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Enter the Matrix: Safely Interruptible Autonomous Systems via Virtualization [article]

Mark O. Riedl, Brent Harrison
2018 arXiv   pre-print
reward and thus learn to disable the switch or otherwise prevent a human operator from using the switch.  ...  Autonomous systems that operate around humans will likely always rely on kill switches that stop their execution and allow them to be remote-controlled for the safety of humans or to prevent damage to  ...  We believe that making robots and AI agents safely interruptible is an important part of making the deployment of robots in environments populated by humans a reality.  ... 
arXiv:1703.10284v2 fatcat:dziyjoezzrd7zl3xccsiivvuji

Dynamic Safe Interruptibility for Decentralized Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning [article]

El Mahdi El Mhamdi, Rachid Guerraoui, Hadrien Hendrikx, Alexandre Maurer
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Yet, as part of their learning process, agents may link these interruptions, that impact their reward, to specific states and deliberately avoid them.  ...  Sometimes, it is desirable for a human operator to interrupt an agent in order to prevent dangerous situations from happening.  ...  The real challenge is, roughly speaking, to train an agent so that it does not learn to avoid external (e.g. human) deactivation. Such an agent is said to be safely interruptible.  ... 
arXiv:1704.02882v2 fatcat:sep4udawhvf2jiaom3wymrgqie

Work Interrupted: A Closer Look at the Role of Interruptions in Organizational Life

Quintus R. Jett, Jennifer M. George
2003 Academy of Management Review  
when each kind of interruption is likely to have positive or negative consequences for the person being interrupted.  ...  By discussing in detail the multiple kinds of interruptions and their potential for positive or negative consequences, we provide a means for organizational scholars to treat interruptions and their consequences  ...  An interrupting task or background noise can also be welcome rather than disruptive when a task is tedious or boring (Oldham et aI., 1995; Zijlstra et aI., 1999) .  ... 
doi:10.2307/30040736 fatcat:taydhse3i5gircbvruknnxgczq

Work Interrupted: A Closer Look at the Role of Interruptions in Organizational Life

Quintus R. Jett, Jennifer M. George
2003 Academy of Management Review  
when each kind of interruption is likely to have positive or negative consequences for the person being interrupted.  ...  By discussing in detail the multiple kinds of interruptions and their potential for positive or negative consequences, we provide a means for organizational scholars to treat interruptions and their consequences  ...  An interrupting task or background noise can also be welcome rather than disruptive when a task is tedious or boring (Oldham et aI., 1995; Zijlstra et aI., 1999) .  ... 
doi:10.5465/amr.2003.10196791 fatcat:f3aur22wubfl3dh32jumq76ooa

Contextual Attention Mechanism, SRGAN Based Inpainting System for Eliminating Interruptions from Images [article]

Narayana Darapaneni, Vaibhav Kherde, Kameswara Rao, Deepali Nikam, Swanand Katdare, Anima Shukla, Anagha Lomate, Anwesh Reddy Paduri
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The new alternative is to use deep learning to inpaint any image by utilizing image classification and computer vision techniques.  ...  We first use the YOLO model to automatically identify and localize the object we wish to remove from the image. Using the result obtained from the model we can generate a mask for the same.  ...  Image inpainting is an active area of artificial intelligence (AI) research wherever AI has been able to return up with better inpainting results than most solutions on the market.  ... 
arXiv:2204.02591v1 fatcat:joki6dh2afhpxmp7szt6g6pbc4

Interruption and pausing of public display games

Tiare Feuchtner, Robert Walter, Jörg Müller
2016 Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services - MobileHCI '16  
Our study shows that interactions with public displays are considerably intermissive, and that users mostly interrupt interaction to socialize and mainly approach public displays in groups.  ...  To explore ways of supporting such behavior, we implemented a gesture controlled multiuser game with four pausing techniques.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Great thanks are due to the public transport company BVG and the Wall AG for making our field study in the subway station Alexanderplatz possible.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2935334.2935335 dblp:conf/mhci/FeuchtnerWM16 fatcat:ntemoraajvgvlmzlnzhslsdrs4

A Methodology and Design Process for System Generated User Interruption based on Context, Preferences, and Situation Awareness

Ashish Godbole, Waleed Smari
2006 2006 IEEE International Conference on Information Reuse & Integration  
While these properties have the potential to make them user friendly and human centric, they also bring about inherent drawbacks, such as user interruptions caused by a variety of system generated events  ...  These incorporate user based design techniques, learning mechanisms, and preference elicitation methods in order to develop models that accurately take context, user's preferences/profiles and situations  ...  are caused and how they can be avoided.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iri.2006.252483 dblp:conf/iri/GodboleS06 fatcat:fcwpbaslfjgknplqndfqlw7lvm

Phasic norepinephrine is a neural interrupt signal for unexpected events in rapidly unfolding sensory sequences – evidence from pupillometry [article]

