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Macrobiont: Cradle for the Origin of Life and Creation of a Biosphere

Benton C. Clark, Vera M. Kolb
2020 Life  
Although the cellular microorganism is the fundamental unit of biology, the origin of life (OoL) itself is unlikely to have occurred in a microscale environment.  ...  Pond size-sensitivities for several figures of merit are mathematically formulated, leading to the expectation that the optimum pond size for the OoL is intermediate, but biased toward smaller sizes.  ...  Originally called "blueprints" but now known as CAD (computer aided design) drawings, these are analogous to the genome of the cell.  ... 
doi:10.3390/life10110278 pmid:33198206 pmcid:PMC7697624 fatcat:w6dtl5ygf5fgjdy6wmwqocnxxa

Socio-environmental complexity, Insularity and Knowledge co-creation

David Romero Manrique de Lara, Serafin Corral Quintana, Ângela Guimarães Pereira
2020 Zenodo  
or overfishing- techno-scientific data is not providing all the answers that humans and environment require.  ...  These types of spaces share a series of characteristics that allow their study under a unique perspective: insularity; in addition, they are suggested as "environmental-knowledge hot spots".  ...  especially, to the farmers who participated in the focus group.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4027097 fatcat:z3rly5khavdnpjzzxf4tiw65oe

Entertainment Architecture: Constructing a framework for the creation of an emerging transmedia form

Woitek Konzal
2012 Cultural Science  
The need for new tools aiding in the creation of entarch is detected and the entarch bible -based on 'bibles' which have been used in entertainment for a long timeis proposed as a powerful and promising  ...  Pac-Man's Controller sees everything; the ghosts' Controllers only see the ghosts and the remaining "'dots,' the virtual objects that Pac-Man automatically consumes for points as he travels" (Lantz 2009  ... 
doi:10.5334/csci.50 fatcat:bbb2zypthzffja6hqkqh7byy7e

A Review on Path Selection and Navigation Approaches Towards an Assisted Mobility of Visually Impaired People

2020 KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems  
In the process, we explore machine learning approaches for robotic path planning, multi constrained optimal path computation and sensor based wearable assistive devices for the visually impaired.  ...  Advances in the technological landscape have given way to new solutions aiding navigation for the visually impaired.  ...  In our understanding, it may work in an indoor environment effectively to detect various objects but not a good choice for outdoor scenarios.  ... 
doi:10.3837/tiis.2020.08.007 fatcat:k3r6ceqxcbg7xkllthpox3ix3a

The NavPal Suite of Tools for Enhancing Indoor Navigation for Blind Travelers [chapter]

M Dias
2015 Indoor Wayfinding and Navigation  
In this report, we describe our vision for computing technology tools that can enhance the safety and independence of blind and visually impaired people navigating unfamiliar indoor environments.  ...  We describe the overall roadmap for our work, along with the research to date on each component of this roadmap.  ...  outdoor and indoor environments.  ... 
doi:10.1201/b18220-10 fatcat:yuiewvjrhvbpbfxiksdismhv6a

Mixed-initiative strategies for real-time scheduling of multiple unmanned vehicles

A. S. Clare, J. C. Macbeth, M. L. Cummings
2012 2012 American Control Conference (ACC)  
Real-time scheduling and task assignment for multiple UVs in uncertain environments will require the computational ability of optimization algorithms combined with the judgment and adaptability of human  ...  Results from outdoor multiple UV flight tests using a human-computer collaborative scheduling system are presented, which provide valuable insight into the impact of environmental uncertainty and vehicle  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT Olivier Toupet of Aurora Flight Sciences provided extensive support in the creation of the OPS-USERS system.  ... 
doi:10.1109/acc.2012.6314752 fatcat:vv7ulsyjsneotcbwl4lblttnh4

Designing animal habitats within an immersive VE

D.A. Bowman, J. Wineman, L.F. Hodges, D. Allison
1998 IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications  
Unfortunately, most virtual design environments do have some problems. First, the task is not well constrained.  ...  Finally, designers aren't accustomed to designing in a 3D space. The early stages of design almost always occur in 2D (paper or computer-based), with 3D only used near the end of the process.  ...  Acknowledgements We wish to thank the students in the psychology of environmental design course for their participation in our study.  ... 
doi:10.1109/38.708555 fatcat:5awi3ue5ajdi5ojuxm3plyfnie

AR interfacing with prototype 3D applications based on user-centered interactivity

Seungjun Kim, Anind K. Dey
2010 Computer-Aided Design  
As the case studies for validating our integration, we present three sample AR applications; (a) an AR-interfaced 3D CAE (Computer-Aided Engineering) simulation test-bed, (b) a two-stage distributed Traveler  ...  Augmented Reality (AR) has been acclaimed as one of the promising technologies for advancing future UbiComp (Ubiquitous Computing) environments.  ...  Although the creation of interactive virtual environments originates in the computer graphics or interfacing domain, the ultimate goal is to apply it to the real world for practical purposes [62a] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cad.2008.10.009 fatcat:xbowr3vf4vhqxiuoz5zvoput5u

