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Campaign Management under Approval-Driven Voting Rules [article]

Ildikó Schlotter and Piotr Faliszewski and Edith Elkind
2015 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we investigate both classic and parameterized computational complexity of electoral campaign management under such rules.  ...  Approval-like voting rules, such as Sincere-Strategy Preference-Based Approval voting (SP-AV), the Bucklin rule (an adaptive variant of k-Approval voting), and the Fallback rule (an adaptive variant of  ...  Edith Elkind was supported by NRF (Singapore) under Research Fellowship NRF RF2009-08.  ... 
arXiv:1501.00387v1 fatcat:r3b4dre4rzg6pa7w3jsqplxgdu

Campaign Management Under Approval-Driven Voting Rules

Ildiko Schlotter, Piotr Faliszewski, Edith Elkind
2015 Algorithmica  
In this paper, we investigate both classic and parameterized computational complexity of electoral campaign management under such rules.  ...  Approval-like voting rules, such as Sincere-Strategy Preference-Based Approval voting (SP-AV), the Bucklin rule (an adaptive variant of k-Approval voting), and the Fallback rule (an adaptive variant of  ...  adding voters under approval to the problem of support bribery under Fallback voting.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00453-015-0064-0 fatcat:6kwupridp5h2fbzq24zqxquu7q

Shareholder Activism and CEO Pay

Yonca Ertimur, Fabrizio Ferri, Volkan Muslu
2010 The Review of financial studies  
Firms with excess CEO pay targeted by vote-no campaigns experience a $7.3 million reduction in total CEO pay.  ...  Firms with excess CEO pay targeted by vote-no campaigns experience a $7.3 million reduction in total CEO pay.  ...  , mutual fund managers, hedge funds (only four) and proxy voting firms (see likelihood of being targeted by shareholder proposals or vote-no campaigns (Karpoff 2001; Thomas and Cotter 2007; Del Guercio  ... 
doi:10.1093/rfs/hhq113 fatcat:umawl6eaxbfo7pj7abdhrokrsq

Manipulating Electoral Rules to Manufacture Single-Party Dominance

Kenneth Mori McElwain
2008 American Journal of Political Science  
of the ruling party's ability to manage intra-party conflicts.  ...  (1 st and 5 th Councils; 1962 , 1967 , whereby candidates could be penalized for illegal campaigning by their family members or campaign managers, were adopted incrementally in 1975 and 1981.  ...  to vote by fax when at sea, are excluded from the table. * Kōji = day elections are called and marks beginning of the campaign period; HR = House of Representatives; HC = House of Councillors (Upper House  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2007.00297.x fatcat:a4ebpj7vabc55l24pjwr3ep5pm

Detroit takes over its street railways

Ross Schram
1922 National Municipal Review  
They finally approved this policy by a vote of four to one.  ...  No small measure of the success of the two years operation under the City Manager belongs to the City Manager, who, in an honest, able and forceful handling of the executive and administrative departments  ... 
doi:10.1002/ncr.4110110704 fatcat:z6fjwbsiyjayjnfig26ne3l3lm

Malaysian Electoral System Reform and the Challenges of its Implementation After the 14th General Election

Mohamad Fairuz Mat Ali, Mohammad Agus Yusoff
2022 Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities  
Moreover, it was also discovered that the main challenge to reforming the electoral system was the constraint of electoral rule amendments that require the approval of a two-thirds majority of parliamentarians  ...  Findings revealed that among the important reforms of the country's electoral system that have been accomplished by PH are improving the standard operating procedures of elections, enhancing election rules  ...  Second, by enhancing the election rules under the jurisdiction of the EC, which does not require amendments to the election rules.  ... 
doi:10.47405/mjssh.v7i1.1258 fatcat:bujxxxobtzbcljbfaxtzr22azu

The Subversion of Shareholder Democracy and the Rise of Hedge-Fund Activism

Jang-Sup Shin
2018 Social Science Research Network  
This paper explains how hedge-fund activists are exerting power over corporate resource allocation far in excess of the actual voting power of their shareholdings.  ...  One fund manager directly admonished Monks for his conflicting interests in his campaign for a "third, neutral party" to advise proxy voting: "Monks, goddamn you.  ...  changes and compulsory proxy voting. 99 Above all, the "wolf-pack phenomenon"-sudden concerted campaigns of hedge funds against their target companies-has become a new normal since the 1992 proxy-rule  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3226103 fatcat:wxmowi5nrba7vicsclocizug2y