Sijia Zhao, Maria Chait, Fred Dick, Peter Dayan, Shigeto Furukawa, Hsin-I Liao
2018 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
Norepinephrine (NE) is thought to play a key role in this process by serving as an interrupt signal, initiating model-resetting.  ...  SummaryThe ability to track the statistics of our surroundings is a key computational challenge.  ...  It is currently unclear whether learning to avoid harm to others is functionally similar to learning to avoid self-harm, and whether these two types of learning are supported by similar neural processes  ... 
doi:10.1101/466367 fatcat:a3bquw6n55amhodwmfoa2frboa

The Scope and Importance of Human Interruption in Human-Computer Interaction Design

Daniel C. McFarlane, Kara A. Latorella
2002 Human-Computer Interaction  
These critical abilities can require people to simultaneously query a large set of information sources, continuously monitor for important events, and respond to and communicate with other human operators  ...  Interruptions are disruptive and people need to concentrate to make good decisions.  ...  It is built to detect human-learning errors and interrupt the user with attempts to help overcome learning problems.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327051hci1701_1 fatcat:avj4xfr4crfxjhk34vecegaoly

Supply chain resilience and operational performance amid COVID-19 supply chain interruptions: Evidence from South Korean manufacturers

Minhyo Kang, Aaron Rae Stephens
2022 Uncertain Supply Chain Management  
This study examines the antecedents of supply chain resilience and operational performance to suggest how other manufacturers can develop and maintain continuous uninterrupted operations even amid dynamic  ...  This paper contributes to literature pertaining to both supply chain management and technology assimilation.  ...  A firm that exhibits double loop learning likely adopted innovation in order to avoid future interruptions.  ... 
doi:10.5267/j.uscm.2021.12.013 fatcat:q43ooljwanfg3lbrdoqqqfejk4

ContextWorkflow: A Monadic DSL for Compensable and Interruptible Executions

Hiroaki Inoue, Tomoyuki Aotani, Atsushi Igarashi, Michael Wagner
2018 European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming  
Interruptions, or asynchronous exceptions, are useful to achieve context-awareness.  ...  We propose a new domain-specific language ContextWorkflow for interruptible programs as a solution to the problem.  ...  Readers who would like to learn about monads and monadic programming are referred to other papers [43, 58] .  ... 
doi:10.4230/lipics.ecoop.2018.2 dblp:conf/ecoop/InoueAI18 fatcat:j6gt52cwn5fbzkqqdqip3r42qe

Interrupting Merit, Subverting Legibility: Navigating Caste In 'Casteless' Worlds of Computing

Palashi Vaghela, Steven J Jackson, Phoebe Sengers
2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems  
CCS CONCEPTS • Human-centered computing → Empirical studies in HCI; Empirical studies in collaborative and social computing.  ...  We show how they artfully navigate these caste inscriptions by interpreting, interrupting and ambiguating caste and by fnding caste communities.  ...  They learn to sense and interpret caste inscriptions, interrupt meritorious claims in worlds of computing, ambiguate caste legibility to avoid being identifed as Dalit, and fnd caste communities through  ... 
doi:10.1145/3491102.3502059 fatcat:qgl2jlywanbcpdldqyz3rzy75a

Digital solutions for continued operation of WRRFs during pandemics and other interruptions

Arifur Rahman, Evangelia Belia, Gamze Kirim, Mahmudul Hasan, Sina Borzooei, Domenico Santoro, Bruce Johnson
2021 Water environment research  
Due to lockdown of cities and countries, most of the facilities observed interruptions of chemical supply frequency which impacted the treatment process involving chemical additions.  ...  To handle emergency circumstances including pandemic, this paper also highlights resources and critical factors for emergency responses, preparedness, resiliency, and mitigation that can be adopted by  ...  In addition, these technologies can mitigate the risks of interruption.  ... 
doi:10.1002/wer.1615 pmid:34318558 pmcid:PMC8441735 fatcat:d7piny2k4va3dhqrp7xar6hpre

Interrupting the Workplace: Examining Stressors in an Information Technology Context

Pamela Galluch, Varun Grover, Jason Thatcher
2015 Journal of the AIS  
However, we know little about how ICT-enabled interruptions cause stress and how individuals can use ICTs to cope with this stress.  ...  Galluch Roanoke College Contemporary information and communication technologies (ICTs) such as e-mail and instant messaging create frequent interruptions in the workday, which can potentially reduce business  ...  We also thank our salivary assay company, Salimetrics, who provided very useful knowledge of stress hormones and their implications to our study. We are particularly grateful to Dr.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00387 fatcat:jveeapfktfcwncibljch2eitai

The Impact of Interrupted Education on Subsequent Educational Attainment: A Cost of the Chinese Cultural Revolution

Xin Meng, R. G. Gregory
2002 Economic development and cultural change  
The decision to acquire a degree or semidegree can be derived from a model of education demand.* Individuals maximize their intertemporal utility, subject to a budget constraint, a human capital production  ...  However, teachers were not allowed to follow the standard curriculum. Instead, students were to learn farming and manual labor from workers and peasants.  ... 
doi:10.1086/342761 fatcat:jrth3arnm5hjpfnpvdcvylg65a
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