Navigation Systems for the Blind and Visually Impaired: Past Work, Challenges, and Open Problems

Real, Araujo
2019 Sensors  
To that end, previous solutions will be briefly described and analyzed from a historical perspective, from the first "Electronic Travel Aids" and early research on sensory substitution or indoor/outdoor  ...  In line with this, smartphones and wearables with built-in cameras will then be indicated as potentially feasible options with which to support state-of-art computer vision solutions, thus allowing for  ...  The Beginnings of Electronic Travel Aids Over the last 70 years, researchers have worked on various prototypes of electrical obstacle detection devices for BVI people known as electronic travel aids (ETA  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19153404 pmid:31382536 pmcid:PMC6696419 fatcat:3i7uedssqbe63gdgplimfrsfc4


Iris Herbst, Anne-Kathrin Braun, Rod McCall, Wolfgang Broll
2008 Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Human computer interaction with mobile devices and services - MobileHCI '08  
In this paper we present a mobile outdoor mixed reality game for exploring the history of a city in the spatial and the temporal dimension.  ...  We developed a system that allows for a 4D multimedia experience. Beside the spatial dimension, the user can also explore the environment in the temporal dimension.  ...  The authors thank their colleagues at the Collaborative Virtual and Augmented Environments Department at Fraunhofer FIT for their comments and contributions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1409240.1409266 dblp:conf/mhci/HerbstBMB08 fatcat:mt7z6ri6argozerzjtvi65lhdi

A Smart Context-Aware Hazard Attention System to Help People with Peripheral Vision Loss

Ola Younis, Waleed Al-Nuaimy, Fiona Rowe, Mohammad Alomari
2019 Sensors  
Peripheral vision loss results in the inability to detect objects in the peripheral visual field which affects the ability to evaluate and avoid potential hazards.  ...  This paper presents a new context-aware hybrid (indoor/outdoor) hazard classification assistive technology to help people with peripheral vision loss in their navigation using computer-enabled smart glasses  ...  In 2007, the Stereo Vision-based Electronic Travel Aid (SVETA) system was proposed to help blind people in their navigation [22] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19071630 pmid:30959756 pmcid:PMC6480538 fatcat:uhg77tiybbbotegklzed6mfrxe

Smart Glass System Using Deep Learning for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Mukhriddin Mukhiddinov, Jinsoo Cho
2021 Electronics  
Smart glasses are a potential assistive technology for BVI people to aid in individual travel and provide social comfort and safety.  ...  In this study we propose a smart glass system for BVI people, employing computer vision techniques and deep learning models, audio feedback, and tactile graphics to facilitate independent movement in a  ...  [43] proposed a navigation aid that assists BVI users using Google Glass to travel in large open areas.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10222756 fatcat:r3k625m3ifbcplkgkm2sglnzx4

Augmented Reality in Architecture and Design: Potentials and Challenges for Application

Xiangyu Wang
2009 International Journal of Architectural Computing  
Recent advances in computer interface and hardware power have fostered Augmented Reality (AR) prototypes for various architecture and design applications.  ...  More intuitive visualization platforms are necessary for efficient use of digital information nowadays in the architecture and design industries.  ...  area that is constrained to the size, shape, and color of the physical objects' surfaces (for example, no graphics can be displayed beside the objects' surfaces)-----Augmented Reality in Architecture  ... 
doi:10.1260/147807709788921985 fatcat:ivz7ybbeqberbmnklutzk5jhti

Review and classification of vision-based localisation techniques in unknown environments

Amani Ben-Afia, Vincent Gay-Bellile, Anne-Christine Escher, Daniel Salos, Laurent Soulier, Lina Deambrogio, Christophe Macabiau
2014 IET radar, sonar & navigation  
However, in fusing inertial measurements, the accuracy degradation in time due to INS drifts has to be accounted for. These drifts depend on the INS quality.  ...  This paper aims to review and classify recent contributions to the vision-based localization field, focusing on both indoor and outdoor unknown environments (no a priori information provided) since it  ...  are computed starting from the recognized static objects.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-rsn.2013.0389 fatcat:hpun3pzn6nhuvdw4eyxbtjbedq

Automated Murmurs: The Social Mobile Tourist Application

Jill Freyne, Adam J. Brennan, Barry Smyth, Daragh Byrne, Alan F. Smeaton, Garth J.F. Jones
2009 2009 International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering  
The popularity of mobile devices and their increased computing power has given rise to surge in mobile computing technologies.  ...  in the context of their physical location. 2009 International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering 978-0-7695-3823-5/09 $26.00  ...  In context aware systems, situational information is used in order to adapt an application or system using event-based or environmental triggers detected through the use of sensors [16] , [13] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/cse.2009.348 dblp:conf/cse/FreyneBSBSJ09 fatcat:yk4ywbsu7bdr5cvz63oa3c6ewm
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