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CUGE: A Chinese Language Understanding and Generation Evaluation Benchmark [article]

Yuan Yao, Qingxiu Dong, Jian Guan, Boxi Cao, Zhengyan Zhang, Chaojun Xiao, Xiaozhi Wang, Fanchao Qi, Junwei Bao, Jinran Nie, Zheni Zeng, Yuxian Gu (+23 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
To this end, we propose CUGE, a Chinese Language Understanding and Generation Evaluation benchmark with the following features: (1) Hierarchical benchmark framework, where datasets are principally selected  ...  Realizing general-purpose language intelligence has been a longstanding goal for natural language processing, where standard evaluation benchmarks play a fundamental and guiding role.  ...  Conclusion and Future Work In this work, we present CUGE, a Chinese language understanding and generation evaluation benchmark.  ... 
arXiv:2112.13610v2 fatcat:zkvynfpy3rak5poludzjtisyia

CPM-2: Large-scale Cost-effective Pre-trained Language Models [article]

Zhengyan Zhang, Yuxian Gu, Xu Han, Shengqi Chen, Chaojun Xiao, Zhenbo Sun, Yuan Yao, Fanchao Qi, Jian Guan, Pei Ke, Yanzheng Cai, Guoyang Zeng (+7 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Experimental results show that CPM-2 has excellent general language intelligence.  ...  In recent years, the size of pre-trained language models (PLMs) has grown by leaps and bounds. However, efficiency issues of these large-scale PLMs limit their utilization in real-world scenarios.  ...  ., zhihu.com, and aminer.cn for the support in collecting the Chinese corpus.  ... 
arXiv:2106.10715v3 fatcat:wypmozuq65fglg7ho3sagogfzu

A Roadmap for Big Model [article]

Sha Yuan, Hanyu Zhao, Shuai Zhao, Jiahong Leng, Yangxiao Liang, Xiaozhi Wang, Jifan Yu, Xin Lv, Zhou Shao, Jiaao He, Yankai Lin, Xu Han (+88 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
, Commonsense Reasoning, Reliability&Security, Governance, Evaluation, Machine Translation, Text Generation, Dialogue and Protein Research.  ...  In each topic, we summarize clearly the current studies and propose some future research directions. At the end of this paper, we conclude the further development of BMs in a more general view.  ...  To better benchmark general-purpose language intelligence, Beijing Academy of Artificial Intelligence proposed CUGE, a Chinese Language Understanding and Generation Evaluation benchmark with a hierarchical  ... 
arXiv:2203.14101v4 fatcat:rdikzudoezak5b36cf6hhne5u4

Internationalization of Tertiary Education Services in Singapore

Mun-Heng Toh
2012 Social Science Research Network  
generate income and employment, and attract talent to the economy.  ...  Regional trading agreements can play a facilitating role for internationalization of higher education services, especially when commitments under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) are weak  ...  Greenery and Ecology (CUGE) Urban Management and Civil Engineering Civil Service College Accounting and Finance, Urban Management and Civil Engineering, Languages, Business Management Table  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2161691 fatcat:3ogpc7zgnfhozpvzgugqicp5yu

INTERNATIONALIZATION OF TERTIARY EDUCATION SERVICES IN SINGAPORE [chapter]

Mun-Heng Toh
2014 World Scientific Studies in International Economics  
generate income and employment, and attract talent to the economy.  ...  Regional trading agreements can play a facilitating role for internationalization of higher education services, especially when commitments under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) are weak  ...  Greenery and Ecology (CUGE) Urban Management and Civil Engineering Civil Service College Accounting and Finance, Urban Management and Civil Engineering, Languages, Business Management Table  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789814590204_0007 fatcat:xpzeialhxvgxvciqrmy2ll5tze