXiv:2005.06620v2 fatcat:fxp5xnyeejenbgvb3lglawv74i

Towards international standards for evaluating machine learning

Frank Rudzicz, P. Alison Paprica, Marta Janczarski
2019 AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
Various international efforts to standardize artificial intelligence have begun, and many of these efforts involve issues related to privacy, trustworthiness, safety, and public wellbeing, which are topics  ...  Trusting the objective quantitative performance of our systems is itself a safety concern and should inform the earliest standards towards safety in AI.  ...  Acknowledgements Rudzicz is the Canadian Chair of the mirror committee to ISO/JTC 1 SC 42 on Artificial Intelligence.  ... 
dblp:conf/aaai/RudziczPJ19 fatcat:jxejcrgsmzd2hndkbthxmiwndy

D3.6 Report on the standardization landscape and applicable standards

ARETE
2021 Zenodo  
The standards and expectations for educational attainment has risen globally although the diversification of the IT infrastructure of the public educational systems has declined and has not followed the  ...  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Standards for AR Objects' content ratings and descriptors. IEEE Standard for AR learning experience models.  ...  8 https://beyondstandards.ieee.org/prioritizing-ethical-considerations-in-the-design-of-autonomous-and-intelligent-systems/ and policy to create white papers, workshops, and Performance and Accountability  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6579822 fatcat:m7mpcnh2bjh3ngv6t2lcfrbgru

D3.6 Report on the standardization landscape and applicable standards

ARETE
2021 Zenodo  
The standards and expectations for educational attainment has risen globally although the diversification of the IT infrastructure of the public educational systems has declined and has not followed the  ...  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Standards for AR Objects' content ratings and descriptors. IEEE Standard for AR learning experience models.  ...  8 https://beyondstandards.ieee.org/prioritizing-ethical-considerations-in-the-design-of-autonomous-and-intelligent-systems/ and policy to create white papers, workshops, and Performance and Accountability  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5788666 fatcat:uoq4o6ym5zdkrbh3t4jhzumkc4

Ethics and Complexity: Why standard ethical frameworks cannot cope with socio-technological change [chapter]

Clément Vidal, Francis Heylighen
2019 Zenodo  
Ethics needs its Copernican revolution to be able to deal with all moral agents, including not only humans, but also artificial intelligent agents, robots or organizations of all sizes.  ...  Keywords: Complexity, philosophy, ethics, cybernetics, transhumanism, universal ethics, systems ethics.  ...  Acknowledgments Clément Vidal thanks Ben Sweeting for insightful conversations.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3514912 fatcat:fwewtkezkzhobivelxjp7xckzq

Mentor's Musings on Disruptive Technologies and Standards Interplay in Industrial Transformation

N. Kishor Narang
2022 IEEE Internet of Things Magazine  
Its goal is to eliminate the waste created by the current modern standard buyer-supplier business relations.  ...  for fair, accountable, transparent, and ethical AI systems.  ... 
doi:10.1109/miot.2022.9773142 fatcat:mrr2j33s7nc53hzzgtuzp7kfae

Global Challenges in the Standardization of Ethics for Trustworthy AI

Dave Lewis, Linda Hogan, David Filip, P. J. Wall
2020 Journal of ICT Standardization  
In this paper, we examine the challenges of developing international standards for Trustworthy AI that aim both to be global applicable and to address the ethical questions key to building trust at a commercial  ...  Finally we examine a current AI standardization effort under ISO/IEC JTC1 to consider how future Trustworthy AI standards may be able to build on existing standards in developing ethical guidelines and  ...  Acknowlegdements This paper is supported in part by the ADAPT Centre for Digital Content Technology, which is funded under the SFI Research Centres Programme (Grant 13/RC/2106) and is co-funded under the  ... 
doi:10.13052/jicts2245-800x.823 fatcat:7lzf2bg3uzeprlaf67hpgqxa44

Global Challenges in the Standardization of Ethics for Trustworthy AI

Dave Lewis, Linda Hogan, David Filip, PJ Wall
2020 Zenodo  
In this paper, we examine the challenges of developing international standards for Trustworthy AI that aim both to be global applicable and to address the ethical questions key to building trust at a commercial  ...  Finally we examine a current AI standardization effort under ISO/IEC JTC1 to consider how future Trustworthy AI standards may be able to build on existing standards in developing ethical guidelines and  ...  This work specifically analyses Autonomous/Intelligent Systems (A/IS), but we use the term AI system synonymously here.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3516525 fatcat:jt6mmx7mrvg6dha3nyxpx7zpma

Redefining Safety in Light of Human-Robot Interaction: A Critical Review of Current Standards and Regulations

Alberto Martinetti, Peter K. Chemweno, Kostas Nizamis, Eduard Fosch-Villaronga
2021 Frontiers in Chemical Engineering  
Policymakers need to consider the impacts that robots and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies have on humans beyond physical safety.  ...  These dimensions aim to help policy and standard makers redefine the concept of safety in light of robots and AI's increasing capabilities, including human-robot interactions, cybersecurity, and machine  ...  Bryson and Winfred (2017) argue the importance of standardising ethical design, when designing autonomous systems, including intelligent robots expected to interact more intensely with humans.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fceng.2021.666237 fatcat:vxi77pxfjfc4tbsycqxuceqjbm
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