Kenya's New Constitution

Eric Kramon, Daniel N. Posner
2011 Journal of Democracy  
"No" voters were driven by entirely different considerations.  ...  In exchange, the coastal strip, which had before colonial rule been under the jurisdiction of the Sultan of Zanzibar, would become part of the independent Kenyan state.  ... 
doi:10.1353/jod.2011.0026 fatcat:kvhyypyezveujazkjro3feuwkq

Sunlight Bylaws Can and Should Expose Short-Term Hedge Fund Activists

G. Mead
2015 Social Science Research Network  
executive management.  ...  executive management.  ...  Geier, the Delaware Supreme Court upheld, under the business judgment rule, a stockholder-approved recapitalization plan granting ten votes per share to stockholders who owned as of the record date and  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2580101 fatcat:p2u226xknvhodntjbv66m74oem

An Analysis of Some of the Factors that Affect the Role of Party Leaders in Election Campaigns in Albania

Lorenc Ligori
2021 European Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies  
These and other matters related to it such as: how the party leaders are elected, internal party democracy issues, the methods and tactics of campaign organization, the role of electoral rules and the  ...  In recent election campaigns in Albania, whether general or local, party leaders have become increasingly important.  ...  Reasons related to the electoral system and electoral rules.  ... 
doi:10.26417/875cly55j fatcat:st5dtpdwxfd5nk3hsxntwhra7u

On the Role and Regulation of Private Negotiations in Governance

Joseph W. Yockey
2009 Social Science Research Network  
in line with management, the effect of Rule 452 has long been to give incumbent managers a predictable block of broker votes in their favor. 114 The amendments to Rule 452, however, no longer classify  ...  shares. 112 Under the original language of Rule 452, brokers were allowed to vote these investors' shares on "routine" matters, which included director elections. 113 Since brokers almost always vote  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1438793 fatcat:5kauzd7ndrbqviiejplvpr3toy

Why American Elections are Flawed (And How to Fix Them)

Pippa Norris
2016 Social Science Research Network  
spending, compounding the lack of professional standards of electoral management.  ...  Synopsis: Concern about how American elections work has risen since 2000 and has been exacerbated by events during the 2016 campaign.  ...  Votes are bought. Airwaves favor incumbents. Campaigns are awash with hidden cash. Political finance rules are lax. Incompetent local officials run out of ballot papers.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2844793 fatcat:kt5dvwrr5vbjjlxr44tvlte4ty

Activist Shareholders at De Facto Controlled Companies

Gaia Balp
2018 Social Science Research Network  
Activist campaigns are likely to increasingly target controlled companies.  ...  Under certain conditions, the interplay of activism, shareholder rights and de facto control can result in an inefficient corporate governance structure.  ...  rights may nonetheless qualify as a (de facto) controlling Under certain conditions, exchanges also require "shareholder approval prior to the issuance of common stock, or of securities convertible into  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3270453 fatcat:pdajtbd7yfbgzeg6ef5j2adhta

The Case Against Passive Shareholder Voting

Dorothy Shapiro Lund
2017 Social Science Research Network  
For that reason, this Article proposes that lawmakers consider restricting passive funds from voting at shareholder meetings.  ...  investors have begun to embrace the reality that academics have been championing for decades-that a broad-based, passive indexing strategy is superior to picking individual stocks or investing in actively managed  ...  Rowe Price, a large institutional investor that invests only 8.9% of its assets under management in passive funds similarly reports that the majority of meetings are "driven by portfolio managers and supported  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2992046 fatcat:z7gjt2hqfnd2tjpw3ozf363uyy

Political Legitimacy in South Korea [chapter]

Hun Joon Kim
2011 Political Legitimacy in Asia  
In so doing, Park's chief of staff, Kim Ch6ngny6m, managed the distribution of funds to all political parties, both ruling and opposition.  ...  fees which were one of the main sources of income for political parties, inc1ucting the ruling party.7 As a result, the monolithic authoritarian party rules under these leaders came to be seen as an "  ... 
doi:10.1057/9781137001474_11 fatcat:tv5z4idt6jglbd3u2sekburngi
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